CONCERTED POSTAGE 24/43 YEAR XXVIII Nº 304 …...Agriculture clarifies that of that million farmers, more than half, specifically 582,000, barely produce three percent - [PDF Document] (2023)

CONCERTED POSTAGE 24/43 YEAR XXVIII Nº 304 …...Agriculture clarifies that of that million farmers, more than half, specifically 582,000, barely produce three percent - [PDF Document] (1)

The regulations that will regulate the granting of CAP 2020 aid are already known

P. 6 and 7



ASAJA denounces the continuous blaming of the livestock sectorDujo: "No one criticizes what other sectors contaminate"

These days the Christmas Conference is held in Madrid.

Nations for Climate Change, a problem that affects the entire planet, with the agricultural and livestock sector being the most affected. From ASA-JA Castilla y León, the unfair criminalization to which the sec- tor is being subjected has been denounced.

livestock tor, while other activities that also pollute are not questioned.

“Apparently neither planes, nor cruise ships, nor heating or air conditioning in large stores contaminate anything, the countryside is to blame for everything”, criticizes Donaciano Dujo.

“ASAJA is in the territory, and it is not going to leave”. while others

they have abandoned the towns to their fate, “ASAJA has been, is and will be in them, because we are 100% rural”. A solid and strong organization with more than 40 service points in the territory, whose team of employees were celebrating their annual meeting these days, this time in Palencia.

ASAJA is in the territory, and it is not leaving. We are reinforcing the services we offer to farmers and ranchers

Three out of every four hectares are rented

The official figures confirm the denouncement-

repeated from ASAJA: the high rental rate is one of the biggest drags on the profitability of the agricultural sector in Castilla y León. A recent report points out that only 24 percent of its almost three million hectares of rainfed crops declared by recipients of the CAP is owned, and little more, 29.4 percent, of the surface irrigated.

These percentages are well below the national average. Likewise, Castilla y León is below the national average for property ownership in the area of ​​permanent crops and in the area of ​​permanent pastures.

The low tenure of land in agriculture is a fact to take into account both when assessing the competitiveness of farms, as well as when understanding the difficulties that young people encounter to join.

Page 9

Page 8

Family photo of the employees of the 9 provincial ASAJA, plus the union officials and the regional team. photo c. r.

Donaciano Dujo, in an act with farmers from ASAJA-Salamanca. photo: c.r.

UNTIL DECEMBER 20Last days to take out the insurance

In your ASAJA office



Authorization of drought loans and aid for water supply begins

page 10

The Board promotes a network for the detection of gender violence in the rural world

Page 29


P. 18-27

ÁVILA, cycle of talks for farmers. BURGOS, courses for young farmers. LEÓN, report on financing for farmland. PALENCIA, the ministry forgets dryland fodder. SA-LAMANCA, looking for solutions for farmers. SEGOVIA, against unfair criticism of the sector. SO-RIA, preparing the Espiga y Tizón awards. VA-LLADOLID, criticism of the minister. ZAMORA, requests to the delegate of the Board.

P. 15, 16 and 17

CONCERTED POSTAGE 24/43 YEAR XXVIII Nº 304 …...Agriculture clarifies that of that million farmers, more than half, specifically 582,000, barely produce three percent - [PDF Document] (2)

NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2019 ASAJA Castilla y León2 Regional Field

Director Donaciano Dujo

Executive Director José Antonio Turrado

Technical advisers Nuria Ruiz Corral, Andrés Villa-yandre, Sonia González Romo

Editor in ChiefTeresa Sanz Nieto

CollaboratorsMarta Coloma, Celedonio Sanz Gil, Sonia Arnuncio, Nacho Prieto, Enrique Palomo, José Javier Alonso, Verónica G. Arroyo, Marta Herrero

Editorial Board Carmelo Gómez, Antonio Medina, Juan Luis Delgado, Joaquín Antonio, Arsenio García, Guzmán Bayón, Honorato Meneses, Juan Ramón Alonso, Esteban Martínez.

Design and LayoutArcadio Mardomingo

AdvertisingASAJA Castilla y LeónTel: 983 472 350

EditaAgricultural AssociationYoung Farmers (ASAJA) Castile and LeonHípica, 1 - 47007 VALLADOLIDphone: 983 472 350 Fax: 983 476 629E-mail:[emailprotected]

Print León Newspaper Workshops

Circulation25,000 copies per month

DistributionSent by post free of charge

D.L.: VA-715/91

The publication is not responsible for the content of the articles signed by their authors.


The Ministry of Agriculture has said that, after making computerized crosses with all its databases, in

Spain there are a million farmers and ranchers without counting, of course, the wage earners of the field. It seems to me that there are a million agricultural businessmen in Spain after the brutal reconversion that the sector has suffered in recent decades and the consequent drop in employment each year, so this can only be understood by computing together the one who really lives in the countryside, with the old man who has a vineyard registered in his name, the one who has some sheep to graze the country estate, or the one who still clings to having a tractor in his name and taking it out to walk the grandsons. It is not true that everyone is a farmer and it is not true that there is much in common between those who live in the countryside or have their main source of income in the countryside, and those who receive some income from a marginal activity that does not even oblige them. to contribute to Social Security, and who knows if not to the Tax Agency.

By counting so many people as farmers with such lax criteria, they have found that the average age per owner rises to sixty years, also an excessive age even knowing that the field is aging and the generational change It doesn't arrive as it should. In the midst of this confusion, the Ministry of Agriculture itself clarifies that of that million farmers, more than half, specifically 582,000, barely produce three percent of all the wealth generated by the sector, and that I estimate in 2,500 euros gross per year per farm.

The wealth of the sector, which adds to the value of production, the purchase of the means of production and direct and indirect employment, the production

Professional farms are run by farmers and ranchers who, as a natural person or under different corporate forms, live exclusively or primarily from the countryside. This professionalized agriculture is no longer in the hands of those over sixty, but mostly in the hands of those under fifty, and they base their success on business management, hard work, passion for what is does, and the attachment to a family tradition, the attachment to the land. This is the model that predominates in Castilla y León, and the one that we must preserve by making the regulations favor him and that aid and other support is directed at him with positive discrimination, although we are aware of it, and more as a result of the report that we have been citing, that the majority of our "colleagues" are not professionals, and that no government is going to legislate to harm that majority that decides at the polls. This is the reason why professional agriculture is not protected from intrusion.

Another reason for reflection is the fact that 42 percent of the value of all production comes from 6.6% of farms that are managed from some type of society. Faced with this indisputable reality, it can only be said that the corporate model is on the rise, perhaps due to the very dynamics of the sector and the sociological reality of the field, and that it must be supported in any of its forms, starting with ownership shared and ending in cooperatives, but without neglecting other corporate figures based on shares or civil partnerships. Here, in corporate matters, the differential character between one and the other must be found in the definition of priority farms established by the Farm Modernization Law.

ÁVILAC/ Duke of Dawn, 6 (Hallway)C.P.: 05001Tel: 920 100 857Fax:

ArévaloPlaza El Salvador, 4P.C.: 05200Tel: 920 302 317

El Barco de Ávila C/ Cordel de Extremadura, 2 (Regional Agrarian Section building) ZIP: 05600 Tel: 920 100 857

PiedrahítaPlaza Nueva de la Villa, s/n (Gabriel y Galán Youth Hostel)P.C.: 05500Tel: 920 100 857

Navarredonda de GredosPlaza La Mina, 1 (Town Hall) Postcode: 05635Tel: 920 100 857

CandeledaAvda. de la Constitución, 8 - 1ª (Multiple Use Building) CP: 05480 Tel: 920 100 857

San Pedro SandsC/ Jose Gochicoa, 20 - 2nd Left(Commercial Agricultural Section building)C.P.: 05400Tel:

Sotillo de la AdradaPlaza de la Concordia, 1 (Town Hall)P.C.: 05420Tel: 920 100 857

BURGOS Avda, Castilla y León, 32 bajoP.C.: 09006Tel: 947 244 247Fax: 947 244 438

Aranda de DueroPlaza La Resinera, 3C.P.: 09400 Tel: 947 500 155

VillarcayoC/ Alexander Rodriguez Valcarcel, 2C.P.: 09550Tel:

LEÓNPaseo de Salamanca, 1 bajoP.C.: 24009Tel: 987 245 231Fax: 987 876 012

Carrizo de Ribera Avenida Puente de Hierro, 74 Postcode: 24270 Tel: 987 357 409

La BañezaPlaza Romero Robledo, 3P.C.: 24750Tel: 987 640 827

PonferradaC/ Batalla de Lepanto, 8P.C.: 24400Tel: 987 456 157

SahagúnHerrería, 2P.C.: 24320Tel: 987 780 781

Santa María del Páramo Avda. Kingdom of León, 28P.C.: 24240Tel: 987 351508

Valencia de Don JuanFederico García Lorca, 11P.C.: 24200Tel: 987 751 511

PALENCIAFelipe Prieto, 8. Plaza Bigar CentroP.C.: 34001Tel: 979 752 344

SaldañaHuertas, 1 - mezzanineP.C.: 34100Tel: 979 890 801

Aguilar de CampooPlaza de la Tobalina, 28P.C.: 34800Tel: 979 123 913

Cervera de PisuergaMatías Barrio y Mier, 5 C.P.: 34840Tel: 979 870 361

Herrera de Pisuerga Eusebio Salvador, 38 C.P.: 34406 Tel: 979 130 090

SALAMANCA Narrow road of the Aldehuela, 50 C.P.: 37003 Tel: 923 190 720 Fax: 923 190 872

Ciudad RodrigoCtra. de Cáceres, 81-1.º (in front of the Veterinary Unit) C.P.: 37500Tel: 923 460 369

GuijueloC/ San Juan de Sahagún, s/n (building of the Agrarian Chamber) ZIP: 37770Tel: 615 214939

Peñaranda C/ Duque de Ahumada, s/n (next to the Civil Guard Headquarters) Tel. 615 214939

VitigudinoSanta Ana, 6C.P.: 37210Tel: 923 500 057

SEGOVIAC/ Bomberos, 10C.P.: 40003 Tels: 921 430 657

921 430 708Fax: 921 440 410

AguilafuenteCtra. de Lastras de Cuéllar C.P.: 40340Tel: 921 572 057

Campo de San Pedro Ctra. Cedillo de la Torre s/nC.P.: 40551Tel: 921 556 373

CuéllarPza. Huerta Herrera 8, 1º AC.P.: 40200Tel: 921 141 562

SORIAC/ J, 0 s/n (Pol. Ind. Las Casas-Vivero de Empresas) C.P.: 42005 Tel: 975 228 539 Fax: 975 228 645

Almazán Camino de Perdices s/n Tel: 975 310 480

San Esteban de GormazPolígono de la Tapiada (Business Incubator)CP: 42330Tel: 975 351098

VALLADOLIDMadrid Square, 4-3rd C.P.: 47001Tel: 983 203 371Fax:

Medina del CampoC/ Adajuela, 1C.P.: 47400Tel: 983 804 815

PeñafielCalle del Donante, 1C.P.: 47300Tel: 983 881 289

Medina de Rioseco, Portales del Carbón, 16 (corner Castillo street) Postcode: 47800 Tel: 983 701 091

ZAMORAPlaza de Alemania, 1, 3rd floorP.C.: 49014 Tel: 980 532 154Fax: 980 534 033

Benavente Avda. El Ferial, 42P.C.: 49600Tel: 980 633 158

ASAJA Provincial Offices in Castilla y León

a million farmers




CONCERTED POSTAGE 24/43 YEAR XXVIII Nº 304 …...Agriculture clarifies that of that million farmers, more than half, specifically 582,000, barely produce three percent - [PDF Document] (3)

NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2019 Regional Field ASAJA Castilla y León 3OPINION

In this world where everything changes so quickly, I think it's important to recognize more than forty years of being-

vice and vindication that professional agrarian organizations have been providing. Against other minority or private interest groups, our organizations work to achieve effective solutions to the common problems, which are many, of farmers and ranchers. And also, they allow the sector to be represented and have its own voice in the political and social debate, as can be seen in the media.

In essence, organizations have not changed, and there are still four pillars that support them: advocacy, services, information and training. But the strategies and techniques to achieve these objectives have changed a lot, as it could not be otherwise, because society, the economy and politics are also changing, and farmers and ranchers are not on an island, but trying to wade through all those variables.

In organizations, as in the sector, there is a before and after entry into the European Union. From that moment, very important funds begin to arrive, but also many regulations to comply with. Some rules that, despite promising time and time again to be simplified, are becoming more and more complex, while the funds remain the same, and always threatened by cuts.

Today, between the internet, social networks and whatsapp, anyone names himself an expert and offers us information. Or rather propaganda, because what they want is to influence our opinion, or condition us to buy something. In theory there is more information than ever, but also

lies and manipulates more than ever. For this reason, today the most valuable thing for a field professional is to have good information, based on real data, objectively analyzed and offered to farmers and ranchers so that they can make the decisions that best suit their farms. That is what ASAJA and its technical team do, who neither sell donkeys, nor create unnecessary alerts, nor hide problems, and who have no other objective than to advise our partners in the best possible way.

Somehow, the agrarian organization has filled the void left by the disappearance of the old Agrarian Extension network. It is the link between the administration, and its complex bureaucratic machine, and the farmer and rancher, who knows that in the technician of his OPA he has an ally, with proven professionalism, experience and close treatment.

That is what ASAJA offers today in Castilla y León, at its 43 service points, with 130 regular people who add up to almost 150 at peak times of work. Whether it is the aid of

the PAC or any other, incorporations or retirements, improvement files or income statements, processing of deeds, patrimonial transfers... All the topics that

throughout its professional life, it affects farmers and ranchers, it ends up passing through our offices. When the bureaucracy of the administration does not work and blocks files, it is our technicians who have to calm the logical anger of the farmer; and it is also the technicians who act as a bridge between the affiliate and managers, gathering their opinions and demands.

Politicians talk about the lack of services in the towns, as if we hadn't been dealing with the problem for years, and decades, as if we hadn't noticed until now. The last thing, or the penultimate thing, is the closing of financial offices. Many leave, but the agrarian organizations resist, and we even expand our services. Because we are from the countryside, and our future is either rural or not, we are not going to spend the month elsewhere, as banks and other businesses do. We are one hundred percent committed to the sector.

And all of this, without receiving due treatment from the administration, which continues to fail to comply with the provisions of the Agrarian Law, approved five years ago by the Castilla y León Parliament, and unanimously, Let's not forget, in these times of not agreeing even to turn on the light. In that Law it was indicated that the agrarian organizations had to be recognized as what their facts show that they are: collaborating entities of the administration, essential pieces for farmers and ranchers to be able to do their work on the farm and at the time to comply with the bureaucracy.

Unfortunately, for the moment the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock has not seen fit to advance in this part of the law, which remains in the drawer. Unfair, because that change would be valuable, not just financially, but professionally for our teams of workers and technicians. We hope that one day, sooner rather than later, this recognition will come. In any case, our offices will continue to raise the blind every day, to serve all the farmers and ranchers in Castilla y León with professionalism, hard work and closeness.

Everyone leaves, ASAJA stays








Rural life, urban life“A large part of the peasant youth, attracted by the lure of a comfortable and generous life, feels an aversion to working in the fields and seeks to settle in the cities to enjoy their easy life, according to their belief, and very bearable by all accounts. Somewhat illusory such a claim. How many do we see today in the cities who, if they had continued their peasant work, would have been honest men, made a wreck, lacking faith and hope and eaten away by despair. and all for him

lack of love for work, due to forgetfulness of duty, for wanting to ignore that the life of man on earth is a struggle without any distinction between the aristocrat and the artisan, the lawyer and the farmer. young peasants should keep in mind that life in the capital is not a life of roses, with a smooth slip of butter. It is a life that carries with it inherent, great difficulties unknown to them because, it is very logical, they never had to go through them. For this reason, to those who try to leave their work implements for

the Roads and Works Section, the porter's office, being an ordinance or any other destination that is more or less lucrative and highly respected by us, we would advise that you first make an examination of conscience, measuring your strength by testing your aptitudes and descending to a material plane examining the economy that can be made by abandoning the land for the packaging used or gentlemanly. Privately and socially, a farmer is worth as much as any career man.


“ ASAJA yes it is in

the territory and does not leave

go, we are 100%

with the rural world


CONCERTED POSTAGE 24/43 YEAR XXVIII Nº 304 …...Agriculture clarifies that of that million farmers, more than half, specifically 582,000, barely produce three percent - [PDF Document] (4)

NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2019 ASAJA Castilla y León4 Regional Field


The formation of the new Government of Spain is the matter that occupies and worries the most. At this time-

There is only one agreement between the PSOE and Unidas Podemos, with a document signed by their respective leaders, Pedro Sánchez and Pablo Iglesias. It remains to negotiate the necessary parliamentary support, so that the Executive can be formed before Christmas. It is not possible to speak of any specific action, however, the echoes that run about the concretion of the points of the agreement signed by these two parties, the division of powers and the formation of the teams, together with the The evolution of the negotiations with other groups is creating a lot of uncertainty in the agricultural sector. On the one hand, the greater prominence given to the fight against the abandonment of the rural environment is observed with hope and, on the other, the idea of ​​constraining the agricultural sector in a new ecological culture causes enormous concern. or green revolution, whose implementation is planned as a priority objective in the circles of the most populist left.

The document made public by PSOE and UP has a specific point in which it talks about facing the demographic challenge. It is clear that the protests carried out in recent times by different parts of emptied Spain have permeated society and cannot be left out of the political debate. Even more so after the stupendous electoral result of Teruel Existe, with whose deputy they will have to negotiate to obtain their support for the new Executive. It is already a great advance that the problem of the abandonment of our towns and, therefore, the lack of generational relief in the countryside, occupies a preferential place on the political agenda. Magic solutions cannot be expected, because they do not exist, but it is clear that abandonment will no longer be accompanied by oblivion.

Transversal measuresIn any case, tackling this problem requires transversal measures in which all ministerial departments must be involved. It requires direct support and special tax provisions. Improvement of transport infrastructures, by rail and road. Adaptation and modernization of public services, especially in health and education. Investment in the implementation of new communication technologies... For this reason, direct involvement of the highest government officials will be necessary, beyond the creation of a specific body for the coordination of all measures accurate.

As for the agricultural sector, in all gossips the disappearance, once again, of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Environment, as we now know it, is taken for granted. The current President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez, announced during the electoral campaign the creation of an economic vice-presidency, which would be occupied by the current Minister of Economy, Nadia Calviño. She, as an official of the European Commission, knows perfectly the monetary intricacies of the Common Agrarian Policy -it is not in vain that she continues to take more than 45 percent of the EU budget-, and she would go on to directly carry the negotiations of the new CAP, which should enter into force in 2021.

A new CAP that will have a greater national component, each country will be able to establish its own criteria for action to achieve the objectives established at the community level. Something that will grant greater power to the new Administration to regulate the agricultural sector.

The rest of the current powers would be shared, always according to the current rumors that it could take a new course at any time, between the current Ministry of Ecological Transition, a department that Mr. Sánchez wants to promote to raise the figure of Teresa Ribera, and other departments of "social order" that, in principle, would be left in the hands of the members of UP.

Beyond these political fluctuations, whatever the final configuration of the Government, there are some lines of action that are spreading throughout the European community and that the Spanish Administrations will not be able to ignore and even, in some cases, they are going to join them with enthusiasm and all of them, all of them, suppose new obstacles for agriculture and livestock, just as they are now worked on, day by day, by professionals in the sector.

Discounts and prohibitions Thus, the European Commission has proposed a reduction of 11 percent in the CAP budget for next year, a reduction focused mainly on funds for rural development but that would also affect direct payments. The pro-

The proposal will not be approved by the Council of Ministers of Agriculture and it does not have a long way to go, knowing that there are still no General Budgets in the EU. However, it already marks a clear reference line for the new CAP, which should enter into force in 2021, and will have to manage the new government team of the Commission, which has not yet been formed.

Along with this, announcements of concrete measures have arrived in the last few weeks in the main European countries. In the Netherlands, they continue to limit livestock farms for reasons of solid waste, odor and noise. In Germany they have approved new standards for animal feed, in which they prohibit the use of certain protein compounds in the formulation of feed. In France they have already calculated the cost of eliminating glyphosate in phytosanitary products, which would reach up to 150 euros per hectare. In all countries, what is called “animal welfare” is insisted on and new treatments are forced from the farm, to transport or slaughterhouses. In addition, various companies have announced investments in new research for the production of meat in the laboratory, from animal protein cells.

Measures that are included in that growing importance given to climate change and the degradation of nature, in which almost always the agricultural sector ends up looking above industry or transport or others polluting sectors. Something that has generated another almost spontaneous protest, now in the countryside of Germany, in addition to the one carried out in the Netherlands in October, in which farmers and ranchers made their voices heard because "they are fed up with that they be considered guilty of all the ills of the planet”.

Despite whoever weighs it, that will be the line to follow in government action in the coming years. A line that could be more pronounced and accelerated in Spain if these issues on the social agenda remain in the hands of left-wing populist parties, as seems to be the intention in the formation of the new national government.

The future is uncertain. The agriculture of tomorrow will have to be torn between generational abandonment, budget cuts, management and cultivation prohibitions and the implementation of new and expensive technologies, all of this building competitive and profitable farms in the global market. , and with the new protectionist tariff policies of the United States. For family farming it is the squaring of the circle, or death insurance, whoever governs governs.


CabañuelasSecond fortnight of NovemberThe second fortnight will bring very cold winds, not very strong at first, but they will harden as the days go by, leaving unpleasant weather and bringing frost at night and frost at dawn.

First half of December It will begin calmer, stopping the storms, but the fog and snow at high altitudes and the cold temperatures continued. The weather will not settle, pecking at the precipitations again, alternating with days of calmer winds and clear skies, to return the rains again in the middle of the month.

Fairs and festivalsIn the agri-food section, several events should be highlighted on December 7 and 8: the Food and Gift Fair in Fuentepelayo (Segovia), and the Nuns Sweets Fair in Morille (Salamanca).

