D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (2023)

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (1)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 1/55




• Lit V Ib t\ E; i I J . . . L . f l .

'GJ)lfD 1 1 EDI A

~lUA;\ER() THE ORDERS '/)5


Genevieve D'Haucourt

Archivists paleografo


editorial Qanel

m in,

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (2)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 2/55

~pes 'U;)!'Htod ul lad U1I12!J \'l18tlf!.ld'tl8~pn..l;)AUOJ 'umarAJ

pup3. ul" sand .88tIOlaAbu s01Ut!1 lUl}dsu~ ap" upqul{ oZieflT

an b "lOges, report.pa.wp. ,Tap 1319zuuf as "sugU11ud" SJllW

al1ua 'usOlndlUu BJ20103SB.q uunA SB:J!1S'i?lUBJauoroaurrojut

'so:JP91sIl{ sop!1UeSU11UO;) on 01ua~lUUg:BdlUOJUUB.t2 uoo

'oUlSnUpUdJ I8PS01S81801 B11UOJBpU18ijuud u:g:BdlUU;)eun

(/~~i!JW 88' I I lAX o[2!s [8UG .AX 13nx so(a!s sO! epUS8:JUU1JlUnpe1!nblU BSOmAUltnUUllsenu (s op os . SO.IUq~q sOl epntdord 'lp8p sa) V J ? 1 9 J f i OU!,lUl,n r e uoo 9ZU1JsIpes 'alu8mus-ogepsap 'O[2!8 UUJll I I ' ) ua :m13U01BPZ8Ulas Op!nfeld Ie £.

upowW I"supmsq13 0 SU!J8U 's13so!:m.t2 supuaA8Is13lu131 13

xBllnI op13p13l{ 'H!lUUOpnI01\8J 13Jod'il131pUUmdaJ~8'H!.I0lf)P{uI ap opcuad 'u1).llU!N '13domaA13fuuUloRellue u?p!Smp1

mm ros epol.{'Jel{ la p elqUlou ns uApep 1)!paJ1[ pupg B1

'i:J\f8sN~fS90 .JBFP!,}mdUPOlsf({ep

opassd un 0p01ue sBpB'J.uamp'eftjln2ueI A.cuqmou' BtU.10}OP

-trmbps mWIHtIsUl,UapOtll seuopu\lsIlIap allup 10A.Ugl ul

'J:!npuo:J Ill£ . ,udo.m~Jap 01ue!tllpuu Ie uorarouasard 'onZl!1UIl

call. lOP {BuH."e uoraruasardar enqsOll1!S ze!pS01s3:

;OUUtllo'H,()!le(~q.q,yap Up ' lI a 4!Mad .1 : 'l s £ .W?PUUl

~loJsU,qUUI!W~1'RPUBZle:Elp uH Ii:) 9;)JUUI anb " (egf7I) soo.miso] rod Bldo'UTltf(J1SUO;) ,epJ:?tl101I?lep s7ndsep~1s13l{ 'eWer

-PJoep saidWI le p ugp;)fLH.$8puI.f.. sB.n3q.Il1q.~ieu()tsuI\U!sUI 8p88p 'l!;)ep,~8 '0091 II? 009 •.andRI8 epseP?1ud.umptHUP: .

-ordu epU8pX8 ,C lE>anb O !uanW I¥BwaW PUP3: S O u m u m n


D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (3)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 3/55

a subject to exploit. It was a passion. Victor Hugo wrote Our Lady of Paris and The Burgraoes. Viollet-le-Duc re or

he built the Château de' Pierrefonds in a supposedly restored style. Covers were made "to the cathedral", pendulums "troubadour style"... In a word, a lot of imagination and a bias decided "for" or "against" a

a time of which one thought more freely the less one knew about it. Such ramblings are believed to have contaminated numerous second-hand Benethic manuals.

third hand, for which the average French actually knows very little about this story, which is ours. However, many wise men, and the greatest, have

studied with care. The Benedictine scholars, the long list of scholars trained by the school of Charles, the magnificent publishers of Monumenta Germaniae Historica in Germany! girl, from the Rolls-S i i n e s; from the Selden soci, X t y - ; In England,

'I have published a lot of documents. They have de-:! have developed excellent works on many aspects, we were

1 have provided magisterial syntheses, but their results appear to only reach the public slowly, even to those who consider themselves informed, because the legends -whose falsehood have been peremptorily demonstrated=- still find believers (for example, the "terrors of Anamil") .When the Middle Ages began; our country already does

much that had acquired certain features: ethnic wealth, aspect of the rural landscape, tools. The Galla that was to become France in the course of that millennium was populated for centuries by little-known races: the last wave was the Celts. The invasions from the 4th to the 10th century, by the Visigoths,

. Burgundies, Franks, Arabs, Bretons, Normans, did not generally destroy or engulf the autochthonous population. The recent arrivals, whose number was not relatively considerable, were above all warriors. Having arrived alone, they formed families with the women of the country. In addition, with a few exceptions (Lower Britain), they quickly lost their language along with most of their customs and were absorbed by the native element. The appearance of the rural landscape had already been created in their

traits . essential. An agriculture that is lost = literally-mind- in the night of time had already given to the di-

different countries their physiognomy, the result of a certain way of understanding the relationship of man with nature and with his fellow men. In some territories, the peasants were grouped into dense cities and around them "campifias" spread out, where the fields were stretched out in strips. In other parts, the cultivators, individualists, were dispersed in a multitude of isolated hamlets and they cleared square or irregular fields. When danger came, the former formed a block to defend themselves, the latter hid in the forests or went to the sea.

Norman plantations, many lands became waste again, much of the field abandoned 1 0 invaded the boxwoods of the garden (our Boissy, La Boissierel.r. But what was lost to culture during the first part of the Middle Ages, was generally fully recovered , and COJ ;1 you grow, during the .second.From the 10th century polders dried up;From the 12th to the 14th century, [how many new individual

or collective (the latter, in the form of colonization with the foundation of a city by the impulse of the king, of a lord, of a bishop: our Bastide, Villeneuve...)! Perodssmontes and foundations were made in accordance with the already known cultural modes and not upsetting them, La Francia

of the Middle Ages was the continuation of a much older country. From a long time ago there were towns and many cities, and a network of trails and roads, not to mention. 'donate the solid roman routes.

Until the 11th century, the towns locked themselves up to better defend themselves, after I grew up, the cities multiplied. The face of our country, without changing fundamentally,

is defined around pre-existing traits. In the 14th century it took on its current appearance: among us there are very few groups that did not exist at that time. . As regards the agricultural and domestic economy of the Middle Ages,

Media, was also essentially inherited: the plow and the charrua, the distaff, the spindle and the loom, the way of building huts and houses, cooking recipes such as the far Breton (which in England is called pudding) are older than the history and were transmitted to us. Complex craft traditions were perpetuated: the old potters of Saint-Jean (Korea de Redon), the last of which have just died,



D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (4)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 4/55


h -srro un ap f tl 8p 1 1 8 U !S 'r el nU fS 8 1 B 1Ud[ -e 8 18A ! un O ! l. <: ld li l1u nop sopronoor 1.118UUU!f8p~ 13up 'pop ' :1 3 t' ap r u s lah!Un't t9pB::>!P-8ld I. . 'B nl Jn UU U 9p llZ H1 A P B y ap U9!81l l i811l fB { 'S l l :J !O : le 'q s l l lASliT aod O p ll 'Z f[U 8l u 18 Nn q 8 S ou }S 'mrft(J l ie 8 f li 8 ll i8 fU8p8118A sournrpod onb S O l U s o.8 or ;m u uorsrodsrp nun A onrann

-U :: > lnn s a UTIue le: :>8uuUllad optpod Ula!qn'q X o I2 !sI ap ra pn e]

u do m :;:[ u 1 'o ru srr UU O !2 al 'o UtS pu IT I::> pr ed , 'su Fu 'tu ap as 8 81 q

- :WT I fS O J o p 1 3 iq u q I 1 3. ln .I U P !A a p 13 lq 1 3q uomb ' U8 !q 1 31 0 l{ V'S OU f!~9P M an u S Ol 1 3.rouanr ou atuerualq13qold

nororodord nun U8 odurso Ia "u a,,(fp ;:m uuuad . u9p ulqo~ 13{e p B PO A U UI u 13 .I J1U[ "rarodsnrd B uoie ; :\{OAsa l )Bpnj ; )s t i( rix~ot 2!S Ie p lp llid IIopmmJ81:Jary oonqod rspod tm a p U 9F )! l1 3 d

-usep B y 'so rue runouu SO l ap u910 nupns!puy 's"B !m ap!de snT

'S aU O !S BA U ! SU I . ro d n ps um rr s O P !S U Jq Bl {s ou utU ol -o fB .8 S O l a pn t ra q rn U9PUZ !HAP u1"" ;' re 1n .i " :op& j a iq o s li la " ti p !A l ? 1S8' A

!:f'VS'NVIS30 'pupmqtqsa ouuous u u n . l8 S e ;) al 1 3d 8 0 1 18 e ;)

-U U so .nsonu op U P!A U I ap l13puese oilS13.tF~S"B!P so .nsenu

U 1 SlH I ts so A 'O !1 qm n ba .n s opnratrooua uuJq13 l{ sautsedurao

seUO ptlZm Ap su r anb tI ,?~H fO llial sepupe SU I ep sop 'o1unf

-u oo n s U :;:[ 'sO U J0 1S Ul l.H o~ fB ::> ?A O .ld o u 'U 1e Utll d ra p 0 1 Ua !U l

-pqn ;)sep Ie l!V lliled bra f~! e~tJP !ledso .ld B I uuqm uaum a'sarquq SO le p 1 0 qB I u y L l~ g 13 IA r t"B en bs o ~u eAU1 soasa olad

' o :: > uqu1 l a £uq " ti d uC : : q13u ,r J a ; u9PO j Iu '1 9 'anbO;)!l

~ uqll~ [e u OJU lla n ap lU 1 s'? rg 0 198 O l~ 5I:'u !? UB ~dB u ~eu as onb'' 'B p as 8 p o tr as nf i I a ' StU n tu ~1 s UAa nu " Se ft ll ri ~J s 8I oq .I ? .1 8;) O UO; )U uorsrp S Bp UZ nJ ~) S U 1 -su rru m o S 'U A ,m u uorunus 03an '1

' su !s ati l! S U Ie p u Fo y .8 'osotuornra U 9 II !l "B ;)u n a p u 9P- Ip u n} U 1B 1 11 !x aanb U :J!P '1 ld u puep B I "B pO tsoru eu~uru ! :u!2-m fB 1 e ru U l u o s a: :>m1AUs ap u u .I J1 ' a' lU a ru Il lU ! .i I . ( u .x aW : :> f e' I H n durad 'I edtld epW n,;)'gjpquJ B { A souad ep UP 1snP ll! u I nrnd

'r eu os! du B re d S UU !n b1 ?U I's aq uro q) B ~lU ll! nb "B U IB y e p A ( ad u:)

-sa ap 's llse d o p safo lel) 1 3p efo fe ·;t u I ap O nO ll1 3S ep O le pu p.le A

UTI is uopB :: >HduS8 I dmT ; lU I ap (B15puruap) s af tmH l1}UaASUpu l-u ap s up ;:m le p, o el dm 8 la 'O J8 1lI J( i~ ::? Ja p,~ ~q "B 11 le U O lU U ll OJ-sfiii' anbarrar.raq 1 : 1 1 £ . m brqraq 18 'u ::>enl u l anb OP !d '1 . l s '1U I

O l fJ i:i iu T ot ab ''f Ta 'i !E 1 -; 31 1U :J 'ti i .s nr ou an o es uo o s eu u ou o a p o ra d ,

's og an ba d S ,? UI 8 0..1 10o qn q s otu 8A U ! s ap uu l.8 S 01 sa U orunp-unl1uap SOU!Ii:mi SOl OUIO ; )lSu

'IX 0 121S Ie ue uO luzH u18ua2 as (u!puuru loN us sionb.mt

so pn urep A ) if q1 3I? S OTu so pn td oo '0 1U e!A "e p so urlou7


'~6: :>a88 e ' Y \ b I P k sJ~npse UO J S 0 t 1 ~ 1 1 dSO t UO l 1 3JO r ~l li e s 'a f tl 10qU ;) a,IdU l!s la~ :m 2nI u o '1 3lH 1IU apu9puileA uu u1 U · asraztra] a lq !s o d a n J' ~? J qu f o1 1 suT e ', A 00(;1upuq nptoouoo IHlnr~u:q 131 u~l1p~:2 's~ rgepv 'Om aIA Ieanuoo . l132aAUU·muuad anb o[eludu un 91U<}Al l ! as 'sB I8 A S U I

a luaurnue ld norsejdure e s ' s' ln ds ep OIil!s un 'a lqop fB 'nrx0 I 2! !: ; I e p · se fBU ! ] u - :mpu ra u 0 1 muonouro oiueto < 3 p A AX u A'6(so rilr s S O lua s eH ' :) .s ~U I O l1B n o/ .. s el f U s o p sp uaqasad anb sa p -UlJl2 S \ ?U I ' leA UPB ; ) soornq l I nJ ' . 1SUOOuorerpnd es ' a lUUrep"B uaJ l f 1 3 a u 'S"BP"B lrurrrU131sapspqrqtsod ep A l aA OU I urad o.mp trn'i

'~ O nlJn~~ ~~~ .~~132aA uu u1 ua u9pnr-oaar B un o fn po ':Q U1 o uro po ur U 9ruP Iep 0 1ua rUJ!: lqn;)Sep fa~'1.§ . l·NEUS3a -,. '8 ' luq=0'10;)Iep nop,~~_L~L~~l+ A U. lU1UOU Ins arches o·18rruquo r eu qu ln lJ aS "B 0 1 ue hU 1 o ao nu " oq P1 sa [3: 'U 9P ;)1 31 1 spn Zlafl jns

'sV ru o qonu t .ruZffi1n 9m Ullad 'uood? nursrtn u l day soup

-rruleue2 'S61t.rerumrs~~I3: 'n. i l .9UIf\lzequ ;) un sp usqnrp anb 0 ln oJq8 A fB 9AaAold as A uq;)eu

ep B rulO ] ua 9qo U132u a SO l as !opasod s ~m S a;)a A.zarp sopre]

es . rniloq13 uts l 13 fB q U lJ IP o d ' sO U Io l' sO I arqosopaxoda op!2

~p : .runO ;) f B s sp -e .! 2 ' ol la n; ) I e U q 13 ': ).9 ld us ar anb "BroI Juq ; J l l! ; ) B I

uq l J' fX ! J s u SO l IB1H fB 'e 1u eu rn n.8!fU U 'U 9!q!S '''B ln UI - el s p 'o n-u qn ;) ra p'e q::m u 2u a a p uurroj u r "B ; )Wpo ru 'a s 'x 0I2~s ra «a

' U1 s? e p U 9 P! l1 3d 13 Sep U 1B 8 1u B la pu u a ! l J 1 3 a p o fn p uo o'pn1!A"BpSe ~I B eS Bq apo p!A .Ia s U tlJqu q anb SBJrU1~mOJes sp

~uPIsa: :>eu susouadnr; .S 'B I o p uu m rq ep 'U 9p "B ;)!1 se wo p. B A n;) A

'oood A nm l13Z!m n 0 Plqus U !quq saouorna "B1S1:?qnb 'un2-e

'rep A O ' iu e fA lap ' S8 fl :! U l!U 13S o r s p Z ! l' lmUu z .: ce t1 j B I e p a lq il lo qIe lad" 131S!nbuoo" sI an t sotraur u ptm s:;:[ ' PB pp p:p are 1 31A

JO dl1A rap "B PpU U 'fB P1 snp UJ: ugp nloA e'H uI ap u I uoo 8S .rn :l-UdUIo::>spend o I9 s B F JU tl l.. od un B ..( n : :>A o il en ] l ap p sp o u(fJp

,s 'l nd sa p 0 1 s1 A UA "B qa s anb Ti{9pnloAe l apunjord sau r B I U O lU .l

«-ado S01S:; : [AIXle. . ( X oI2Is 18 al1u€) i lH::J!qnos-anb ' solITfu9tttl

'$Q lu .ahU fap o1 un .fu oo O SO !2W O ldu n;o qn q '()~lB gru em .s

'SO l l i srUI IS 13sa f-u ufeU Ies a1 ueT llH Piu ue pU f 'u 9P ~leu a2 u s u 9P ule~e .?i' 3p 'e s;Jl8ue fuuU l A 'sspapaaou S"B Irod I U 'B Z J0 t1 j B I zod n r S O P !l 1a A

;.qns las au nrsd O U lO :J S O pU rS !U e lu aw 81 ue pu ns o r sa uo otrusouanbad apudn zod U Un 8!x a 'su gu 1u oU l S UI 'sonbsoq S O l u a

:S'PlleruJ su r A s eU O !S gA ll! S UI s p J USa d V . 8 0g B T Iill so p sp S '! }U I

ap sossa ap sagpad 'e [um n un 'SB1a:Jel 0 PU AJ:8SU O::>u~qtrq

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (5)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 5/55

!~ ~ ait ~ e C ; : ' ~ ~ : ~ : : ~ o : ~ r : ; , ~ : ~ ~ e P i ~ ) ~ ~ P C i 6 ne u n a The flower of civilization: letters, arts, sciences,

good manners, even fantasies and. fashions, are refinements that require leisure. A society can only elaborate them to the extent that men are not absorbed

totally and continuously, due to the tasks that UA~sity and vital necessity imposes.. Well, the West knew the Iron Age that implied the almost total extinction of trade

. .. ' t

a general impoverishment. The countryside itself was devastated and had to be painfully rebuilt; E1grana yielded barely three times its seed, and about every ten years insufficient harvests caused shortages (this is the cycle of sunspots and recent famines in India). ~Jl.JLf:v.e:a;a_de._trabajo.cy..de.,_econOlni_a,but did not ~~change the margin of surplus to.that ..allows.flows and

oniu-;-tas essential tasks absorbed each and every one;


These were divided into two sectors: work on the land

and crafts~ (commissioned to the people), security (military service, police, administration], which were the responsibility of the nobles. This division of labor is a sufficient indication of the enormous material difficulties that weighed on everyone and only allowed them to survive. 10 required.

However, medieval society found in their faith a

~~~::~~f~~~e.~: ' t !~~~~"fo~~r~' ; ;~;~~~;u~::;~;penances: 10.aSu. .J?ioe1 clerq s sqJ:>n;i.

more original from that time: we find, for example,

religious who became baptizers of bridges I in Europe: the famous Avignon Bridge is due to. Saint Benezet. '"Facilitating the difficult river crossings was, in effect, a great work of mercy. 'Monks to nuns, at the cost of common life; of the obedience

resistance to a superior~" from the austere life that reduced to me .. the. 'for the map.-

I Benezet is resigned Benedict. [Translator's note. J

(maintenance of civilization. While »the laity:,)peasants, artisans or warriors, were totally absorbed by the vital material tasks, in the cloisters:( others. ~were left who. renounced form up~,i, family, to LIVE BU craving, to chat, to eat meat, that usn-o '', • ban simple clothes, .until completely deteriorated

) and, thanks to its voluntarily supported constraints I .. ' -,- ,-,' - _,_' ,

/ They had. time P9J"'!l aprellij&LJll~er.s_e$tc;ribirJo' studied! el1atin,[emailprotected],_8]}_~~gf?£rites: without them .•would.be.Peruvian\ almost completely ancient thought, and the Renaissance\ ' .. ' , .. . .

In the 16th century it would have been impossible. They knew theology and law in Iterature, they drew, they drew, they built, they sang (the plain chant has transmitted to us the forms Thus, they ensured the material omission of civilization, despite the fact that, thanks to the hours of prayer and meditation that were silent, they enjoyed the most precious and more rare. of Ios.ocios: the only one that allows the gestation of a true civilization, that is to say: -, spiritual. Asl,

They exercised, only at certain times, the ministry of thought and reflection, and it was they who created the type of Christian man, charitable, humble, obedient, detached from the "world", that all medieval society should have as. model (and that the .Imitation of Christ; written in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, and republished very often, has proposed to Christians to this day}. . '

The monastic expansion coincided with the hardest times of the Age. Nedia: !?onast~r~osbene(;Hctiru>s in times .of the .mvasions, Cluniac reform at the time of the devastations normal, -ref9rII"l~- citerd~~-, in 'full'feudal anarchy'. In certain aspects are\,fc-;-fS:favored by the

rudeness of society: because of the horror she had of the 008-query of the Merovingian court, a Saint Radegunde, for example, takes refuge in a cloister as soon as she can. Without the events, these delicate souls would have been 8 . 1 . " ' 1 0 -

gated by contemporary barbarism, thanks to . the monasteriesv were able to establish companies and not only keep their

ideal, but set a shining example of elias. By maintaining the high level of early medieval civilization, they prevented it from generally falling too low and stagnating, and still shortened the probationary period. To the

laymen provided them with role models, counselors, educators, and

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (6)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 6/55

< 3 ['.H.YjJnp1Ul fast 1 11 0N J . (SllJJllJjnO SO[13.lfUOJ sOAaqald soj)

OSfm.J1i o10{fod If! UllUOJ 01nUU1 olodod j ap Sll lJan2 U13Ql lUIl lH as llH~lI u3: '"

's!n'1 Ul?S I.Ael uenq" lep0 .10 ap p-epe U{ .nllOgu 13 ' A saqarud sBmp .nrjns B u q! U llan lJ

fit .rod £ . 8 1S 8c I U B lD ul .rod U PB UI Z8 IP ' u 9p ur qo d B 1 'U tU S!;)U"UD Ie rod uPBloSU Bl~ p ep uB qS !l:J B 1 S BllU 9!tU 'o fJan J

Ia £ O lJ8!q 18 BpUB lj upor .rod 9 A in ·s Bu .m p ow ssuorcau

S l ?I 8 P 0 1U8 !l II !U 8A P ll I e ​​l 1 :J .n n li onb ATlIpnaJ opunur T a p BA ! Sp e p

S !S F:J 'so gV u ar c> so] op ul. len2 fi r 'ofJen1 *' "SOpJofJ" so] Rtf

-U O ;) " SO :J fl U" S O l ap SUW3f1lAe . r suTU01U:JOA OldOWS!fB l!du: J lep

sosnqn sCYI'9 !A {O S !P a s U 8p .1 O Ie 'AIX 0 r fJ !S T e p .mrad V.sowelB tp81 sUIoled ' SO [ fJ !8 8 0 1 10 n snrouar

'aJal SUUMfB l 8: :mq op S O UI e.Ip Ua ~sq B so u O N 'B Ip aW p BP 3: u1:mB P!A B t a p uaumsar un .rsp amd 'traumjoa 0 Y8n b8d 81 sa sp

tlUfAIl12 J8 uo m n l! s B S OU IB Aso u zarnpsur ap u:Jody U1S8u3 :v l : : : J l\rE>'S3 a 'V!paw0:J VU1fl?a U1S8 anb 8. l ns e p £ . n 'H .I Jd

'S8 ns ep uorsardxs I l JIU82 us e nqsuororodord 81UBG S l J .I 1U8 !m

S 80 .IY li s ns A ~Qlepm.u..n s .n sq m ua sa rd .p an a U Il Jl J: Jo dy -u rm e p

B ap ! Ie u 9p :Jep ed u r B u aqeu .rso ua sefB UO S.Ied sosopard so'}s~fIruutdsa ​​19 urs U ! :: >! 1s n f£ .B l ! a u ' BI 0 1S !d a uI ap .rasad B onbB q3 1'} SO tU O A l t rn S u n onb ue 'ommSpj- oruarurasuad r u s9191< ;> 1Sp ·V p B Ho so m B 1 'spUd u e ' Bq u lf Je 'JU ! oumbv 8 p S ~tu 0.L

1u:BS anb uo 'uz8lqod B .Io-ges U t U uqU .I9U eA S!SV op 6581:J

u i i : i J i - U i J s onb u o 0 lU 9U IO tii Ie u a ~fJ 19qU IB H '[B sdn 'opsjoj,

.(,.mq.IelmIQ ' S< ll 'J .l 1 1t {Q A sU llaH 'suaru rv 'sJ .IU d U 3 aU IB GcU ' JONu l1 in . qs uo :J a s anb ua ornaurour Ie ua ~ p u pU "Uqs p: :> u l U 3


ZB d uI . rouodun ep BqB1B1'J£ . Bpu"ul~ l{3p otnar Ie Bpnsnf uoo

uq lHuaqo l1 . -- :- BPBZTI .l ;)B l p ;8 . ( amAU!0 r 9 :J f P ', • I !l .I " l; nn; ,}BFpome .l 1b__ S f n1 illJS un anb..ue 01U9WOW Ie U e zadno B.la onb ep

U(n~mz.n!A!J 1119Will1 dx e l1!pew PUP3 : 111'nrx oIfJ Is Ie U 3: \

... . .. '·W1!.lqe9u op::>eFedA 'O ;)~l-9'2 sOWBU rnn sOl'JOsoua,nh (wnuafJpuvJj sndos "S?OUB.g".

0Ut se . Ia.roU!~.p:o A u l TI p 91 !n b lu . ul x tl uo p nrOA 8 l op uI .quq an b

u lq fo .' uI 9 !l qu :J sa p 'B 1 sa fJ 8 H S g uo pU "Uo SU I9 't ueAU ! ' OO !U 9UBO

otpa. tap Ia 9 l0 Q UW ' O~WO l oqoarap Ie ouroiar ~O pB ra u g! U l l a szaA Blul ..£ .n m en b'o sIn dw F u n U ?Iw 9Y 0:Ja pB PIM P -eu t:1 ;il o rp £ .

Opl~UIOO F :l f BP lsnpU ! U I 9al.3 'ndolTI3:BpOtue, sUm""S .BAanu9 P~ nJ 'so lfll JIr nd / sO l 9 0e Sa p '8 0d t+ m :J S O l . ro A nrn :J \ .1 1 gz uemoo

l1 P~t(W cIglp l3P lfllH Sp 3~'1 . 0:J!U I9uo o? 'OOT1SJ').m' p!Ju.relTI'o~wJlnr;S9d~lllJo~otSOP9 i gZtm::> {1l e n HA oPB fJ u oI O J ;~mu arm' -Fre~al o pu I1 2e ​​s u ne po ll ns81 anl IIX OIfJp,; I : iI ;SuPtrouuou

. s euo!s .1 : IAul SHI rod ' QP I .J 9U I lP PU ' 0 1\ Jo .r d O p !U al ep ~ 0 1u a ~U I p

- t1 U 91 la ur pd u ~,e ,p H p :~ U dr no ~u (~ !U a A ~ ! f l u n O . I U ? s : ! ; ~ ZS BUn :J .I 0J s a pU " U.u i 9 .I pu e2 ua 'e tu a.!M rS l,I O O l oq .'£ .'sasazdura

app. U9pB J l ue ; )UO ; J ' se fB 'Hg~ .J .a p U ( ?PU !: JOS13epAu9pU lo l dxe

e p S BU le po m S 13 rn lo l.$ UlA Q ~U H Bl ~ I ap u9 fE l! A!R U I·s8 JU O fu aa ps ep u po uQ ;) and b. ( el ue T.f fiB p ed ~e . 8 0 p! Ja l) 13 !ll ls npm .~ un nxO I lJ !S I e . u e 9 !;: mu apuop ' sa ru p .I ew 'Q l 'h s. ?pB pnp ' : SB fuai i..(Op9SfI t rn iJ is r s 0 1! pq "Q $ sns OpUBn; ) . . $QJf j ,~s saJogasFsoI)' ,sallO;) .

SB I ua orpusdxa as U9!: JBZmAp. l1q :J fG ·p.upf . le l sn~ !fIIop-ou ABpuB punquuI ap t!P puu 'm rn:Jes u9PH ZffiA P H un l3.r8!;)e loIJ

-ar anb , z e : :m H nrad aluepuns gold Ia B qu ztrn JfB '1 3p en bp ua as

p -e pa po s B T 'l 1q l:l le dn :J el a s o I:J le rn oo la '.l Oq BI n s ap 0I . In lJS90eU

Of f a p 8 51 m .I8 tie lq o usrpod selqwoq SO l 'sa:Ju0 1U a 'S9U OP-J BS UBl l S BI A O f Bq Bl l f B 'S O U !U IB J £ . S O dU IB ,Os O l B pB P! J: ~a sI 13 UO! :J lO d o.I d• Ip 9p S 9 •uapro I8 1R r fJ o i e p zndao o:mnod repod

u n e p U9 !: JU l Il l3 1 sa .I B T a p SOAH?U~Y l lJ :s ~l _ lI ~l ll S~ () La P l :iQl I~WuO.ianrr ' -eF>nsnr-B (uaii1d sT zauodun and a B J 1S !SUO :Jl eq&p·

ns anb saA8l SO t B 9 1 ue rna lq -g fJ nY JU ! l fl lp a d9 l s o2 p ,) P SO f f• .' 'B pUZn.IO Bun e ltnU np om elrep BI:JuafJ

C f \ f ~ t \ h E ¢ f J a a ! , ( , h 1 IA s !n 1 f Bn :J f B 'S !U e a-1 ur eS O r uS !U 1 I ep 'p ~q B

'la2ns ouroo ' SO l lS !U 1W £ . [sotrrar so j.ap U ;)!U 9l0 U I .rt#:m p

-al 9p tm q-gfJm Ju eas S !U aa -1 U!B S a p safuour sor) sO. lBnI<}!lOl

-srq 'S9101d8:If. I 0 19 dH ;) S Ole p l1 Jn B:n mo m

HIV .ro 2!w al trajronb onb BUIJOJ 'U 'BIurad sarqssuedsrpmsa lU m xn u 8 0.[ B s o!2 U!ro .Il JJ so ] u orn osn q sO rre ·e 1lU 3: . ··S O.l qn


D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (7)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 7/55

First chapter


1. Your conditions

Natural conciicio.s prevailed in little. They mediate much more force than in our .days .. Our .civilization.urban.izaci6n allowed us. "come (}er", ee-so-it is said, the cold and the heat, the .darkness of. the nights, the length ;of.Jas.

distances: all the inconveniences toJoscUll1€!S .ours

ancestors had to accommodate themselves, more or • less to how they do to one. our contemporaries of the sector. Rural, they had to adjust to a natural rhythm that they had not yet thought of;

abolish '. . ......',.. ,, /. The duration of the solar day, regulated, as, still does "in-~rcariipo;)a-}ornament', of,. work, the artificial lighting •.I l1 eruo<:,re!, exposed. to, dangers In addition, there were very rare trades in which night work was allowed. From one end of the society to the other, they rested more during. i i I, winter, they. worked more in the season: good, and the The same ~ schedule of 10 srnol 1asteries;

he adapted to it with flexibility. " , '.,,"Contr,1l_el_cold, there were no means of.perfect heating.

Tame'ble'satisfactory: It wasn't a lack of fuel. Be counted on the mob. Although coal was only mined on a small scale, wood was more or less abundant.

parts and thanks. to the rights of use, the poorest could go to pick up the dead branches in the neighboring forest. On the other hand f. I hardly know, I avoided knocking down the wood. green and commit

15 .

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (8)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 8/55


'og l1 lap saqoosoa SB l .m ua;) lnulu uun!uuad anb, seuodruJl£ . s u fu u li f' seurpra] ·O;)S13;) .oursnn I< j us uu~npU! 8 suyeno

-a d tmra suppose ,L ' sopnu8UIr r t' J s01ual tU! ;) e~suqu ap -spe113l i Iuae li .u ') U Il up a ds e 's apUP IS 8 ;) aU .sns Ja "J uJ sn usi7 no U O ;) .mratroo

- ua t mr er pn d onh.uaaprpeur P . IU8. 18; )8 J ;)A 8S .lU~ l! ! l~Od0 1 98 'S a.l O p! U In SUO ;) a p seuorunar "rroap sa's rnA SU1


0 for .u usa p la p 8 AU P 1 31u p so u £ . ~ so ur m.r nr n o 'se YU !A nu sojrandSO l O p!S uuq fa~uup larnoo sapupnp sepuulif sluaurpd sU I

~m o .rod 'R gold.lg uulD upuT l upul{ as soapmg ap sour A apI U dp up d O ;J !J ~? qI a 7 nb Jo d, ; Uh! ttU ~H no v uo odursnonrai asrau-onram o pn d ,U l.1 81 uI JlH Ia p .\8 11 8 ? nb 1 0d 'S U SO J S UllO a l~ ua'uondx a SO H O S3: . "ourA 'ouu lif 'uue lU 'Y lpard ap 'O A!F.llH U

souom 01 aod 'OP!d~l o u rs '. eF ? ds .: r: ~u ~ _. uum~ ad otr £. . I . U W'u 9f;5 uo iu mu o;) o p O !p aw fB dp uH c;I I~ tU 8 U nilB I e 'S HO H 0 1U a

('S YlP so.nssnu 1:11 SU l{p um p uq 'sou am or .rod 'i\X o IJ lr s I Uu1uorna18S anbouuo j, 0 P Ia 10d U la pB U I o p a ':p odS 1U na a nn

s ou ro qa s sI Jp o,L ) 'u qp .rn O F 'e PU IU 1a ro pa tn B I a to u u lp np uo "Jarorpnd a s 8pu op sa 'fU allo lsol~ I1 Suq k:O Iq urn ;)Ja'fU ! 9 'JU Ul-z od ur r u n o p 0 !lU U 8;)S 8iiJ IU 18 saooujua.ssa ua (sa'lm muu snsI i. .U u o JuDT e 'u J! C > " 1Ie 0 W0 ;)) uu JleA uu as o u U £. .t\:o qa nn so m

'8lqpmdu1a anb aJdrn epW opue!1m;)al ,~upuuu' ) .uudmaU1 J :Uu l aqauopunqa as 's 0U ! ur n; :> s O l s op o'u su p U ,8 O J !') .a p s u1-81lU;) ap oO!J1 jU' ). I a l!dUIn .I l,8JY1anb u jua ') . eS8nosa lqu l ! suU1~o o od UU l UU ;A{9A aS 1 aAOn uBgHza dU I 8 anb eps8a·0 ' ) .uarUl!uaJ

-usur ns opspm osap B lquqas'{sauo!S 1m nl1 0 seU O!SU A~n 's0 1-uarurajqodsepj S rS p; ) e p supported so j u a o la d 'soup :q Bop up-r t9 S 0 p1 nI1 SU O ;) U ! qu q:u rn oll 's7 nd sa q 's o1 Ue ru my qo d S 0-I am

-ud sO l U I i. .SU ; ) P :< ;>1S ! l{8 ,J du;)odv sU I "B treqm uourar as P UP !!

- U81 u s an b o q :: >! psO { ll 8H 'S 0 1 8PU8S £ . s -e p el aA u 1 3q u 1fB lON ')

8V8 'NelS3Q' ,'a l1odsU l1ep s~!pam sOLKs otr tu ra o s O l : S 81 0 pU J ' s op .n 1I dt U8 1UOO aU8 !AUO ;) o f.I eA J os 81 "u .rnd O ;)!s1JO lpequn sa S B!;)U U1S !PSU I o p uU IelqO ld 1 :1 j/


' " ' · si 1puu .g~ s ll ll 1 JAu :mJ UeJUfu}As eJ uu la 2!t'e q~ oI ep 9 ~d a p·s~ ~.:m pu oo oA { US 1 eI la 1q 0 a p osmo-a 1 F : t : u qu pa nb sa ;) u0 1u e una ,~ ': ~l .l an lJ u 19 Jq nq en b, s ou ~m a,' {U19uaJl t19 sU ln 2e su ula s UJ ril~ uI 'nrx o I Jl ! S I e ,u3: ' , (oprrmopns .rn s9 A~.l1u ln sO PP JT lS safnrnd a p su urpO !A sU I u IU Z1um ap-U ! n u quJlnqo sar a s) 0 !10 Jf11 al ns ua uapro 1 7 P serqusuodsalsa. lOyBssoslaAW so] U la1eU lO S ap zndso reoopaqc, ~Sll1;)

-aq ap l UP !1 od u un la ua 1u um ap z ud u; ) ' af le n J l :a po du n oq n qonb apSep9!Alosa l as onb Ii. Of ; )n n od e Ju aU If l1 1 01 s a anb s0l . I !UI-U ;) s OTua pBppnlJas B T a p l1 rn 8r qo ld Ia JU lI Udu ospard sJ

'891Jod,~SU1JsoFAupmns~p U{ e pu Ul8 {q old I e o 1{

U pa JllflO J a s p ny us u I anb .rssuad ueouqso u S 81 U8 !Z l8 18 1u uls uq s up ua pa dx a su un lJ yu Ii. 'tfpempua aso dr an o I a 'OU . l8 !I ! ,u e OU IO ;)OUU1 8Au a 'sarqsprd seo od U 3:

t: IV8.NelS 3 a 'SU8 !U l \f a p aA8na ll of uq ununsonnror sou ouroo 'soITP UO ZP :10 s 8IdU I!s uaosnpur 0 nsru ruo epsuJlu um ua esrsuod '8 S1 !1 S8A se p u au uq up np OUB 0U !S 8d tI lU JO

sOl81Qo ' 02 .mqma U!s .( OUn nJ s- eU I OX88 e p a ~ u8 2 U I I i. .s os op J- q8 'l s o. ns an u 'odurso la p s 81 qm oq so .n sa nu 'n rn ::J! uu ::>u I n oosnpm '1,8A Usauadn uuqB sn anbso] ouroo sopassd uuqulyns

-e1 an i> . SOp! ' l S8AVD;) OUU. I 8AIe l p: Jn s u a s. rn uJ l! S 81 snb ,tJ' ;qi?q

s a a r a d S UllO U 3: 'S tlp Up aA oq u s np rs _ _S . I 1 ~ _ . 8 P _Bln:;)~8.1,J_~Ltrnp- a .! J o Sonn euo X SU!S8 IB I ' . r8 0U8A e p tf;)UW s 1 } rn U , le . m r e ; ) 1 3 "

, 'lB lnJ u .re_ ..ouo ayqou - u9purqod uyepu p ol i. .u rn u u lif , U l anb U£. 'HA9U 11I !18::>8uuuuad UI ,umJ lnqo snb

souoroadnoo SU I SUJU l UU l 3: '0 1U8! tU ! Ao ll i u a u" !A ! A a s s ~m ep v' SUPB ll O J SU rNO ; )£ . SUdO l UU !Ua1sarqod sVm soy J J 'l S ,nH ' a s -l _ !J 1 'l-p qu o f.rn sa ;) 8,U U la uv Jq urn .L 'm ?! 1sn qr no o n r 8 p lO Y U ;)I a o PO ')!SlP .l0 I.lr nx a, I U, u uq un ;) UA a s Ba ua fu rq o S 8p uu 12 s ur ' Ol8d" .

uva ·N E>lS3C l·U ;)U A ep u2m oq Ii..,su;)assuqla :q .rnU lanb~sQ P-p np al 'S U p" fl! U 'ls 8u o!2 al sU I a p S8 1UU 1! qg q sO l o mo o ls tJ so.IJl