At the turn of the year, there is an important appointment to write down, from January 30 to February 1, the Agrovid fair. An important fair focused on everything related to the world of wine, which will be held at the Valladolid Fair.

As for popular festivals, at the end of the month, on November 30, the descent of the Virgin is celebrated in Nava del Rey (Vallado-lid), where the image of the Immaculate Conception is taken out in procession in a carriage drawn by horses. She is also known in the town as "Virgin of the chestnuts". On December 8, the day of the Immaculate Conception, the image takes a procession again and returns to its hermitage. La Inmaculada is also a big day in Villalpando (Zamora), with a bonfire around which the whole town gathers; Miranda del Castañar (Salamanca) and Salas de los Infantes (Burgos). Other important dates are San Nicolás (the 6th), widely celebrated in Madrigal de las Altas Torres, or the Day of the O in Briviesca (Burgos).

The passing of the year is perhaps the time when fewer fairs are held in our geography, since it does not accompany the weather or the lack of daylight hours. Yes, the fairs typical of the Christmas season can be highlighted, but for that, there are still a few weeks to go.

And the saying "Raining on the day of Santa Bibiana, it rains for forty days and a week, and if it rains in the Purísima Concepción, it rains in Carnival, Sana Week and Resurrection".

* With the collaboration of Mariano Busti-llo and José Luis Burgos.


"They are already very fed up with being considered guilty of all the ills of the planet"

CONCERTED POSTAGE 24/43 YEAR XXVIII Nº 304 …...Agriculture clarifies that of that million farmers, more than half, specifically 582,000, barely produce three percent - [PDF Document] (5)

NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2019 Regional Field ASAJA Castilla y León 5 SINDICAL

Hydrocarbons TaxASAJA reminds farmers

growers that at the end of December the term to request the Tax Agency for the refund of part of the Special Tax on Hydrocarbons for the consumption of agricultural diesel on the farm in 2018 ends. return is 63.71 euros for every 1,000 liters of diesel consumed.

Risk preventionThe electricity company Iber-

drola has sent a reminder to farmers, on the occasion of the end of the irrigation campaign, so that they exercise extreme caution when collecting irrigation pipes when working under a power line that crosses the farm, as there is a certain risk of electrocution. They advise not to transport the tubes in a vertical position, and always respect safety distances. They also ask for caution when machinery and large vehicles pass under the power lines or in the vicinity of the support posts.

Claims against dairies

The National Commission for Markets and Competition

The CIA recently fined the main dairy industries for practices carried out between 2000 and 2014. A fine imposed for sharing information on purchase prices and agreeing on the prices of milk purchased from farmers. Some events that seriously harmed the farmers, who saw the price they received for milk decrease, which aggravated their already battered economy precisely because of the low prices they receive for their products.

ducts. To defend the interests of the ranchers, various provincial organizations of ASAJA in Castilla y León advise those interested in filing a legal claim.

of the amount they stopped receiving for this reason. It must be taken into account that the resolution of the National Markets Commission calculates the loss of farmers in at least

us 10 percent, so for an average farm with 900,000 liters of production per year, the losses per person affected could reach up to 27,000 euros per year.

New vineyard plantationsAgain Rueda freezes the

authorizations for new vineyard plantings, and also restricts authorizations for replanting and conversion of rights, on the understanding that "it may entail a risk of excessive supply for wine products or significant devaluation of the DO" . For its part, Ribera de Duero will limit the authorizations for new plantations to 950 hectares for the year 2019. On the other hand, it has recently been held at the wine sector ministry, in which ASAJA from Castilla y León has participated. Work continues on measures that allow for stability in the sector, which the administration could include in a new quality standard.

Animal feeding

The update of the national regulations has been published

nal on establishments in the animal feed sector, which expands the list of establishments that require prior authorization to start their activity, and harmonizes identification numbers, identification codes activity, and the format of the lists of feed establishments in the national territory. On the other hand, the conditions that feed importing establishments must comply with are determined; the manufacturing and/or trading establishments and includes a list with the products that require an import authorization.



Until December 19>>Application for subsidies for the re-

Implementation of applied research projects in the beekeeping sector and its products within the National Program of Aid Measures for Beekeeping.

Until December 20>>Subscription to modules 1 and 2 of the

main insurance for the guarantee to the production and the guarantee to the straw of the insurance of farms of extensive arable crops, for dryland crops of winter cereals, legumes, sunflower and safflower.

>>Subscription of the autumn insurance of the basic insurance with additional guarantees for wine grapes.

Until December 26>>Presentation of applications for the award

“Alimentos de España best extra virgin olive oils, 2019-2020 campaign”.

Until December 31>>Subscription of compensation insurance

compensation for loss of pasture, in the region of Merindades (Burgos).

Until January 7, 2020>>Presentation of applications for the award

"Food from Spain, year 2019".

Until February 28, 2020>>Subscription to modules 1 and 2 of the

Insurance for agro-energy crop farms, except for corn and sorghum crops, and corn, sorghum and rice straw.

>>Subscription of modules 1, 2, 3 and 3M of the insurance for fruit farms, except for the Region of El Bierzo (León).




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As every month, remember that the deadlines for submitting documentation for the following topics end in the near future:

Field Awards and La Posada Awards

As every year around these dates, two newspapers, El Norte de Castilla and El Mundo, in-

They handed out prizes closely related to agriculture and agri-food. In the case of El Norte, the Country Awards held their VI edition, in the Auditorium of the Trade Fair. Along with the rest of the categories, a special mention was given to the father of Eduardo Cente-

no, a student at the School of La Santa Espina, who died in an agricultural accident when he was helping on the family farm. Regarding the La Posada Awards, once again El Mundo chose the Miguel Delibes auditorium for the call. Among other awards, the work of the Palencia cooperative Agropal, one of the ten largest in Spain, was highlighted.

CONCERTED POSTAGE 24/43 YEAR XXVIII Nº 304 …...Agriculture clarifies that of that million farmers, more than half, specifically 582,000, barely produce three percent - [PDF Document] (6)

NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2019 ASAJA Castilla y León6 Regional Field


The regulations that will regulate the granting of CAP 2020 aid are already known. In principle there are no major changes, although the final financing will depend on the European budgets that are approved for 2021C. A./ Writing

The Council of Ministers has approved the regulations that will regulate the next PAC campaign. Among other points, the control of the figure of the active farmer is updated, the incorporation of young people is favored and technical adjustments are introduced in the controls for monitoring the plots.

The Council of Ministers has approved a Royal Decree that modifies two royal decrees on the application of the CAP in Spain (1075/2014 and 1076/2014), in order to comply with community regulations and introduce some technical improvements derived from the experience acquired in the management of the aid system, and thus facilitate its application from the next 2020 campaign. Among the objectives for the next campaign is to achieve better channeling and efficiency. aid, and greater simplification in the management of regulations. However, in practice, "this simplification does not occur, rather it goes in the opposite direction", points out Andrés Villayandre, head of technical services at ASAJA Castilla y León.

In this line, the control of the figure of the active farmer has been updated, reinforcing the controls on the holders who, because their main activity is very different from agriculture, are included in the so-called negative list of applicants, in order to to verify that the recipient of the aid is actually carrying out agricultural activity. In this way, in coherence with the modifications introduced in the "Omnibus" Regulation, the criteria to prove that a person or group of people are active farmers are reduced to one, demonstrating that their agricultural activity is not marginal .

Young farmersAnother modification to highlight is the one related to the incorporation of young and new farmers. In this sense, in order to favor their incorporation into the activity, a new reference has been added to be taken as the date of

its first installation on a farm, giving access to aid more flexibility. Specifically, it is specified that, if there is "reliable proof" that the interested party has been responsible for the exploitation prior to his date of registration in the Social Security regime, this other date may be taken as the of the installation. In this way, the conditions for accrediting compliance by young farmers with the requirement of first installation as responsible for the agricultural exploitation in the field of complementary aid for young farmers are made more flexible and, consequently, access to the national reserve by young people and new farmers.

On the other hand, in the field of associated aid with «special» rights, a technical adjustment is introduced in coherence

with the general provisions on direct payments. In this way, potentially eligible farmers who do not apply for these aids for two consecutive years will permanently lose the right to receive them, except in cases of force majeure or exceptional circumstances. However, these farmers may continue to be eligible for other types of associated aid.

Plot monitoring Another of the innovations included in the new standard are those related to technical adjustments derived from the incorporation of monitoring controls to aid schemes. Said control by monitoring the plots consists of the periodic observation of satellite images of the surface, which offers a new way of simplifying the

management and reduction of control costs of aid from which farmers will ultimately benefit.

Finally, minor technical adjustments are incorporated into the minimum content of the single application for aid, such as the simplification in the declaration of horticultural and fruit crops, the updating of the responsible declaration regarding compliance with the requirements established for protein crops, or the adjustment of the statistical treatment of the information provided by the farmer to the Public Administration, through said request.

Deadlines Applications for CAP aid corresponding to the 2020 campaign regulated by this standard may be submitted as of next February 1.

ro of 2020 and until April 30 of said year.

In addition, in the case of farmers subject to controls through monitoring, once

"The European Commission puts sticks in the wheels of the financing debate" ASAJA opposes budget cutsC.R. / Drafting

Anger of national ASAJA with the European Commission, whose leaders it accuses of interfering in the debates of the council and parliament on the future financial framework of the European Union. Among other points, it proposes to reduce the funds allocated to the CAP by 11%, from the payments that will be made in autumn 2020, with special emphasis on Rural Development measures.

The European Commission has already made public its first proposal for transitional provisions of the CAP, which are crucial to continue having agricultural policy measures during this transition period while waiting for a new CAP post 2020. And it has done so without taking into account the minimum institutional courtesy, interfering in the debates of

two sovereign bodies of the Union such as the Council and the Parliament.

The CAP transition measures proposed by the Commission entail an 11% cut in direct payments for all farmers in October 2020, with more severe cuts in agricultural schemes under the second pillar (Development Rural) of the CAP. How can we explain to farmers that the same standards do not deserve the same funds?

While it is essential to ensure a transitional set of rules that serves as a bridge between the current CAP and the CAP post-2020, this must not imply radical and premature changes. Any new measures and interventions should only take place with the post-2020 CAP. With his pro-

Therefore, the European Commission accepts as good the maximum limits of CAP payments established in its legislative proposal for the next Multiannual Financial Framework 2021-2027, therefore interfering in the Council debates that have not yet been set position regarding the future budget of the Union, since matters of capital importance such as Brexit have yet to be resolved.

It must be remembered that within the Council there is a large group of countries, led by Spain and France, which advocate

They win for a continuity of the agricultural item in the next budget, which should be increased by a greater effort in the national contributions. In the opinion of ASA-JA, the CAP budget must be maintained, at least in real terms. This implies that during the transition period there can be no cut in funding. Member States should be able to make direct payments to their farmers in full and continue to support measures currently supported under Pillar II.

Headquarters of the European Commission. photo c. r.

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NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2019 Regional Field ASAJA Castilla y León 7INFORMATIONS

Once the period for modifying the single application has ended (May 31), they may, until August 31, modify the agricultural plots of their single application, in relation to the monitored aid schemes, provided that the competent authorities have

communicated the provisional results at the plot level and the corresponding requirements are met.

In the 2019 campaign, around 700,000 PAC aid applications were submitted, of which close to 70,000 corresponded to Castilla y León.

What about money? Although, as explained, there are hardly any changes in the proposals for PAC 2020 aid, there is some reasonable doubt as to whether there will be a change in the budget that will finance them, since payments received in autumn are charged to the European budgets of the following year, in which there will already be a new multiannual financial framework.

And in 2021? 2021 will be a transition year in which Member States will have to prepare the full application of the new CAP. For this reason, it is essential to ensure that the recipients of the CAP continue to receive their support on a regular basis at all times. In fact, the transition regulations guarantee the continuity of all CAP aid, including

direct payments, until the new strategic plans come into effect. According to these regulations, applications for direct aid for the year 2021 will continue to be made under the same conditions. With regard to rural development programs, it will be possible to extend measures of the current plans.

However, the budget amounts proposed by the EC in the transition regulations are not final, since they will be those approved by the Council, with the favorable opinion of the European Parliament, in the negotiations of the Multiannual Financial Framework 2021-2027. And that is where ASAJA asks the Government to take determined action to guarantee full financing of all aid.

The future CAP advances in fits and starts, avoiding political instability Each country is working on designing its national strategy, which must then be approved by Brussels C.R. / Drafting

Although logically the immediate concern is how the most immediate PAC campaigns will be resolved, meanwhile, and despite the electoral stoppages and the complications derived from Brexit, work continues to design the framework that will govern the policy. agriculture as of 2021. Given that the weight of the countries will be greater than the current one in determining the model to follow, for months meetings have been held periodically between heads of the ministry and of the autonomous communities to elaborate draw up the future 'CAP Strategic Plan', which all member states must present and submit for approval by the European Commission. Professional agricultural organizations are also being consulted, with the aim of offering an accurate diagnosis of the problems and also possibilities that the agricultural and livestock sector has, to design from there the measures to solve them and the objectives to be achieved.

In these months, it is Finland that holds the rotating Presidency of the EU, and wants to focus the debate on aspects related to environmental architecture. It has the commitment

support of the Heads of State and Government, at the last summit in June, to move towards a climate-neutral European Union. All policies must collaborate to this commitment, including the agrarian one, but the problem is to obtain a financing that allows it and compensates it.

In Castilla y León, for its part, the sector has held meetings with heads of the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock to establish the agreed position that will be taken into account in the future Strategic Plan of the CAP drawn up by the ministry. The position of the Autonomous Community, defended in Madrid by the councilor, Jesús Julio Carnero, is that any level of environmental demand is compatible with the activity of our farmers and ranchers. Attempts are being made to delimit either a percentage of annual spending or a fixed annual amount of financing in the Strategic Plan that is oriented towards environmental improvement. This percentage or this fixed amount will be obtained from a package of interventions or measures of the Strategic Plan that, once agreed by all the member states, can be used to comply with said percentage.

rate or fixed amount of funding to address the environmental challenge.

The counselor Jesús Julio Carnero has stated that "whether it is a percentage or a fixed amount, the important thing is that it should not be a limitation for the development of agricultural activity". In this way, the basic income payment of the first pillar must be calculated for the environmental package, since income support is a good argument for the sustainability of agricultural activity and therefore to avoid abandoning the farm. production and depopulation and abandonment of the territory and environment. In the words of the counselor, “the application of the Eco-schemes in the first pillar must be prudent and in any case the basic income payment must represent a high percentage of the financial resources of the first pillar. In our position, 80%”, stated Carnero.

Likewise, in the second pillar there are multiple interventions that affect the agricultural sector with very positive effects on the environment, such as agro-environment and climate measures and support for investments in the use of water in irrigation, with savings in this element and in energy.

The PAC 2020 campaign will include some small changes, which farmers and ranchers can learn about at the ASAJA offices. photo c. r.

The new CAP, a complex debate in an even more entangled international framework. photo c. r.

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ASAJA meets with the new agriculture commissioner, the Polish Janusz Wojciechowski. The OPA conveys to him the needs of Spanish agriculture and livestock, from the new CAP, to the use of phytosanitary productsC.R. / Drafting

First meeting of ASA-JA with the new Commissioner for Agriculture, the Pole Janusz Wojciechowski, who at the end of November met with the member organizations of COPA-COGECA. The vice-president of ASAJA, Pedro Gallardo; the director of International Relations of ASAJA, Ignacio López, and José María Castilla e Inmaculada León, from the ASA-JA office in Brussels, have met with the new Agriculture Commissioner, Janusz Wojcie-chowski. The issues dealt with: the negotiations on the new CAP, the threat of cutting the Multiannual Financial Framework, the tariffs imposed by the US, Brexit... in short, the big issues that these days occupy the agrarian agenda.

ASAJA claimed the defense of a strong CAP from 2020 and that at least, in terms of its budget, it does not have cuts and that it can reach the level of 1.3% of the Gross National Income that demands the European Parliament and COPA-COGECA. “Have-

Taking into account the new environmental demands, we cannot do more PAC with less money” ASAJA argued to the Commissioner. It is necessary that a budget without cuts be defended and that it can be closed as soon as possible. On the other hand, ASAJA demands that during the transition period until the new CAP enters (predictably in 2022), years 2020 and 2021, de-

We must have the same budget as up to now, both for Direct Aid, first pillar, and for Rural Development, second pillar.

Another subject dealt with was that of phytosanitary products, where ASAJA defends the need for their use as medicines for the plants that they are. Farmers and ranchers are the first guardians of the environment, since they live

They come from it and protect it, using active ingredients in adequate doses that do not cause any harm to the environment or human health.

Markets Another of the topics discussed has been the tariffs imposed by the American Administration and Brexit. “We cannot continue paying for commercial and political conflicts,

We have already suffered the Russian veto and now the aeronautical conflict between the US and Europe and where the biggest losers are farmers and ranchers, mainly Spanish. If there is no solution in this regard, direct aid to the sector is necessary, which does not come from agricultural funds, to compensate for the losses suffered”.

The ASAJA representatives also discussed the Mercosur issue with the Commissioner. We need reciprocity and the same rules of the game for everyone. It cannot be that third countries do not have the same demands as we do in terms of food safety, working conditions, etc., and then they also flood the European markets with their products. In a globalized world, farmers must compete on equal terms, all playing by the same rules of the game. On the other hand, there are the New Genetic Editing Techniques (NBTs) in crops and livestock, which are very necessary to adapt to and mitigate climate change, but which have no clear regulation in Europe. However, these NBTs can be used by our competitors and they are also undetectable at the borders.

Finally, ASAJA sent the Commissioner an invitation to learn first-hand about the reality of the Spanish countryside, our farms and the magnificent work carried out by farmers and ranchers.

ASAJA denounces the use of the livestock sector as a scapegoat for climate change Donaciano Dujo: "Only the negative is said about the countryside, while no one criticizes what other sectors pollute" C.R. / Drafting

These days the United Nations Conference on Climate Change is being held in Madrid. A problem that affects the entire planet, with the agricultural and livestock sector being one of the most affected by the consequences of this global warming, and in fact, ASA-JA is working on various projects, both in our country as well as at a European level, to promote practices that contribute to preserving the environmental balance.

However, from ASAJA Castilla y León, "we are very concerned about the unfair criminalization to which the livestock sector is being subjected, blaming it that does not correspond to it, and also in a totally disproportionate way", has denounced Donacia-no Dujo, president of the OPA.

Even starting from the reality that any productive sector implies a certain degree of contamination, "the farmer is one of the few who decontaminates at the same time, since the pasture encourages the birth of a new vegetation."

vegetation, prevents fires and contributes to ensuring that the territory is not abandoned”, says Dona-ciano Dujo. However, "none of these positive aspects is considered in many of the news that appear these days in the media, only the negative is said."

The person in charge of ASAJA criticizes the lack of impartiality in the treatment given to the agricultural and livestock sector with respect to others. “apparently neither planes, nor cruise ships, nor the heating or air conditioning of large supermarkets

Cities and distribution contaminate nothing, they are gods, but we are the scapegoats of all evils”.

ASAJA calls for a more plural and respectful approach to the agricultural and livestock sector, "which is the one that

It provides quality food and the one that is 365 days a year in this environment that has come down to us, let us not forget, thanks to the work of many generations of farmers and ranchers”.

ASAJA Castilla y León8 Regional Field


Dujo, together with the president of Salamanca, in a recent act with farmers. photo c. r.

Visit of the new curator to the COPA-COGECA headquarters. photo c. r.

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The high rate of land leasing, one of the main weaknesses of agriculture in Castilla y León The farmer owns one out of every 4 hectares he cultivates, below the national average C.R. / Drafting

The official figures confirm what has been repeatedly denounced by ASAJA: the high rental rate is one of the biggest drags on the profitability of the agricultural sector in Castilla y León. In a recent report on the recipients of CAP aid, prepared by the groups that are working on Spain's Strategic Plan for the post-2020 CAP, the "very low property ownership" existing in agriculture is highlighted. of Castile and Leon. It underlines as especially worrying that only 24 percent of its almost three million hectares of dryland cultivation-not declared by recipients of the CAP-are owned, and little more, 29.4 percent, of the irrigated area .

These percentages are well below the national average, since 49.9 percent of the dry land and 57.6 percent of the irrigated land are owned by the farmers who work them in Spain. And the distance of Castilla y León is even greater with respect to communities similar in size, such as Castilla-La Mancha (70.5 property in dry land and 79.4 in irrigated land), Andalucía (71.6 in dry land and 70.7 in irrigated land) or even neighboring Aragón (46.1 in dry land and 61.1 in irrigated land).

Likewise, Castilla y León is below the national average for property ownership in cultivated area

permanent (woody, such as vines, fruit trees, olive trees), with 56.7% ownership, compared to 79.4% nationally, and on the surface of permanent pastures, of which only 16.3 percent are owned of the cattle-

rivers, compared to the national average of 39.1 percent.

For the experts who are part of these working groups who are studying the problems and potentialities of the agricultural sector, it is

storeroom so that they are taken into account with a view to the new CAP, the low tenure of land in agriculture is a fact to take into account both when assessing the competitiveness of farms, as well as understanding the difficulties that young people encounter when joining the sector. In fact, as ASAJA emphasizes, "we are talking about the two main problems of agriculture in Castilla y León, the lack of profitability and the loss of assets".

As an example, and considering a dry hectare in which an average of 3,000 kilos is obtained, at 180 euros per ton, plus the aid from the CAP, a maximum of 700 euros per hectare would be obtained, gross income from which some expenses of 500 euros per hectare would have to be deducted. But from those remaining two hundred euros, the rent of the land would still need to be subtracted, so the figures that are being reached are "more than worrying, especially in some areas of the community, a bubble that has moved to the sale and purchase , with amounts well above the real value of the land”, denounces ASA-JA. For the OPA, "the outrages that are being paid are not understood", and even less so in an aging and depopulated community like ours, with a number of farmers of around 40,000 real professionals, and that by 2030 , in a decade, there will barely be 25,000 active.