-s ur s 02 etlJ, B .' sarqod U U18 0 PU UI'l;) 'uupnpal as pupnp H I apS 81u a2 sU I of9 S 'S Up ll.rnu ru n sep qu lif Ii..so ga r sosaruf :m Jloqlap oJlaI lJ Ie U O;) UqB W0 ;) as • rU leue2 O { lO d~lH rnslurn ap a1-radn r UI'Ip !A !p u! u 9p ou la fu ;) o p a uu oja un la a~ o.td R Jp or lli.. u p-tdnr n ur oo o a un amd o ' ).d13alqnsnqu lO; ) draw . t; ),: fbP1d51 . loptrsrd

a 'n b 'OU u !A I T '" fl la pUU l a R U 9 ql U;) I :1 ,· ,s au O pJ Up el da p S t'll pn m

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (9)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 9/55

made under the seas. Larger and mostly populated, not by agricultural producers or owners of the surrounding land, but by artisans, merchants, men of law, administrators, and officials, the neighboring cities with their lands had to be economically annexed, and more frequently , in 10 admin~trati~o-,. since six

or eight ,kjJ.ometres around you could come on foot, on horseback or by cart, supplying the market, or the revsndeleors.-Iee "regs; '31'05" • I 'or another thing, the cities had enough money and men for the maintenance of their immediate access routes and provide.the P R r s - i l l , . . . . . But the conglomerate will only grow more if it depends

of one. more extensive region...j? Therefore, it is precise, not only that said region is fertile, and has good relations with the city, but that transportation to it is easy and, consequently, that it is well communicated by waterways. Paris and the Flemish cities developed rapidly.

since they were able to secure the domain of the

part of their country situated behind the coasts, rich in poi' 10 in addition, with which they communicated by navigable means. Thanks to the Seine, the Marne, the Oise and Yonne, 14th-century Paris could feed and supply food

Arimas to more than 20:0.00 Qihabitant.es. Regarding the transportation medics, they did not use

then the mechanical force. At sea, the force of the wind could still be used, but in rivers, as on land, it is necessary to use human or animal force. Therefore, all continental transports were determined by

at the speed of man, horse, donkey or oxen


We know that a man on foot: covers an average of 41 7 kilometers in one hour; that.a.horse hardly travels 10 kilometers per man, and that, in addition, on bad 'ground' it is difficult to walk. A fast convoy remembers 40 or 60 kilometers in an hour: Therefore, France was much larger than it is now at the signal of a pedestrian. 'It took twenty days to cross it from end to end, twenty-nine days to go from Canterbury to Rome. What's the wonder of the world map that still included so many wonderful or unknown areas? So! Well, for the man of the Ed!ld_~~ciia, the__~pa

and the[emailprotected]~..ru:Jll.p'ehmore considerable than the one to which they have been, currently demoted.. However, they were disposed of with a secret liberality that has almost lost our modern activity. Proximity was then defined by the distance that ee

can .travel, back and forth, between the start and the set

of the sun. One.was traveling when he was qtl~, .QMJ!F..~l_~che.fu~x~L4~. 't ~ U: cas.a.a.vidaecoriofuiCii, adiiiriistrative, pontica, was therefore organized in small rcircumscriptions whose size depended on the length of the man's stride or the stride of his mount. •Those little ancient paiseafics

They are our current cantons.. Each one, living on itself

He himself developed particularities, originalities or.especial-Iities: ways of speaking (pronunciations and expressions), of dressing, eating, having fun, working, his.saints, his great men and also.his rights. Patriotism occurred in the first place and above all at the level of the. small countries v Wars, which were the scourge of the feudal era

Until the times of San Luis, almost always they were fights of one manor against another, that is to say, of city against city, or of canton against. They show us that men could only be required of them for a limited time, forty days maximum, and that, almost always, they had the right to return in the afternoon to sleep in. .his house and refusing to advance when the troops left the limits of the manor.

When the cities emancipated themselves, they established alliances with each other, or at least relationships. But all of this usually did not make it above the surface of one of our dis-

tritos 0.Urio'ofourofparliaments. Asil in the 14th century, Saitit~A.'ntonin,in the serious'easos, did not make decisionswithout prior consultation with Villefranche INajacoCordes,and au thepolitical horizon he did not go further. from Cahorso Albi,Martelproceeds same as Dome,Souillac and Cahors: from Pro-vins it passed to Troyes 0a Sens and to Paris.

Economic life was equally decentralized,as we saw before.' Except for the cities that are not

developed before the XU to XII I I centuries and which seemed considerable as soon as they exceeded =-rare ·.···time- 20,000 inhabitants, consumption is practiced strictly


D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (10)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 10/55

.. . ." '., . . . .... .' ['1(Y OUPU11Iap lli1)Nl .'fU!:irPnf tI9!Jiui:iAlaw! tr!s''( aranur o1uU lbua\l!Un}!p un ap saua!q sO Iaput;>!sas .

-0 0 JI lUlO1.. , ? i ? p. ' 1 . : l . ' I l .TIl:. 'a.IaIJH.1' as'. a n b oOlpuufoU1Ull" '1 :aUSIVS 's"':mu. ,I' u r , r *· .. .t:fV'8~N~'S3a .. ,." y " ,Y.· 1-" .

-,u .r o'lA s au ota or ps un ] sllp .a p u sq uu sp uo a llm ::> HI U (p :u :o dr ua 1

oJ ; ,I a !1sap Iap

~mU !:l JP ua 'l !u ed B y ' Pl J1 'a rd a pO ! UOUI J1 sa 1 u n 'U 9 pm nSU!l l .mp~lJP. lah. lJunlJ . IaaflJup:2a1ad I3 : 'soll!12elad sosoasnm u A (sap- r q r l I n : o : . r sam zo ua O flJ11 U'o ldm afa .ro d 'oost op-oapqn] Ull1l . l

I agree op ) lJW o'} { e p 0Wur R :: >s O ::> !lJ IA SO~0 ! 2 rr a1' sodsrqo 's-e.m::>· 'cn Ie ld ns l;;n em oslJ.llJ d 8 p.o :J BI lJ trn q! o ua rdu ro r 0 a 1'.rn 1onb ;;.

u91"dp~sun;) iF) u 1 ap { l J1 ! dl J :: > I' B Sa fT :1~hn s l ll lqT :1 ; )Hdmnm anbosooord u a s a1 il ll 2n n '0110 B stnd un ep A pT :1p p3.la A!m lnu n e pso .n so au i s ns lJ U 'B !n l.! es a nb S e1 U'B !p n~ sa 'o PH o n s n a a sr an om

-; )e lled a ru d u nq l3 Z1 'lI ds ~? . .Js ~~dmal o fl 'lqruf trnqu3snqonb soraiqo :S0 l 'l JUO!Sl60 SO. l 0~ ' ! l!ASO {O urRl 'j . qo : J ll e ·02en 'T

'Oll ' lJqB ::>U A Ta'j.oq: e u s l :l p !An f ?ap a} J. 'l Jd . IOAT :1mS f uaqssndsO .la fB Sua m,A . so orro o 'se flJ;)S !} 'u 9p dp::>sun ::> .lp ns ep sou-oouu so] sq p()1u esup ue!pn l3 m Z!l'lJe.llJ u -sq! an b sa wpo ye s 0

s a rl Je J SOP13 l l_O f :>T I n Js lJ p a Js '! lI u - eq 'i j' lu an :: > el J enb Se1U 'Bp l er uO ; )

· SO I I. <3UO 'l -q nf :9 2! U ~.r e a s S af B! A u o s U 1s ~l 'l Jp ad sa ". so l~ ~ ~ .~

o un ,2 ln N" S9 9rm .1 l1 0p A 'o 'j.P £? O S Or li! po .rd e p 's OU 'B :J Sp UU lJ:nga~::>wpaU 1"i ~euapl9 sop sp u9pupunJ By li?Num19uoP~!nl~}lp"pI1jllll'I1IXOI8g:3 18u a '9 Z!U qU 'j.S 9 a s 'B ~n no d U P !A u y· o pwmO ''( 3l1 U , I pBs ao aA B A 'u lo ld ap A t n: pa ds R §, s a: :> eAU uysar .81'( 31a n b. .. {? p 0 1 8; ) u n . 13 t l' ). ta n s B p ua p rep rod u os '( ua pu ed ap

mnnpep aqB s ,ewuu onb s,)3UVJ1)(l ?q!r lap~oSa' (3 . I1uo::> ulll31seQAao !p a ru 0 'j .l 'l JI a o po r A ) f lJ :: > p a p. ,u un dp s! p lJ I u oo s ap u v; aq n

and S.n :lm v. lo d> l3 as f lA .;~ e'lU lJ l.1 ~ U B 1 A lo A a s so i1 p? P s o,u n? IV.·s qa u.r cn ,6 s af uw .r 2a .Ja d sO l '§ yp ats Bl • sliisa q sU I im llJ o;)a la n b , IG ~ 1t rn 'j .UB ; ), .9 sU !j s a p s a· 1I ?P ! Q rHx e -- S9 1 'SallJl2nf s O l!0 I la :: >u q : 1 3md uZ le I1 JU1 3 !u al S lJ .I 'j .u ;: nm a ': }~ lJ a. J1 P I1 } . n s z n nu-nuoo .umdU;)nsvu_o .~.pUp! l 'l J 'nd soqvso l auap U 1 apUBquq; )ElA-o rds o sa nb ' OUR s au 0 1 pu I ' so p un q if fl uA only i1 aTI J: ! .w ,~ o q: n s

a po RWm 1{ ~x e tr nlq uq : 'f lJ;)0 Iv pn ua du uJ l;¥ pa SIU I V I,o U ;;tU lp :>.r,w anb so I 13soT Ia nbu 'lU : 3nl. Ja~ ld,:ge '81 w,m alU lJ').su O::>

u~quzl l ldsep.es. ' ,s.a;)!l3l s~~erq,sol .ep * ..~ l ? f s " e s o d . ,B l.a p 'p up-g!dold131 ~ p l il lq ud pn .m d o nb S OT Ie j. 1b us O PR ~UA s e. lO p np Q ld

SO l U.lJ l .l 8 !1 ,UIu UH~1Bf ' \ J4n .. : .! ,~JUloUO;)a.~Ru at 1I !i' J? l I a! l~ } .. ' ,sa l- ra d S B Pc n B ;. m ~r nA .m n u'! 11 10 5 , '! ll Under p:1 B a .l q~ oq u n 0 e J~U ffu , [ l ·SU' j.81Il1::>p u9pB ln::> .rpV I U -Sm A~n SB I'.m 2an fS_:_~oi


- TI JV ls q0 l 1l Uod oo 1 9SSH1n l SU I o p .o pa rs s r B tu 1 3 's ef lJ uO I S l1 :) Qs ar uu 'j .! qu q : sO la fl l! A SO l ap orpeurrod lo pa ix a la p'S ~jt 10 'U ' sl .~ qp alo la d ·o Uf oa A7 fu w.r 2~ la d.r u oopaoreur J~ opuJ1t~.Ic}cn pa1UI !JOuoo. n~ . Bq 'B 1 !t lI !J ,~ ~n l' j. ue p es u 9 pu l qo d ul SaB p~ \L ·· ' .'

' 91~aweW' ? J; >a1 s~pBpe~d13 18~n o 'n enA U13q~*) adsu o SU 1u al S U I o po q r ap SB pl 3U 0 1'U lJ C [1 3s v r t r n r 'soIJl:lqu::>SO IUI eafliJJo } '.lU 20 q. a p u .repB UI 'tlJeJ.!. 1 ?!U l 'o .;)nA l:q ap o~ an

ep 'UAll? s p 91 !9 JB ' (O l i lUUIUZU. r 2B. .r e l~u a~ o r lod).·OUfA•S9.1-t 1ll )2 91 u zu :> a p ! .{ lJ llO ; ) a p qGAU : SO .\ 9n t{ A l 30 9 'j .U lJ U l'S 0 m 1l

:ep edsetle sO lJn :p o~ d S ol tm qg'P 9dn a t' sa.IO pe U81 ..: otno ()~

-rrqop tms qa rd mo o o pp a.J1 bP U a'~ ~in 2,m q O P O l !s()p01I1l81 S f t 'uaW 1qupen9 9S saloy.as so]. :BPU.I l?oulffi?uo::>e -etA: nPl1 ' ).uapao too! s 9 ~p iiU P !A 'S T• s9 p.o dslJll S O llo fa U1 1u ~~ i1 lo r,r( )~ G} pn l.e SA o ou s l} lJ +o zr qe s f. fl l}W9Nod,es,qqUI 'B3 Ie O pUBT I::>sripto led :{lJ1 !dno. B un tm lual.ou. O leduo .so lem pd SO IA . S ot~U 1-o J. 'BOSC / I ;OSaod ' (O ' j. ;) \3d sa l l 'l J s ~ sp a ld Sauop ; )r u Js lq s ns~pnl

~ qu 'H o li2 -emolltlo )·o !w m op u aO fu :fU lo P a p a SlU Ztllds }3 pe nl.~u9'j. l1so~aumu oood A nw e¥ootlun 'osa lOd ·0 ! J . 'B11UOOo po s 0W s 1 0p p:u ns uo o f B 'S q! a t\p U IJ 19 P ;m p olQ U I B- Ie ON 'q!1!

ue 0!1!S op s O lo pUVA an B .I e a u ! i3 sarojon pord-or ep to rq ulal-! SUOO o dr u2 un la ua 'l J. IUU lH ;) H! P l 3.l g 'IIIX 01:3is{8B1S - eH .

' OArHn ::>nody epa1u a. 8 !A 'BTABI-oi A UpuzT Il 31au a .l 3uo !p l }l d BYOpBYUl 'j .U9Uq 'll!l u3: . (osopnj

a 1 uamnUOU l 0 2 fl 3 OU lO :: >UP ; tU8 f> I su o ;: ) n pU lJU 'B . 8 I ' l l ' r-ePlau

" 0 :> ~p ! lUaS oS '6 : :> s e) u 1SnB 'j .T dB :>ou 9 'j .u aU lpHaue ll PSPHBlm : ra" B un. the::Ja.m ::Jap operator., ra 'gp!mAB sp osnjout 'O l .Ioq l :l e I!,l n1Fldse Ie :IB uopuU lapvm ::> o.nsanu uo so jqam pred sB TIam; ~ . 9 fap 1 '} j !f lb rv1nB91UEnx:rup!.ll s e B JU Io u o: :J a a 1 ' u aU1! 2, ;u 9 1 S3 : , /

t::IV8 Nf.:HS30·flJ lOqrr lJl~trnW .'6una}J lfsquardru8 anb A .lF1lU (.1 · a. Iu . t lq u i' Jn q o s er ' !l U lJ !') .s po PB}J !l U :: Jt lI a n b S g hl aS 8 .l ! s. u u 'B lp . .. ..

-n sn oo 'S '9 0p A o ja po ur S U IO ;) Pi'J -s s as ar du ra U 13 l9 .o pn ue u;r l

e n b' sU l P uq i3 s 'B 'I ' cn u a! U I'B u a: :> uU lf lJ Ia a lf fi 1! p8 ru o ur oo 'Sm3!'-oad .l O f9m SU3lUU lOOu oo s O !H tI IB :: >la lw sa IP HW a p 0m am .I O (Cl ' lU13j,QP:laA aldsm qusep saa pb '~ afB ::> oIs:ep nu ed S UIm 2!'U u

B q'B ,l ua 'l ll! q s.: O tU S !U l J S.~ lq O S. I! hf A ; 'S tl qu :: >w ap E lS A e sr a- su q, , B U l PUE ll S J l1 d ouanbad U . pBO 'u :m u UPU ; ) ' B S{ ? :>UP .uO

. ..' ... seflJ ::>oIsa l- uP I sa oBu a p '[ B :: lO I u 9 p: :> u lsHBS . BI '!l OU TS' .' ! l! 0 t r eu ll l .lB rA U' j .ue ,'S f Bpgtp !p A "I11'U11a::>JJ wo uo :> a B un "a p U 1-u am m p nrccrapos anuonnsa '6{ e p A SaU e!q,.ap oaradar lap SO l a vud u ,

'6 :: Jn dx a A .emq tn o o s ap .o dS 'B l l S O l ~F surajqcrd fa .J !l .8 nI I e U t

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (11)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 11/55

well the means to escape from the routine or carrel' adventures,

In addition, the Church and the public powers appreciated him

considerable, sometimes imposed, sometimes encorned, sometimes discouraged, sometimes censored or prohibited.

by.the green route, but so:1well -I went further: from all over Europe they walked towards Mont-Saint-Michel, TierraSalita. Rome, .C9mpostela, ColQnia, Canterbury. The pilgrimage, alone or in a group, could last months or years. The itineraries were so frequent that they were dotted with holy stations in the rich and large churches: such as Magdalena de Vezelay, or Santa Fe de Conques. When Joan of Arc took up arms, her mother went to pray for her at Notre-Dame de Puy, 700 kilometers from Domrerny. A whole bunch. variegated s8d~s, endlessly squared POI'

the roads of the Middle Ages. In the fourteenth century, there were from 12 to 13 travelers per day. That was also why the news spread and everyone became aware of a vast Christianity. Sedentary or not, the people of the Middle Ages were

Almost forced by their way of existence. to a severe physical training: the peasants who constituted nine tenths of the population lived in the open air, and also the nobles for whom hunting, in the absence of war, was 'the main occupation. Comb' the travelers, they suffered from the cold. the::alOr, the Rain. In addition, the violent misunderstanding that today divides populations according to whether they are evil or not did not exist then. When an abbey kept the chronicle of important events, it recorded frosts and storms along with the deaths of princes and battles. . . ....., ..... In addition, each one was accustomed to conditions of vi

udas, Traveling France and Italy from one extreme to another was an ordeal that did not frighten a pilgrim, nor a merchant, a student, nor a religious or even a sexagenarian, who had to make the trip on foot. Spending the day on horseback will be the common fate of the great lords, the salesmen, their servants, many lawmen, and the most insignificant couriers from the small towns. The fatigue was the same, the shelters of the stage, analogous. The barefoot, the king, the merchant... the clergyman could enjoy the same travel anecdotes and fnitemizfirRt?un!.1IDaI). ..

'f )

In summary, the men of the Middle Ages, directly exposed to natural conditions, h ' 3 S owed certain characteristics: the individual plane, the development

of the 'physical qualities' (robustness, toughness) and of the corresponding moral qualities (patiencevcourage at least passive), a certain rudeness of existence, a rhythm of life