“Too often, pushed by being more than the neighbor or by doing the math too optimistically, the rent is so high that there is no profit margin left. And so, many farmers are doomed to go bankrupt by working," warns Donaciano Dujo, president of ASAJA Castilla y León, who stresses the importance of acting "with common sense and a cool head so that farmers don't get caught up." they engage in impulsive, preposterous and, ultimately, ruinous operations”.







Percentage of land under property ownership for all recipients of direct aid from the CAP

% irrigated area % permanent crop area % permanent pasture area% dry land area

“Sometimes the rent is so high that there is no profit margin left”

Donatiano Dujo

In Castilla y León the weight of the lease in the exploitation is greater than in the rest of the country.. foto c. r.

Regional Field ASAJA Castilla y León 9 INFORMATION

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Aid for water supply in extensive livestock C.R. / Drafting

Ranchers are already being notified of the resolution of aid intended to guarantee the supply of water to livestock farms in an extensive regime of pasture use. The Ministry has approved 1,713 applications, 95.6 percent of those submitted, which will receive the advance first to those who requested it, and the rest when the investment is justified.

Salamanca is the great protagonist of these aids since almost 50% of the beneficiaries, 861, are from this province. Behind is Ávila, with 465 beneficiaries; Zamora, with 132; Segovia, with 84; Burgos, with 82; Soria, with 36; Leon, with 30; Pa-lencia, with 17 and Valladolid, with 6.

These aids, of which 50% of the cost is subsidized up to a maximum of 4,000 euros per beneficiary, are part of the package of measures that the Junta de Castilla y León has approved to alleviate the effects of the drought suffered in large areas of the Community, especially grass.

The Board begins the authorization of loans for drought to farmers and ranchers Granted a first batch of 8,866 applications that meet the requirementsC.R. / Drafting

These days the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Rural Development has started to authorize loans to farmers and ranchers affected by this year's drought. As explained by the counselor, Jesús Julio Carnero, a first batch of applications corresponding to 8,866 applicants who meet the requirements has been authorized. Soon, new resolutions of requests will be made in which incidents are now being corrected.

These loans want to alleviate liquidity problems caused in agricultural and livestock farms in Castilla y León due to the 2019 drought, and can also be used to repay part or all of those that were already granted due to the 2017 drought.

The loans subsidized by the council have some

standard conditions, with a minimum of 6,000 euros and a maximum of up to 40,000 euros.

years per beneficiary, a period of five years with the possibility of a one-year grace period, and

an interest bonus of up to 1.5%.

Beneficiaries have a period of three months from when they receive the notification from the Department to formalize it with the financial institution, that is, approximately until the end of February of next year. For any questions, farmers and ranchers can go to the ASAJA offices.

The Ministry will finance all the interest for the beneficiaries who have subscribed agricultural insurance or half of the interest for those who do not have it and agree to subscribe it. As claimed by ASAJA, these loans do not have an opening commission and cannot be linked to the contracting of any financial product, direct debit of receipts, direct debit of aid payments, etc., other than obtaining guarantees.

When do you have to pay VAT, IRPF or Property Transfer Tax in the transfer of PAC rights? Summary of the main points that the farmer must take into accountSS.TT. ASAJA CyL

In these months, the Tax Agency is sending settlements corresponding to basic payment rights for the year 2016, so it is important that farmers who leased or purchased rights that year, have prior - feel the tax treatment received by these operations.

The technicians of our organization advise that those affected first submit the invoice for these rights and then the corresponding settlement.

In addition, for the settlements corresponding to the year 2016 that are notified as of January 30, 2020, the sales invoice will be presented and if this is prior to October 2016, the prescription must be claimed.

The Technical Services of

ASAJA Castilla y León have prepared a summary that includes the different assumptions that can occur, in relation to VAT, personal income tax and also Transmission Tax. There are several assumptions to take into account:

1) Assignment for sale of land rightsThis type of transaction is exempt from VAT, follows the same tax regime as the main operation (land sale) and therefore THE BUYER will pay the Tax

of Property Transfers (ITP). The ITP has variable rates set by each of the autonomous communities, estimating an average rate of around 8%, much lower than 21% of VAT, although it must also be taken into account that in the ITP there are different discounts for farms agrarian.

THE SELLER will be taxed in the annual personal income tax as an increase or capital gain.

2) Leasing assignment of land rights

This type of assignment is also exempt from VAT, follows the same tax regime as the main operation and therefore the LESSEE will pay the Property Transfer Tax.

The LANDLORD will have to declare the income as a return on real estate capital together with the land.

3) Assignment for sale of rights without land The BUYER is subject to VAT, at the tax rate of 21%.

The SELLER will pay personal income tax on the capital increase or gain.

4) Assignment of rights together with other elements of the exploitation (transmission of the entire exploitation) When the set of elements transferred, including the basic payment rights, consti-

constitute or are capable of constituting an autonomous economic unit in the transferor, capable of carrying out a business or professional activity by their own means, the transfer of rights is not subject to VAT, paying for the Transfer Tax -nes Patrimonial.

5) Case of a tripartite agreement The General Directorate of Taxes considers that they are two different legal transactions: on the one hand, the leasing of land, and on the other hand, the assignment of rights that, in addition, have different subjects ( one transmits the lands, while another contributes the rights).

It is a sale or assignment of the rights to help without land, with the same treatment as point 3, that is, subject to VAT. The VAT taxpayer is the purchaser, although the person who has to make the payment of the amount collected is the assignor, in this case the former lessee.

Given the diverse and complex casuistry, it is recommended to go to the technical services of ASAJA before taking any step.

ASAJA Castilla y León10 Regional Field


Avila Burgos León Palencia Salamanca Segovia Soria Valladolid Zamora

Approved applications for drought loans 2019





2019, another year in which the drought hit the harvest. photo c. r.

The land, the basis of agricultural exploitation. photo c. r.

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Castilla y León asks that its weight in the contracting of agricultural insurance be used to decide improvements in the system. For ASAJA, the objective is to have good coverage and at affordable pricesC. A. / Writing

Castilla y León has been calling for a greater role in the design of agricultural insurance policy, which depends on the central government, for some time. From ASAJA it has been insisted on numerous occasions that the weight of the autonomous community in contracting insurance justifies that the voice of Castilla y León be taken into account in this debate.

With this objective, on November 27, the Ministry, Agroseguro, the agricultural professional organizations and Enesa formed a working group to advance measures to improve agricultural insurance that provide greater guarantees for farmers and ga -naderos. The Ministry has committed to increase the budget to support insurance contracting and also to work to improve low contracting in some agricultural regions and promote lines with low implantation.

ASAJA believes that it is important "that we move towards practically universal insurance, for which we must continue advancing, both in improving the coverage and conditions it offers and in making the price affordable, just the opposite of what happened in the latter, in which the coverages have suffered and on top of that the prices are higher”. For Donaciano Dujo, "we are at a vital moment, because the climate is more adverse and variable than ever, and the future of the sector cannot be conceived without having powerful, well-designed and well-financed insurance."

The truth is that the agricultural insurance policy is the most important tool available to minimize the risks in the development of agricultural activity, and more in recent times when it is being verified how the cycles of conditions meteorological events, such as drought, frost or hail, are becoming more frequent.

Interest in agricultural insurance is increasing in Castilla y León. In the period 2014 to 2018, the number of agricultural insurance policies in the Community has gone from 73,689 to 80,548, this represents an increase of 9.3%. The insured capital in this same period has varied from 1,464 million euros to 1,969 million euros, that is, it has increased by 34%,

placing us, together with Andalusia, at the head of the Autonomous Communities in insured capital. The increase in contracting has also meant that the insured area has gone from 1,665,474 hectares to 1,927,288, and the number of animals from 21 million to 26, values ​​that represent growth of 16% and of 24%, respectively.

400 million euros in compensation between 2017 and 2019In the period 2014 to 2016, compensation for claims in the agricultural sector reached 97 million euros in Castilla y León. Regarding the claims declared between 2017 and so far this year in 2019, the compensation paid has multiplied by four and has already reached 400 million euros. On average in recent years, 35% of claims are due to drought, followed by hail, which accounts for 33%, and frost, which accounts for 7%.

The above values ​​clearly demonstrate what agricultural insurance means for farmers and ranchers in Castilla y León. These incomes, without this system, would not revert to them and would therefore cause a significant imbalance in agricultural income.

Last days for dryland and grape crop insuranceASAJA reminds farmers of the importance of protecting their farms

C.R. / Writing

On December 20, the subscription term for the insurance for rainfed crops of winter cereals, legumes, sunflower and safflower ends, as well as the insurance for grapes. For this reason, from ASA-JA we invite all farmers to come to our offices so that their farms can have this essential coverage.

Specifically, until Friday, December 20, you can subscribe modules 1 and 2 of the main insurance for the production guarantee and the straw guarantee of the extensive arable crop insurance, and also the autumn insurance of the base insurance with additional guarantees for wine grapes

A few days later, on December 31, the term of the compensation insurance for

loss of pasture, which can be subscribed for the region of Merindades (Burgos).

In addition, there are more lines of insurance whose subscription is still open, and which we describe below.

Agro-energy For agro-energy crops, the subscription period for modules 1 and 2 is open until February 28, 2020, except for corn and sorghum crops, and corn, sorghum and rice straw, which runs until May 31 of 2020.

The P module can be contracted from March 1 to May 31, 2020.

FodderThe terms for contracting fodder crop insurance in Castilla y León are as follows:• Modules 1 and 2 of fodder maize-

ro, until May 31, 2020.

• Modules 1 and 2 of the rest of crops, until March 31, 2020.

• Module P, from March 1 to June 15, 2020, except for fodder corn that ends on July 15, 2020.

FruitsIn the case of fruit farms, the subscription period for modules 1, 2, 3 and 3M runs from December 1, 2019 to February 28, 2020, except for the Region of El Bierzo (León) where fine -lists on March 10, 2020. The supplementary insurance subscription can be made from January 21, 2020 to April 30, 2020, ex-

except in the Region of El Bier-zo (León) which is from March 11, 2020 to May 31, 2020. And the contracting date of module P is different depending on the crop in question.

Regarding persimmon, the subscription period for the main insurance will start on December 1, 2019 and end on April 30, 2020. The subscription period for the supplementary insurance will start on June 15, 2020 and end on August 15, 2020.

Insure with ASAJAWith all the guarantees and a 100% specialized team in the agricultural and livestock world

Regional Field ASAJA Castilla y León 11 INFORMATION

Insurance, essential to protect professional exploitation. photo c. r.

Meeting held at the Ministry's headquarters, focused on the future of agricultural insurance. photo c. r.

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NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2019 ASAJA Castilla y León12 Regional Field

AGRICULTURE (€/100 kg.)

WHEAT BARLEY HUNDRED WEEK/ trend 45th 46th 47th T. 45th 46th 47th T. 45th 46th 47th T.

Avila 18.70 18.63 18.56 - 17.40 17.33 17.26 - 16.57 16.53 16.50 -Burgos 18.30 18.20 18.10 - 17.20 17.10 17, 00 - 16.60 16.50 16.50 -Leon 18.30 18.20 18.10 - 17.10 17.00 16.90 - 16.30 16.30 16.30 =Palencia 18.70 18.70 18.60 - 17.50 17.50 17.40 - 16.70 16.70 16.60 -Salamanca 19.00 19.00 19.00 = 17.90 17.90 17.90 =Segovia 18.60 18 .50 18.40 - 17.20 17.10 17.00 - 16.40 16.30 16.20 -Soria 18.10 18.10 18.10 = 16.90 16.90 16.90 = 16.40 16.40 16.30 -Valladolid 18.50 18.00 18.35 - 17.20 17.10 17.00 - 16.30 16.30 16.30 =Zamora 18.50 18.40 18.30 - 17 .30 17.20 17.00 - 16.30 16.30 16.30 =

OATS MAÍZ ALFALFA Week/ trend 45th 46th 47th T. 45th 46th 47th T. 45th 46th 47th T.

Avila 17.55 Burgos 17.00 17.10 17.10 + 18.60 18.60 18.60 = Leon 17.20 17.30 17.30 + 18.00 18.00 18.00 = 18.60 18, 60 18.60 =Palencia 17.40 17.50 17.60 + 17.30 17.30 17.30 = 18.70 18.70 18.70 =Salamanca 17.90 18.00 18.10 + 17.70 17.70 17.70 =Segovia 16.90 16.80 16.70 -SoriaValladolid 17.40 17.60 17.60 + 17.70 17.70 17.70 = 18.00 18.60 +Zamora 17.20 17.30 17.30 + 17.80 17.80 17.80 = 18.60 18.60 18.60 =

More milk, less farmersAndrés Villayandre

Cow's milk production in Spain has increased by 0.9 percent in the first nine months of the year compared to the same period in 2018, according to data from the FEGA monthly declarations. In Castilla y León, which is the second largest producing community with 13% of the national total, the increase in production is even greater, standing at 1.9%.

What continues to decrease is the number of dairy cattle farmers, having ceased almost 900 in all of Spain in the last year, of which almost 100 are from Castilla y León.

In this environment, prices have remained more or less stable, falling slightly

te in the first semester and with a small rise from August. According to the EU Milk Market Observatory, the average price in Spain stands at 31.65 cents per litre, a figure almost 8% lower than the average for the European Union and considerably lower than in the main producing countries, highlighting the average price of France and Italy, which is 36.92 and 39.69 respectively.

It is difficult to predict how the price will evolve in the coming months. Thus, in Spain and France the price has risen slightly, 0.3 and 0.6% respectively, while in Italy the rise has been 7.8 percent, and in Germany and the Netherlands there has been a significant drop, 7.5 and 8.6 percent respectively.


VACUUM (€/kg. channel)

SALAMANCA LERMADate/trend 11-Nov 18-Nov 25-Nov T. 23-Oct 06-Nov 20-Nov T. Extra Añojo 3.52 3.55 3.58 + 3.60 3.60 3.70 +First Añojo 3.33 3.36 3.39 + 3.50 3.50 3.60 +Extra cow 3.22 3.22 3.22 = 3.40 3.40 3.40 =First cow 2.46 2.46 2.46 = 2.60 2.60 2.60 =Extra veal 3.93 3.93 3.93 = 3.80 3.80 3.80 =First veal 3.84 3.84 3.84 = 3, 70 3.70 3.70 =First bulls 2.01 2.01 2.01 = =

BEEF (€/kg. p.v.)

MEDINA DEL CAMPO ZAMORAFecha/tendencia 10-nov 18-nov 24-nov T. 12-nov 19-nov 26-nov T.

Lechazos 10–12 kg 5,53 5,53 5,63 + 4,25 4,25 4,25 =

Lambs 12–15 kg 4.95 4.95 4.83 - 3.65 3.65 3.65 =Lambs 15–19 kg 4.33 4.33 3.23 -Lambs 19–23 kg 3.00 3, 00 2.98 -Lambs 23–25 kg 2.88 2.88 2.88 =

*The price that appears in Medina del Campo is the average value of the prices.

PORCINO (€/kg. p.v.)

SEGOVIA ZAMORAFecha/tendencia 14-nov 21-nov 28-nov T. 12-nov 19-nov 26-nov T.

Select Pork 1.44 1.46 1.49 + 1.44 1.44 1.47 +Normal Pork 1.43 1.45 1.48 + 1.43 1.43 1.45 +Fatty Pork 1.47 1 .48 1.49 + 1.44 1.44 1.47 +Piglets 2.90 3.03 3.15 + 3.15 3.15 3.25 +Old sow 0.77 0.82 0.87 + 0 .75 0.79 0.82 +

ASAJA asks that the effectiveness and usefulness of the Agrarian Technological Institute not be questioned. The entity allows expediting the execution of agrarian measuresC. A. / Writing

The ASA-JA agrarian organization of Castilla y León asks the government team of the Junta de Castilla y León, made up of the political forces Partido Popular and Ciudadanos, not to include the Agrarian Technological Institute of Castilla and León (Itacyl) among the public sector entities whose continuity is going to be questioned by a specific commission.

For ASAJA, the majority professional agrarian organization in Castilla y León, Ita-cyl is responding at all times to the objectives for which it was created, which are none other than to give more agility to the execution of certain tasks. your math skills

of agrarian policy, than the one that can be provided by the civil service structure of the administration. Competences such as the execution of agricultural infrastructures, among them the development and modernization of irrigation; the R+D+I projects linked to the field, and the agri-food quality controls, are being carried out with undoubted efficiency and budgetary rigor.

Furthermore, in the opinion of ASAJA, what the administration should do is avoid duplications that are still taking place between Itacyl's functions and the powers of some of its services that it continues to maintain without a convincing explanation, such as the case of the execution of certain

nothing parcel concentrations.

The reasons that were given in their day for the Courts of Castilla y León to approve by law the creation of the Agrarian Technological Institute of Castilla y León are still valid today: “the need for a Public Entity of Private Law subject to certain issues to Public Law, more apt to manage processes that can generate a voluminous legal and economic traffic with third parties, which requires agile and specialized personnel management formulas and requires or may require agreements with companies or resort to mixed financing sources within management formulas subject to private law”.


ITACyL facilities on the Zamadueñas farm. photo c. r.

Payments over 2,000 euros will be reduced in 2019 by 1.43% percentC.R. / Drafting

The adjustment percentage of direct payments to finance the crisis reserve, known as 'financial discipline', will be slightly less than expected. It had initially been set at 1.441101%, but finally

te has been established at 1.43 percent, as indicated in the corresponding implementing regulations of the European Union.

The percentage affects all amounts of direct payments that exceed the amount of 2,000 euros and must be granted to farmers for applications.

tudes of aid presented with respect to the calendar year 2019.

In 2013 it was agreed to create this reserve fund for exceptional situations. The percentage varies slightly each year: in 2018 it was 1.411917%, in 2017 it was 1.388149% and in 2016 1.353905%.

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For a common criteria to subsidize animal vaccinationsC.R. / Drafting

The Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock has released the draft order calling for aid for vaccination against salmonella in laying poultry. The aid is intended for poultry health defense groups and owners of livestock farms not integrated into an ADS. The proposed subsidy is 50 percent of the cost of the vaccine for those who are not part of an ADS, and the full cost for those who are part of an ADS.

Regardless of the assessment of its content, if it is the case, ASAJA has asked the Administration to have a common criterion regarding the subsidy for vaccination in different animal species, and in particular vaccination. -nes within the framework of official programs. At no time has the agricultural organizations been exposed to the reasons why some vaccines are subsidized and others not, nor in what percentage they should be subsidized, nor whether or not to differentiate by type of farm. In any case, ASAJA defends that the support be directed to professional farmers, and not to large companies that have sufficient resources to face this expense.

98.6% of cattle farms already have sanitary statusThe group on tuberculosis works in favor of the interests of cattle farmersC.R. / Drafting

Achieving sanitary status allows livestock farms to have advantageous access to markets. Castilla y León is one of the communities that works the hardest to achieve this status, which already accounts for 98.6% of our cattle farms, thanks to which they can freely move their animals inside and outside the Autonomous Community and export, not only in the European environment, but also to countries outside the EU.

These days, the European Union published, in the Official Gazette, the declaration of the province of León as free of bovine brucellosis. Thus, León joins the status already achieved in Burgos, Soria, Valladolid and Zamora, thus making five provinces of the Community where the disease has been officially eradicated. This acknowledgment has its direct reflection on the farmer from the moment of publication, since in León brucellosis tests are no longer mandatory for livestock movement, and during the year 2020, only Brucellosis sanitation will be carried out in 20% of livestock farms.

Bovine tuberculosis But, in addition, in the province of León, the number of farms positive for tuberculosis

Bovine disease in the 2018 period was estimated at 0.3%, this data allows that, according to the National Erratic Program

indication of bovine tuberculosis, the protocol of flexibility can be applied in all those veterinary units with a prevalence of less than 1%.

This translates into the practice in which the livestock farms that hold the highest health qualification before the detection of animals positive for tuberculosis in a low number to the official diagnosis test (up to a maximum of eight animals -the positive depending on the census of the farm) do not apply restrictions to the movement of calves until the microbiological isolation of the disease occurs. The provinces of Burgos, Palencia, Segovia, Valladolid and Zamora are in this same situation. With this flexibility protocol, widely demanded by farmers, they have a greater possibility of access to all national feedlots.

Although the evolution of the sanitary status of cattle in Castilla y León is generally positive, there is still a way to go, especially in the provinces of Ávila, Salamanca and Soria, which have a situation of more than 1%, between 1.8% and 2.5%, and for which ASAJA claims special treatment.

There will be changes in 2020 for the aid for the production and commercialization of honey. The modifications of the National Beekeeping Plan must be applied C.R. / Drafting

The National Beekeeping Plan 2020-2022 has been modified, which will have an impact on the base orders and calls for aid to improve the production and marketing of honey in Castilla y León for 2020. The aid from the National Plan They are 50% financed by the Feaga, 25% by the Ministry and the remaining 25% is contributed by the Junta de Castilla y León. In the last call, the aid was distributed among 330 applications.

The planned changes, still under debate, would affect: • In line B, the apportionment of the

aid for treatments against varroosis and other actions of this measure.

• In line C, the actions will be used only for transhumant beekeeping operations, when until now they could be used by both transhumant and shelf beekeeping operations.

• On lines G and H, ASAJA has requested a reduction in the kilograms of honey sold so that more

groupings to these lines.Finally, for the purposes of tra-

Mitation it will be mandatory to put the number of hives for which the aid is declared and the locations.

From Castilla y León, the Ministry continues to demand the modification of the regulations for movements of beekeeping operations. The sector demands this adaptation that would legally guarantee any settlement of beehives, whether they are shelves or transhumant, and ensure coexistence between the two

production systems. The modification of the Royal Decree that regulates movements is necessary since it affects several autonomous communities such as Castilla y León, Extremadura and Valencia.

Lastly, it is still key for the Ministry to defend before Europe the obligatory nature of a clear labeling of origin, preventing low-quality imported honey from 'sneaking in' as national.

Bovine tuberculosis Meanwhile, the bovine tuberculosis technical working group set up this legislature continues to work, in which ASAJA and the rest of professional agricultural organizations, Urcacyl and livestock associations participate, under the technical coordination of the Ministry .