that it adjusted to the days and the seasons; on the economic level, the obligation to satisfy the individual with the resources

11 are from.1 country, 10 . that er:tntn~Ra lad·limitabclior:,de ·l~s "pe(fesdie-

ties'[.ingemo, ymmigrations .. e po ation more than.,\ products: on the social level, a great decentralization.clon\ COIl infinity of particularisms, but also the informal fraternity1 that is born.from e}(periences anru<:>;gas.

II. La uioienda" ..; "

We know housing much better. medieval due to

that are still preserved

among us numerous examples

pl~es·de.ella.Her plan was simple: a more or less large room,

where they lived There she worked, received, drank, ate and slept. Asl Bran,.even in recent times,many of our Western farms. ,.~stapie: the eomuny for all uses was the room of both the peasants and the bourgeoisie, and even of the lords of dahorca and cu~hil1o. *At most, these had masonry walls, while

that the villain was content with adobes.. ., .However, next to the house of habltaqQP, •it was necessary

'to dig, the basement pafa--the vill(j';-with~ cellar for, the

. g r r u : l , q ,el.troj

for 'the' wheat to grind, the shed for. the hay'1.the wagons, the stable.cel crib, and the pigsty. The room

The peasantry, the nobleman, or the villain, surrounded themselves, then, with useful constructions whose number and number varied according to the importance of the land, and therefore, of according to the wealth of the character... r. This simple plan became altered or complicated when life ceased to be familiar... When a large number of people gathered, it was necessary to provide them with different homes,

* ..Seigneur haut-justicie; (Lord of Horcay Cuchillo]: the one who had the right .to tl.l ~ yerjustice in his territory. [Translator's note. J


_j ;




ii lIII


D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (12)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 12/55

, '.., . • [ •.lo-j;:mp

~iUl{apuloNJ ~lopl1~dmrr'oroood ' o lBms llqr ,v : ,>UrWJ! ! . . . . anb oW8J l lorn : llu >Ii

: ~ . f i . \ ," ," " I

. . . . . . " , '? J 1 L i 8.l1JV_W apo.PHo.F ~'l l.m d " nu ep yn s o la ur r;iu H UI ) S O f . IU 1 t r n l o A .a p . u 1 fO J lod 'll31

~tUleJu za !d urn n s. m ~ as u IPU!P. DODdun o . PP~ ll l qBq ' .l a pamd[ 9 ' SJm du a ~ u :f aq no t ;u n ;a .I qo .s o~ Ju o !1 d'} sn o o £ .. a~OOlo.po . s ap

U lap um a p u zru ao ap b fB 1A D ldsao aA 'S 'D 0 l1 d9S 0.2 0.d tm arqosis o.! J~ ua qp S O larad 'o .p u n 9 .lqD S U p qll as o lu aisu . D A no so Z!P

> r r e s S OO nn mJ u U1 a" al< uso d 0 .1u au urn o u pu :'.I ,lo d u un lau a~.... '(:}P]G n ra so !o u { lJdt... s0 1U ahU DJSo llap .u ao .p uznna .l[gep ! ., l~ 'upupunqu uoo S~U anJB nS ll.l a a h0 . 1d apuuqudn=>Da ld

..as S opa1!U bm SD l an b pUPrPo.mo.o mm unra suup::faI BW l". . a tuan J u ,l . t l . uorq 0s a . lOpapa~ soj o po e lqen ww Iepso .zo .d..S o .l 'B .m J s. ~q u ,u T l! a nb 1 1 1q uq ' u Ni t! f!1 onrsno us: .. IO p e 'l x a I tla ~ u ~~p uD O o .I~ pu fJa .qu n lJ} np U! U U!0 DOJ'I 'llU W la O fllq arp-e 1d ~p D dd Uq 'u n U O J·II IT BSu y J :, I 1UpDOUYua ' SUP l lSo .p :ea : fUaUl- IU . Ia u a1 J ., 's 'B a ri ~U f !q ~ ' s ap o o~ UO i aA n . I1 SU o .Oas s a '} l 1 Jd S 111 ' :} 0 .

~ : ; r . ( u ql lu 3 alO :W r . a n b SU : S~ hs lf I sp u 9p 'S .m p II I n T lJ nq pl uo o r . .~ q "l 1 .r g ls al o l ·~ 't i. f) S o. ll J l Jq n om1l o .J anb u .rn 2a su so .u as) Q qo all au e D .I af nf fl 1t,I 11 .l 0 d n lP o .d Q U lo .O l qI ld ll O S9 a s. oumq I G . ' u rnsu lap o .w a~ua.u auaw rqo uIsarnpoylo ls sO InqnsaA sO l uo nq

...,;..n.;qu.ooue B S . · ' , ' . . . . . Q. £1 .l l lPam,msnq . .iUllQtul~ '({l. u:i•.

. .. I. IS3CJ. ' umpul lao.' u T t rn qn + al d~ oo t! >VU 1 ap s O Iu a s a1 0 Jl ~1 l1 ' osrd.. Ia llJ: ! . ldlan;) sar~O P a tx e ' ~p n dmoou la p um ap S o .~ !~ So d· I1 la pI lm a p( ) a lq U l! U l.~P.S 1l mf el "·s op nz ra .r nq o s op Il l~ a:> nIl la l e po le dI ld ep o.l ad

. Ig11~se{1J!s 'SIU9 o 'itl ao x e. 's aI tl1 l!A s O~ d ·P llP !.rn l:> u oo l ei\. Q S~ p aj dl l. Ia t .. sl n pa .I -l S a u u la se rr nO s l1 I .: up u qo 'l lJ 1 1 1a p~pw a dn s

• ·. .l l1 1 P 0 1mdno o u ;r '9 d QmD ; )8 a pWJ~ a 1U aU1 e' lU a p u ns Of f s aUO !S':",tr.)O ua •~ye ,t \b a q :s a oaA I I S ' S tr l 31~ aA IOd. .uq l l. Il aUad: l tl l tr.!'

. 'l" ip l1s!d uiian op Ula. 'So. laU,-n~ So .l ua A samsadnraa se uo pn tJ q~ qslll 9P O S!d .Ia mp :d 13

. '1 ( >Y8 'lW ,. ·z a !d , uT ' e p Q q o ?l . l a: u q~ :a u o .J o I an s tU l 'rm s; g; >s 'G I

ap osrd leu3: 'u so

PI t lq ep.opnuanr Rlua :1o . ! la lU ' ! o~!da. .. .'.' ", . .'. . .' so .F>Yn>esaptrn .tS SO l u~."n I()g··.ry ~u o.:J o.la d·sO lp at so l ap ap lQ q[9 I tl~;)trn Ju al o .N ·1 3fn d

ap,o'l l , :}ayqnl.ap 'sspuopar.o s UUU ld .s ll fe l· ep ' ~A n l a p o. .O ' lSWb- ee 'a p su s o. Ta p 'U l Ji l3 Z 1d ·9 p I 1 la u 'l l9 !q n :> lJ'I ' I 1 ,U! : Juaap. u9zs . xQO.,:p 'trn le 's~ ;)as~ .so .l· n saunnnn ' sBPTI9s . ,~ sn . l~1Jn~s l l l l~q" .s au O Z SU l .l ll S'B 1 'u p ns !d U .L l9 !': }1 ' aq o. pu 1 8.' ur rn l·a p 'I l; qJ e! dU I'I I1IHs13 '[emailprotected]uq [9 S o .l a p s 8l qU f fi lS O J s li I o .s a' :} a;u lN l1Q S O Ia p

u u n'l lO l ..~l... ( 6 ~ n r ,l~~a~·~fa.uS 'S~ .~ I ap s~1~P:~1~~.s?,!.'.' .i'.;;., .c , ..•• ( l l la19 ': ryo'lisald· .

- ~ I? s € t p s G ': }an2n f ' s II dmn .l l • Sm l lU l< n r t13 )npa Ji 'a t>:s ' i3~Tiijgqs111l

-heat. rw· .~.pso .~ so s.n 1~ a.l u DO 'O prH u:rp ~ ~~ nq 9d the p osopan. , ( ' . l i ' ! .so lap . O 1U 9!tU pm dsa ~ ,S OpY Unsap sauo naqlld tiliJn pm

S! Q1; I V aB IIsepuo.o nL .apj(Ia o tnoo so .pu{lJd 'alu a~m .~ . .

... '. i... ... ),; ...•.•; •.po. ' :}Ul()Un.s t rganbadsum

.. sau op mem ,S 'S lA 'I1m do :J n S~ IU ato lo n{ Ud p po J.~ ~J pa 'lb n~ !q

u The day !A n .t~ tS TU The night before.s0 1 . z o pe ur oa r rn lrf .~Aaldas ,·AtX ~*~!S

Ie '.U3 : v d 0 ,u u p .t Y tl }J . ta .'openb . 00PO l!U1. lQPJe ( ) tl11n~?~ ; c! ,S~ ld~ l; U! ss ou a: m ·.s a.t (l ~t So ;) A .I 1~ an b fI ul u( }? Q qYm ( }t tr ~s :~ ~I ~ia .[ I1 ! do J d US l lO l e ua l] ." etu .ms uouJJ!a" 1 au el a U 9p \: '! -q ge c r'anu;) . ny erqos u qu tsa o ya nb ad sy ut o .P ~lS o.~ 9fn oo ~~ pa l

.un I 1< !uxo.qsa ounI~ l3 : .· o . nud I~, a lQp s .\ 1q l lp an b I6 o Il .I ll ~a pl ll af B o sa ,. B a .I O d u £ .' .1 3 [9 6 \1 1 uoo uquop:mmooas . a f lb '.IQ1ielUl

I 1 l . a ruosauun lad llA sOPU01u r iU lO ;) s a uOp I I1 ! q ll i. '{ s ny~ rt b ad

o o~aU 'BJl1 trn l ll qI lq o .l aO l a i F~ua 'O~ t} ; (}P91 \1mdn{ l ?S~ I .~~ an Jo uu 1o al, 'S .Iarn osa ..sun aod anu:> ttl ~ooat!l~~pa.I !P·6P13;J-fU tlwoo " O gl~ . op~es Ia anb sonaF Y · . t ()pBttrQ;)A.nmoDoU Jqu q'u ~u au rrqo ' I1 In S 'S fo n.tB 'u las ll l l aF d u . s . u a'tt fi l!qifre1saoeA u. u '} ; "I 1 t t 1pJap o. le rrn l sp l l l,u ase nb os!d .la urp d I~aa

u z e! d. uu n ,o u l!W~ .~ ou 0 J¥ . lPU!um~Y!pa uI l .a A al d 0 llu saoeu Ul9. ' u9 !~ rain :p {! ;} ''g l a p lU 2 nl ua ' o.m ; )oua lla t la t.. O PW 9tll .n la D pndsa leow o2 'pup rito ufu:!r

~~.ul ' uU1~ ' tffinoa1()TIq!q;gr.I'.1~trl1!cI\bu~SYL'O!l01~~~:~' sUP le " .: u~ , o~, . o . . 0 P , ! P f A w ' u~ lwo .OO pV l !~ 9 pu '1 1 t rnT u a~ e nbs -e ~~ ns yu o~ Ba ,ila pJ ~~ ~l~ .q n':} do pU U IU (n dtlto s ''S puru Ja s .lJ'Ii,_J

.• .~ an bu n~ ~ la :)e ~J ()'n elq uresn n un JW n el '9 1l0 .o nrn to 1q n

U fP o oa s a pl ;l () p n .f UB tm . tZ l II I ·a ':} ll fd "l 1U 9! ~~ .L 's oia ~o oo 'e p ~opuzpJ ,pmle [ . IUUQs led , I I I e ' : }~I aw~o

I 1q nu uo J n ~~ p !,I ; ' , S ? l ' B m U I BJ sn su o :J II qI lf 0 p' a s a pu O p 0 1t xa m

;n~tI l1nslfJu~s~ft3~!, ; )U!ld~ef~uo~i9d,sol·ap~un. llp~? !J~V} .n~ t?s~w po ?~J\!A an t> ;~m .~ ,l III a p o . rl ? 1F~I .I q p&*MWi~ )1 ' )UJ~~?~~"lUnHapofP~~ .lod nqnorun~oo as pm;) uT 1 1 . b y ! ! . T J ; ~ p S

·",! a I ', o r uq a. g .· nU l Il ; ). ~ .s 9P a !d r nU l JlU ! .I o .pS b l al r l1gTJ~ f' sq f I~ I n.m y .0 P?'l~o .p n stI~I1 Jqp a.I t..n Im o.;) e rn ,! U liS 'o .p nlia tp 13: ~? !O n I O s , '!W~F ,d u o .. Ia p j< > ,O s ae a fl !u o sl a d: se IH l 1 Jl ~ s O r t < j

l : rV8.NE>IS=ta <, .... ,;",,':rw!A U I a pS a pl lp ! 4! PU , s e' :} u 9l alW S I ll '.nmd · s :g p um t !a i! ( ~~za!( ImJ\.Wsal· 0


D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (13)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 13/55

The house of the town, or the: shack.: lac "ca$eta"

nelhnno, forced the.people.of the MecUa Age,

and whose layout is inspired at the same time.in co-siderations of aesthetics, Legis~s' and a fan of economy, forced 'the houses to enclose Be; or, to rise.'J' to the. streets to ••e.r .narrow, .;Free.space, .which remained considerable in England,except in the center,.of the city" congestion, .•n. others

p~l-teS$e r~doubt t\.uIfa, square~and a cemetery to the church's hall, sometimes a few small pla1jolettes on: one of which, the piR?ta was raised, to gardens of convents, patios of 31 houses. It was also built on the bridges: those of Paris, for example, •.•are totally lined· with houses on both sides.Also ~in London, Bristol, York.

Frequently, .the streets had an irregular layout that we found to be very picturesque.~A pal'ecet was~not something systematically searched for, although .had taken advantage of it with elegance, because at the time of the creation.of new villas and villas, the urQ. Elfi~tas of the time, who to tell the truth610 were surveyors, would trace parallel streets and per-

pendicular, reinforcing regular blocks,colllos are noted in Aigues~Mortes.in .Mpntf(3rrand. In. groupings" w to santiguas and often depending on .lords .different .lords, colll0Lim0ges. which grew~simultaneously~around.the.diocese ••••of. castle of the, .counts, it would have been .difficult to correct by means of' plans .of .group ..and.in detriment of acquired rightsjI the anarchy born of lots is spontaneous-

taneos. The streets in the Middle Ages were often dirty,

parfait&. of a suitable organization for cleaning, Lahe-

Diondez de Paris made Felipe Augusto faint. In principle, each one was responsible for the front of his house and should, in the first place, not dirty it or fill it with debris, 'materials> or. peels: secondly, clean it. In fact, when the constituted space devours the patios and gardens,

I needed to throw the filth in front of the door; . the

free animals, dogs and especially pigs, not to mention. The poultry

with interested parties, some private companies that are in charge

ron'deello. However, the streets, generally not paved, continued to be poorly cared for; , to traverse a

f street; San Luis received on his cape the content of an-orr-

Inai,c.llyo owner.'owner was not.cautelav.in view that D:owas now passersby; The king, quite self-possessed, so as not to get angry, after an investigation, gave him a prebend (study scholarship) to the author of the accident, a student who had to get up so early to get to work. of an arrival of the prin-

Prince, the city, full of fervor, cleaned the streets that it covered with reeds and grass, and hung sheets or tapestries on the facades. The flow of sewage was made in certain cities,

like Paris, through a system of canals that flowed into the river. (In Strasbourg, this confluence was carefully checked to have certain criminals showered there, under the mocking glances of a circle of onlookers.) Other cities were content with puddles where, from time to time, clean water was made to run, as Limoges wrote. In Salisbury, there was talk of deeper branches of the river.

Clean water was carried by aqueduct systems, which replaced the Roman ones, or better yet. with major' A


D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (14)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 14/55

- sa p l fl lq ul sa u IAU , PO 'lS al O !l a'l U ! s oq onm 'nrx O I2!s Ie U :!I'sau1foo op ~H qnoal sa les 'w mp 3lapum ep sC YJuapsu

so isa sopouroosurn oood un la :m q ·-em d ··m moq uJlanb as anb

sauosred s-e l 'e u -equunsep as anb A m pl1 ldsa uoo saqoo u-e .Ia

onb sootm q '( o rou tooo I 'e uJP uodseuoo 'alu -e1 -IodU 11 U U10 0J

B un ue)a lu -e110dm ! sVm auosrod -eI U 0 nsao B I ep aJe! I1lu qB A la Se l a s onb 'soisend sop 0 oun ap lu .paW J 0 O 'l 1 dr od un

~ . : . . s i m 1 . R !!Jsa sO Tap allU d-e A .'sum s SU I u onrano ua'''tJISEilQ 'o fu qa p u -e q'e JO I O ;)a s a nb s e! d orrsno


a p s ale qt:! oE la a p orenmu o').leptm

arqos aqnponrooaas Bpuen ::> a lJ uO :) ,' (opuzr£ llpadse t.!le osn O An;) soarano

S Ol is 'l! ::>ap sa 'saropemoc sO l ua 0S UU PO ;) sU I u a a 'J .u am-yupedsa) uzpum U le nssur 'eT .oP u-enO . (stand taI uI ap eId f 1 3 as

-rsuror uJqap uotsardxe 1 1 1' U JP _ ~KP l! P a. ,~U~~ .~ ,~ ~E~~ _ Ju n a psandsop ' .18200e1 ep opuues Ie ua oseu i V I .lV1uvnCJlsoU11::>

-op S OllO SO Uosnpm ,) nqadnoosap esonrsno tra u lm tu-eA ar un-ruuad snb OI ' se l<3{Iuqu : :>arqos apsnrour asetn nun opnuam uU lPUaldm oJ alB? 'op l1m qom Ie uqtlla ldmoJ as opu-enO .

' H £ U u uq u'n so dep a s supuard 8111A l Jl-ajd 1 11 lJm d saq oo S O T'lJ tt1s lJIn oM pu o:> '1 l1 padsa o ms u n lJp-snbar udo lm pnm 2. Ia apuop seuorstrsm s a pU t l1 2 SU IU : i I ' aq :: >-o u lJ I o nr am p uumgol o [a nb u qu l!A a JSV 'U U 1U ::>s o fn q 's al

-adud SO l U A sopnpeld ssu r sO lefqo SO l u opsunsop a .qo :> oy-a nb ad trn u lu a') . !S' 0 uU l .Uy n s a p t l: :> .1 a :: >. nr n o Imp .m~ t lq tl .m : :>

-ord He !m the!dold Ia the lad. 'sa lq tlp! llU OJ stlm pu .ua:> sop 0 sun Asal mud sopssed uoo uqlJd!nbe as opnuom u arjoo I:I£ "uyale p o Slo q tm 0 orono ~p nstoq H Ull ua U PH am H ll1 Id H I '( . .. sou r

-:u lS~ld 'soqpal 'S lJ1U aA ) soU !un iibad. SO l 0 sa{adl1d. SO l·U V lJ uz u·e p 0 u pu U Au l a p 'O ! .I TIa p zrar uo o pwornjred "Bpa:Juarul ' sodtr rso sorrsonuep so un Zru 't.ta "B !A U PO l ou q a s o tn oo T Su''sopnjqop a 1u ~um so pu P !T I: J's O p! +s aA SO l u uqH :: >O I 0 ;: 'a s mv. O 1 ua rs u e p c . . ' o tram rs ap 'osn a lqop un U lua1 .'apnsrd " Bn an a p • ...

ostd tm e lq ?S a sm : >0 I 0: :> "BU pUUns ap U l ~~m S ?_ a .u U ou amn 'su lud o l'tunv 'apU IlS ! i\O ld opnuam "B '1J·lf.31l1fO B; ) Jl 1T a · .

:' ""sB rnnrd op 'o B u131spSOUen e l S y !d a lq n :: > sojiraraouoo a s U y rq 'l :f rg ,t ' o yq an d l ap a 't ua ~U l ap U I ua ojauoa 0 O .I .lO Zo p 's ap in u2 s0 1 ·a pu su ;) u o 'oraaap