Within the working group, the representatives of the livestock sector have transferred the

main economic problems that the application of legislation entails in livestock farms, some issues can be addressed at the regional level (the result of which is being finalized) and others are regulated by regulations of higher rank and from Castilla y León requests will be sent to the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food.

León joins the brucellosis-free provinces. photo c. r.

Beekeeping, important alternative livestock. photo c. r.

Regional Field ASAJA Castilla y León 13 INFORMATION

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A team committed to the sector and the rural environmentPalencia hosted the XI convention of ASAJA employees throughout Castilla y LeónC in November. A. / Writing

For yet another year, ASAJA, the main agrarian organization in the Autonomous Community, held its Employees Convention in Castilla y León. In total, more than 130 professionals met at this meeting, which is celebrating its eleventh edition, and which this time was held in Pa-lencia, following its annual tour of the different provinces of Castilla y León.

With these meetings, it is sought, on the one hand, to promote communication between the team of technicians that advises the agricultural and livestock sector in the more than forty offices distributed throughout the nine provinces, and on the other, to promote the updating of knowledge and systems of work that combine increasing digitization with the trust and closeness offered by personal treatment. The purpose of all of this is to expand and improve the services that are offered every day to the agricultural and ranching partners that belong to the first OPA of the Autonomous Community.

The sessions were inaugurated by Honorato Meneses, president of ASAJA-Palencia, accompanied by the general secretary of ASAJA Castilla y León, José Antonio Turrado. On Friday morning several presentations by specialists were included, with a special block dedicated to new technologies, digitization and the use of satellite images in agriculture, given by Rafael Sáez, deputy director of Agricultural Infrastructures of the Institute Agrarian Technological Institute of Castilla y León, accompanied by other technicians from the entity. In the afternoon there were round tables in which the ASAJA team of technicians worked to strengthen and expand the services offered by the organization and meet the needs and demands of members, farmers and ranchers. , focused on areas such as training, taxation and labor relations, aid processing, insurance, etc. Already on Saturday, the participants in the meeting moved to Venta de Baños, where they visited the facilities of the pastry factory.

from Siro and also from the Ovlac machinery plant, both leading companies in their respective sectors.

The ASAJA team of professionals is the visible face of the organization, farmers and ranchers trust them and they are consulted on any type of problem. ASAJA understands that it is the majority agrarian organization in the countryside

de Castilla y León obliges it to also lead when it comes to expanding and renewing knowledge to provide the best services to agriculture and livestock professionals. Numerous services are offered from the ASAJA offices in the provinces of the region, from the management of aid to technical or legal advice, insurance, or continuous training

of farmers and ranchers, a chapter reinforced with an active online platform in which courses for incorporation into the agricultural and livestock business are continuously carried out, the

gateway for young people who come to the sector. Some services that are in continuous change and expansion, to serve an increasingly specialized and informed primary sector.

ASAJA Castilla y León14 Regional Field


Manager, president and secretary of ASAJA CyL, together with the team, at the ASAJA-Palencia headquarters.

José Antonio Turrado, Nato Meneses and Nuria Ruiz, at the opening.

Visit to the OVLAC facilities in Venta de Baños. One of the groups that visited the SIRO facilities, dedicated to making pasta.

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AVILA: Joaquín, Ángela, Ana, David, Roberto, Rebeca, Óscar, Alicia and Emilia. BURGOS: Rafa, Carlos, Yasmara, María, Virginia, Re-gla, Almudena, Paloma, María, David and Ana. LEÓN: José Antonio, Juan, Concha, Adriana, Jesús, Justina, Beatriz, Merce, Eduardo, Gonzalo, Estefanía , Laura, Florentino, Teodoro, Isabel and Elena. PALENCIA: Álvaro, Soraya, Raquel Aguilar, Alfonso, Víctor, Sonia,

Jesús Javier, Carlos, Encarna, Rubén, Alberto, Inma, Isabel, Raquel, Mercedes, Jessica, Paqui, Cristina, Jesús, Rosa, Carlos, Juan Miguel, Julia, Alberto, Consuelo, Rocío, Raquel, Carlos, Carmen, Mar, Antonio, Tania, Celia and Ruth. SALAMANCA: Rebeca, Encarna, Juan, Jai-me, Verónica, José Ignacio, Trini, Mariano, Marisa and Ana. SEGOVIA: Pepe, Esperanza, Mª Jesús, Alberto, Javier, Nati, Gloria, Susana, Ali-

cia, Arturo and Eloy. SORIA: Juanfran, Mª Ángeles, Natalia, Alejandro, Sandra, Cristina, Félix, Laura, José Ignacio, Arancha, Federico, Teresa, Marta Plaza, Marta Poza and Nacho. VALLADOLID: Nati, Beatriz, Leo, María José, Mercedes, Mar, Raquel, Mariam and María Jesús. ZA-MORA: Geno, Luis, Pablo, Rubén and Leo. CASTILLA Y LEÓN: Nuria, Teresa, Andrés, Sonia and Marta. INSURANCE: Mercedes.

“ASAJA is not leaving the territory, its roots are 100% rural” “ASAJA is in the territory, and it is not going to leave”. The president of ASAJA Castilla y León expressed this forcefully, defending the commitment of this agrarian organization to the rural environment, and asking politicians to "rise to the occasion". While others have abandoned the towns to their fate, “ASAJA has been, is and will be in them, because we are 100% rural”. A solid and strong organization with 43 service points in the territory (nine in the provinces, 33 regional and one regional headquarters), to "provide information, advice, training and comprehensive claim in rural areas." The spirit of the organization, which was born more than forty years ago, is still very much alive, although logically we have changed to meet the changing needs of our members, farmers and ranchers, and their families. Even so, the objectives remain: to vindicate, train and inform farmers and ranchers in Castilla y León, so that they obtain better economic results from their agricultural activity and, in addition, achieve better social conditions. Donaciano Dujo defines the ASAJA technical team as "the tool that the farmer has to move his farm administratively, in the same way that the tractor moves all the machinery that the farm has".

The ITACyL team that gave the talks. From left to right, David Nafría, head of the Geographic Information and Innovation Unit; Rafael Sáez, Deputy Director of Agricultural Infrastructures; Vicente del Blanco, technician from the sub-directorate of Infrastructures.

Prudencio Herrero, an expert in business management and innovation, during his presentation to the ASAJA technical teams on his presentation, focused on improving the care and services offered to our members.

Visits to companies linked to the sectorOn this occasion, ASAJA employees traveled to Venta de Baños, where they visited the facilities of the Siro pasta factory and also the Ovlac machinery plant, both leading companies in their respective sectors. From here we want to thank the managers and teams of both firms, for their availability and cordiality.

Family photo of the employees of the 9 provincial ASAJA, plus the union leaders and the regional office team.

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Aid processing

holding notebook


SS, labor and fiscal

Administration and telematic communication


General securities

round tables

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ASAJA Castilla y León18 Regional Field

The farmers in the El Barco de Ávila area know the guidelines to be able to produce better beef with ASAJA-Ávila. The conference was inaugurated by the General Director of Agricultural Production of the CyL Board, Agustín Álvarez NogalASAJA-Ávila

The Young Farmers Agrarian Association (ASAJA) of Ávila held a training session on November 18 for ranchers in the El Barco de Ávila area under the title “Cattle Day: sustainable and innovative management”. vation for an increase in productivity”.

The conference was inaugurated by the General Director of Agricultural Production of the Government of Castilla y León, Agustín Álvarez Nogal. In the first place, the attendees were provided with information on the status of payments and new developments in the CAP, aid for water supply to livestock farms and subsidized drought loans, among other issues.

Subsequently, the implications for the beef sector of the implementation of the voluntary national program to fight against Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR) will have, a program that has already been published in the Official Gazette. of the State and that it will take its first steps at the beginning of next year 2020. Next, the current challenges and opportunities of the beef sector were analyzed, from international issues such as the future agreement of the European Union with the countries that make up MERCOSUR to actions at the national level. Finally, the novelties of the 2019 Plan of line 401 of agricultural insurance in cattle farms were described.

The conference attended by the president of ASAJA de Ávila, Joaquín Antonio Pino, was closed by his regional counterpart, Donaciano Dujo. For the regional leader of ASAJA, the beef sector is one

one of the priorities for the organization, where they will fight so that the peculiarities of the extensive such as that of El Barco de Ávila are contemplated in the design of the new PAC and where ASAJA "is turning to put

on the table measures that alleviate the ranchers in matters such as sanitation, as well as that the chaos that exists with the overpopulation of wild fauna such as wild boar or deer be stopped once and for all”.



ASAJA de Ávila takes the initiative to claim the dairy industries for having agreed on pricesThe National Commission for Markets and Competition condemned the dairy industries in July for altering the price of milk in the Spanish marketsASAJA-Ávila

In the month of July of this year 2019, the National Commission of Markets and Competition fined the main Spanish dairies with 80 million euros. As ASAJA had repeatedly denounced, the Competition authority sanctioned the dairy industries for carrying out practices that did not comply with community law, altering the price of milk. Once ratified what was clearly evident, that is, that the dairy industries that operate in the Spanish market were agreeing on prices, the possibility has been opened for the farmers to claim the damages caused by the dairy plants.

The technical services of the Agrarian Young Farmers Association (ASAJA) of Ávila have taken the initiative to inform the farmers of Avila of the possibilities that are open to them to claim all the money that has been stolen from the farmers since the from the year 2000 to the present, agreeing on prices, for which they have met at the ASAJA offices in Ávila the interested farmers with the lawyers from the firm specializing in competition claims “Redi Abogados”.

The opportunity that arises now is to claim economic compensation to compensate for the damages and losses caused by the industry to the farmers,

by the low prices paid for milk because there was no real competition in the market.

And it is that, the National Commission of Markets and Competition ensures in said sanction that, that the main dairy industries of the

country have acted in an organized manner for years instead of competing among themselves, dividing up the market and agreeing on the price they pay for milk, so that all farmers can claim damages from this cartel of companies regardless of the

plant to which they were delivering the milk, and if they are still active with the farm or have closed during these years.

The provincial president of ASAJA-Ávila, Joaquín Anto-nio Pino, has denounced that hundreds of farms have been forced to close due to lack of profitability due to the fact that farmers have been receiving a lower price than that set by the international markets for -due to the greed and greed of the dairy industry, and congratulates the technical services of ASA-JA-Ávila for having taken the initiative to inform farmers of their rights.

For all these reasons, ASAJA de Ávila offers the opportunity to the farmers of the province of Ávila to be able to claim what is theirs, for the damages caused, making its offices and specialized technical personnel available to them. has throughout the province, to help in the steps and channels to follow from now on before the courts.

Informative session offered to farmers in the El Barco de Ávila area. photo c. r.

The farmers' meeting was held at the ASAJA headquarters in Ávila. photo c. r.

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ASAJA Castilla y León 19

ASAJA-Palencia spreads the benefits of cheese with a tasting at the UniversityThe initiative, which was included in the Science Week of the UVA Science Park, had the support of InlacASAJA-Palencia

A few days ago, the La Yutera University Campus hosted a cheese tasting organized by ASAJA-Palencia in collaboration with Inlac, an activity included in the Science Week carried out by the Science Park of the University of Valladolid.

This is an initiative of the agrarian organization within the framework of the diffusion campaign of dairy consumption undertaken by the Organización Interprofesional Lác-tea, with which consumers are reminded of the importance of consuming milk and their

derivatives as a source of essential nutrients, within a varied and healthy diet. A recommendation that, on the other hand, is made by the Spanish Nutrition Foundation.

In the event, which included the participation of the nutritionist Beatriz de la Fuente, and the manager of Quesos El Afinador, Javier Alconero, various cheeses made from cow's, sheep's and goat's milk from a wide variety of origins, textu -ras, maturations and flavors, but all of them of very high quality.

The nutrition expert explained the characteristics of cheese, a food that has a high concentration of

nutrients, among which it is worth highlighting proteins, which being of animal origin are considered to be of high quality and high biological value, as well as minerals (phosphorus, zinc, etc.) and vitamins (vitamin A, riboflavin or B2 and vitamin B12).

As he pointed out, it is one of the main sources of calcium, a fundamental mineral for the health of bones and teeth, whose absorption is favored by the protein contained in the cheese, without forgetting the presence of of amino acids necessary for our body to function properly.

For his part, the cheese engineer and entrepreneur was

reeling off the details of each variety that was analyzed in the tasting, the production areas, type of elaboration, denominations of origin, colors, shapes, textures, aromas and type of rind, teaching the attendees how to taste each cheese and with what foods and drinks they should be combined.

It must be remembered that the campaign carried out

ASAJA, for the dissemination of dairy consumption, values ​​the work of farmers as the basis of the dairy chain and seeks to increase the demand for these products, thus contributing to the economic and social sustainability of an essential sector for society , the structure of the rural environment and for the preservation of its natural spaces.

ASAJA criticizes that the Ministry forgets dryland fodderDrought is not covered by insurance and in case of climatic adversities the administrations look the other way ASAJA-Palencia / S. Arnuncio

That Palencia is an eminently fodder province is a fact. According to official data from the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, corresponding to the 2013 to 2017 campaigns, our province has had an average of more than 25,000 hectares of rainfed alfalfa, compared to just over 58,000 hectares. total in Castilla y León and the almost 80,000 existing throughout Spain. This means that Palencia has 43% of the regional rainfed alfalfa and 31.4% of the national one.

Regarding vetch, the data also denote our dedication to dryland forage. Specifically, we have had an average of 18,500 hectares dedicated to this crop compared to almost 68,000 regional hectares and almost 105,000 national hectares. Our Your-

Surface represents 27.3% of the regional surface and 17.6% of the national surface.

Not only do we have a lot of agricultural land devoted to fodder, but within the farms the weight of fodder is very important. Almost 15% of the hectares planted with dry land –which are around 350,000– are dedicated to fodder, mainly alfalfa and vetch.

But this is not all, said area devoted to fodder is highly concentrated in the Campos region, so that according to data from ASAJA Technical Services, in that region 38% of farms exceed 20 % destined to rainfed fodder within their dryland crops and 23% even exceeded the 30% destined to fodder. This means that a very high number of farms in Palencia depend to a great extent on the production of

production of rainfed fodder. For years, ASAJA-Pa-

Lence is demanding that drought coverage be included in forage crop insurance. In a first step, it achieved its inclusion in the Combined Agricultural Insurance Plan, approved by the Council of Ministers in December 2017 - the study of the coverage of damages due to drought in the cultivation of alfalfa - but they have pa It's been two years and we're still the same. The same text is maintained in the recently approved Plan, but we still do not have drought insurance.

The Ministry reiterates that "what is insurable is not compensable", alluding to the fact that aid cannot be given even when there are catastrophes such as the 2017 drought. Well, in the case of rainfed fodder we do not have sure despite having requested it on various occasions and na-

die has remembered our dry-land fodder productions that could not be insured and have had little or no production both in 2017 and in 2019. On November 15 the opening

the term to ensure fodder crops and farmers from Palencia, largely dependent on dry forage, will continue to be unable to ensure their productions.





2013 21.948 44.695 68.442

2014 24.556 56.187 75.836

2015 25.514 58.094 79.547

2016 26.722 65.670 87.735

2017 26.634 67.112 88.285

MEDIA 25.075 58.352 79.969




2013 17.445 58.657 93.401

2014 17.886 63.552 106.275

2015 24.393 78.105 114.045

2016 20.841 72.795 104.057

2017 11.973 65.934 107.098

MEDIA 18.508 67.809 104.975


Organized cheese tasting. photo c. r.

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NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2019 ASAJA Castilla y León20 Regional Field


Financing needs to buy farmland The agricultural and livestock sector needs specific products, which right now the banks do not offer Land is the main factor of production for farmers and also for many ranchers, resulting in a limiting factor. The demand is higher among young people, but also among farmers who need to increase exploitation. However, the bank does not have specific products adapted to the needs of the farmer.

SS. TT. ASAJA-Lion – JA Turned

The land market has been characterized by low mobility. That is the reason why the number of rural land owners in León is 350,271 (105,634 with a single cadastral asset and 7,817 with more than 50 cadastral assets), most of them small owners, while professional farmers barely they are 8,000. Most of the surface cultivated by a farmer is leased land, both from individuals and from public entities (town halls or neighborhood councils), and we estimate that percentage of leased land at 70% of the exploitation, while the other 30% would be their own (proportion 76/24 in Castilla y León according to a recent report from the Ministry of Agriculture). In the case of young farmers, the percentage of leased land rises substantially to the point that in many cases it is 100%.

The land is a limiting factor for the growth of farms, and as a consequence of this, they often determine the profitability of work and investments, determining

the viability of the business itself. On many occasions, the farms that are put up for sale are those that the farmer already works for lease, so if he does not agree to the purchase he loses them and with this the size of the farm is reduced.

There is a series of circumstances due to which there is a greater selling offer that in our opinion is going to become even more accentuated in the future. In the first place, the affective value of the land is being lost by the owner, which occurs in the next generation to the one who cultivated it and lived on it, that is, the children of those who were farmers. These usually sell when they inherit or a few years after inheriting. The second generation, that of the farmers' grandchildren, is still more disaffected, and therefore more likely to get rid of these inheritances. On the other hand, the Treasury Inspectorate is trying to regularize income from land rent, which up to now hardly anyone declared, and this may have certain fiscal consequences that discourage leasing.

and make you think of the sale, and on the other hand, the Rustic Leasing Law protects the tenant more than the landlord. Thirdly, most of the irrigated farms that have been modernized or in the process of being modernized are destined to be sold since they initially have high amortization costs for public works (irrigation fees, water canon, regulation, irrigation community fee and works amortization fee), and require a high investment for what is called “furnishing” (irrigation system on demand that costs about 5,000 euros per hectare).

The demand in the part of the purchase is obvious: the farmer buys to expand the exploitation, or, failing that, buys so that the exploitation is not reduced. On other occasions, it is purchased as a lease option, thinking that by paying the same or something more, in the end, the land will be owned. The farmer buys the land because it is a means of production. In the farmer's “DNA” is being an owner, so if he has little chance, he will always lend himself to buy land.

Land is a quality asset The main asset that a farmer has today is land, an asset that does not devalue with use and that today comes from an upward escalation in its price. The rest of the assets are devalued, such as tractors and machinery, and others are highly conditioned by the time of sale, such as cattle and production rights. The land, in the agriculturally thriving areas, is in great demand, which means that it can be sold, or in its case, rented, in a short period of time. We have no record of farms for sale, for long periods of time, that are not sold due to a lack of buyers. In the case of farms of a certain size, the demand from buyers exceeds the limits of the town or municipality, and already includes the farmers of the region or regions

bordering. On 30-hectare farms, to give an example, there is no inconvenience to move to cultivate them from distances of around 30 kilometers (current tractors travel on conventional roads at 50 kilometers per hour). For all this, the potential buyer, for farms of a certain size or several smaller farms but close to each other, covers a radius that we can set in those mentioned 30 kilometers, which considerably increases the demand .

The value according to the agricultural region The value of the land has a lot to do with the agricultural region in question.

Irrigation is a value in itself, especially in areas with guaranteed water supply, with good irrigation systems














Labor control

Dry Prairie Vineyard


Middle value


Labor control

Dry Prairie Vineyard

irrigated meadow


Middle value


Rural rental fee survey in Castilla y León 2017 (€/ha) Land price survey in Castilla y León 2017 (€/ha)

Source: Junta de Castilla y León



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NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2019 Regional Field


ASAJA Castilla y León 21

channeling, and particularly modernized irrigation. Most of these irrigated lands are located in El Páramo, Esla Campos, Sahagún, La Bañeza, Astorga and part of Tierra de León. El Bierzo has its own peculiarity. The reference for an irrigated hectare can be considered at 9,000 euros, and 14,000 in modernized and furnished areas.

In the case of the dry land, the regions of Sahagún, Esla Campos, El Páramo and part of Tierras de León are thriving areas, and Astorga and La Bañeza more marginal areas. The reference would be 4,000 euros in Sahagún and Esla Campos and 3,000 in the rest of the counties.

In the case of pastures, there is less demand for purchase, and generally these are areas without land concentration, with more smallholdings, and many of the farms do not appear in the Land Registry. Mowing meadows (irrigated or not), of a certain size (more than 1 hectare) would have a greater value in areas where land concentration has been undertaken. The reference for mowing meadows would be around 2,000 euros per hectare.

Value as a function of sizeSize makes farms more attractive, although it is also true that many times more is paid for farms with a more modest area, because there are many farmers who can afford them.

one hectare can be bought but few can afford to buy thirty. Size is an important factor today, both in rainfed and irrigated land, and in addition to being attractive per se, it widens the territorial range of demand, as has already been commented.

In the areas where land reconcentration has been undertaken or is going to be undertaken, which means having larger farms, the property has been revalued. These reconcentrations have been linked to the modernization of irrigation or new irrigation (Payuelos), and in the case of the dry land a large reconcentration project called Los Oteros is being carried out, affecting several municipalities. -Esla Campos tweets.

Influence of the quality of the land The farms are bought to produce, so to determine the value it is important to take into account the quality of the land, indicative of the harvest potential that can be obtained. When it comes to rainfed farms, quality is a decisive factor, to the point that good farms are planted every year with expectations of obtaining yields of the order of 3,500 kilos per hectare, and bad farms are planted every second year with the expectation of obtaining 2,500 kilos per hectare the year they are not fallow. In the case of irrigation, the differences are not so significant.

you go, to the point that on many occasions farms with poorer quality land are more attractive since they are better tilled and excellent harvests are achieved by managing them well. In the case of irrigation, in the province of León, more than the quality of the land, it is appreciated that the farm has good drainage, natural or artificial, which avoids flooding and therefore all the tasks can be done. work in due time.

Infrastructures and communications Infrastructures that are executed with a land consolidation or reconcentration of land, such as a road and drainage network, increase the value of the property. There is also a tendency for property to be worth more in more populated areas and where there are more active farmers.

Financing of purchases • When buying surface

relatively small cities, uncertainty is usually faced

version with farmer's own resources, and if it is the case of the family in general. In short, for many farmers you buy when you have money and if you don't have it, you don't buy.

• A certain number of farmers have sufficient liquidity to undertake investments in land, at a given moment, that allow the exploitation to be increased by 10 or 20%. They are usually farmers over 50 years of age.

• On many occasions, when purchasing land, non-specific financing is used, such as using credits that are really conceived as money in circulation. In these cases, a problem of lack of liquidity is usually created that sooner or later emerges and forces the debt to be restructured. The purchase of land under this formula drags down the viability of the exploitation and compromises on many occasions the family life of those who have no other source of income.

• The purchase with external financing and specific products for it, such as a mortgage loan for the purchase of land, is not the most common, and to this has contributed:

1. The lack of a specific, well-designed product on the part of the entities, commensurate in interests, guarantees and terms.

2. The difficulty in providing a real guarantee due to the delay in registration after a reconcentration process

land division. In this regard, the Junta de Castilla y León has multiple complaints from ASAJA to unblock tens of thousands of property titles for land concentrations, some of which date from farms handed over in 2002. There is a commitment to expedite deliveries that is not yet visible. However, the Board has established a title delivery service, at the request of the interested party.

do, when they are required to provide a real guarantee to the Bank (it is working relatively well in terms of about 3 months). In areas where there has not been

After the land consolidation, many farms do not appear in the Property Registry, for which reason no real guarantee can be provided.

The case of young people Young farmers are those who have the greatest need for financing for their exploitation, and this is also the case for the purchase of land. The European Commission has made 1,000 million euros available to young people through the European Investment Bank (EIB). In a press release that the Commission issued at the time, it was cited that in 2017 banks rejected 27% of the financing requests from young farmers. He cited that his program tried to address these financing problems on several fronts: lower interest rates, longer grace periods, longer amortization periods, and greater flexibility to deal with the volatility of the prices. prices.

A commitment to young people must be based on the credibility of their business project, on the public support received or anticipated, on the family support of all kinds that they receive, and on the time expectation to undertake and amortize all necessary investments, among others the purchase of land.

What should the loans be like? • Long enough to

be able to amortize with the income obtained or approach it, being a good reference the 15-20 years.

• For a value greater than 75% of the investment, with the possibility of increasing it depending on the case, provided that the purchase value coincides with that of an appraisal well adjusted to reality.

• At a fixed or variable interest (better fixed), not higher than the usual interest in the purchase of urban real estate. Periods and amortization dates according to the dates of income from harvest sales or subsidies, if applicable.

All this regardless of the fact that at a certain moment there may be public support for the purchase of land with subsidies or loans under special conditions, where the Administration provides guarantees or subsidizes interest.

Land, a key factor for agricultural exploitation, and also a scarce asset.

In summary… Land is the main production factor for farmers and also for many ranchers, resulting in a limiting factor. Ownership has advantages over leasing and sometimes it is the only option to incorporate new farms into the farm. At present, the bank does not have specific products adapted to the needs of the farmer who needs external financing for the purchase of land. An attractive financing will be one that is designed with long-term amortizations, grace periods if applicable, fixed interest rates in accordance with current conditions, and coverage percentages of around 75% of the purchase value, with the possibility of increase it according to the cases.

"The farms are bought to produce, so to determine their value it is important to take into account the quality of the land, indicative of the harvest potential that can be obtained"

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ASAJA Castilla y León22 Regional Field

ASAJA asks that the sector not be criminalized due to climate changeThe takeover bid held a conference in Ciudad Rodrigo with a hundred peopleASAJA-Salamanca / Verónica G. Arroyo

ASAJA-Salamanca held a conference on December 3rd, within the framework of the San Andrés fair, as usual. The talk dealt with Sanitation, profitability and reproductive improvement that was given by speakers such as Constantino Álvarez, SSTT Nanta, to explain the factors that influence the reproduction of suckler cows; and Fernando Vicente Amores, professor at the University of Salamanca, who gave some insights into the challenges and opportunities offered by extensive livestock farming in the 21st century.

There was no lack of balance on tuberculosis and brucellosis and the new IBR control campaign by the head of the Animal Health Service of the Ministry of the Junta de Castilla y León, Olga Mínguez, who encouraged the pro-

movement of products to the European Union.

Juan Luis Delgado, president of ASAJA-Salamanca, thanked the hundred people who came to the event and took advantage of the occasion to vindicate the role of livestock in the face of climate change. "Right now, we are attacked from all sides, it seems that we are the only bad guys on the planet." Delgado also recalled the role played by the recently created working group on sanitation with the regional Administration that started from the union of different associations from the province of Salamanca. "There will be a series of improvements, a little more flexibility and less pressure for the farmer, without detrimental to animal health or the fight against bovine tuberculosis", this is how it was shown " satisfied” with the work done.

For his part, Donacia-no Dujo, president of ASA-JA Castilla y León, who closed the day, publicly thanked the work of ASAJA Salamanca and the participation of the partners. Dujo pointed out, like his counterpart in Salamanca, the importance of the beef sector in this province, “a fundamental part of the GDP of the economy of this province and Autonomous Community. We are a benchmark for production and quality with all the sanitary guarantees, therefore, we can export to third countries”.

“It is true that there is a climate change and we are among the most affected, but above all the cattle and cattle sector is criminalized. Like any productive activity

Well, the beef sector contaminates, but it is not said that we are the only sector that decontaminates. It is not said that the cattle ranch, taking advantage of the grass, decontaminates. The benefit that the cattle cabin produces against fires is not mentioned. It is not said that the sector maintains the rural environment. Only the negative is said and it is not fair. Why don't they say what the cruise ships, the heating of large surfaces or distribution pollute in this Christmas campaign?

ity, or in the summer with the air conditioning? Those are left out, it seems they are gods. And yet, this sector attached to the land and the territory that feeds society, seems to be criminalized”. In this way, the president raised his voice to defend the professionals in the field. He indicated exports as a business route that should not be forgotten and encouraged consumers to buy products from the area and from Castilla y León.

As of January, a manure management notebook must be carried outASAJA-Salamanca schedules a technical conference on the new requirements for manure and slurry control

ASAJA-Salamanca / V.G.A.

As of January 2020, field professionals who manage manure must have a notebook. In addition, in principle, the extension for the application of slurry could disappear. Given the various updates to the manure and slurry management regulations, the ASAJA-Salamanca agricultural organization will hold a training session on December 13, 2019. Those interested may sign up for free up to on December 12 by telephone: 923.190.720. Or, via email to:[emailprotected].

The ASAJA-Salamanca training classroom will be the place established to receive technical training that will last four hours, from ten in the morning to two in the afternoon. The recipients (farmers, ranchers,

young people who join the agricultural company, and other people interested in the treatment and application of slurry) must have reached 16 years of age and not exceed 65. This activity is 80% financed by the EAFRD.




Success in the Welfare courses for the transport of live animals and pig farmsThe takeover bid registers new interested parties every yearASAJA-Salamanca

At the end of November, the ASAJA Salamanca agrarian organization, in its mission to constantly offer training activities for the benefit of members and supporters, held two new courses on well-being; one for the transport of live animals and another for pig farms. In this way, continuity is given to one of the training activities that registers the most requests, such as ‘Goods-

animal tar for transporting live animals and pig farms'.

Thus, from November 18 to 27 at the headquarters, some 40 people met in the new ASAJA offices in Salamanca (Camino Estrecho de la Aldehuela, 50), which opened the training room. From 6:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m., the theoretical classes took place. On the last day of training, they took an exam and those who passed the test obtained a certificate accrediting the activity.

The new challenges of the sector require continuous and specialized training. photo c. r.

The day will be in the ASAJA-Salamanca training room. photo c. r.

Classroom full at the day with farmers, held in Ciudad Rodrigo. photo c. r.

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NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2019 Regional Field ASAJA Castilla y León 23 PROVINCES

The Spiga and Tizón Awards again dictate verdict on the best and worst for the agricultural and livestock sectorRecognition in this edition for the work of Fernando Miranda and reprimand for AgroseguroASAJA-Soria / Nacho Prieto

There are only a few days left for the Espiga y Tizón Awards that ASAJA-Soria has awarded annually since 2007 to be delivered. The board of directors of the professional agricultural organization will soon announce all the details of the ceremony, which will take place on the 19th from December. The awards ceremony is always included within the Christmas Assembly, in which farmers and ranchers can also listen to presentations on the latest agricultural news.

The Espiga Award this year goes to Fernando Miranda Sotillos, General Secretary of Agriculture and Food, for his 30 years and tireless professional work within MAPA in favor of livestock and agriculture in Spain.

The Spike is granted to the person, company, entity, administration, position, campaign or act that has had the consideration of the members of the professional agrarian organization and who consider that it deserves recognition for its con- positive contribution to the sector.

Among the most outstanding Espiga Awards are those granted to the State Security Forces and Corps; the journalist César Lum-breras and his radio program Agropopular; to 'Tierra de Sabor' and 'Saborea Soria', institutional campaigns to promote and value our agri-food products, and to the Copiso Soria cooperative, for its efforts in creating employment and

investments in the provincial field.

This year's Tizón falls on Agroseguro. Precisely because in Soria it is considered to be the best tool available to agricultural professionals for income stabilization, the setbacks suffered in conditions and the uncertain future of the most important insurance.

they are seen by ASAJA partners with great concern.

The Tizón Award is used to criticize and denounce actions or negative gestures towards the sector and its professionals, and it always arouses great expectations.

in the sector. Some of the most renowned Tizón Awards have been: the National Commission of Markets and Competition, the practice of hydraulic fracturing or fracking, the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock for the loss of budgets

and aid for the sector in a terrible year of cuts and difficulties. Also, for example, in 2011, Caja España-Duero was popularly known as 'Tizonazo' for the closure of offices in some rural areas of Soria.


Praise or scold; whatever is necessary if the day to day in the field is improved For the president of

ASAJA-Soria, Carmelo Gómez Sanz, “the Espiga and Tizón Awards are always awarded in a simple ceremony. It is very satisfying to see that every year the room remains small because it ends up absolutely packed with professionals from the field who do not want to miss this important event that is already a benchmark

for the world of agriculture in the province of Soria and I would also say that throughout the region during the Christmas season”. For Gómez, "we are not going to deny that the most pleasant award is that of the Espiga Award, because it is always a sincere satisfaction to be able to recognize tenacity, effort and good work in promoting and achieving improvements for

Soriano farmers and ranchers. The highest official of the OPA also confessed that "it is fair and it is within our combative spirit to give the Tizón a huge 'slap on the wrist' to whoever deserves it, whoever it is, with the hope -random that this trend will change and even take the Espiga the following year if the conditions were met”.

The expectation in these awards and in the presentations is always maximum, inside a magnificent 17th century building. photo no. p.

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ASAJA Castilla y León24 Regional Field

Total inactivity of the Board due to the persistence of the plague of voles in the province The rodents continue to roam freely and are eating the newborn crops ASAJA-Burgos

For a year now, ASA-JA-Burgos has been denouncing the plague of voles that initially affected the Pisuerga co-marca, but has already spread through large areas of the province, even reaching very remote areas, like the Bureba region.

These complaints have been made on a monthly basis in meetings between representatives of the Junta de Castilla y León and the Professional Agrarian Organizations, in the so-called Provincial Statistical Commission, in which we expose the situation of this plague and the con-

sequences that it has, not only agricultural but also for people's health.

Well, the only measures that the administration has taken have been the advancement of the period in which the turning of the farms can be carried out once the harvest has been collected (a measure that is absolutely useless). , the passage of blades in borders and ditches in order to destroy the shelters of rodents, and finally a series of recommendations to combat the peasant vole.

All these actions have brought as a consequence that not only have we not finished with this plague, but it has multiplied and expanded

to a good part of our province. Our complaints and demands (controlled burning of stubble as a phytosanitary measure and suitable chemical products) are not addressed due to the pressures of environmental groups, which cause an unsustainable situation with their inaction. Nor has our request that the administrations prepare serious and rigorous studies to determine the effectiveness of the measures to combat this plague have been met.

This being the case, our farmers have started the new sowing campaign and the voles are eating the newborn crops,

roaming freely in a greater number of areas. In short, we are getting worse and the administration is not taking effective measures or listening to those affected, the economic damage falling directly into the farmer's backpack, and also with the fear that this plague has

consequences for the health of people who live in rural areas. What would happen if this situation occurred in our cities? We are clear about it, our politicians would take all the necessary measures, above any pressure group.


Great response from the youth incorporation course organized by ASAJA-BurgosVery complete training is offered, with classes, visits and ASAJA-Burgos jobs

On November 19, and after fifty days of training (200 teaching hours), the 19 students of the company incorporation course organized by ASA-

JA-Burgos finished the classes that will allow them to access aid for the first installation of young farmers.

During the three months of face-to-face classes, along with certain scheduled visits

das, the students have acquired sufficient knowledge to access the activity, they have completed an end-of-course project on their future company and are awaiting the final call.

Wolf attacks continue and we have the same situation with attacks on livestock, in this case by the wolf. For years ASAJA has been denouncing the growing presence of the predator, and the consequent increase in attacks. The Administration continues to put itself in profile, without betting on a management policy that balances and makes the wolf compatible with livestock.

One of the cattle attacked by the wolf. photo c. r.


The group of young people who have obtained their title with ASAJA to access the first installation. photo c. r.

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NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2019 Regional Field


ASAJA Castilla y León 25

ASAJA-Valladolid: "It is shameful that Luis Planas did not go to the Agricultural Council on the CAP" It is incomprehensible that he delegated the defense of a key policy for the Spanish countryside to another person

ASAJA-Valladolid / Enrique Palomo

ASAJA-Valladolid considers "shameful and unprofessional" the absence of the acting Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Luis Planas, at the Council of Agriculture Ministers of the European Union held recently in Brussels .

For this organization, it is incomprehensible that Planas delegated to the General Secretary for Agriculture and Food, Fernando Miranda, the task of

defend what the next CAP will be like and the regulation with transitional measures for the years 2020 and 2021 that the European Commission has presented.

ASAJA-Valladolid points out that this absence denotes the scant relevance that Planas gives to the CAP and that he does not take seriously the consequences that bad negotiations can cause in Europe. Still, highlighting the professional value of the General Secretary of Agriculture and Food, Fer-nando Miranda, it is not possible to

to justify an absence of the maximum representation of our sector, in the European Council of Ministers, where Spain is risking its future and that of its farmers and ranchers.

For this organization, we are in time to prevent the acting minister of agriculture from becoming the new Carlos Romero Herrera case. Minister of Agriculture with Felipe González who, due to his fear of flying, did not attend meetings on occasion.

vo of Spain's entry into Europe, leaving farmers and ranchers “orphans”.

ASAJA-Valladolid asks the acting minister, Luis Planas, to rectify and take charge of the negotiations of the future PAC from now on, to ensure that the beneficiaries of the PAC are not affected during

that transitional period and continue to receive their compensatory aid on a regular basis, without changing the eligibility conditions for these with respect to the 2014-2020 period.

Also, that there is a firm defense of Spain, of a strong budget for the future CAP, that maintains, at least, the same level of the current period.

More than 50 students are trained with ASAJA Valladolid in November coursesIn December there will be about aromatic plants and nutsASAJA-Valladolid

More than 50 students have been trained thanks to the offer of free courses that ASA-JA-Valladolid has launched in November. In total, 4 courses on different themes and levels have been offered, on phytosanitary products, wine and spirits production, and distillate production.

The objective of these courses is twofold, on the one hand, to train farmers, partners, and people in the sector on new crops, and on the other, to offer a service in the face of a specific need such as cards to be able to buy, sell and apply phytosanitary products.

For the beginning of December, ASAJA-Valladolid already has two new

courses. One on ecological cultivation of aromatic and medicinal plants that will take place from December 2 to 12 in Tiedra. Another envelope on the cultivation of nuts in Castilla y León that will be held from December 16 to 21 in Rueda (Valladolid). Places are limited and you can sign up by phone: 983 20 33 71.



ASAJA-Valladolid in the VI Awards of the Field of El Norte de CastillaASAJA-Valladolid

A representation of farmers and ranchers from ASAJA Valladolid attended the delivery gala of the VI El Norte de Castilla Countryside Awards, which was held at the Valladolid Fair.

In this edition, the jury of the VI Edition of the Countryside Awards unanimously agreed to award the Miguel Delibes Award for Rural Development to the La Santa Espina Agricultural Training School (Integrated Center for Vocational Training)

Among others, Ángela Gómez Herrero from Valladolid, and Alberto Alejandro García Torés, for having become a benchmark in Castilla y León, were also awarded, among others, in the category of Entrepreneurial Woman. for the way he manages his livestock farm since he created it in 2004, which has always been compatible with innovation in the primary sector through the development of more than 30 research projects.

In the last edition of the Country Awards. photo c. r.

Image of the students who attended the free course on artisanal production of organic wines and musts photo c. r.

Image of the Council of Ministers of Agriculture of the European Union held in Brussels.

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ASAJA Castilla y León26 Regional Field

Demonizing livestock farms is neither fair nor sensible. There is no industry that has more controls than pigs and none generates as much wealth in rural areas ASAJA-Segovia

Segovia is an eminently livestock province, and in its livestock the pig occupies a preponderant place, since it practically accounts for 70% of the provincial agricultural sector. This situation is not the result of chance. It is due to the work of generations of men from the countryside who have always sought the right loophole to generate wealth on this land, taking advantage of its natural resources and its human potential. In the Middle Ages, the sheep sector was developed to take advantage of cereal stubble and mountain pastures, then beef cattle linked to the meadows of the mountain foothills and dairy cattle were introduced, and more than fifty years pro-

led to the implosion in the province of the white layer pig sector, in intensive farms. The pig took advantage of the traditional breeding structures, which supported an industry of quality meat products.

All livestock sectors have evolved in accordance with social needs and market demands, always seeking to improve competitiveness that would make farms profitable. Because only a profitable sector, with farms that generate profits, survives. Thus, little by little, all the livestock sectors have suffered a natural selection, in many cases very painful.

The sheep sector is reducing its size year after year due to the lack of pasture, thanks to

adequate and profitable work. Extensive cattle have been restricted to very specific areas and dairy cattle have experienced a spectacular decline, with the disappearance of more than 90 percent of their farms since joining the EU. Only the pig sector has followed a path of growth, generating employment and wealth in the province. A trajectory that was paralyzed in the past decade after the bankruptcy of Proinserga, and is currently in a period of productive establishment, as a mature and competitive sector.

A fundamental factor for the survival of livestock farms is size. Today small farms are not viable. In

no sector. The increase in its dimensions allows to carry out economies of scale in costs, especially

in food, which accounts for more than half of the costs of a farm, applying advanced processing technologies

The pig sector is experiencing a period of prosperity, with

High prices due to intense demand, especially from the foreign market, boosted by cuts in production in EU countries, such as the Netherlands and Germany, and, above all, by the opening of the Chinese market, whose production sector He is devastated by the incidence of swine fever on his farms. And the entire economy of Segovia is benefiting significantly from it. The benefits of the pig sector mean more employment, more work for construction, more income for component and technology companies, and lead to a general increase in internal demand that is immediately reflected throughout the the provincial economy.

Perhaps this positive effect is not so noticeable, so directly. But in Segovia we know very well the negative effects that the poor performance of the pig sector causes in the provincial economy. The years of price crises in the 1990s, culminating in the bankruptcy of Proinserga, left a tremendous trail of losses in the

province, expanded by the general economic crisis.

That time of crisis also served to regulate the Segovian pig sector. The extraordinary competition that exists made the gap left by the business structures grouped around Proinserga unbearable.

mediately occupied by companies from other communities, especially Navarre and Catalan. At first, this led to the closure of farms that were not competitive, that were not in a position to make a profit on their own, and that had arisen at the

protection of the sectorial boom in the last decades. However, in a second stage, after the first and tremendous blow, all the national industries of the sector once again realized that the productive sector of pork in Segovia had all the ingredients

necessary to be profitable and competitive. Ranchers have a good accumulated experience in more than five decades of improvement, they have well-planned food structures and sufficient coverage, in purchases and sales, to which are added farms, infrastructures productive and transport, modern, sanitary controlled and efficient, with the capacity to adapt to the new community demands.

But the current situation of good prices will not continue. The productive sector in China will recover, they have a specific five-year plan and a political regime that allows them to act without much consideration, to which we must add the closure of the US market, the cut in consumption in many community countries and the competition of certain third countries that do not have to meet such strong production legal requirements.

For all this, we must continue to take care of the sector because it has been proven that when Sego-via pigs cough they catch a cold.


"If the pig coughs, Segovia catches a cold"

The pig is a very important engine of the provincial economy.

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NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2019 Regional Field


ASAJA Castilla y León 27

ASAJA asks the Board delegate to appeal the slurry ordinances At the meeting, the OPA recalled the many problems suffered by the agricultural and livestock sector

C.R. / Drafting

Clara San Damián, territorial delegate of the Board in Zamora, received the heads of ASAJA in the province, headed by the president, Antonio Medina, together with Geno Romero, Marcelo Mozo and José Luis Grajal. The reason for the meeting was to convey to the delegate the problems that affect farmers and ranchers, and mainly the ordinances that are being approved in various municipalities to re-

regulating the dumping of livestock waste, such as manure and slurry, which goes beyond municipal powers and puts the continuity of exploitation at risk. In this sense, ASAJA asked the delegate that the Board appeal those that are in a period of public exposure and make the necessary allegations to prevent abusive measures.

ASAJA was the first to denounce this situation and is working to prevent harm to the

ranchers. Antonio Medina lamented the position of these mayors "who seem not to care about ending livestock, when it is precisely the livestock activity that has the highest population in a province as sparsely populated as ours."

In addition, other issues of concern to the sector were discussed at the meeting, such as the damage caused to agricultural and livestock farms by the proliferation of wild fauna, which is causing significant economic damage.