o o urm m a p S tlP lJllO J SU f! qo ::> tr i? !U a l a s 'OW a !A U ! Ia u.rnd 'u. l l-ra s a p Y Ula ua2 0 1 l odtr t1p tlt{ a s sU 1s~ 'lJJP A O q a ::> ut{a s o mo o

•S l1 f!qoj , S UI elqos "uqua1IoA " as tlU lpUa ep uI A 'o fuqapa p u UB qv s u l u a lJqlJr ro iua a s u pn qo u:q tJ tl1 'U tlq l1 .3 I0 ;) 0 oy an s

I e u 't b'l ll { u -e qu lJ au o as d 'S U p "B p .l O qtrara o u s uu -e qv s S w y ( ' l ! 1 0 : : J

n l A G 'lodu:J Ia anb S Vm ·osnnm b U !S uuqu'tS O~)lJ a s 08130 as s

u :iI ) 't l~ m s a p B u rN o :: >t Tl Tf ua lo I9 S A o it ta T Il l! s uaqasad sO! l a~-ssu om S 011 e1 OA sarqod An r n sauosrad ' ol l. rn q rn a U ! S 'l af nmns ap pspm quq tll 0 'Optl la!do.xdlap nururoj uT ·~as •S 'Sp, -m q 0llJU !J 'o um yV ::> a p 0 0 un e p ssn aq ss u oo l1F qn :> .u Ias

. 'pupwom o:> 1 : 1 1 ap norsard..xs u ur pr 1} m U I Ula "S tlum ld ep O lpa l un arqos aSJl1 ' ) .So:>u".sanrrqd ep sauoqo l0 :> SO ! JU A0 oun ap A .u92laf un ap U lsyA O .Id

'u pl 1d rr fu a 1 0 fa U l - eq ut sa YU la ua lJ O TlOd

'u pu qo ru yu a p t Tl Tf iu :a s~"B ftJdop O pu tS elu ooss un 'ouaq ap llU anal u ruo "BUll 'sarqodA nrn sasso SU I u~ '(IUA alpern unrao nun ua trannrop '01J: )

~.J.vjJll ld .ua 0.I20 la p s O fr q s or ) E Il1 UO S .1 adra s u. s op a p urq yo al0 pU UW .IO ep sand om roua l1la l J pUan :>9. :g .UO :>UIlltl:) W I


Sl1san .r11 ua U 1 { J 1 1 t { u oo S O PU fl1 11s arq am n 'u q::> nt{ " BI A UU 1U :>u I u sa Ola A u u pn pe .I a s A O m ~ m aS A nm u.IaU Y NU 1U l 'IU A 8w amU9pUl !Q l1 q l JI OU l O ::>l dt U! s u -e l ''S su :: nm n ap o !- It lm q ow I: I

1:f\f8·NEl'S3a0 J..I .vmqoUJ.! i ' l 'Ill

f:fVS"NEHS30'u9pnuoaJd ulsn f sun zod ona ap uB JW~p:a 'a s sasseuoq suuosJadsuy '1312el ut t::requA lasqo ou san-p pu u"{ llr n S O To nr oo 'a nb a ns an me p y un :> o r 'S U Ill.I 13a pou9p'S1-rod 'G 1 9 N! t{ O .I d a s s a~ aA E Il1 q:m w 'u qr u I a llls uq ornasndaro Iaapsapo!dpupd ua tl!qrqo ld as nurmoou u 9p uI Il: >ip 1 31s ap-n pn p ~ uI u a ' a llU d u l~ olo d ·u 9F >U ln da .Iu {U rn ep so tzra qso ]Sl1uapuorroouuqul lao e s c 'sa r rao SU I ap p l1p~as u I l1 llJd .

. . . ~un lu tsa

' G u l l u e') .u a.q l 1l lJ dWVF cs un ap O 1 ua px Qm 3l Ut lm I a u uq uu op ue A-q ns S l1 ') .o A ap Sl1 UO S .I ad'u gU ;) n s a p 9 fu ule Plo mJ u no rm sp soJapuald B lS asarubnq sO l U Uy!qum t uqu t}A U!es 'o suo asa u :iI·

'"su .ID i\.ud" op o so jpnaom sp 's0 ! la~s!w ep u9pU1U aSa.1d

-a 1 a p o ss o-tr a 'U Y Jq wu .L 's aI{ U ;) S l1 1e p s au rn bs o s ulm u rm nr rU JO l1 qs"U :} AoJdo tn oo pu pn p m m 'S U!l9 J su y a lU tlm p 'olJmq

-m s U !S 'e luepH ap A .nssosa U Ja 13u-eqm u9purqrnnn W I'llAX or.8!S I au a 9 'lu aru yu pa ds 9 'tlp lJ l2 sa p.x od u O Ja p

-o ra dassp g ·u qon rn sa yu no S UI a p S altw Il:J a p owarn la d l3 JI lq

-!llSJP a s · ' · 'u 9H s T a p s ap up a! do .1 d SUi u 1u an o . I'm sorry J! u8 1 O pUZ tl lloA no 'ow old 0 o .uarq 'u lep tm I ap sopnpuo :J lod 'upuanoa .q

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (15)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 15/55

furnished with furniture to sit on. Then they were used: sheets of straw that were covered with a cloth if they wanted to do honor to a guest or if luxury was accustomed. The students listened to their classes sitting directly on the straw, but a novel of the time shows us an emperor's Iahii installed in his room with his servants, on bales of straw covered with an embroidered veil 'with

coat of arms and leaning against the bed that served as a backrest. This . type of seat had "the vetJaja of being warm in the winter. The churches had some cupboards, solid furniture:

also the private ones, from the XIV century. In.the houses of the rich the furniture was completed with

upholstery. that allowed renoyar. the decoration, • recreating his own house in the course of trips so frequent in the life of the great, In winter, the air currents cut off; Finally, they allowed, in the style of the Japanese screens, to divide the common rooms into private rooms. A group of danglers was also called a club [cNnwala].

Skins were sometimes put on the floor, but more generally carpets of branches, straw in winter, reeds, gladioli, and aromatic plants (mint, verbena, etc.), in summer: The royal palace, when it renovated them, In the thirteenth century there were some rugs, we note that on feast days I passed by a prince,

of a procession) the streets were decorated like a rich interior: covered with herbs and . of flowers on the floor; upholstery or draperies stretched out on the walls. This decoration has been used until our .elias in the towns of the west for the processions of the.Corpus. ..

Domestic utensils were rather scarce in their variety, but abundant in quantity, at least in the 14th century, since each house was the home of a family craft. 1;8 Crockery was: often simple earthenware or tin (bowls, in which liquid food was sipped, plates, cutlery, jugs for drinking), completed by wooden utensils [velicomenes, barrels for them. precious wines and brandy.. plates, covered.s); The

~ocma was equipped like those of our farms... there was at least a tripod (since it was cooked on the stove),

one or several pots of barre or bronze, a bronze pan, a ladle, a pestle and a mortar to prepare various sauces, especially garlic, which was one of the main condiments of 1 1 3 . medieval kitchen and.whose use.later, has tended to be restricted to southern countries.Important houses multiplied the number.of these utensils, adding grills, copper pots, and morrillos, as well 13.-

In addition, in general, in the kitchen or its dependencies

There was a tub to make 113.ejia and bath barrels. - _ , - , .

a camano for bacon, an ax for chopping wood, buckets, a shovel, brooms, a cauldron, often.a.trough, 'This is how the products of the region were prepared for the con-

.. high family; Or those of .108 surroundings, .bought in the market. The worker tended to be satisfied when he had his grana for bread, his bacon, his comfits, his salty or smoked meats, his jam, his honey,

wine, his canvases and cloths, all done in the house of whom. ha-

bia creddoen 1aregion. This was even the case in French Canada until 1860.

IV. the dress

The dress of 113.. Mediaeval age comes from the ancient costume and

the Gaul. Of the latter, keep, for the men, the use of braies [panties] (underpants, pants or breeches made of cloth or waistbands by means of a strap. rel-braiel)

(Women did not wear them, and, in the countryside, they continued without wearing them until the beginning of this century) and, for both sexes, the bliaud [brial] that the elegant world would let fall into disuse in the thirteenth century, but which was will keep until our days

in the peasant's costume: 113.lusa, the female child's wardrobe has always been long; the one of the

Men, short, except when it came to ceremonial or liturgical clothing, imitated from antiquity, lengthened around 1140, despite the criticism of moralists (a similar fashion seemed effeminate to them), and it was cut again from 113.half of the 14th century, at the cost of new restrictions that this time reproached the indecency of costumes that cinched the lines of the body.At this time, only people who


D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (16)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 16/55


['lOlOHrHl111ap l!WNJ 'l!II!JJlalad ;au'!Jal~d 'S(fJUl!Jjl i3'"

.SY 'Z{U;)zqos ° orano e p SYU rU lo duoo othersrusaa Ie uqy'}ald-nroo a s S e; )E ) AY A 'smoq ° sooanz 's op pa u.n :m 1 j l JOUAap orenoep 'sosaruf sa !n lIe ::u oq ulu od a s utrosrad ul '.rnus anblr fua' lo pu un O 'S OpY llO J semdraoss 'or U Yes !AU ! I e then 'A 'optnqqolanaep! ,oPlelapsoy;)~q.opnm~mlr ' sO' IudYz trsqasn as 'or ~S· lOpe' lm. 18nrad SOU9U Il Y ' op '- e'Z {~~O l l?mS n a n b. l9Ua l y qU ll A eanb 01 'j , Yl an s UU Ju al " SlJ'Z{YO,s UI is 8A V .SUpUp lOq 0 sYpira,}

SY le18lm f ep orpam rod U U lua lsose e A 'su Uftllod sansantrep apjporu ul Y 'e lU em yp U,X 8 np ullo ;) U T a,}ep saqnaq 0 SlJp!f-al UU .l a· ( sU! peU l e B l m u :iJ rs ap ~ lB d ullV uglJlelg ua opaxrss-uoo uq as arqurou.je] [sn'.lflJo] sassnV1{J UO;) sO'}J9!qno traqmso

~\1B"N~i§~~ uuquA en as O U opusno 'S U U1 8! d s UI A said 80 '1 ,'8alqrnoqsoI,nmd ouroo sarafnm sUI u . rod:upu2

-nqo U.18 u!sallO ;) ep Iyg is nlse A '.log is u n cloth lJpam dm oo as

opuano o2pqn F~OUI1lJ~lJI~? as onb ,BJ2pm oaooop I a 'O lI lJ dIe aiqos sopp.mds and Q :10P.WtI! .oproq the p .clothes seisandsrpseF~Jd ap SU ll Sl Jl U ?~ .o p uwo pu · ' O pUp .I O q las l 3! po d 0 2 pq lJ i a'S l} lla p .r od !.A

ia1UUle p .ro d sO lla rq 13 r sopntradurao] sa1F)op

SO l ' so p uo p a. 1. E I. 0 1u uU r u Jq lJ qo II B ql J: J I e l 3md · lUS lJ .I 1JUe s? p U ! Sl3uuyua 'sarq~?~adm r '[lJ!A nn ap ST :lduo]anBrv or fiadp.¥o uu q-usn a s U !A nU ~I 1iJ.l'}uoO ' susop::ud snur sario a po 'l1 TH P .m a po ofauoo a p s al ar d ap OpUl lOj l1qtqse opnuaur l 3OU.1 a !AU~p 02- P ;qH I3 : · f? ? l. afY !AA sO ll !1 2 al ad SOTep ' o; )! p1 )f ld A nm ' o~ p ql J Ie'Ola *:on2nuu ue2po ep sa 'norptn 0 1 arqurou ns om o,;;> .m nA..l 'I,p S~ ,f /J lsa nN " UP H oda p a 'J ua 2lJ the p 'lJ .Ia UlJ aJ ua Y the p sdnolJ l.u iO the ~S !s qn s {UA ar pam 0 2 pq u the p y uu oJ B 'I ° '( 1iP '9 Jp q]! .l 'J3Ao fo a ldu .I 1s otp ua 2 'a qo olq a .rod oqoed Ia opaque arches 'U9Qj

, ~n dl 3; }.u n s p OUO O ' JS ! AO ld's 13 2 uumU ;1 S 'o p nu a ur a SV m 'o uooolJpqu la 'S HW so .nsanu no otaoo 'R Ia lJP TIT :lS p afR l'} 13 :

'='V8'NDIS30 ' .AIX 012! S l a p s a rUU1 JB ' }S lJ qo sn a s? U IB 'lu u} ap 1 a 'U Stoq 'U !u uq po sa e p op ao aro S H'fU a! l1.IU llaqSOAl3psoTIP·pn :> umpuad 1 7 aU 'Q lenO ap 11l.a {U .l eu a3 o T

~od o lad .010 u a o p1 11 qu I 0 O p Up lO q la s u Jp od tro rru mo 1 3:, 'e lqrnou oursrur lap IBnpu npuard lJyep ue2po ,Jas.J.O;) 0 sd.JOo-ap. J.vf i 19 .opaanmdsad. K oPl1q:>IO;}H0:;)a1-suo un ue a .lfU 8!A I A oisnq I a l1 !A l oAU a as S aUO ! Sl 1J Ou3 :

. sl 31 an 1A l as a p la dl Jd 1 8 u up l1 q: 'S sa w ul l3 , .r us l1 d um d~O :p n~ aA S O l a.rqo s w ql3 sn a s su2 Ul3m ll!s A sa np lm m S Ol U s a1, ,: wf aw e s •.m A u l a p S 8{ !;) t; llS U ;) !U ~ 1e J: qo s '" B p U8 1d l Jl l Jq lJ sn

!'lopnpulHapl!'lONI 'Ioguds9 ​​ue a"lU91Puodsa.uoouauan ou s'IlJqu[Bd S'Bf1l9 ap s'Ilmi2w ...

as anb zaA UPU; ) lJ p a so ; ) 0 souoioq ap 8 !-la s u un a p otpom lOd 'ulm.uao anb ulquq onb .. rn 2y n d l a U1 SU -ql Jp u 'J sn fu a 'J ua u ro q :>-e lls a .u ul u qlJ 'Js a 'O !.r nlW O ;) 1 8 .ro d 's ao alt U 'U S !lU U J u 1 a p 1 3119A 'B q lJ fa p B a oaA U anb lJ2uum uI arqos sUJsu 'JuuJ sns m,::>.Iafa~pom .W" r ·S91mr . }ST : ll 'JUOOsa 'l u uf awas s a l0 1 0 ; ) ep ' s a l q!Aoma1slJ 2u um tr e;! ua ~ SlU10 ; O p n'l SOO u n'e lq os s l1 lP !'} lU d u uq u') Sasuun5rv -sopsproq ' sa ta !d ' s' I3 Jl au uU lU s ud ap.ou 0 ' S1 s A o .l d' OUU leA l a urad (OllOJ U !S ) u ffpuas olad 'o tqa!A UFla u,m q 'B P- lJ .l IO J 's .u ~u uw U J s0UOO 'u lanb ' Sq::> a ldu .I1s nun s ao aA l J, 'T : lA l 3StI[ onroo 0 2.rn I u ul 0 p! tsa A u n u .m a ~s< 1'sa:> aA V ' safGP8lum .A S Oy uu ml 'su uu oJ e p p 'l3 pa pu A uu ,U} nun u u qU 1S 91 d a s on b

['S:J!ffi.1lalqos] 100.l.1lS lauqlJs,M Ulluas l.H llpU a' lO d 'asuq U IUP l J 'l {u pnqouusu9 Anw ' 112 .n r r' I3p fGJnun 'Bleanb [ l fAl3s] eno» ul

0 2 a nl ' op u qo IOOT : lA o p 'B S 1Und sa d ooeprqo * ' the lqnop 19 aqnssdas.lJs!um ::> ul a lqos ·"sufuu .rnu ap lJuuoJ ua"su lo lad op-U! CIIOldum~nI tm tro uu~ lJ fY ' s' SUUtd opsrsamsp UU19'opuuuO'w:nsos orapspras a U the anb ,\. SV.l lSP zod srpnard as enbuU ' fI a sn~ ! _! l II l ~. t: I. ~. .~ JA l oAua a s - sO lIB soqoad sp 11 .19 Upomu1- ulauus ns u u uJ ua iil -- as -a no -s ru af m n SU I ' of l1 qa p lOd

1:IV8"N~IS30 '- ep as a p snsmreo trsqssn a s w :nqu r o .t' suJP aotrmb up 'S ;) ' S ; )UT: l l qador a p UT :l qu !q ru uo se lO - gas s s O 'J' s 'Ssf01\J: l 90al,} ap lBnfu unaarsnm ns U . rn[ap opnd opuaunou"(!Zm:l lquI apozour un A SO l .r nO o [ uq snb 9 1Uap lOO UU l .

Jsu A (u2m s) uW I ep 'S le o~dpU 1.ld rv -sarqmoq sO l·urad i

g ffi.l .1 01 uu ds I a p p UlIU I ' ( 1 1 'S 'l Sl Jq ·A 's ~) la fu m S ll I'S .m d om qO 'l \ .Ia '( Ils uq u !u 0 snb 'y 2m T 'B ~u um sp lJ sJ UI U::> un la !d.lJ I a rq os:nuuoJ sm snn l3{ap souam 0 SVU lopuans1A uuqr as s91afnm A !

sarqm oq 'oood U o ood 'san29nd SO l o~enfua uarnod as sarsno . J

12m !ua sop lJ2Iap 0 sosa tU :2 sogsd .sopaejdma saf9!- l8lum

·S(n u onroo JSll··" otr atr rn q o dra no I II u gp 'B 'J:d up u llf ~.fI 9d n s A]FfB uuol~P p'Spendrn!S ns, ap uJuaA o.ld onb 'l lz an aq ..IO A Um. ns 9l'}som uW 9j"f pupa ll{ ap ar lJl '; 19 'O f'S ! A O SH a1lu3: "

'f 9u nq P l1 9 a '} uu u up a.r nd wo o 0. sapl3f ' [UolJJs UT u a u uq lJ ga su a o pu un ;) S O lf O S O l '< >t'[U ;)a ps ur uo of 19 ;) S UI'U lU d 's ola mp d S O T:u and g SOPlJ:iJn.u O l9 pe uuWla d} sa A ay a ps a.lq mo q 'S O Ow~W 's a.lo sa Jo ld 'S llm o ~ l3 2.n t[UdOl t.r( l l s9IayuO .lap au uU llad 'U paS 'A nw lJm lO J' ue asm 1U hand ~d en b um ,ua 'l

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (17)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 17/55

Regarding the hairstyle, the women kept their hair long, intertwined it in braids that they did not hesitate to enlarge with false hairpieces, timid corpses, with great scandal on the part of the preachers. At first these braids' floated, then they were collected in horns or chains over the ears, wrapped in a net, collected in a bun on the neck... . . The girls, for at least 10 in party dress, arrive

their hair was floating!l.l1tes{and the Virgin was often re-presented in this form, in old paintings] as a sign of des,uYirginity,.This hairstyle is still preserved in some of our cantons, especially ~nOues8ant.The man who in those 10th century I I I shaved completely

her face as in our days, she had her hair cut on the nape of the neck and collected the end in a roll, the elegant 8e to curl with tongs. To, keep the tabellera or dis-

In her absence, she wore a small three-piece bonnet (preserved in children's costumes in Brittany, especially in Plougastel).

If they were old, widows, or devout, they would wear a wide toea that enclosed their faces, sometimes covering their chins, concealing a neck that could be wrinkled, and that fell on their chests. Or almi-donated; in many monastic garments. Above the bonnet or headdress was worn, if necessary,

a candle (for women only), a hat or cap

rjrote(p¥~ both sexes) •.The hat ~nide. pajaparaelvenmo: c6nlcb 0 plano.de broad wings, ~daptaclo. to its function of defending from the sun. In the winter, it was cie. Felt trio, generally in the form of a qunparU1,. with a P r q W ~ . ii or reinforcement button on the vertex of the crown, analogous to the thread that is placed in the middle of our Basque berets .. "At parties at

r n e . The knot was replaced by a crown of silverware or flowers, which even today constitutes the headdress of 1. to . 8 girlfriends.."''''The

.$ Serre-tete: bandage for the head: headdress rouy envoIvente .[Not iJ. of ltranslator. ]

"$ To this crown was called a "flower hat". It was made with violets, roses, marigolds... In Paris, the flower-sculptor trade was a profession different from any other that was enough to The "rosary" was a small hat, hence the name of the pious object, which is a small crown of grains that symbolize prayers, which resemble flowers.

elegant they put on turkey feather hats, the cha-peron [capirotej-de panode . Wool, often lined with J111fabric, or else with a light-colored silk, maintained for two centuries and until the end of the fifteenth century, a long anode and the most capricious shapes. The university costumes of Europe (without copying France) kept a rich variety of copies. Men and women took it off to- .

to say hello .The garments were complemented with gloves made of cloth or

cuet(), which in the Middle Ages were very useful. The ladies embroidered them. The lords demanded them as tributes

Ieudales: Throwing the~ante~ meant a challenge, offering your ~al1t~. It was a sign of surrender. The hunterss wore their azol' (3s0 their ~. falcons on the fist covered by a thick LEATHER glove. The canipesinos » had mufflers! *

to fiPi1ar.•~as brambles, natural thorns are ···.palizadas.Co~o .I{)s. American workers, the masons used glovesC:')9What work and calculations reveal that they.were.used by dozens, .

•.....•.The medieval~dieval costume, so simple, so practical and at the same time, so appropriate, could be very rich, due to its material or its ornamentation.•~this tendency at first was reserved for costumes priests and the ostentatious dresses of the princes: But, at the end of the XIII century. the bourgeoisie

V. To others

~asg~nt8sqe,)f iHaclan average age of the products 10 -

calesIa base ..d, and their food. Hence, the elaboration in "each country of particular culinary preparations and habits, of which many still subsist. The citizens had a more varied diet; as the urban markets supplied more and more

* Moufles cuirees: Lined gloves, with a single separation for the thumb, · [Hraductor's Note.J

34 35

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (18)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 18/55

.souucuenmoirou soj ardurers ue:.mq o~OUIO : ),'Il p~A8S uo, 'supsutooo 0 'snpruo trsruroo \')S SU11S0SU1

'B !l1 snp U! B un a p o 1e [qo Ie H Iu .m un su oo e ponmd 18 l qSU-q ' seuofBsoI2uu sosrad SO l ua Ii . ' use::>uu.q-supO;)

lJuenq 1 3 1 ua SBJP so.nsanu ln sn q 0 pU A .Ie SU O ;)B q as "u s{ Us e p

S OP UO ]" 80 1se ep U 9P !P Ul1 U 1 'zep!d!sU ! epuppeyqu1se U 9!qU(?pU1nde. l sun UJU8 '~ S l !U l 8pU ' (s u :: JU ! s !_ po lJ 8p 0 suquq ap ? .md oprdrsm a pmsn Ie lUZfU8. l 'OPUS13un .r n 1 J. l1 dru o ; )l 1 ' OS !W tmep UU I O lU I e l UW l dU I OO : O !l US e ;) ,m,U.1eOpWll ; ) . f!JI. the lower l O U 1SHq up lU n 2 S lJ I 8 S Ii . ' S01uetm,PUO;)80 .110 n '8 .lq !2 U 8f I a 't :q ue pD 1 d 1 31 ' U 1! .q u zu r a . ' U I 8UU ; ) uI u u qm1-ua opnop ~Sp;JS ap p U pn UU ;) ~ op ad se . I f 13 sUW Je .1 ! in S B T u a1orourooo upu : :>A--" Bqt l ; )! .1qB]CS ' oTIWtl :J!d IE )SPur ozm1HSO . I 1 0S-ou apuop s l :I p u -r n 1P1 sauopUIUde ld traqusn as and your au a2 or Ile d'Z'S.L?le0 OR !A UO ;) s up R~ the S BS p:1 SlJp uy oo li. U P U fO U lp pd a pu 1'lrm u I 1 3w nq un q, 0 18d 'o A8 nq IU 013l l !.m! I .u lu ,SUql :U1 ' souan-ar snow« CS 's um 1 P l', ~( )s !n 1J 'S O P l? O ;) 'l 1H~ J:. uu d u I u 'ouourd uf}. .§ op U St l. lUU 1 ,n I1 1 uu pu qa s 's U pp aJ OA uJ

sV U I SU up O J SU I u 3: 't l1 Iw -r nU I 1 11u e 1 3q uU PO :>a se p,p ,9 TI pd al e p° 0U ! ;) 0 1 a p u d os u I U I ( B . g ? o s o du rs o I e U 3 : · Sl 1J :} .s en u S l1 1E )p se:}.-u aJe }w A nU I Ul119 o ~ .S.Wp~UIO ; )l J Il lJm ,qr uOJ ap sU l lUo l s 111

< . ' " . .. .. . .• .. •.: . s 8u ol em 's and bO ; )! ~l 1q re 'S 13 PUZ-wo S tl ! a p s ;; m dsep 'A ~ oI H ,. Iq U Iem 'S UT .f fiz uu ul's uJ ad 's ul an l ! l.J ' su and s

- O J1 J'S ;f J8 I1 qu ro .lJ '.s ou zu ln p 'S lJ Za le :> u }q r: nt 'S U ln .Q SU t8l1u3... 0 .I l8q fa 'u2m paI u I 'unoq8o uI 'so tm qar so ] 'so.uand SO l' so T Io d al SOL8 0 ;) 8 S. 0 sO : Js el J UU !U I T ls uo :J 8 se n bs a. I0 f J. lJ s O ll ap

'UU 8 TI Bq op n 8u .1 2. OOU} ?9 } uo o UU ! U IO : >s and n? s af eA l U Ii. snm, a1

-~W ~ ~a fS 1ia se N1 3S ue dsW ll1 SU I tr ar a 8 ~.lq ur nl1 aI ~ :~ 1S 0

! :. SO ; ) SP11UI. .s o e :> l }1s r u o uupnnsuoo as .:80 ; )88 "sopaurnqn'8 0P U {U s 's o;) sa .lJ U U "! pu eA 8S sopsosad sorr 'U Y0 ;)8U D op0Ho 2 Ie u uq 1 11 u ar 1: >e .q s e :> u owe .rod onb slm e lI tlq su l A 'H lO llu

s ou .r nY a ps ep .n lI 1p ~U . 11 1; )~ A nJ 's of 13 n? sa s ou n2 ru SVU l 'l UO qUSOUI aUIO ; )anb S OU IS !U lso Iu u.le eO ln p un 2u a p O JU U Ie p so pu :>- sa d s I

, . , , . the voice re 0P 0 1 uqu ;m o1J1d

S 0 1U 8 A U( )O s ot'a p u po A Ut.u ​​uI 'a llu d a no .r od 'anf ) 'u U 1s ellm o 1 11' al r .n 3 'J s p l J ! ~U8 i .i 1 jSq t ltil : lofel l i orpsur u n u Ju odlli! u !se y2

98 .

U{ O l 8 d' s lJ p2U t ls ° SUUt lSn uoa :eq~m? suI.as · t: ! .q s 9nu u l ' 91ST : r q's et ua !n 1J rs , S < 3q :o pu Ja ue 2s B I, oP !; >0 U p o m r qa nb sauotadrua

beat 'u leA uuI1 ld ep sapapamrajue' uoo unquzatreura BlOA ' .

- lU lUO m}pUl u e tm , f1 3 ep sosoxe SOT 'OU. I 8!A l l! l ap ' S~ lT I d saa

. ·su .le f-tranxa "sapadse" S UllO A urauu :> 'a lq!2uaf 'U 1ua! tm ,d 'sup-u ZIU osn t a p' s~ ndsa p 'tI9 TstlJ0 ld u oo u qn sn a s m n ql lr n.L .· 0 2-!l'l sp sYlanUIep sarad-sop-smroe , uZ ll 1 som~ - e ' sU l anUI at > .mdunmnua~ ousotrqotn.sepaj, ' uZ"e1S0 t tt " l 3(AO f-e ya trars ~opusn

su m' ~ or se ftln o· so r altUe SOlU9ur rpU'oO.ep :aUlU:J .u t se spoi:m an d, , .arsd .pup!f38::>eu ' 3 1 . p r e ' a a· O (I !g O l. l ap o pu sn qu · u lq lJ q'~'s soisepom s ~T .I Is a. ro 20 q s or u~ en ~~ 'Y lo A JU .r o; ) e l~ 9l ln nn l- o sqU!SUO 'U , Ia u9pu lu e t I . r f 1 1 ' : l u y' 'so 'o !lso l allu e 'a nb a:Ja -lU d

's oI l! A la s 1 3. lU de fu m nld n S O p0 1 UO ;) u pq no alas sa f1 3n ::l S Ol U '1 ;0 1\u d 'sa usp"sa uo qo !d 'so sm l~ 'sln rr r{ 1Jlfap svm epn '.u saU I aI u .m duuqup lo2ua as 'ojqnrao ua ' anb!: .ssrp sonsonu na ann eluB punq13 B ouam U la ofeuo ;) Ie anb

SOU IU l 1u o ::m a 's oo ! 1S f lU IOP S ? {Uu I !U1 3a p li po u I U 0 1UBn oU3 :h;I\f8;NV'S3Q 's O A la pA s 9! ru Q uf soq:>u.m

m quq 'som a:> dllooanb 'louam U Zl1 :Juy U onm j- 'sO A 1'P tlJ so r- ~pUZHO Ii. souum A 'saIqou 'so ll!sadum o S Ol urad alqup"udsepo u O1 u a !' U lUuO ! s! A o .r du a p orpaur trn ' £ua UZ'S ; ) 'BI 'sa ; :m01ua

, .p lJppq a1a;) msn] n u n u 9 !2 a .l u 1 a p s a f1 3 .I T Il l3Uo p-UJd soj n tlN ep op uu uuo u 0 pu l.l1 32 1a 'U X o I2 rs fa sp ssp '8.1UB l-sq oo N . sO pl0 2. sa f1 3U l!U tl tra ra Z BA U lU l.' sa lu ap yn s S erU nO ]a p , ! :. s af 1 3pm1 J1 :1sopnrd, epu lru1 .l1 'au.m ::> ap sunseq sU 1

. sU J PSO l 't sa n u u 1 Sl 3q

e1uam ya!jop!U a1uuU I uqes.' arqnm rsoo "W J ' " ' oma r A t1 ! lapoz-Ue!UIOOf13seuoqoo] UJBOU! lC lUSOU a n b! :. c ra ur co n s ,u .t a! A -n 't~ua nb uu pm du nm u su o u rqB ll O N 'u le w:na 'OPl9:> o le um : J 't l: JUA

'4 . a n ., q. : U~U s omT al USUOOen b SmUS !U I SWI U t ll e s eU .1 1 1Ou1 . ... ,t:JV8 Nt,JfS30 's l1 !l sa q A s ar qt no q- ar ad OO ! S l! qO 1 ua :m

-!{U un U la U VU lsu :Jul 'u2 ao 19:J 'sa uue AflO S UI u s 'll!sn 0tm ,1u 3:'s -u qu q s 11 1A S U f eA n ls uI ' ! u pp ou ~n )S ap UiA u pO l' B dn d alq

-ssuadsrput nrrsanu sp lU 2nI tra A 'O U !AIe 'a s lUA l ld Up u at !U a dn ra { Uno 1 31a p 'a u..rn o 1 31'tmd I8 U 1 3 J nmSUO: J o I wJPt l1UaU l 1 I ' B

u lap f13puasa or 'psparoos tll ap ssssp SU I sepoi 13lUd, 'SU fU tllUU

A sauoqrrr 'soJas s0 21t{ .' sanw p u lquq S U;)!J .susem · s u r ua Ii.

'u q:Ju uw ,uI,ap sO Jse .q .sopsosed 's o uu li .o q lJ S u < }! qU IU lA s op-u uu uo u( ~M e nq mn U IO ;) lI IX o 12 !s fa p s ou ts tr ad s CI '! 's us ue 1x a

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (19)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 19/55

The aim pastry was very simple. They were known. The bufiuelos, the boats and the wafers, the special bread, the fruit, cream, or cheese cakes, and various types

of cookies. They.were.made.crems and nanes. There were fruit cakes as chocolates, and with-

files permmated with ginger, whose heart was an almond-

Pine tree or Almond tree, jams ~, honey, syrup... Various types of water were drunk, beer -in the West, late, citron and perry that were little appreciated-, but everywhere it came, whether it was imported, or manufactured in the

lX the same country, even if the

climate. The vinononnando had the reputation of an infamous brandy. Finally, from the XU century, it was distilled

grain tooth, in the fourteenth century, fruit brandy: 'L .As for menus, we find those splendid

almodrotes .senorials with oC(l.sibn of the holidays. Limiterno-. t ' 4' osnos here to evoke the commons. and cornen~s , . lU as suggestive.

En Normandy, losh.ombres quecumphan faex:as par~, la

Montebourg Abbey received in 312 for their income, per head and per day, a loaf of bread, peas for the stew, three

eggs and a quarter of cheese, or six eggs without cheese and the

The friars drink "as much as they please or bear": in Lent, they were given three herrings AND walnuts. In 1268 a couple concluded a life arrangement with

the monks of Beaumont-le. ..Roger. Elios left his little credit to the friars in exchange for them satisfying his needs for the rest of his life. It was made on the following bases: the convent supplied every day a conventual loaf, two "med~rulero3" loaves, a. gallon (four others?) of cider, beer drunk for 10.8 frru~s, a plate of meat three times a week and the other days six eggs without Lent 4 herrings. (Additionally, every month, a cel~min of lefi.arY' S 0 salaries* per year - close to 10 francs

of our current currency+- for clothing.) At the beginning of the 14th century, the sailors employed in the

service of the king 'receive for their daily: bread, beans and peas: as a drink, water. But their expenses. they were calculated (f-t 'lsueldos .per month) so that they would allow them to buy vmo

and meat whose monthly cost amounted to about 5 sueldos.

.. Sous: ancient copper coin (5 cents); in Spanish, salary.

r Translator's note.]

It is copied, as it is still done in some fields, with bowls, s~diaxas and knives, and often at the rate of one for every two people, but without plates, holders, chairs, napkins and. except on holidays or in rich houses without tablecloths, In the fourteenth century, the use of table linen became increasingly popular everywhere. when they put

tablecloths, these vastly overflowed the narrow tables and often reached the floor. The guests wiped their fingers on them, so that, at large meals, they were changed after the main services.

At the beginning of the meal, Iusmanes washed themselves in the fountain. In monasteries, the abbot, out of courtesy, poured water over the ears of two of his guests. In the stately homes, this service was lent by the squires, after the water had been blown, which was a way of announcing the meal. (infusions of rose petals, mint, verbena...). .

Afterwards, 18 soup was "soaked" in the bowls. (The soup was the piece of bread that was to be soaked in pottage or wine.) She ate it with a spoon. The meat, cut into pieces, was served on two slices, long pieces of bread that were soaked in the juice, and both things were eaten simultaneously, in a hurry, following. I don't know yet. lost. At large meals, people avoided eating the slices that were collected in baskets and distributed to the poor.

At stately tables, the cutting squires were in charge of supplying little by little the slice of their masters. Elsewhere, each one put his hand into the plate in turn,

and it was recommended to do it delicately and not put more than the tips of the fingers in the sauce. ~1 end of the meal, wine was served, which has become

poured into an English custom.





.. Corner l'eau: ancient expression that means to play a bugle. for

announce the moment of eating, which is the time to wash one's hands. (Translator's note.]


D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (20)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 20/55

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (21)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 21/55

Iornagno had a water hourglass, but they were very scarce and it was not until the fourteenth century that city hotels were adorned with jacq ue mards. "* At that time, astronomical clocks were also built. When it was necessary to measure time, various means were used: hourglasses (still used in our kitchens for - C O C I i 1 to I eggs lukewarm] ,

candles (Is noe~e s~divided into three candles. This means is still recommended; parali .J: hit the duration of the auctions against an annotary, but the dim~I}.sion: of the candles is too small for the "fire" be reduced to a few minutes}, duration of certain prayers (a Psalter, a Miserere, an Our Father-

tro . ' .},The man of the Middle Ages, at least the monk and the ha-

inhabitant of conglomerates, he woke up very early and loud bells; usually before starting the day so that, after washing and praying, he could start his work day at dawn. Toda soantigtl,!:l Fr!lPsia

keep these habits. .>

Even the lazy got up early, as we are told

that students who wanted to prolong the pleasures of

bed were inscribed preferentially in the use of the De-cretists who took place at the time of 'I'ercis, that is, at

nine in the morning. As soon as he woke up, following the custom that ~ Felipe