Advancing in animal health The Ministry held a meeting with ranchers in ZamoraC.R. / Drafting

The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Rural Development held a meeting in Zamora these days with sheep and goat farmers attached to the Contagious Agalactia Control Program. The meeting was especially aimed at professionals who have not had favorable results on their farms and the objective is to establish different strategies

work strategies that allow to gradually reduce the drop in productivity caused by this disease. In 2017, steps were taken to establish a Contagious Agalactia Surveillance and Control Program, which was subsequently reflected at the national level. Contagious agalactia manifests clinically with elevated temperature, loss of appetite, changes in the consistency of milk in producing ewes, with

decrease and subsequent disappearance of milk production, lameness and, in some animals, keratoconjunctivitis. In addition, pregnant females can abort. Additionally, it entails commercial restrictions on the movement of live animals and on the export of products of animal origin. At this moment there are already 200 farmers in the Community who have joined the official program promoted by the Ministry.



nejo, carry out the necessary sanitary controls and comply with the requirements of community legislation on environmental issues and animal welfare. All of these factors imply an increase in costs, which directly affect the profitability of farms.

Today the real image of livestock in Segovia, and especially of pigs, reflects an orderly, organized sector, controlled to the maximum. With farmers who are aware of the demands that society imposes on their work and who know that anyone who breaks existing regulations will have to pay and assume the consequences. A sector that has evolved, now nobody looks for closed-cycle farms with thousands of sows, at this time differentiated breeding is prioritized and piglets are fattened on other farms. The genetics adapt to the whims of the market, looking for whiter meats, with less fat and lighter carcasses. The food is directed towards more natural formulas, with products linked to the land's own production and less use of medicines.

Faced with this, a public opinion contrary to livestock farms is being generated, which exaggerates the negative or uncomfortable components that farms generate, and which abuses the term "mammal".

Crofarms” that has become a taboo, a word that designates the new demon that they accuse of threatening nature. A term that in many cases is used without knowing the cause and, in any case, it is not sensible to demonize livestock farms, which generate employment and wealth in the towns, many of them doomed to abandonment, with no other means of livelihood.

Committed farmersFarmers, and especially pig farmers, cannot ignore these negative effects of our farms. The generation of slurry, bad smell or water contamination. But we are the first to fight against them, because we know that our very survival is at stake.

Every year we face new investments in the farms to adapt the facilities to the requirements of animal welfare and health, we pay for new equipment to spread the slurry on the farmland, practically from one day to the next without any official help. , and we await the start-up of facilities that allow its treatment and industrial use.

All this cannot be a reason to question the good work of farmers and an entire sector. So that the generic term of “macro-farm” is thrown in the face in any debate, as a compendium of all evils and with it any process of expansion or future profitability of livestock in the province is curtailed.

At this time, it can be ensured that there is no productive sector that is more controlled than the pig sector. There are no industries of any kind that have more restrictive regulations for their polluting emissions, and nobody messes with them, nobody discriminates against them, nor are they vilified in the public square. They even enjoy official subsidies and pay for their reorganization processes and their employment regulation files with public funds.

All this is forbidden to the pig sector. It creates employment, creates wealth, settles the population, but all that is not enough. In his public image, bad odors continue to be given priority and his size is blamed, as if they were all “macro-farms” and all limits had already been exceeded. And anything farter from the reality.

Clara San Damián, together with Antonio Medina and the rest of the members of ASAJA-Zamora. photo c. r.

Today there is no productive sector more controlled than the pig sector, fundamental for the provincial economy.

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NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2019 ASAJA Castilla y León28 Regional Field

CONDITIONERS The hay is still the forage cut and left to dry on the surface of the plot, in order to bring the biomass from 70-75% humidity to values ​​below 20%, with which that it would already be in optimal conditions to be stored.

Conditioners are machines that break, tear and crush stems and leaves of plants through the action of rollers. Its objective is to expose the green parts as much as possible to the loss of water, in order to have the hay formed more quickly.

The advantages of this type of machine are, among others, speeding up the natural drying process under natural conditions, simultaneous drying (it is much faster in leaves than in stems, from a few hours to several days , respec-tively), the damage caused by inclement weather is reduced as the forage is less exposed.

Within the set of the main elements that make up this machinery, the rollers receive the movement of the tractor's power take-off, by means of a series of belts or chains. Sometimes there is a front roller that can act as a collector.

Another important element is the "pressure spring" that acts on one of the rollers, compressing against the other and thus having a greater pressing pressure on the fodder. Finally, at the rear of the machinery, there are two swath plates, the purpose of which is to leave the forage swathed. Depending on the opening of these, the width of the row will be greater or less.

Conditioning rolls, as main elements, can be classified in several ways:

• Smooth rollers, which can be metallic or rubber. In the former, as the lower roller cannot guarantee the collection of the biomass, a roller is placed in front of it that rotates at high speed and allows a correct crushing of the fodder as it passes between the two rollers. As for those that are covered with rubber, the lower roller is small in diameter and fulfills the same functions as the collector.

• Grooved rollers. With this system, what is intended is that the stems have a sufficient number of cracks to guarantee the correct drying of the biomass. These are simple, light machines with little risk of clogging. However, they are sensitive to the presence of stones.

• There is a third option and it is mixed conditioners, which have some characteristics:

intermediate cas of the two described above. In this case, you can have two toothed rollers and two smooth ones (the front ones have separate and rounded grooves, the rear ones are smooth and exert less pressure on the forage itself), a smooth metal roller and a grooved rubber one. , and even a toothed metal roller and a rubber one (the latter being the upper one and on which the lower one can crush the biomass to be hayed).

With regard to regulations, this type of machine has three types:

• Height of the rollers. If the work is normal, the height between the lower roller and the ground should not be more than 10 cm. If forage production is important, it must be increased by 3 or 4 cm, while if production is low, the same height should be reduced. The regulation is carried out through a crank.

• Roller pressure. It is also carried out through a crank, but there are machines that prevent direct friction between them from taking place in order to avoid the wear that would occur between them.

• Advance speed. There must be a correct relationship between the peripheral speed of the rollers and the forward speed of the machine. If this were very low in relation to the first, what it would mean is that the amount of biomass does not enter the machine as it should, so the rollers would not exert adequate pressure, and therefore the capacity would be reduced. forage adequacy capacity. If the feed speed is higher than that of the rollers, jams will occur in the machine.


This type of machine has the advantage of carrying out several operations at

mowing, conditioning and swathing at the same time, thus reducing the number of passes and therefore the cost of the operation.

Regarding the type of machines that can carry out these actions, there are the following:

• Of rollers. As for the components, what was said above is valid.

• Of flails. The conditioner is a transversal axis to the direction of advance of the machine, which has a series of articulated fingers, and with them the biomass is treated.


This type of machine performs, as previously stated, a series of movements such as swathing, spreading, aerating and turning the fodder. They can be classified into a number of categories, such as those described below.

• Lateral discharge. It is a machine towed or semi-suspended by the tractor, which contains a series of combs that form an angle of 40-50º with the direction of advance of the tractor. The drive of the machine is carried out by the wheels through a multiplier box or by the power take-off of the tractor. The adjustment can be made by the position of the machine with respect to the tractor and the direction of rotation of the combs, by the height of the teeth in relation to the ground (depending on how the forage and the state of the ground), and the inclination of the tines (forward, unless they are very close to the ground).

• Of chains. The frame that they have can be suspended or semi-suspended and holds two chains driven through the socket outside the

tractor. They rotate in a direction perpendicular to the direction of advance of the tractor. The regulations to which it can be subjected are the choice of the side of the hay unloading, the lateral inclination of the machine, or the height of the tines.

• Of discs. It has a suspended or semi-suspended frame that carries a series of soles, which have very flexible fingers. They go transverse to the direction of advance. The suns are set in motion with the advance of the tractor, and their speed is proportional to its speed. The regulations to which it may be subjected are the working width, the height of the teeth or the speed of the discs.

• Vertical axis rotaries. They have one or more rotors and the axis is vertical or nearly vertical. There are three groups, among which are the following:

- with inclined forks: one or several drums activated by the tractor's power take-off, in pairs and rotating in the opposite direction. The adjustment of the working height is carried out by the height of the wheel that each element has, as well as by the inclination of the axis forwards.

- with horizontal forks: they have two or four rotors, which are placed in a vertical position for transport, while in full operation they are all horizontal. The regulations are the same as those mentioned above.

- Oscillating teeth: they have one or two rotors with horizontal arms, carrying a comb with flexible tines at its end, which remain vertical when they come into contact with the forage. Regarding the adjustments, the working height is achieved by the position of the wheels that supports each rotor, and for the formation of a regular cord, the deflector must be adjusted.

In this issue we begin the description of the machinery that works with fodder, a production that has advanced in

recent years in Castilla y León. On this occasion we are going to talk about the tedders, leaving for the next number

mere the rest of the machinery that carry out necessary operations until the hay reaches the animals.

Agricultural machines (VIII)


The new platform for online training of ASAJA de Castilla y León offers Courses of Incorporation to the Agrarian Company

ASAJA de Castilla y León has an online platform through which all interested young people can obtain the certificate of completion of the Course for Incorporation into the Agricultural Company, following the official training program. After passing the required modules, students will be prepared to take the final evaluation certified by the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock.

Those interested can sign up at their office.

ASAJA Provincial


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NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2019 Regional Camp ASAJA Castilla y León 29RURAL LIFE

Violence against women: the progress in young women and the lack of data in older people are worrying The Board launches a network to detect possible cases in rural areasC.R. / Drafting

On the occasion of the celebration of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, on November 25, the Junta has announced that it will redouble its efforts in two groups of victims: young people and the elderly, especially in the rural world, where it is more difficult to report these cases.

The Minister of Family and Equal Opportunities, Isabel Blanco, has warned of the increase registered in these age groups and has insisted on the importance of awareness-raising measures to combat abuse. The counselor has made these statements within the framework of the Gender Section of the Observatory of the Community of Castilla y León, in which different groups and organizations participate, ASAJA among them.

Likewise, he recalled that the Junta de Castilla y León has already launched a Network for the detection of situations of gender violence in the rural world, since it is a society with more traditional roles where the victims in Sometimes they are more reluctant to denounce. This Network will take advantage of and coordinate the resources and programs offered by the Third Sector and Local Entities and will also integrate into it, neighborhood associations and other types of establishments such as pharmacies or local shops.

The Board highlights the importance of reporting on the 016 telephone, which does not leave a trace on the telephone bill, although it is necessary to delete the call history. To raise public awareness, the Ministry of Family and Equal Opportunities has launched a campaign against gender violence ('Let no one turn you off') and sexual assaults ('Not around there, it's sexual assault') with the objective that the victims are encouraged to denounce and feel that they are not alone.

503 protection orders The Community has 17 shelters (3 emergency centers and 14 shelters).

da), where in 2019 367 people (222 women and 145 minors) received support. In the first half of this year, according to the Report of the State Attorney General's Office, 2,569 complaints have been registered and 503 protection orders have been granted.

The Ministry of Family and Equal Opportunities works to reinforce financial aid and access to the Guaranteed Citizenship Income benefit (208 women victims of gender violence accessed it or received it some month of the year 2019). Added to these measures are personal and family support services, psychological services, legal assistance, promotion of

recruitment, and comprehensive care for women victims of gender violence with physical disabilities or serious mental illness.

Lastly, work continues with women who are victims of trafficking networks, mainly to engage in prostitution. In 2019 alone, a total of 2,739 women in Castilla y León have been assisted, with 110 victims of these criminal networks being identified. There are five entities specialized in caring for these women, sometimes minors: Cáritas Diocesana de Astorga-León; ACLAD Aid Association; Oblate Sisters of Albor; APRAMP and Adorers of Burgos.

Gender violence, by cases and urban or rural environment (municipalities with less than 5,000 inhabitants)

BY TYPE OF VIOLENCE Physical and psychological: 58.52% Exclusively psychological: 28.68% Sexual: 12.15% Trafficking: 0.65%

BY AGE 18 to 30 years: 19.65%31 and 45 years: 48.44%46 to 64 years: 26.35%65 and over: 4.84%Under 18 years: 0.72% (last year 0 .22%)

GEOGRAPHICAL SCOPE Urban: 75.04% Rural: 24.96%


Complaints: 2,569 False complaints: 0.0069% Orders and protection measures granted: 503

That's NO waySexual assault prevention campaign aimed especially at young audiences, given the proliferation of cases and the need to make the limits clear. In this sense, the Board will promote the signing of a Protocol with local entities for the prevention of sexist attacks on patron saint festivals that includes specific measures.

Let NOBODY turn you off“Let nobody turn you off” is the slogan of the campaign aimed especially at older women. It shows situations very similar to the real ones of mistreatment of older women, who endure humiliation in private or in public, and who are systematically controlled in their decisions, friendships, opinions, etc.

Signs of abuse Certain behaviors, attitudes, comments or omissions are manifestations of gender violence. According to experts, you may be experiencing abuse if your partner or ex-partner… • Ignores or dismisses your feelings.

Frequently ridicules, insults, or puts

women in general• Humiliates, yells at or insults you in

private or in public• Threatens to harm you

to you or your family • Has ever assaulted you

physically• Isolates you from family members and/or

friendships• Has forced you to maintain

sexual intercourse against your will

• Controls your money and makes decisions for you

• Does not allow you to work • Threatens to take away your

your daughters and sons in case you leave it

A healthy relationship is one based on the principles of trust and mutual respect. If a relationship begins in which control and jealousy weigh more heavily, and any of the attitudes listed below appear, this situation should not be allowed as it could be the beginning of an abusive relationship:• He control your way of

dress • You do not express your opinions

freely for fear of his reaction

• He checks your mobile phone and social networks

• You continually feel inferior or less than him.

• Your partner is frequently jealous.

• You have stopped going out with your circle of friends because he "doesn't like you"

Telephone attention to gender violence

Telephone 016 (it does not leave a trace on the bill, but it does on the terminal, so the call must be deleted)

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NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2019 ASAJA Castilla y León30 Regional Field




I buy: 23 1 26 tire, any brand. Phone 630 324914.

Buy: 4 SOLÁ planter arms model 1303. Tel. 655 688635.

I buy: EBRO 8135 or 6125 with shovel and all-wheel drive. Phone 654 374719.

Compro: tractor NEW HOLLAND mod. G 170-190-210. Telf. 659 438391.

I buy: tipping trailer of 16-18 tons. Phone 659 438391.

I buy: second-hand machine to remove stones with drawer. Phone 686 985526.

I buy: bucket of cereal, if possible from JOHN DEERE. Phone 690 328344.

I buy: a semichisel of 12 to 15 arms and a roller of approximately 4 meters. Phone 685 227365.

Buy: JOHN DEERE tractor se-rie 6000, from 100 to 150 CV. Phone 655 559146.

Buy: aluminum cover. Phone 610 570875.

Buy: rotary harrow of 3 meters. Tel. 947 588054.

I buy: clamps with pallet holders to attach to a tractor. Phone 609 777249.

I buy: a pressure chipper. Phone 609 777249.

Compro: CEREA brand GPS Tel. 675 656763.

I buy: TAPEWORM shovel mod. B-3 or B-4. Phone 675 656763.


For sale: set of tractor wheels, brand KLEBER, in good condition and quite grooved. Rear size 620-70 R 42. Front size 480-70 R 34. And a rear size 20-8R 38. All at a very good price. Phone 620 564405.

For sale: LOTARIO plow (semi-labor) 7 bodies, reversible. Preowned. Phone 606 837952.

For sale: combine harvester JOHN DEE-RE 965; 4.20 cut, for pipes and cereal, in good condition. Replacement machine. With chopper. Phone 636 253647.

I am selling: a 1,400-kilo fertilizer spreader, a 6-meter auger, a pusher and a 1,000-liter herbicide cart. All for 1,000 euros. Phone 626 998700.

For sale: Due to cessation of activity, MASSEY FERGUSON 6290 140 CV tractor, JOHN DEERE 3350 105 CV tractor, three MAR-TÍNEZ trailers of 8,000 kilos. Phone 618 310924 and 667 898491.

For sale: due to cessation of activity the following machinery: 9-arm chisel, semi-chisel with ring roller and harrow, cultivating roller, GIL seeder, VICON fertilizer spreader and herbicide cart. Phone 618 310924 and 667 898491.

For sale: SOLÁ 6-meter seeder, direct seeding with four-section bars, like new, with a 1000-kilo deposit for micro-granulated fertilizers, and SOLÁ 3.50-meter combined seeder, also like new. Phone 608 206432.

For sale: cultivator of 4.20 width, 3 rows, 21 arms. Transport wheel. Phone 669 621852.

For sale: G 170 tractor with front linkage. 1100 hours; CLAAS 98VX combine harvester with turbine section spreader for radiator, level, 5200 hours; GILI trailer 14000 kilos with auger system for articulated sowing. Phone 608 206432.

For sale: NEW HOLLAND T7 270 blue power tractor, equipped with air brakes, front linkage, automatic guidance, 2500 hours. Tel. 608206432

For sale: cultivator of 3.70 with spiked roller and harrow. Phone 669 621852.

For sale: 2700 AGUIRRE fertilizer spreader like new, 10 meter roller like new LLORENTE brand, 4 meter folding disc harrow and cultivators of 6.40 meters and 5 meters like new. Phone 608 206432.

For sale: 5-meter semichisel like new, CATERPI-LLAR 428 C backhoe loader equipped with a 1700-kilo bucket for cereal with high tipping, three buckets, 8-meter pusher, new folding fork for stones. Phone 608 206432.

For sale: 3 meter cultivator with rod roller. Phone 669 621852.

For sale: cool roller set 3 meters wide, mechanical lifting shovel to tractor arms, two narrow rear wheels of EBRO 44 tractor, with tires in very good condition. Two front wheels with rims in good condition. Fertilizer spreader of 1,200 kilos and herbicide equipment of 900 liters capacity, SOLÁ brand 19-arm cereal planter with track eraser. Phone 669 621852.

For sale: two towing augers, one hydraulic and the other electric, powered by the tractor's battery. Phone 669 621852.

For sale: hydraulic auger of 8 meters. Telf. 669 621852.

For sale: TRITON brand spreader trailer from Hnos. Garcia. Preowned. 14,000 euros. Phone 638 028713.

For sale: JOHN DEERE 6930 tractor. Tel. 609 065501.

For sale: harrow 30 discs in X. Almost new. Tel. 615 976100 and 921 594351.

For sale: beet harvesting machine in good condition. Phone 676 572103.

For sale: MASSEY FERGU-SON 157 tractor, good condition, ITV until October 2020 and insurance, 5739 hours of work. Phone 666 567190.

For sale: roller of 5.5 meters of labor and rake of 5 soles, sower of cereal of 17 boots and alfalfa in a package. Phone 654 549927.

For sale: By termination, plow KVERNE-LAND VD 85; SIL 3m seeder, KHUN rake; rake of 6 soles MESOLPA; agrilabor of 3m AGRA-TOR; WESTFALIA 600l pump; AGUIRRE 1100kg fertilizer spreader; sul-fatadora AGUIRRE 100l and an electric auger and mill. Phone 629 856847.

For sale: two wheels with FI-RESTONE disc for tractor JOHN DEE-RE 13-9-30 almost new and cheap. Phone 679 917610.

For sale: milking parlor of 5+5 in parallel quick exit with electronic meters and withdrawers (6000e); 4200l milk tank with new motor and fans (6000e); a 200l (1000l) three-phase hot water electric boiler. All ALFA LAVAL brands. Phone 646 456267.

For sale: JOHN DEERE 2035 of 5000h with cabin. Everything in order. Phone 696 425303.

For sale: due to cessation of activity: tractor JOHN DEERE 2035; cart for irrigation pipe. Phone 659 459385.

I am selling: a beet fixer attached to a JF trailer; beet saucepan; string of beans Interested call at night. Phone 606 217782.

For sale: EBRO 6100 tractor (6000 euros); TRIOLET vertical mixer truck (6000 euros); OVLAC four-furrow plow (500 euros). Phone 646 456267.

For sale: A BATLLE baler model 262 convertible threshing machine with cart groups alpacas; a 3-inch irrigation pipe with sledges, sprinklers and rubber bands. Phone 669 439480.

For sale: URBON MAU-SA 17-boot seeder, VICON 800 kg fertilizer spreader, KEVERLAND 4-body mouldboard with transport wheel, 5-bodied Roman plows with two hitch points, 8-meter hydraulic auger and trailer. What a 4 ton tipper. Phone 657 287420.

For sale: HAR-DI sulphating machine of 1,000 liters, in good condition, completely new cereal stretcher, 6-body plow, 15-arm cultivator, HOL-GUERA 6-body sunflower sowing machine. Phone 651 552239.

For sale: KEVERLAN l85 trifurrow moldboards, AGUIRRE brand 700 kilo fertilizer spreader with tail registered in the ROMA; ro-ma; machine for planting corn, sunflower etc, brand GASPARDO 4 rows with discs; 22-disc stands, closing and lifting of hydraulic wheels, with lights and registered; SOLÁ brand 3 meter cereal sowing machine; dock cultivators 11 arms and harrow; semichi-sel brand LOTARIO 11 arms, harrow and roller; trailer macias 8000 to 10000 kilos; MASEY FER-GUSON 5445 dyna4,100 CV tractor, double traction, with shovel; machine for plucking potatoes and beetroot baskets from two hills. Zorita de Valverdon. Tel. 923 321114 and 679 462645.

For sale: Ford Ranger pick up, 130,000 km, ECOFORES high-end stove (new), international small package packing machine, Tel. 676 969419.

For sale: double spreader 5, 2 plates with supplement. good condition Phone 630 280248.

For sale: JOHN DEERE 95 CV tractor, due to retirement. Phone 622 385444.

For sale: 30 hoppers for sheep, roller of 3 meters and a half, price to be agreed, 40 piles of sheep feeders and two hoppers. Phone 685 227365.

For sale: 4,000-liter cistern without papers, €2,500 negotiable, a 450-liter galvanized drinking trough for pigs, pig loading ramp in perfect condition and 12 galvanized piles for pigs. Tel. 923 449514 and 685 598584.

For sale: three hot-dip galvanized water tanks of 5,000 liters with automatic stainless steel drinkers, practically new. Phone 633 139872.