de Novarav' made the sign of the cross three times, in honor of the Trinity, and prayed a prayer, A bourgeois of Paris, who towards the end of the fourteenth century wrote a treatise on morality and domestic economics: for the use of his young wife. -given for her, the text of four morning prayers, ;pf!.ra" recite "to M,.aitinef?,;,Qal, wake you up in the morning" , or one,

and another, get up, and get dressed; and, after, get dressed, it will be fine (count.!), that it be fasting and before any other,

labor:,' •.,po~~~ •.e,sla,sorations 8e directed .to God and two to. laVirgert: He ' a g i x f l a primers: "Because of your sweet temperament, my thoughts turn to your holy justice and to fulfill your

'" Today there remains tkrrfl ixlOjm::quemards that refers to the figure of a warrior who strikes the hours on the bell of a clock. [Translator's note.]

.... It refers to the Menager of Paris: 'I'ratado cop:tposted in Paris in 1393. The author uses the term Menager also for. refer to its author. The term refers in general to the management of domestic IOSaslHl~OS. (Note

d -I tr aductor , J

good will Lord God almighty and enduring father that you have granted me to reach the beginning of this day by your holy virtue: deliver me from incurring in any danger, when I may fall into some mortal sin. ', Then he would dress, in the following order, according to one author of

the season: "In the morning, when you want to wash yourself, first put on your shirt, put on your panties, put on your jacket or your fustan (kind of vest), put on your hood, put on your calms (stockings), put on

your shoes, then put on your other clothes (garments), and fasten your belt (waist], and wash your hands, your fingers, your nails, your face.' ,/ As was still practiced in many corners of our fields, he did not proceed to washing until he had put on the dress, and then he limited himself to cleaning the parts of the body that were left~_and!sible, e~a:ra:Yliis~. they have perpetuated the custom: many people shared the same room and there were no private bathrooms,

. This~ does not mean that he ( ) _ s _ _ ~omb!~~ of that time were mca,2Bces de,_~!!_Javadomas cOIppl?to, that 8e did with him~~;O g(3sn.yg_<6 ,.9~lan£ede de Uricubo de aguii.E I people of) the villas and the people of-the-castles - C ' o ' n O C i r u i also the pleasures of bathing, which the monasteries reserved for the sick and convalescents, and of the which they abstained for the three days following a bloodletting. This entertainment was practiced in wooden vats that also served to pour the bleach. The bottom was covered with a canvas to avoid splinters capable of hurting the skin. Some, due to lack of adequate installation, underwent steam baths following a procedure reminiscent of the Finnish sauna: tiles 0

pebbles were heated on the fire; once hot, they were placed at the bottom of a tub, covered with a bottom of wood cut from different logs, and sprayed. The patient, wrapped in several rags to avoid burning, sat in the tub and there he dedicated himself to perspiring 1 or enough. These baths 8. home were taken in the morning, or at

return from a tiring or dirty exercise (travel, hunt, tournament...).

/ ~,r,es, ",temptahancml publicbaiios~s~a~J:U.Ui.e~asd~These ---- ~


D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (22)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 22/55


80'1 .oluHsuunla l1 o dx .a> 'S t.rn !U aA an b sa lu"S lP TIO S S OS O.IF lU-nua u pu aw tir r l rn Jp a: ,> uo o· ' B lam od a p apuoo I outer ns. al q-os U la 01 OUlO;) . loges rfIu2 un 0 'S !n 'I trnS OU I O :: > al u n

.ounqrn 0 I" S.lT Uw am I a'o x as 'I <3 'UUT I1 JO Ju l 's eu op w uo :,> uoo oprenos ap 'UP"S! lUAa 1u eu rn wn s 'o fu QU ll ap U p~ U.lo [ u l E qu zu em o::> sa3 uO ':)U a _ _

1::IVaGNgfS30 .," , ' ' lU 1 -I ad sa p ~ '"

F~ u .r ud S 8.! p1 3d so.sanu e p I"S 0 20 IV uu O!lUlOq .•un O P!U al, - U13 lUu u q onb ' som.sad:urno so.sanu ap O pO l8lqO S A soatrar

-odmaluo :: "~ le~ ,~?_ ,,~ ,?~ l~~ 'p_ : t J! £ ._? ': j .!T Iq un eAnmsU O;)u lAUP0 ' : j.anboI 'a~~,,~~~~J,~E,,~?P8P!!fU oaonu a p u !mOO~ uU 1 lg uU IU{'·op ' -syes s'eI ep u0 1ao uulesaouo lu :3: '\1crs~sap as. 'lU lno- ~1 JU d um d B; ) u y a p · '-U P !A ep uara UU , Il J un u q uA a r r anb logesIe Rmd,- 0 'B~nbo.I . rnd 'Blap 'op:als 'Uuom lap osalilal TV

. '::, 'U 9POA O P upa.I 8pKpup~!puu.I1J ep orad ' u lelsnB oood t ln ' tn~mpuoo auonq a p S O f8 SUO J.{,uatq 'F PIU s so opoq A Hp 'S ~ uo q. S!? la S 's nu aA a sl8 d A : s! ,~J-uq 0 1 J8U P ' A . s91uaprud A sojqss ' sofa!J\ 'souonq seroprao-BS UOO . . · op nu au x .n S OUS 81 UO :>AU I P .sol sopor uS!!U pro 'Jsu

opmmpV, . ' ,,8IJi12pl anb SO!Gusupu l l J .m p l,lU p unm l Jl tm s Au p~A ate Sl} w U SO ;)sa " sen d 'pspojd alqou ep O1 u a!!U! lu 8 s u njuo I~U9zuJO; ) opor a p P U .l0 P U S .o la p r n U9ZU lO ; ) I a pU1 uuA a l'U 9P ;)!l 'd u 1S alO O d!l{ U!s A 'u s,o o U .l1 Q.n U lT I1 U!d '.re fn m 0arqmoqrartur m,s 'ua211 t lI ' !u l apWlso l 1 8 81qQS Q OlqTIIe a.1qo&91U€n: : ti nnm. luoJ 'SP13.f !w u1 l s9M", 'l l p !n21a uzakso ul pa ua,!-tmm ... O l lO B .md o p uI un ep l" ! U !S soapenb AlU2n I pamoi n rsA 'ualJulli! nsomraq Bun 0 lU llU oflaq .tr n e p a lu l:J le p 'OP'Sl

-! lOS A o~a~Je s r .p 12nl un p!2ela" 'upapal as iu!saI2~ uI u~

, , .r . '.... ..• ,SanU ;) SUI u aoWl1 u U O ;)lU lq uqu md a sw ue +a.pm .I ,jat'i.jn~ 'sop uI sor upuq.m l!U l U !S"i oIens F) UPB t lA SBS90 j Ol l lm:>11Ui l l n l~!A. :SL ' .! ?PJn .1 tI a . I1zaq}l :)'u y UOO" u q uU !UT IJO ; ;. ,~ ~ ·s ri li ie rnU l" uurr a p u pu gu dm o~ m

. . .m+s_a""u~qap .B.ls:aI21····UI.··u,~jiL2!J ' fP":.~I?,,..?'lfj.~t13~{)Jl_~f!1~tIl1'l m

'u so pu rd oo od u a~ q'l 1p !A B u n 'Bonm]' san du quA en a s u oto ox epa p u ;) !'P ?ld l.:q s::;L ', ..u qu lq um lS Q;) 'B O llI O :) " U S !W u lU du q! a sa 1u uu rn n s a p u ur no .U l lU r ap {U .n bu UO ~;) U aU I a s 'a lu at II fT ​​11 1.m p-PUI 'aq ;)ou 'B un .od~an~eodm an ap uqllll2usuo::> lun::>u1 u'U ;) an l a p tu ap uu TI 'l{ 'a lq od u eA o fu un u oo u 9p ule l arm ' uwm2'-a l asodsa ns op a1 lU du ,U ~U ?l o nb s?n2.m q un sp U po1S '~ l{uygw an ; ) •sl} we pv '" op uan l~.Il1 pl!n2 as u l"S d O P U{ 01 10 1a 'U lU daS lU alT OA A B 'jua n;) ua op au al O U ' lls!m u . mooi e Ao as A a uru o

'8 1 u a o ': )u 9 1u o o Amn : t{se as opceno u uu gu m "S Ius A 'SUUUy-uUlImSlUI opsqoa . m is a " : ,' ,PUP ! l" SU lUOi,p u Jquq . .1 a .8vu ?w I~

'.. ~i ,.mutLi(unt.U l u q l3 l. ~, 9~ ,a lu ia q u: :> r is u a n b u lo a PA u do a u y .u q 'gU lO ' :) ff il 'I A iU , rnU I l} ~ f n ~ u u q ! a s ' s ol ls an u a. rp u d. s a l l 0 s op o pu za l £. ' S sN I uy a t. 'l 8 ad stm 0P!ou lquq omano uaanb, upUlauaSap· t.rnl u la sJ !U ' Upj l. tn a p 0 T d ux a fa o pUh '[ BW F l

l o .u:0 t{UOO l1 lKJ~~ 'SunA:u ua aldm'aw. ' " . I Jo S!Vpod anb s"Ssp::oImlsvp01l jo ep p :u p rn 'J ,· s, ~. tl ds air ·' ·. O t PW sU{ la q ul { u 1 Sm r lU t l-nAlJsap a ps ou p.n m2 A ,,' o la rr uq U;) Ia u qu pu aU Io :.> al • ,,8 us you

Im llO tla l '9su~d, m ,s Ii. uozsroo a p S aUO p T1 l0 S U .I 1S an A P !: :-ea ,,'tl~ !ooA ap ;apou2!s un aro ou U A o sn pU ! onb sarqnm:; 's(Y.)S llt'u ao pu '2 !lJ .u B $ 1 a lu ut" su oO osnunouroo una U uuJJ~aJaJ aSJS!;mdap . la.81JuU{ A Olu"S l Ol~O u pu l{ • O ! lUU r PJ Oo dn l ap o uu J+ sf l: ::usnq un u.ta enb ' affiAm.0f tm olad 'U S~U IuI 9 uuuW !1oo uF- u9 1 fi ls uu l u JUPU ! anb ra trs 19frq ns u lUdup!AapgUI l l 12oJd unOPUU Z 'B .I lJU ' 1t r nS OmS!UI I "S. rn , I' jUo :m9apuardros sou.oN

'0 2P "lP (U 9.o filU qm a U !S anb ' soJun-<)!q snsep-oun l1J::>OUO:Jal1 Jim •soppouo:.> sns U J ' !' ll nq13 ap

O lun d la u llm q u q-e Iq op also I 'u 1se y sp su w so] A : . . 's o rr a a p fS li-nqs u~ q soorlJ.mlH sop go sO l '0 1-1 81 0lod ' uuqulSrUlar :I ' JHPlap u lu .I a 'u pu lu u:: > 'u ll O u I'[emailprotected]anm soj rod ' g la ' l JO!B\ lq ' ,l JU1 lsarun 'JSl l rap 'u m upsosop u Io :u s! m ! l I D S nun noo uqlJluaj-uoo as OU "SWT1. I 'US"oUf '05OfoA apau1J I sU!un.anb.souraqsg

. ... 'U 8rm9[ 13U PU as !SU uy J. .

uJsai 2! u y uasauopu.io uoo Upl lU. lOfns u uq uz wo o 'so rq an d

A sepnpnro S'UI 's afllP and as s a1 -1 00 S U Iua 'soqonm orad ' soyuqSOlua UUU l, J: lJW l u u qu slJ d o u suuosred SUIapupo,h;um.lJ1

HVe'N~fS3a ' upa'}spoqlal{ ap s a{ Un uu w S O lna l l JAUP 0 1uulU1JU SQ un l1 I" Ss ap m :J S O l a p •A IX 'Bmx s o {2 1 8 SO l ep uzarracep . Sl l1 a oa .l I m I e pU ;) laOU t l9 pmn. Io Jm ,Hndmu somauaj, '~or

. .: a -q l i J ' s o i ·e p l i l n l U 1 f " j s -a U T I i j la ( C ; C s O i u a t u J I D i . ~ " ~ " f f f oefama' ' ' 'u9F~ uT Idap :sa lu u2a ra S Or2 a1lU u uw ugu as 0 puA ul' eld lli!s IV'so pW un q S Ol ap sotrsn r u e ,m uo a r

,o~sap la UUplOO ullJeu aqoou uI us uu larrss, as onb sa1tla!FS O l sa nd u qI "S .la p 891UU l U 1I .I 2 O p ! qr qo ld , uqUW8 sarr .SOlSr

uuukutsa soguqs.o I anb<,rnpunuun .rod pepn to u llod sopuu:s ns a u uq u! I esq ~,F ytJ q S O l 'aW 9!I U0 u qu ls a u n2 u I a O ':) ~n :) U 3' ut se y . .a p Burp A S 02 U! UI Op S O l 6 A yu s 'S 'B 1P S O l S O p O l t m pq t

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (23)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 23/55

gentlemen PX?; present at court they received with the.king they made a.selection: this was the origin of an institution Ia d 1'·'


d I C· ...., , . e person

re a ores e council of the Palace.

In the city, the merchant artisan opened his store and worked with his workers or his apprentices, helping them, while his wife fixed up the house ibn per pro-vlSlOn~sp aydi? alphabew

Attached to the belt, they left for school. In those industrial centers like the Flemish cities

donrleQe~de e. 11th century lse.c()rlOcia capitalism, division

d?l trab

On the Greve square in Paris, the peones who were looking for work for the day and who Bealisted as porters, errand boys (assistants. (The port was under the square)) once they got the job, they did it without too much. They were zealous and did not hesitate to shorten the work of dinner with seasons in the tavern, in front of a glass of wine.

//' The doctor.went out to consult, dressed in a ••u long purple robe and a!~[{l1

L/ Las eailesestrecl1assellepaba1)degente. La$yu.ntas, Jos/horses, and donkeys.saddles; they took-to the market fish, le~bres, butter; eggs. The small 1llteSaI10S,

Too poor to have a shop, they passed by, tired, flying on their backs, shouting loudly to attract the customers:

So, pa?a.ban .eltra.pero, the candlestick that melted the fat in the same place, the tallow reserved for the maid. tooth would take...

lThe seotnerci.~tes sent the cailes servants to anuri-par .their mercCatlcla ..The.boys·of the innkeeper .paraded with a jug full of vmo and a velicomen /and offered' al'tra.rlseun.

They gave you a free test, then 10 received them in the store .. The advertising.cries.were intertwined. .

Even in the smallest villages there was 1;3.animation: the women who went to fetch the water.8 . the fountain and stayed up for a moment to talk, with their hands on their hips: the merchants who, behind an open window, .in-

terpelahan to the passers-by: a.beggar arrived: the .nifiasibanal-lavaderov-to the market; one would stop to speak a recluse couplet: which sometimes it was. a holy soul, but loved.epl1-dd la~ madre.pjadosa that vcentralized s .redistributed JodoSle$ gossip ...•• y. above all this profane tumult, from .vez .e li ' .when .a flight of bells, ,. .' ..

All this is not very.Ie.far.from us;i,(.l\,ll€)n pppavi--;avid in a small French town, and J10 .havl.st() ..1W.sat81t rapper, to the porcelain repairman, She has not.seen the shoemaker working at his job, not.doing in 1 8 small store (Ie vegetables and specialties.( he's around the Age 10.ed;ia), who hasn't seen the Yiejos sit in the sun while they talk, ethnizes women: rsee'

conversations there.:r;'Z'oQuiep has not chosen the.c~11Pins and chimes to mark the time, in)nataJaya. de,lail,lcq_l-dia and in the towers of the churches? 'I've hardly heard this l1acEipJ: 'had been since the 13th century. . .. .'

In the countryside, the workers.of the fields have not changed their passion and whose tools are sometimes the same. '.


Standing in front of his door, he exchanged jokes with .81.18 neighbors; the one in which

They delivered games of pupils. "One day when, towards a beautiful and serene time, our Menager of the 14th century recounts," they (some bourgeois) were gathered after eating, to have a drink together', . They had the idea of ​​going to surprise their wives and they found them, "some talking, the others playing bric,'a.~(.who catches?\A hot hand), piru;?-merilley" the other playing cards and other.leisure games with his' vecmasu playing tiers and bric·y8.$i

• Namesofcertain 'jl1~go~d~ la ~ W ~ k ; They have no corresponding

en espafil [Nota del tradiictot.] . .



D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (24)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 24/55

'sa.u.o .. n ] . £. . ( . .. .• ....~A..••.8. p SUU l.A.'.u...•.. : : >, 13.8) .'.$0.p.H•UU..... . .~ . : Im:g '8 U.'.d.,U.r."p ".."n101 ' o£ .. u~ ' BO !Um \l lq O ? , ' O ~FqU :l aq u 13 V [ 'so um 13n 13 Q OO UQ PU l )

, -m_B .l l lH uu rH 'Bdwoo ,~ n J ) :HP1 l, 8. d '13 .o ? rl 1 J 'SO ; ) Il 137U I~PS~ fB~ !UF ,

... .SOI zo d ' S 8l '(OWl , £ .. ~U f J ? ;l SU i Joq ;'UU1U lO ! l8WP 8S m ¥ . < ? I lO sp A ~

0.,1.•. . n , ' . s .IU lB., .l!1


P ,..S 1 , . 0 . . . . . J8 '.SO..•,UU.


..q,.u.J A e , ' ' ( SU.d.. .,.,.0•U. J1

8.. n 0, e .p , . ' . • • U...•. , J U . 8S8TU1uo zp 0 t{ s lr q: 1.l 8d S U 1S3: ] 'u t{; 'u edu un U 8 {su pu eld} sO l]u d

sO l ls8nA lB~I0 3 S !8q8P !SV ,,:U 8plO 81U81n1J!S 1 8 U 8 U UnS8 A

"sep8S. ' 8WY>W1Yped se 'S 8 !d SO l UT : IW~AU l .8 ?' UT: Iq u ~s .~ 8 s s ou . /

' . L . I .

" .n2rv :. '. · lB.1. ' .S .0.J.1. ' U. ' ;1 3'q 1 . ' , .8 .S. A B.I .8Ans u. .quro.o10 un. ;Y .pUO: ' .0.~.8.n.

1 . '

~VB·Ne>fS3a.·. . 'oW?p S O pu ~l u: m8 S 8l 0p !i la ssO f ep e i~. d· 'l od .' ~ o} Je nJ 8'61 ep uQ pU nX 8 ~t9ps131q8no H JP 8d

B SH ;) 8p5tJIU F3'seu Q!suuU l sepu u.lJJ SH I.u~ 'eh ,0 8~q /. The l8p-u rn eR ',aV )3 d 10A~UIPsu8 ,' suP p1 l 1SUOO £ . .0~m l l x8 Je s uq J ,u l

-S8, 'H~pe:w '11R aH rep sepupnp SU l u~mu?~ u_1podeno seA~.U.l~S'~rnsor~p ourr u ro O !P U 80 U! op o.r. '3ned 1 3: . U8Uarn!t{:>u IapDpoor lcf u e . Is it? PU ls ru ' so l oP l ll za,mpu a ,0SOYOPl l lPOJSOl] a IS O' ltu qu ~u du 'u zp:x a tl T J l u at mq u.I la lU e anD. SUSTJlqsuun·~You