For sale: industrial fans and extractors and gas heaters for livestock buildings in stainless steel. Phone 633 139872.

For sale: automated irrigation cannons with digital control and with a solar power plaza 500m long. Tel. 630 970267 or[emailprotected]

For sale: three-phase 220-389 volts, HONDA Gx399 engine, PRA-MA 8000 model, 5.6 Kw. Phone 685 227365.

For sale: PERKINS 6-cylinder irrigation motor, I send photos by whats-app. Leave a message on Tel. 644 735619.

For sale: aluminum coverage and sprinklers with extension for corn. Phone 646 201149 (Salamanca).

For sale: BERTHUT brand 850 liter herbicide tank with electric controls and papers in order, 3m cereal sowing machine. with room preparer and a fixed plow with 5 moldboards. Phone 666 569512.

For sale: simple FORD 7840 tractor due to cessation of exploitation. Phone 682 854583.

For sale: pump attached to the LANDINI brand irrigation tractor. Phone 660 233714.

For sale: 11-armed pier and horse-drawn carriage with all the tack. Tel. 607 929190.

For sale: fast harrow of metal FACH. Phone 615 395439.

For sale: FRANCISCO LORENZO brand manure spreader, BCS mower and DISCOL 32 harrow. Tel. 606 352670.

For sale: two narrow wheels at 40% use 16-9-30 for JOHN DEERE or FIAT. €1,000, tipping trailer of 14 TM. Pre-owned documentation up to date €7,000, semi-michisel MIRALBUENO of 3.5 M with hydraulic folding cut in good condition €2,300. Phone 666 089744.

For sale: SOLA SD 150 direct sowing machine with 3000 Kg hopper. Telf. ​​607 272671.

For sale: brand herbicide machine BERTHOUD 900l, 12 m. Tel. 625 596552.

For sale: combined seeder SUPERCOMBI 888 of 25 boots with trolley. Tel. 920 309026.

For sale: 3,000 Kg trailed fertilizer spreader, VICON brand. Phone 622 489559.

For sale: GASCÓN GRX 36 disc harrow. Unused. As new. Phone 622 489559.

For sale: DEUTZ-FAHR 40604 combine harvester. With 6,500 hours. Phone 622 489559.

For sale: HOLGUERA brand beet starter with 3 furrows and HOMET irrigation pump Powered by power take-off. Phone 625 850853.

For sale: MARTORELL brand 32 x 26 disc harrow, 30 tubes of 133 mm and 90 of 108 mm, ZAMOA brand grease pump, ITUR 30 kva submersible pump, plow frame with 7 3.60 m cultivators. Phone 616 891447.

For sale: Sánchez brand bribery chutes of 9 bodies with little use. Phone 633 668631.

For sale: scraper, 8 meter auger and 2 sets of plows. Phone 690 323849.

For sale: 500 kg fertilizer spreader and barley and beetroot bucket. Madrigal area of ​​the High Towers. Phone 600 412131.

For sale: Motorcycle brand Kawasaki Cus-tom 900 c.c. equipped, set of aricar cultivators, SA-ME MERCURY 85 CV tractor, simple traction, welding group; tooth harrows, cultivators with trail, 2 electric motor pump groups of 3 and 5 CV,

3 submersible electric pumps (two of 2 CV and one of 5 CV), CAPRARI pump for diesel engine with power take-off, vertical pump for 7.5 CV electric motor, and 7.5 electric motor CV with headstock; electrical panel for 15 CV motor. Everything in good condition is sold for retirement. Arevalo area. Call from 4:30 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. Phone 652 018270.

For sale: ITALO SVIZZERA brand self-propelled beet harvesting machine. Phone 699 223217.

For sale: cultivators with 13 folding spring arms. Phone 669 975866.

For sale: Roman plow with 5 adjustable furrows (new chassis), roll 2'90 wide and 45 cm in diameter; and another roll 3'30 wide and 57 cm in diameter. Phone 692 112859.

For sale: 120 tubes of 89 and a CAPRARI 15 KW electric motor. Tel. 629470908.

For sale: tractor EBRO 155D 55 CV 20 tubes of 89 and a CAPRARI electric motor of 15 KW. Phone 629 470908.

For sale: agricultural machinery by retirement: HARDI 1200 spraying machine with hydraulic closure and 15 meters, DEUTZ-FAHR mod. 6.10, 11-arm chisel with gradilla and ru-lo, 10-arm VOMER semichisel, AGUIRRE fertilizer mod. 5000 hauled, sus-pended SULKY fertilizer, SINGLE seeder mod. EUROSEM. Tel. 650 946586 .

I am selling: a 1,200-kg fertilizer spreader, a 1,200-liter spreader, an 11-ton trailer and a 7-ton trailer, a 5-body reversible moldboard, a roller with 3.5-meter arms, a 17-arm cultivator. , an 11-arm chisel and a 3 m Gil brand seeder with variator and markers. Phone 655 559146.

For sale: two-auger cereal cleaning machine. Phone 627 443343.

For sale: mouldboards with three reversible bodies, good condition. Phone 699 75866.

I am selling: JOHN DEERE 2135 of 75 CV with shovel, MARZA-BU 11,000 Kg trailer, KVERNE-LAND moldboard with 5 reversible bodies, VICON 1,500 Kg fertilizer spreader, 1,200-liter herbicide machine, 3 augers of which, two are for trailers and the another standing, 17-arm cultivators, Solá brand 28-arm sowing machine. Everything in good condition. Phone 676 755098.

For sale: GRIMME 75-40 potato harvesting machine, JJ BROC potato planting machine, LEON SCAL potato and onion planting machine and new and used 1200 Kg big bag sacks. Phone 659 430002.

For sale: 9 CV CHAMPION engine with pump. Phone 676 897626.

For sale: hydraulic disc harrows with 22 plates, moldboard with 3 reversible bodies and 3 meter SOLA-NO HORIZONTE seeder. Arevalo area. Phone 620 084840.

For sale: by retirement SOLÁ seed-ra of 3 meters, OVLAC weirs of 3 bodies, cultivated-res MARMEL of 11 arms, disc harrow, Solá fertilizer 800 Kg, OLITE 800 liter sulphating machine with ITEAF, DI irrigation engine -6-cylinder TER, Aréva-lo area. Tel. 636 103533 .

For sale: two MICHELIN 12/4/38 wheels for JOHN DEERE 2135. Telf. ​​657 843260.

For sale: due to retirement, JO-HN DEERE 7600 tractor and JOHN tractor

DEERE 3350 with loader and two buckets. Phone 669 023709.

For sale: GRIMME 75-40 potato harvesting machine, LEÓN SCAL onion harvesting machine, MASSEY FERGUSON 6265 tractor, PVC cover. Phone 659 798969.

For sale: three hectares of aluminum coverage and DI-TER irrigation motor, Arévalo area (San Vicente de Arévalo) Tel. 669 981779.

For sale: endless ten meters. Phone 678 715705.

For sale: disc harrow with 32 discs Tel. 665 491911.

For sale: irrigation system. Coverage with tubes, stabilizers, supports, sprinklers, keys, etc. Condition: like new, due to being stored in the warehouse. Zone: Muñana. Phone 616 551311.

For sale: wax foundry, for bee boxes, in stainless steel, 'Ramón Escudero', with gas burner, brand new, €450; it can also be used alternatively as an uncapping bench. Overyear swarms model Perfection. Phone 679 661087.

I am selling: 10 heating plates for piglets. Measures 1.20 x 45 cm. Phone 656 648356.

For sale: 4 metal silos with a capacity of one million kilos and a scale for a trailer. Phone 626 991762.

For sale: 100 LAYER hives of 6 squares, queen of 2018. Telf. ​​600 882175.

I am selling: for jubilation, plow GRE-GORRE BERSON RY16160, LLORENTE trailer of 10 TN with papers, hydraulic AGUI-RRE sulphating cart 12001. Palacios de Benaver. Tel. 616 741735.

For sale: due to cessation of activity, a FENT 818 tms tractor with a FENDT blade, two 20 and 15 meter herbicide carts, a 3,000 kg SULKY fertilizer spreader, a 5 meter SMARRAK DE LENKEN harrow and a 9,000 kg trailer. Bureba area. Phone 670 080293.

For sale: OVLAC fast harrow, four meter mini-disco, it is in perfect condition. Aranda de Duero area. Phone 686 135764.

For sale: SAME laser 100 BARRERIOS 545 tractor, farming implements for retirement. Phone 656 618543.

For sale: CLASS LINE 2900 swather, 8 or 9 meters wide, with two rotors, in very good condition, very little use. Phone 608 249511.

For sale: SOLA 3-meter planter, 21 straps, small 3-meter snail strap cultivator with roller. Phone 609 733298.

For sale: tipping trailer, in good condition, 7 tons, with valid papers. Isar de Burgos. Phone 625 369376.

For sale: SANTA MARIA manure spreader of 10,000 kilograms, diesel tank of 3,000 liters, cattle scale of 2,500 kilograms, semi-industrial stone mill, OBLAC plow with 5 fixed coulters, miraculous 13 MIRABUENO bodies, bucket for shovel of large FENT, GIL pneumatic seeder with 5 m preparer. of labor. Phone 627 515544.

For sale: 5.5 meter hydraulic disc roller. Single 3 meter seeder with variator in 3 rows. Jema brand half moldboard with 6 reversible hydraulic bodies with slide. Phone 642 366842.

For sale: packing rope, 30 rolls at 50% price and 2000 liter diesel drum. Phone 680 504990.

For sale: NEW HOLLAND T8020 tractor and a GIL 1000 RPM pneumatic seeder 6 meters wide. In very good condition Tel. 680 242387.

For sale: MADIM 3500 with documentation and few hours of work Telf. ​​625 837750.

For sale: DEUTZ FAHR 3570 combine harvester. Up-to-date maintenance with chaff spreader. Phone 605 480922.

For sale: EBRO SUPER 55 tractor in good condition. (Briviesca –Burgos) Tel. 646 145237 and 636 266515.

For sale: PLEGAMATIC R-630 trailer. Stacks 70 cm bales 9 high. In perfect state. Very good care. Call in the afternoon. Phone 620 744773 and 620 744748.

For sale: 16 m3 vertical mixer truck brand camera. Phone 659 309360.

For sale: CLAAS 1.20*0.70 baler for parts. Phone 630 018559.

For sale: JHON DEERE mod. CTS, in perfect condition, 6.30 cut, level cut, 7500h engine. Phone 616 394759.

For sale: JONH DEERE hydrostatic cereal harvester model 1170 of 4.80 cut. Phone 696 309517.

For sale: NEW HO-LLAND TX 32 combine in good general condition, harvesting with new front wheels. Tel. 947 451016.

For sale: tipping trailer of 7000kg, hydraulic brake in good condition, ISAR Burgos. Phone 625 396376.

For sale: GPS TRIBLE 750CFX compatible with autoguide, price to be negotiated. Phone 679 539650.

For sale: CLASS 98 MAXI combine harvester, Mercedes engine with sieve level, 7000 hours, good condition. Phone 686 136031.

I am selling a TENIAS brand model-lo B0 200 series shovel, new. Phone 655 243325.

For sale: HOLMER brand T-2 beet harvester, Telf. ​​675 656763.

For sale: RAZÓN brand beet grower, self-guiding with 6 rows. Phone 675 656763.

For sale: KEVERLAND brand potato harvester with a furrow for €5,000. Phone 675 656763.

For sale: LOTARIO brand reversible plow with 10 mouldboards. Phone 675 656763.

For sale: reversible plow with 4 vertebras, NOBEL Telf. ​​675 656763.

For sale: SANTAMARÍA brand lateral manure spreader of 10,000 kg. Tel.675 656763.

For sale: IASSA 5000 harvester in good condition to work. Phone 675 656763.

I am selling: GIL brand sprayer 18 meters fully automatic, 7-way TRI-YET and shuttles for fungicides, 2,000 liters capacity, almost new. €8,000 Telf.639 028239.

For sale: 12-meter telescopic machine in very good condition, 4000 real hours, levelable. €13,000 Burgos Tel.639 028239.

For sale: 7000kg tipping trailer, hose stripper, long-range sledges and drawer. Phone 607 197607.

For sale: LAMUSA 3-meter direct disc sowing seeder towed, AGROMET 4-meter fast hydraulic harrow with roller, towed fertilizer spreader

CONCERTED POSTAGE 24/43 YEAR XXVIII Nº 304 …...Agriculture clarifies that of that million farmers, more than half, specifically 582,000, barely produce three percent - [PDF Document] (31)

NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2019 Regional Field ASAJA Castilla y León 31 MARKET

7000kg MOD-AD-7000 AGUIRRE with double plate, 2 KUER-MELAND mouldboards with 3 and 4 reversible crossbow bodies, 1 SOLA 3 meter seed drill with variator in 3 rows. Phone 649059052

For sale: 2500kg trailer with documentation with hydraulic brake, elevator for front or rear hitch and hydraulic third point. Langa de Duero (Soria). Phone 608 511977.

For sale: tractor JOHN DEERE mod. 7710 with a speed of 40 km/h and suspension. Tel.609 456789.

For sale: seeder brand GIL model AIRSEN 5040.Tel. 692 051135.

For sale: 12000kg silo, 10 PVC hoppers, 25 m2 of galvanized iron grid, 45 m2 of plastic grid for weaning, mill, 14 farrowing pens, 10 separators for weaning. Tel. Tel. 616 936731.

For sale: second-hand galvanized vineyard poles 1.8m. Phone 639 611007.

For sale: drag sweeper, now suspended from a 1.5 m.a. tractor. LEBRERO brand, suitable for streets, paths, chicken coops, etc. In burgos. Tel. 615 670222.

For sale: MASSEY FERGU-SON 6170 tractor. Double traction (110 DIN/117.B5), 2490 Hours – And 600kg dump trailer.Tel. 947 237661.

For sale: 2 wheels 500/70/24 with disc; 2 chisel rollers, 3.00 and 3.30 meters, 8,000 kg trailer, tilting, 4 truck tractor heads and national transport card. Phone 652 949939.

For sale: CLAYSON 1530 harvester of 4.20 meters of comb with sunflower spikes. in perfect condition: Tel. 658 201806 and 983 264371.

For sale: CAMPEON engine running (Valladolid). Tel. 983 358489.

For sale: practically new chisel due to retirement. 3 m wide, with 11 arms in 2 rows. Separation between rows of 90 cm. Equipped with rear roller. Phone 617 678224.

For sale: JOHN DEERE 3640 tractor. In very good condition. Phone 626 589059.

For sale: DOBLAS 9-8-3 brand rake with hydraulic extensions in very good condition, and VICÓN brand rake for 5 soles. Phone 637 526065.

For sale: GASPARDO seeder for direct seeding of discs, 4m. Phone 651 908840.

For sale: KHUN 4.5 m direct sowing seeder in good condition. Phone 616 840706.

For sale: 5m RS5000 pneumatic seeder. Phone 675 897701.

For sale: FLACO brand milking machine of 16 sheep 8 points. Phone 635 808607.

For sale: 8 metal feeders of 2 meters. Phone 635 808607.

For sale: direct sowing seeder KUHN FASTLINER 6000SD, 6 meters. Phone 680 387780.

For sale: 5-body OVLAC plow with crossbows and variable pit, and 4-body reversible plow with KVERNELAND LG85 fuse head of 160.Tel 636 412381.

For sale: due to cessation of activity: JONH DEERE 4255 and 7430 PREMIUN tractors with all the extras, LELY 3-meter rotary harrow with three-strut, RENAULT 220 DT truck for a load of 12,000 kg, GIL-seeder. AIRSEN 5 meter sowing

conventional as new, KEVERLAND plows 5 bodies with variable head and hydraulic opening and another reversible with 4 OVLAC bodies. Phone 669 018247.

For sale: direct sowing machine KUM SD 4000. Telf.695 643533.

For sale: cover caps, watering sheets and a snail grower with 11 arms. Phone 659 965065.

For sale: 18-meter AMP herbicide machine with GPS and section cutting, 8-meter hydraulic auger, 3-meter 4-row wooden threshing machine. Phone 679 521831.

For sale: KVERNELAND plow with 3 bodies, variable pit, 19 share cultivator in 3 rows, 3 meter rail harrow. Phone 609 547951.

For sale: trailer of 8,000 kg type bathtub, tipper; VICON fertilizer spreader of 900 kg; batch of 53 4” tubes; 3 m cusquilder. with roller and rake; irrigation pump to the tractor's power take-off; 2,000 l diesel tank. Approved with electric pump and fire extinguisher. Phone 676 249842.

For sale: cuskilder of 3.5 meters in good condition and cultivator of 13 arms. Phone 626 589059.

For sale: KVERNELAND 5 m pneumatic and hydraulic seeder and fixed harrow with a 3.60 m platen. Phone 605 981868.

For sale: milking parlor, pre-owned, complete with accessories. Phone 618 639642.



Buy and Sell: calves. Phone 633 920313.

I buy: F1 calves, AVI-LEÑA mother, CHAROLÉS bull. Tel. 647 834291 Miguel / Tel. 639 710882 Manolo.


For sale: 100 young ewes with lambs. Phone 636 253647.

For sale: 350 ojaladas sheep registered in ANCRO. (Soria). Phone 689 099585.

For sale: 480 sheep together or or by lots. Negotiable price. (Soria). Phone 616 431747.

For sale: 100 Friesian milk cows in Segovia. Phone 696 472979 and 659 122083.

For sale: 400 ASSAF ewes and 100 lambs. I rent the ship. Phone 656 801551.

For sale: 40 Friesian cows in Veli-lla de los Oteros (León). Phone 636 294497.

For sale: a female crop accustomed to walking with cattle and 50 goats to give birth in León. Phone 617 782401.

For sale: complete exploitation: 17 LIMUNINAS and LI-MUSINAS MESTIZAS beef cows and 4 rights from the 0203 region. Telf. ​​616 780058 and 647 474335.

For sale: 13 cows, a bull and 10 calves, Hinojosa de Duero area. Phone 625 614933.

For sale: batch of 30 crossed cows, without calving problems. Phone 654 859173.

For sale: 2 SALER stallion bulls, 5 years old. Phone 654 562412.

For sale: 45 LI-MUSÍN crossbred cows and two bulls, due to retirement. Phone 676 969419.

For sale: cross-aged MORU-CHA and CHAROLÉS, easy calving. Phone 676 898401.

Sell:200 CASTELLANO-MANCHEGAS ewes, to calve in August. Vitigudino area. Tel. 678 537340 .

I am selling: they were virgins, from MO-RUCHA and CHAROLÉS. Phone 676 898401.

For sale: 17 cows and a bull. Contact: Juan Ángel. Phone 635 378454.

For sale: 25 young cows of 4-6 years and a bull. Contact: Bethlehem. Phone 693 942544.

For sale: 12 cows from 2 to 8 years old. Phone 620 307764 and 615 511139.

For sale: 300 Castilian sheep. Phone 679 478980.

For sale: stallions and breeders of the BLONDA AQUITANIA breed of all ages. Permanent sale. Phone 609 280704.

For sale: CHA-ROLESES heifers and stallions with letter. Good genetics and calving ease (Ávila). Phone 619 063290.

For sale: AVILEÑAS cows from San Bartolomé de Tormes. Phone 635 552846.

I am selling: 21 cows and 2 stallions and basic payment rights. Tel. 920 343929 and 649 512340.

For sale: 7 LIMOUSINE cows and 30 calves, very good genetics. Phone 620 326464.

For sale: 270 sheep due to retirement. Phone 670 406936.

For sale: 25 identified lambs and 50 ewes to give birth. Tel. 664 871430.



Buy: basic payment rights of the Region 501. Telf. ​​669 715134.

I buy: straw and fodder. Phone 620 921353.

Buy: vineyard rights. Phone 676 342844.

Buy: 7 rights of 501. Telf. ​​666 068105 (Angel de Salamanca).

Buy: basic payment rights. Phone 658 837638.

Buy: basic payment rights. Phone 605 688461.

I buy: 4 PAC vineyard rights. Phone 676 392126.

Buy: ACOR shares without quota. Phone 605 277540.

Buy: shares with and without ACOR quota and coverage. Phone 685 981282.

Buy: basic payment rights. Phone 605 989042.

Buy: PAC rights. Zones 1201 irrigated, 401 Dry. Phone 667 018251.

Wanted: region 2 pasture area to cover PAC rights. Phone 620 868659.

Buy: basic payment rights. Phone 658 837638.

I buy: CAP rights. Phone 947 228 662 and 661 800 864.

Buy: rights of the region 801 Tel. 947 214360 and 947 220770.


For sale: 100 rights to 401. Tel. 696 901145.

I sell: wheat and barley straw, big package. (Soria). Phone 636 234985.

I am selling: alfalfa and vetch in a large package. Phone 652 856707.

I sell: straw, fodder and alfalfa. Phone 659 459385.

For sale: alfalfa microsilos. Phone 659 752428.

For sale: fodder, rye straw, wheat and oats in bales of 80 x 90. Telf. ​​685 227365.

For sale: alfalfa in the Ciu-dad Rodrigo region, a large package of 4 cords and a small one. Phone 608 688397.

I sell: oat fodder in large packages. Phone 696 061425.

For sale: chickpeas variety vulca-no for planting. Tel.630 280248.

I am selling: PE-DROSILLANOS seed chickpeas (Salamanca). Price according to quantity, Tel. 645 129730.

I am selling: 20,000 kg of rye from the country. Phone: 685 227365.

For sale: wheat fodder on land. Phone 625 175162.

For sale: 8.51 rights of 501, €174.20 (PB+PV). Phone 685 449593.

For sale: or rent 4.60 base payment rights for the region 15 01. Tel. 654 498826.

For sale: 350 tons of ACOR quota. Phone 609 210256.

For sale: 40 ACOR shares with a quota for the next campaign and narrow wheels of a DT tractor. Phone 695 554759.

For sale: 40 ACOR shares with 280 tons of quota. Phone 680 430065.

For sale: 32 ACOR shares with 255 tons of quota. Phone 618 704676.

For sale: 44 ACOR shares without quota and a 7.5 CV electric motor. Phone 920 324106 and 699 632867.

I am selling: silage in balls, corn and alfalfa micro-silos. Phone 605 892313.

I am selling: beans, chickpeas and lentils to sow. Watch them. Phone 667 528765.

I am selling: 9.95 rights from the region 05.01 and 3.27 rights from the region 15.01. Call from 4:45 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. Phone 652 018270.

I am selling: vetch fodder ensiled in balls. Phone 660 240928.

I am selling: packed vetch, packed barley fodder, stored in a warehouse. Big package. Phone 659 430002.

For sale: selected grain vetches from this 2018/2019 campaign Telf. ​​617 493515.

For sale: fodder and straw in a large package. 70*120. Tel. 608 900599.

For sale: vetches and titarros fodder, clean in store. Burgos Tel. 639 028239.

Rent: 40 rights in zone 5. Telf. ​​619 086712.

For sale: Castilian chickpeas and PEDROSILLANO. Tel. 64 9745978.

I am selling: bales of small package grass in Salas de los Infantes. (Burgos) Tel. 649 635265.

For sale: chickpeas to sow and eat. Phone 649 745978.

For sale: basic payment rights 0.75 from region 0203 and 17.78 from region 0501. Telf. ​​627 626920 and 947 481724.

For sale: vetch fodder in good condition. Phone 606 094284.

For sale: chickpeas and lentils for planting and consumption.Tel.608 903042.

For sale: PAC 501 rights. Tel. 608 480037.

For sale: base payment rights of region 501 (right value €301). Phone 693 019422.

I am selling: vetch fodder and harvested vetch straw, in a six-string bale. Phone 629 503370.

For sale: permanent cultivation base payment rights, region 102, approximately 21 rights. Tel. 617 483437.



I am looking for: to lease hectares of crops and pastures in the Orbada area Tel. 695 813663.

I buy: 6 Has to cover rights. Phone 635 546521.


For sale: large and good plots, 30 Ha. in Cobos de Segovia and Membibre de la Hoz (Segovia). Tel. 91 5050065.

For sale: rustic farm with PAC rights, with an area of ​​33 hectares in the vicinity of Sangarcía (Segovia), good quality, suitable for any type of cereal or sunflower. Phone 667 565850.

For sale: trellised vines in Za-mayón, with rights, 1.5 hectares. DO Robera del Duero and white Rueda and fruit trees. Phone 639 345411.

For rent: 2 rustic plots in Peñaranda de Bracamonte, 3 km. of Dawn of Tormes. Parse it with water, surveying, electricity and a little construction. Fenced. Tel. 699 707488 .

Lease: 160 hectares for montanera in the Ciudad Rodrigo region. Phone 685 227365.

For sale: 11-hectare irrigated farm 7 minutes from Salamanca with irrigation pivot, 78m borehole with pump, electricity connection, machine shed, 265 m2 industrial warehouse. Phone 616 170550 and 623 140920.

For sale: dryland plots in Ma-tilla la Seca –Zamora of 14 and 10.50 hectares, price €6000/ha. no PAC rights. Phone 650 113533.

For sale: goat farm in Candeleda: rights, animals and facilities. Together or separately. Phone 670 217536.

For sale: exploitation of milk cows. Phone 645 023490.

For sale: cattle farm of cows in Ávila. Phone 635 552846 and 636 201174.

For sale: or rent fence of 1,500 m2 with brick fence and hanging-zo of 300 m2 and 4 m high in Arévalo, area of ​​the Prado Velasco. Rustic plot in Arévalo, polygo-no 4, plot 54, for making fences (min. 10,000 m2), with light, water from the Cogotas and drilling water. And rustic plots in Aréva-lo. One in polygon 4, plot 26 (7 ha), and the other in polygon 4, plot 24 (10 ha). Water of the Cogotas. Call from 4:30 pm to 7:00 pm. Tel. 652 018270 .

For sale: 33 hectares of irrigated land together, Madrigal de las Altas Torres area (Blasconuño). Phone 636 990627.

For sale: 7.60 ha plot in Madrigal de las Altas Torres. Phone 615 492341.

For sale: farm in the Avila town of El Barraco. 9777 square meters. Phone 605 783320.

For sale: in Cardeñosa, 10 km from Ávila, large plots of

Zion. 165,266 m in total. Phone 620 749569.

For sale: 18 Has., dry and irrigated in Encinas de Esgueva (Vallado-lid). Phone 658 113488.



I am looking for: work in agricultural exploitation in Segovia. Phone 637 902090.

Offered: Spanish tractor driver, married with demonstrable experience to work and live on a farm. Knowledge of mechanics, welding and maintenance. Phone 639 163996.

It is offered: tractor driver with experience for agricultural farm. Phone 615 735097.

Offered: person with experience for rainfed and irrigated work. Driver's licence and your own car. Immediate availability. Phone 645 533258.

Offered: marriage to work with cattle and sheep. Demonstrable experience, without family charges. Phone 642 192858

Offered: boy with experience for milking parlor in Salaman-ca or surroundings. Tel. 642497383.

Offered: spread garbage. Tel. 627478656.

They are carried out: works for third parties in the Mamblas-Constanza area. Contact Xavier. Phone 685 981282.

It is offered: worker to take care of cattle with total geographical availability. Angel. Phone 691 049657.

Offered: employee with experience in agricultural machinery, animals (horses, sheep and cows) and also farming.[emailprotected]. Jose Manuel. Tel. 608418934.

Offered: livestock laborer for the Arévalo area (milking parlor professional). Phone 699 590597.


Needed: person to work on a pig farm in the municipality of Topas. Phone 646 973822.

Needed: staff to care for an elderly couple during the summer months in Bocarara (Ciudad Rodrigo area). Phone 652 830443.

Needed: personnel for agricultural and livestock exploitation (field cows). Essential B card and handling of agricultural tractors. Alba de Tormes area. Phone 630 063731.

Needed: Married couple to work on the farm. Phone 630 886124.

Needed: an expert in agricultural work, for 4 alternate months a year and who has their own vehicle. Tel.649 435090 (Al-deaseca de la Frontera).

Needed: Goat farm operator with extensive experience in milking and handling stabled goats. Abstain foreigners without a work permit. Farm located in the south of Ávila. Phone 672 263894.

Needed: full-time worker in Iberian pig farm, handling of animals and machinery, knowledge of welding and papers. Phone 669 975866.

I am looking for: a person to work in a cereal agricultural exploitation, I drive agricultural machinery, Burgos area. Phone 618 903975.

Seeking: qualified operator, and with experience, for agricultural work in summer. With the possibility of extending the entire campaign. Burgos Tel. 607 463849.

Seeking: agricultural worker with experience in agricultural machinery and repair. Phone 675 656763.


For sale: luck of holm oak firewood in the Langa de Duero area. Phone 606 837952.

FS: PEUGEOT 407, AUDI A4. Telf. 610 400056.

For sale: Jeep GRAND CHEROKEE LAREDO 3.1 TDI automatic, 1999, 230,000km. In good state. Phone 627 748564.

For sale: 2 warehouses, one of 400 m2

and another of 300 m2 with water and electricity 3km from the León-Burgos highway, Santas Martas station. Phone 610 400056.

Rent: ship of 400 meters in-fraternity and portico, has an office and bathroom. Phone 651 552239.

For sale: 430 m2 warehouse with two 4x4 doors in Aldeaseca de la Frontera, 50 km from Salamanca. Tel. 696049487.

For Rent: livestock shed and for other uses on the Ávila-Sa-lamanca highway. Plot surface: 2,500 m2. Covered 1,000 m2. Phone 689 183690.

For Rent: two warehouses in the urban area of ​​Vega de Santa María, 20 km from Ávila, measuring 160 and 120 m2 with three-phase electricity, water and drainage. Perfect as a warehouse, storage room or garage. Tel. 920 200104.

For sale: sheet metal door or road, ideal for garage. Measures 2.90 m high x 2.85 m wide. Phone 620 691042.

For sale: 10 pine doors, Castilian, honey varnish, one of them glazed with two sheets, and cabinet doors with four (3) and six sheets (1) with trunk doors. Phone 699 982533.

For sale: motorcycle Rieju MRX 125 CC 4,000 km. With disconnector included. For not using Warranty. €1,500 negotiable. Phone 685 981282.

For sale: Mercedes 290 Ex-cellent Diesel car. Tel. 678 521544 and 91 3169161.

For sale: Volvo truck model F6250. In good state. Price 21,000 euros negotiable. Tel. 920 269773 and 629 004900.

For sale: BMW 525 car from the year 96. Tel. 617 746224.

For sale: Arlanza wine cellar Telf. ​​676 818063.

For sale: MERCEDES BENZ Class B (246). Year 2014-136cv. 38,000 km. All the extras, automatic. In very good condition. Phone 696 136266 and 626 166035.

For sale: popular architecture winery, good views, Ribe-ra del Duero area, good price. Phone 676 242608.


CONCERTED POSTAGE 24/43 YEAR XXVIII Nº 304 …...Agriculture clarifies that of that million farmers, more than half, specifically 582,000, barely produce three percent - [PDF Document] (32)



32THE LAST Asaja Castilla y León

C/ Hípica 1, mezzanine. 47007 Valladolid. Phone: 983 472 350


Guide to take the first steps in the agricultural sector The Board publishes a compilation of the aid that young farmers and ranchers can access C.R. / Drafting

Although the best known is help for incorporation, young people who start in the field can access other supports, and have priority in various lines promoted by the administrations. Compiling all that are available today is the objective of the guide or 'Charter of Services' presented these days by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Rural Development. A total of 38 pages, aimed at both those who are thinking of joining, as well as newcomers, so that they can get the most out of all the resources.

public to support them in the complicated first steps of a farm or livestock.

In the presentation of the guide, the counselor, Jesús Julio Carne-ro acknowledges that "it is true that society has a great lack of knowledge of this activity, a lack of knowledge that sometimes begins in the young people themselves." It is not the first time that he has expressed his concern about the image, not always positive, that part of the people have of agriculture and rural life. For Carnero, “you can no longer talk about heavy, sacrificed and marginal work. It is a professional activity

finalized, technified, with more innovation, and all within a business framework”.

The 'Youth Services Charter' will be a living document, continuously updated, as the lines it contains advance or are modified. In the guide, the information is grouped around the following areas: training; aids; investments; industrial transformation projects; cooperativism; farm management advice; pastures and surface; innovation for your agricultural company or agri-food industry; access to sector aid, and finally a brief section on

entrepreneurship in rural areas in other sectors.

ASAJA has been present from the first moment on this path that young people begin and that this guide includes. From the first step, which is the incorporation course to the agricultural company, in which our OPA is a leader, as well as in the request for all kinds of aid, and any other management

necessary so that the bureaucracy does not complicate the arrival of new professionals in the sector. "For ASAJA, it is not so important to multiply the number of incorporations, but rather to ensure that those who settle start up solid, profitable farms with a good future", emphasizes Donacia-no Dujo, president of ASAJA Castile and Leon.

Transfer day. It is time to take the cows to a nearby mountain which, due to its orientation, will offer them more shelter and fewer puddles than the meadows. They will spend the winter there, with the permanent care of the farmers, who are already beginning to supplement their diet with feed and straw. Diego, one of our young people, tells us.


We continue with the parideras. This time four! Caesar's photo.


When you go to see how the wheat is being born, and you find these surprises... And then they criticize the sector. The photo, of one of our young farmers, Antonio.

There is Sara, busy to finish off the crops on time.


The snow, peeking out of various points in Castilla y León. Alexander's photo.


These days it gets dark too early. Michael's photo.

Sunsets that you meet in the field. Photo Jesus.


"Luckily the cows arrived and it didn't happen like this... he was lucky this time." Again the wolf prowling the cattle of Lucía, our young herdsman.VILLACASTÍN, SEGOVIA.

Starting the day, today it's time to fertilize the land. Photo, Jose Miguel.


The guide can be downloaded from the institutional website: (agriculture section).


What did FDR do for farmers? ›

FDR's New Deal attacked the crisis on the Great Plains on a number of fronts. The Farm Security Administration provided emergency relief, promoted soil conservation, resettled farmers on more productive land, and aided migrant farm workers who had been forced off their land.

How did the New Deal affect farmers? ›

The New Deal created new lines of credit to help distressed farmers save their land and plant their fields. It helped tenant farmers secure credit to buy the lands they worked. It built roads and bridges to help transport crops, and hospitals for communities that had none.

Is agribusiness a commercial farming? ›

Agribusiness: Commercial agriculture characterized by integration of different steps in the food-processing industry, usually through ownership by large corporations. Agricultural Industrialization: The use of machinery in agriculture, like tractors.

How did humans obtain their food before discovery of agriculture? ›

Until agriculture was developed around 10,000 years ago, all humans got their food by hunting, gathering, and fishing.

Why is the government paying farmers not to farm? ›

Question: Why does the government pay farmers not to grow crops? Robert Frank: Paying farmers not to grow crops was a substitute for agricultural price support programs designed to ensure that farmers could always sell their crops for enough to support themselves.

Does the US government pay farmers not to grow food? ›

Who ever heard of paying someone NOT to do something? The U.S. farm program pays subsidies to farmers not to grow crops in environmentally sensitive areas and makes payments to farmers based on what they have grown historically, even though they may no longer grow that crop.

Why were farmers struggling and losing their farms during the 1920's? ›

With heavy debts to pay and improved farming practices and equipment making it easier to work more land, farmers found it hard to reduce production. The resulting large surpluses caused farm prices to plummet.

What was the major problem facing American farmers during the 1920s? ›

While most Americans enjoyed relative prosperity for most of the 1920s, the Great Depression for the American farmer really began after World War I. Much of the Roaring '20s was a continual cycle of debt for the American farmer, stemming from falling farm prices and the need to purchase expensive machinery.

What problem did farmers face? ›

After the Civil War, drought, plagues of grasshoppers, boll weevils, rising costs, falling prices, and high interest rates made it increasingly difficult to make a living as a farmer.

Why don t farmers make a lot of money? ›

Rising input costs, shrinking production values, commodity specialization, and challenges to land access all appear to be connected to declining farm operator livelihoods, the new study in Frontiers of Sustainable Food Systems concludes.

What are the 7 sectors of agriculture? ›

Sectors related to agriculture include: food and beverage manufacturing; food and beverage stores; food services and eating/drinking places; textiles, apparel, and leather products; and forestry and fishing.

What are the 6 main types of commercial agriculture? ›

Types of Commercial Farming
  • Dairy Farming. As the name suggests, it is the commercial farming of milk and milk products. ...
  • Grain Farming. ...
  • Plantation Farming. ...
  • Livestock Ranching. ...
  • Mediterranean Agriculture. ...
  • Mixed Crop and Livestock Farming. ...
  • Commercial Gardening and Fruit Farming (truck farming)

How did humans survive without farming? ›


Hunter-gatherer cultures forage or hunt food from their environment. Often nomadic, this was the only way of life for humans until about 12,000 years ago when archaeologic studies show evidence of the emergence of agriculture.

How often did humans eat before agriculture? ›

For the majority of human history, people ate one or two meals per day. The current time-restricted eating patterns like the 16:8 or one meal a day diet (OMAD) mimic this ancient phenomenon. During periods without food, the body evolved to tap into fat stores for energy.

What did humans eat before agriculture? ›

  • Plants - These included tubers, seeds, nuts, wild-grown barley that was pounded into flour, legumes, and flowers. ...
  • Animals - Because they were more readily available, lean small game animals were the main animals eaten. ...
  • Seafood - The diet included shellfish and other smaller fish.

Will the government pay you to not farm? ›

The Biden administration announced on Wednesday that it would expand a program that pays farmers to leave land fallow, part of a broader, government-wide effort to cut greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2030.

Why does the US government pay farmers? ›

The logic behind the government's marketing loans to farmers is to prevent them from dumping their corn on a glutted market at harvest time. The farmers can keep their crops in reserve and sell them when they are needed and will fetch a higher price. In this program, farmers use their crops as collateral.

Why do farmers not pay taxes? ›

How do so many farmers avoid income tax? In part, it is because farming qualifies for some special tax treatment. The Joint Committee on Taxation lists seven agricultural tax expenditures, but they are comparatively small, totaling just $2.6 billion over five years.

Does farmers pay tax in us? ›

Farmers, like other taxpayers, are subject to a variety of taxes at all levels of government. At the Federal level, these include income taxes, social security and self-employment taxes, and estate taxes. At the state and local level, the most significant taxes are on property and income.

When did the government start paying farmers not to farm? ›

Agricultural Adjustment Act
Enacted bythe 73rd United States Congress
EffectiveMay 12, 1933
Public lawPub. L. 73–10
Statutes at Large48 Stat. 31
10 more rows

How much does the US government pay farmers? ›

Department of Agriculture data show that between 1985 and 2021, a total of 19,654 recipients received payments every year. The average recipient collected $942,458 over the 37-year period, for a total of $18.5 billion. The chart below shows the 10 largest recipients of federal farm payments between 1985 and 2021.

Who got rich during the Great Depression? ›

Business titans such as William Boeing and Walter Chrysler actually grew their fortunes during the Great Depression.

What food did people eat during the Great Depression? ›

Celery soup mixed with tuna fish and mashed potatoes. A salad of corned beef, gelatin and canned peas. Baked onion stuffed with peanut butter. Those are just some of the recipes Americans turned to during the Great Depression, when many families struggled to eat enough nutritious food.

What industry did not suffer during the Great Depression? ›

Answer and Explanation: Despite the widespread impact of the Great Depression in America, two industries did not suffer. These industries included entertainment and alcohol.

Which was the greatest cause of the farming crisis in the late 1920's? ›

What caused the farm crisis? The farm crisis was a result of agricultural overproduction in the United States following World War I. Farmers were encouraged to take out federal loans during the war in order to meet the increased need.

What major industry failed helping to cause the Great Depression? ›

The failure of the banking system is another main cause of the Great Depression. After the stock market crashed, people panicked and rushed to withdraw their funds from the banks.

What event worsened the plight of farmers in 1930s? ›

Farmers struggled with low prices all through the 1920s, but after 1929 things began to be hard for city workers as well. After the stock market crash, many businesses started to close or to lay off workers.

What was Roosevelt's primary plan to save farmers? ›

The Agricultural Adjustment Act was designed to provide immediate economic relief to farmers during the Great Depression (1929–39).

Which president helped farmers the most? ›

Franklin D.

President Roosevelt, a conservationist, built policies meant to protect the soil and provide farmers' support during the Great Depression. Roosevelt signed the first Farm Bill in 1933 that set supply management standards for the next two decades and has been revised periodically since.

How did the government help farmers in FDR's first 100 days? ›

Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)

In May 1933, the Agricultural Adjustment Administration was created in order to raise crop prices in response to the rural economic crisis. The administration helped to control the falling prices by setting quotas to reduce farm production.

What did the federal government do to help farmers during the 1920s? ›

First introduced in 1924, the McNary-Haugen bill proposed a Federal Farm Board to purchase farm surpluses and either hold them off the market until prices rose or sell them overseas. In 1926, McNary-Haugen went down to defeat in both the House and Senate, but the farm bloc increased its efforts.

Why did Roosevelt's plan fail? ›

Other reasons for its failure included members of Roosevelt's own Democratic Party believing the bill to be unconstitutional, with the Judiciary Committee ultimately releasing a scathing report calling it "a needless, futile and utterly dangerous abandonment of constitutional principle ...

How did FDR plan to fix the economy? ›

The New Deal included new constraints and safeguards on the banking industry and efforts to re-inflate the economy after prices had fallen sharply. New Deal programs included both laws passed by Congress as well as presidential executive orders during the first term of the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt.

What were the 3 R's in Roosevelt's plan to end the Great Depression? ›

The New Deal programs were known as the three "Rs"; Roosevelt believed that together Relief, Reform, and Recovery could bring economic stability to the nation. Reform programs focused specifically on methods for ensuring that depressions like that in the 1930s would never affect the American public again.

Who did farmers blame the most for their problems? ›

Mississippi farmers blamed the Bourbon leaders for their economic problems, and in the 1880s they believed that in order to improve their economic plight, they needed to gain control of the Democratic Party by electing candidates who reflected their interests rather than attempting to create a third party.

How is Biden helping farmers? ›

Biden-Harris Administration Announces Availability of $1 Billion to Help Farmers, Ranchers and Rural Businesses Invest in Renewable Energy Systems and Energy-Efficiency Improvements | USDA.

Who is the big farmer in America? ›

Summary of the 5 Largest Farms in the U.S.
1242,000 acresBill Gates
22.2 million acres (not all used as farmland)Ted Turner
3190,000 acresStewart & Lynda Resnick
4190,000 acresOffutt family
1 more row
Apr 28, 2023

Did farmers lose money during the Great Depression? ›

In the early 1930s prices dropped so low that many farmers went bankrupt and lost their farms. In some cases, the price of a bushel of corn fell to just eight or ten cents. Some farm families began burning corn rather than coal in their stoves because corn was cheaper.

How did the government try to help farmers during the Great Depression? ›

On May 12, 1933, President Roosevelt signed the Agricultural Adjustment Act into law. The act created the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA), which would pay farmers to limit their crop production. The AAA was Roosevelt's first New Deal economic recovery program.

Why did president Franklin D Roosevelt pay Southern farmers to plant less cotton during the early 1930s? ›

As a way of raising long-depressed cotton prices, the Agricultural Adjustment Act, established during Roosevelt's first 100 days in office, paid farmers to plant less cotton as a means of restricting the supply and driving up the price.

Why were farmers struggling during the 1920s? ›

The demand for cotton during World War I (1914–1918) triggered an overproduction of the commodity, which led to an agricultural depression during the 1920s. About the same time that farmers' cotton prices fell, cotton mill owners hired experts to think of ways to make their mills more efficient.

What happened to farmers during the 1920s? ›

While most Americans enjoyed relative prosperity for most of the 1920s, the Great Depression for the American farmer really began after World War I. Much of the Roaring '20s was a continual cycle of debt for the American farmer, stemming from falling farm prices and the need to purchase expensive machinery.


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