0 puA 18sal .18quqaps7ndsap 'su pup 'J '.S1 3{'STJpol· / ' . 'oUl'udrne1"upenb B I u uqU :)0 l sep 13pnp S tl{U 3 'so 'J,A enw apetpouB I 0 arq- 'UI8pW 8p vZ Ia OA{1W


~~S .m2nT and Uelsoeu8fUTJUl A SOUnl!s£" ' souepunUl A 8e11sa1J81

SO lU epl l JsuedSOI . soPO l ap. sO Hfodsep i. 'HW :m bedA nro pup

'~ !l ue J' tl .u nO td e? x a ' s~ le ds ~J \.u e ° e t{ ;) O ~ 8p 1 a qa q o' J8 rnO ; )ep pps!seG " • . : ? P ~ r g l' ' 13 1 t',lu d .T Jtl lu l2 01 d8 1sa B qu lu ese .l d s8 T

S Jl B.J ~ p.l aB ~u '~ W J8 ·,S U~ ~p u~ dsB U OS 1:d s!{ tl° fUBr tVU


"' . ;~;~?"Bt{ 'J ~tdili{s"liiuB qlHmde lq o s S ~ 'J 8AU a n bS tlU lo l q

s es en 11m qs oL ~f (t l9 tl ?J nf f ie .!0tl :) H 9t; ld ui~ en J u y e p s ~l uu 1 ue s-ardar ~OI l iO : ) ,s -Ba ied trnqaurra 'uuqu uru~uesep 'souurn S tl! U

uulueA; ? s ' $U l l i<39H1 SBI 1 1 8. snpnrad s tnm21H SU l1 ' ' en 'b .sosop. . ,"+ul.sD.dn.ut iiRg:i:1i. l1. . l0J.~q~._~; ; )1!!~!~!__~l!!P_l~£':TJropuu.re d.aJ d £. .u m l ap U (? P) 0 8{1 310 pUU1 !p eU l ' s0 1 ue l sosud U iSOlos -i~wqu fe s - - - - - --_U 0 0U s et '.s bi is eu tU ,s M ~ rih u'r lu b ~B d'l bp l ap o 21 uI ·6tTJ.raosadlfuuU tl s ' ~ rq -c pB .t2 B '-.o d uw p . ep . u qp tl '1 Sg .•,131.u 3 . stlelq o" ep sB 1-se:)u8 B l1S! SUOO t l! :) sa t't du uI A 'l 13 2u F 'B 1Ud os au O!; )B 1 !Q U t{ s ns

u e~Iret{;) 'U lB du ​​u.1 UU 81 8S . s81 un ~p nls8 S Ol 'P TJ pn p H I u El" ..··.u etiiJ n8 11 da )8 s~ nb s og !U S O l o p ,( .tn ln su a:l &n b u pu UH ltltl11 -'u en vu 9b tierrb usiJp uo :)u re pu pu esald u 'eo s8 l1 3p TU dsa T JIe1

lU8 tUUPOUl9 j s ~tU 8 fi,b su l1 31 e! pT id TJ ll e1 8n b o p U ! JII13rg:BdW o:)

{ .,. I0 l ~p 1 J. ll I0 P ' ll lON 1 :,oq"~l1 aP .OU9119.,lU9[1'l

' : I " ~ P uurep~un ?p ,om~a .l I a . .\ uqpS l :l ~ ~q1 l9" , ~{uq '' ?i i, ~ q~ · ~P i re '9

. . • . • . j N . ~. .1~.P.~·!~":ou~~~~~.oll .~ . ·~ ..~ .....U..•.,.:....·...: o...~.lU...·.'.:... ~~ ~ . • .~s.....p.R.J ' . ~. .~a~. S Om l ~U . OSO l U 3 : , U 'Q qH IQ l lt {s u. :q u arw pp~ ' qm ; qo n o u o o ; l J .r ot {:

I~ l J¥ n , uu q tJ '[ ll Jl S O 'l S lJ t: r' B0UtJqtJZ:t , t~ . :qQ~WP 19I t11,QH ffiIlSlJ:S O Iu n ou nf u u qtJ .r nv sv :> s~ ps al qw o q S O l 'q -s qu rr q s e- l\ ;) fm ;u : Sl1"· .r n2 0 q.l ~p se 1UUZU l lP E ll lu :r nn s UL uoo t rnquwalu()o~sseoajJP l1pnp ,131ra 0 odnrso 19 ua .( s oy - g u l uas a s 9~m i . { l 1 1Em i .{U ( ; n~

-W'Iul t Js a . , l ; I o ,n l t u :a s 'q:oo sa r r3nwOQ ap so~ ,s acIwn;:> . ~On\1t I !s a ;

sp s uq ol O f;r n u u gUO !~ qu J .a s s a' .) .: rn d , S li ll lO '( Ia .,,! .T IP m r,) om

,~Hu~ Ie a~ du Hn s.i1 Qm m as ,u IP o!p aw Ia, 1I3 · .oqasap~I~A uo c, ,~ q ~t 1I aw .o o .a s S O J lO E iO l. 1 3 ,1 ;, eOp SO ! .J 1 os o t; ie n q t rn tu a lS 1 10 1~

s~~ya1f. l 3 ' I . · , u [ U m §uSO ' f soo lue U9ptlt i :JtU1lH ,uI '010~J~,;q:3:'SOla , lqO ,~ O L a,puU'ijulIu l U 1 u 9 P 11 1 oI d~ au tu e u P l1 p~I '1 a ,I sa F

t Jpm :W: lqmoo l1 ,un 11u~nqu rn l £ .. ·e 1uep~n .sU ! U f n Q l i u r r u n n mm.rod s oy -g p s O l. of !p u eoU !. ep, s oJ 2n ed S O Il l. u lm e la ~ .:(E?OJqUle~msns . ..1. . ounuoou OrlJql1l~ opor ~ua~. l~)AaSuulq!iiOJd. ' t ropt12- !U t J1 ib o t rn q lJ 1 se a p u0T> s eu o p 11~ odw o S U I • s aumo ti eo :x : a s u. ro j

O A res 'e qo ou U I l elp re - aQUS9 ' Jo f nRu ll r e I s a~ .md f r o~ t 1: :: [

, . . . " m ;ruadu 'J Ie uoo s u~e ldq r

e~.rnls0:>U op ~elUll..ue2n.A tlI e p s aUO IO l Jl O. s ' S I .n1Jffi1o.9 uquy-osua ser 's91UBoPWa,qsQrJl9 ' lSrt I ~ow[al uquluo:if ;eI s , BOrr :{sn s U l !U aA u1o .uq .mueo e psyn ds ea 'stJ .l ed sl A s'SI rolemr.>eS. leo:u t{ a~ sa~uu U VU eduo ns noo S 0 1l an U 1 S O l sp 0 Pyo Ie 'Sq~pa lo 2e nI 1 1 1s e~ se po lu :a U 1Q ru .u n 'E l lP "o uo o aJ ~ s .m . ' ' . '1 ' T,mo unUW.....l\.iI!G "'I·S ·-- ..,. .' .- ....C.}(~ hl!~I.:fU .. .ose!AtJ. l l advanced a

op n2 nJ,f9nuq.ugreq ep o2 an ri* '~ln os T U'o fal fB'UarzbQ.i:J Ie p

lmllt10eld,un Yla a nb )1 3Y O 'l'S l1 3· 's nt{ :r oq su lu " so Io q s ot'S 'n l

: 9I ed ll .I ~, • •S Q P~ PS O ll ;J tr nq u2 nr So 2.I nq ;s ol s QP ~ e PS e.l er nm t.sarquroq .02u rmop 13: .sanbs] sOl e l enb l lt { :> re unqsorpap8 f "f S~J10 13 01 '13m:>lJ I Bread tm n .r nd soun 'S O ID 'l SU ;)s oC u 3: .," , .· - . --~- ;-Out ff ln-1jt fTJtro1\:- I 'ranb-o- top!1Umn f;-epJ--sH'PtIOm qr::ra:runb

u .e u JP .. .I e U . l8 t 1J onb s ouer of . 11. 'lUY ; ) U . rnZ 'U 'BPU . Yes! ;N u l anbu un 2U !'U o .O u n1 JU !u U !Q l1 t{ 0N " .. el ue U1 8p Uu m q £ ..n J!us au op-U lO snsuql1zel (O p13U ! P U! 0 11s0 1 ie) ufuq 20 A ua ,( u9poA ap

~ 0 2 o ~q TI n s U ! Ue ls os . : e" :) ..r Sd l1 ,( S U l9 JQ O s n s e p s o r eI , 1 3p tq ua suIOS.e1ua'UI 'S ' leldrno;), t T I m X ' uUBI li T a p sU le lq o 'u J ua l ' < ; ; , f l 1 3ou I·.e p s O fa r U 9 pU l !q 13 q .U 1 1.x 2l lt ff i·..u s ' er uJ Je qr s n !> A p.o p uo Jry , ( ozjuapa. , sapoi.ap u so n' .J ..l !A s Vm u I o la d'" o IT 1 S8 Jl ;) .l od

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (25)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 25/55

your lined smocks and your summer winter cloths. Put your shirt on the head of Iaoama

(behind the pillow) , your panties under the bed with all the braieul.' '*

The people of the Middle Ages ~acco.baba naked, covering-

Dose'io swnot the head with a bonnet or a fine cloth. The fashion of the night shirt was ~all_gurated._rQ~_the world (t-ecl~-_SlaStlCO, .for nesgede~ _l}pa reason: the regulations of the hosp. CODE • shirt;

viciual, J_~.cQS~r_e__vados .ia ..cama~ .If it is explained9u?by PVd()S:l1ose.ql~i(, they will tear the shirt until they have tucked themselves in.or betweenJ~the whistles and put it on the alcarice of Iamall9B!.lr (:\ipp) have it in the morning before getting out of bed.

until he went to bed, in the style of the Middle Ages. Lying down, he would blow out his candle. Our Aflenager tells us

than some closed, careless of the fire. tertian the dangerous customary turn off!. lrJa luzlallzand? on it, in flight, one of the prel,1das that they had just taken off, instead of blowing on it, as was appropriate, before going to bed.

hearing ring'.das •••I\1aitines" , recomeI1g~bIl· ,the.ivUm-agera his young tnllJer":"a.labad then ygreetedNuesLrO •Senorants of volvera.dorITlir' ' , L~ Tou.r-L~ndry recommendedtheir daughters . 'siernprs.Bpesewake up, pray for the deadqUe'ask.p.or~()s;,praythe Virgin.Mary" and "commend-

be to the StilltosYi~~~~9'" : iiNototlopass.you.n. santarnente .. LOsbanQs,

especially, each time worse reputed, ahrigaptill liber-tinage.... ... .,'. . .: . . ..•.. ... .•.'. .: ...)' rp.while everyone slept, the monks got up n

one.o. twice for singing/: Matins. and Laudes, while on Jatorre. of the castles, on the.murallas of the cities" in the streetsr; even, the watchmen remained

'" Lttword b~aieitl has no translationfl. it is Ul1 an~d;orlism. It relates to braies (panties), [Translator's note.]


alert. These watched over the temporary security of the city. Those had a spiritual protection over it. We know

that Felipe Augusto, trapped at sea by a storm, declared: "If we can hold out until the hour of May,

tines, we are saved, because then the monks begin the office and reIevate us in prayer, 1 J

II. El ana

The medieval calendar § J l _ of_I~.Lfestivals,.of--the--Church~It does not take place: on July 20, but two days before La Mag-. dalena, nor el1Lde nouiembre1 : i l lJ . Q _ . §J! . ] 1 . . Martin . . Sundays are designated~1??:p--CQe]the-first words of the introit of the mass. Until very recently we talked about Quasimodo Sunday. . . '. . .The garlic began with Christmas, at least .the.year

liturgisp, whose ceremonial cycle c()tnieI1?i~with theadvent.Around the dim year,~adaupo had two customs:

the notaries of the Court of Fr~I1fia and the de)os R~i$es.BIlJos changed the year at Easter, but since this festival is mobile, certain years lasted thirteen months, others eleven, and a certain day of . March or April could correspond, with an interval of twelve months, to the same date of its predecessor of the same name. In other parts there were others. costul1l.pres: in Figeac, the anna began on March 1, but erUse, generalthe center ..of France and many other regions. Q3(3.atryais,Reims.".Molltdidier, LOrena, Colonia, Jn~laterra!:E.scQSia.) adhered to. the. custom of the Annunciation?I1 (2ficie.111!.lrz;pJwhile ..that the west (Anjou, Vendornois, .Norma,n.oia,Soisons} and Dauphine, several Spanish principalities,

They were the one on December 25.. '. . .:> But it doesn't matter what the caI11ries thought, for the

The new village began at the time of Nayidad and Epiphany. In the countryside, the autumn seasons and the winter wheat sowings ended. The work is finished, the harvest[emailprotected], the bacon was in the jcamaric. The great fries were approaching, It was. convenient to shut oneself up next to the fire and spend the hours arranging... or. they skated on-



D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (26)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 26/55

urad 'suH Im eq suZ!m n sU I uoo el11elJ ns alq()~ UJ n; > Ia .zod up",uz1ul Zn1;) uI l!q!~dl )1 u ~ se I2 ! u J u u q! oun 'BtiiIj' ' upua:>sa'AleJe

U1S,~uqUUI[B;>,as uz!ueQ uI ap 9 l1 .n 'so[el-roo ' S01UU;)A~~~uup'sad?.La A S l1 P !u IO ; )S U ue nq ! una epuqUI:>

- l1S as oun ' 11~jUela;)Xe:0~J1}(11 J!_: 'V.J~rJTiJP .~~.~l l Iep~?~_:l~_~J~ipso r anramp s~mapv ' lUUT[\l1 _ uu lq ep X e u.l 'B :> l1 [ e p a Sl.9 ue

- S€ f'l H.t lr op tr 2r rq O ?~ qH l~ ,: _s al e! , .~ oI = ~ ~ ::! m op s O l 01E_::JX8-pmo u re 1u ;:m p, ,S 91Q O tl'S 'O I loa ' BPUIpo rnm" umsalunQnT• .nqu2~Il /ogU re . Opu 'BIpamOld 'OlUOld souour 0 s~W

H'tf3N9.fS30 ' [SUIDV01)s ed ~M ; )~ ~j ,p 9P ;) a] uo J u I noo uqU Jqore:> ur as A 'so2ud ar soz~ l1 [d s O l ap ou n u 9N tU l11 U Ja t:q se u U lsa 'seu o!2e .r su t{ :m m u:!!

sopqnq.rJo m sOTep B1 8; )O qU ; )U Iua 0 PUl f :18du181ep ' o l2r network opOSH ;) u e o the power ue ursd opnxresar e1U9UIflSOpl1PFn::l01!pueqopp Ie uISeI2! 'B I ' }P OUJ 1 9S u !JH le p nuQ l1 { Ull1d 'sopunqnra ASO pl 'H ll TI t{ u se uo ur nf n O J U p 1J .l O ;) ep 'n pB lle o 'u or q u ie nu l1 qa J

Il S ua lu 20 t{ . IU 0 1un f.opu1 ue s O UUWAru .U U J1 Sa rl~ n s ou S O !ll1 P-uep,1:) SO 'T·13! l I .I l r rB [ e ll.e ru u lep 'oJ~ rep saur ' 019Jqed

· · · l! V, M e p m Jp qu q onb su p

"U91!U8d sU I ' .. iod rrequsu< '}dmo;) es 'o fpo2e.I re'fJfu- e w ' l 1 ; U OU l1 !1 S! lJ op um l1 I e u ur se .m nQ U1 su t{ .A '9 1u eu I{ l1 10 1 o umad satIop13Jq8laJ e pp pop ed· rre.ilire op 01 {a pIsu ;) traqazraos9A e'H sogenbedso I 'U FIU nd~ g r ap syndsep sU IP otpo

_ . _ 'uJu8m UsJO d esopu1,1nJ0 2el selO UO lp!P U81 gll1dup!2() ;)seu9!suJoHIXm,)!Du1uese.1d u r G p t lJ !'l sl ;I J: up tr o2 e ra u I ' l 1~ J-e; t{j!H9WSUIpuJodv B{S9 OU l8 !l I.U !y ee nb UA ' UQPu1sa epu p':1l9.lJ8l:l1: l1 .! eo sa o p oJ , "soprmqura e psu pp 1U X !n 2 A u un l1 p1 10

;,O?! 9( )H le .u e u tr oz uu ur B un tI O;)oarand a p s nz aq no S '11 1 lJl d ep

u ew {)J Ue ll. trp ue S O p[a IlS ~ pO g 8S n s U Je 11 11 H 'Y P1 S! U!u ru n e p,( ~o pr pe J8 1d ,U l1 rmM e pu o; )Z !l I. r ep sarquroq s or 'O [ du re ft l .rod

, l:. 'edde!<1 ap ·se!?E_ep~:T!_~gL~::>I 'S ' () l iLqgl~Q~_i l lLqn211dflS_9nb.---1'l<}-p'~nf (J8rSUT

e p uu n u ? !q u ro 1 U J e U1 S 3: O l l .! 11 3 l' JS IU !tUP l1! .I l1 p.-uemo I e u e, and 1t ro 11 od ur ~ O F t{ e p B !i\.1 eS o n b 1 31 se !J fq se o m SR I S-Illue UO ;) u q1 31 qe re ;J Ael l e p e 11 0 ;) u 'l 'S u{ eq ;) u; )u ul J A s of Y'J o'l j,-al ep ..owem.ueuquq I i) .Ur20;)8J a s 'se AelsO I ap u 1sarJ Ui'u.la

(HJp J eJ .l e1 0 ~J ep ) l Pem ?.J ;,L ,' e fU l1 qd !; 1'l1 !U 'B J! C la '13 1 .u lP ? se S O Il l1 .z uem oo m q ep S O rlJ ep ,1 10 s s O TU s qu o

-w ep as anb 18 :susoPr1s1edns SB;)q;),~1Jd s -e r e p A s O pf l1 U !n 2B

f . =r ap. l1 !P Ie 'P l1 .pen.2!fUH .B I e p S ?n ds eP ... s ~u re p l1 . U .18 '.. .~.S~f

~.:sp arqmou le p A U 9!s! ;)un 0X !:) l1f e p "3 1S eU 'o la ue e p ria· 0 1l l1 .l Jl 1d 'B'e lu rn J! pp n f 'o p l1m~pu o ;) eU f. a , nb u e !q

•1881 ua '0 1 nq pl l ep e S.I !u :r pc e oppenb OPU8!QBt{JAQ7;JHInSapJopd.la enb1:.. O tpa19p ue 9!'}.l!lI.uo:>es erqurrusoo uy orrbustq UUl 1 : ..O1 l IUtL-sauodao ozrano 011 0{e 'O leu .. rn J un l1ql1lJe11-ua oun ~SoU!;)9l1.UnJlp SOl~lO!ld[emailprotected]. Ie .1 1 0 :: >e JU u u q! a s '' BqUU I

-un sO l es O UIO ;) "seyupn?u sO l '0 2an1 '.lO lJes orepsprex unopts U le !q nt{ !S O U lO ;) '0 1n Q!ll a p orm nn 'so .lJ!U 9U H :>sO Tep

s~mm.2 sp .rad UTI ' l1zaql1:> 'l11ue l1l1fw 111UO ;) 'U9!B!puaq ns op- l1P Jaq13t{ ep probe selU e;)ou In sorepogS!qo Ie 'sauuen U 3:-oood a oood srqurmsoo ~lse l! tupdns 9H lep uJseI2r 111e.pb'sms,} sp p l1 p aA l 1J 2 " 31 . e p 0 1U11 1 "3 q 11 1 SW0 lUa ! U IU l lo dU I 0 3ns ! .SOpUq13QsOl ap SOf r1 : 1111u2 fP so fused fl 1 nW sn ,. s us l 'BZ'Bld-nrar ep oIJ1eUApd Ie U ' G !U91 'SO]TI9;)13o] ' somn2uu:our souanb-a d sO l ~ SOTapu l saHuI us 'a p.m l s ,? ur s U IP s eJ tL

" 'SOp l 1S13 :> s a lqwoq sOTA 801e1-lOS sOl a.I lua (JlllOS UTIl1 (l 'Blndsm , ossrauuoqrnog us ! l l1areds op ao l1 q u .n Jg s 0f il 12 u u q n A a n soy~u so r '~pU11JJ: sp elseo-.lO U Ia 1:..a~ou lep sl1Ienosa sU I tra: "u 91suQ Ie l1q U.lIl., a s'UJptrnUlION us ! s ef l1 uo ro fpB1 l ' S~~ . 1l 1 rnd odsU1eau u J quq ' se '~dS Hp Ol ua . 90 TP as OUlO ; ), l 1 PUU010 ; )e l lo ; ) UUn l 11~ .opsuoroo up

-ersdn ' s01eduQsoI op sodm an sO ,Ieurpdsoyapsap 'anb U {ual1e{quruSl1 trn. i ll nun l1JP asa l1ql1~qale:>l1ptmlj ap A eJ IJ, .

' se ru u o! J! PU J1 S 0 1m~S I lS UO;) uuanqeq;)oNepsuoo \1 1 ' aqoouuwam ap Sl1S!Uls-iJ .rap.osa. t l Jal I V ' 'BO:G ogINIe . e wu U l1 Q'S lls ode s S 02 HW S O J A.sei01S l1d , SOl n uQ'S1ueseJdels02p~p op Or eVO; ) nn .safl1.zpel l1;) sUI uJ' elueurop!d~J g2-sdord a s 'S lO pu lu uo ue u ;) !P Vld m sa 1 :..f l1 pti! AO ld arqurmsoo

'e lq es ad I <= lo p uZ1 .r 1: 1I nd odu lq u l{ "l II X 0 I 2! !) lpspzue!m oo 1 1

'S !SV ep 0 08ptm Jj nuS 'U JpleA A oqsos uoo usqnrooap .e s811SUOl :l 1 · s u18ey. 8 '81 ssporep e12eyu sVm 111PuP!l I . '8Nl1Q'82en. .., " . . ' -, '

' ul I.Hupad x e 1118e ' u9pdr u .I e1U! 111Sa 'o s uu:> sap a1s a .U3;··.··

··.·----. '- '·:··-···--:__'·-·---~f(}y.ffi.fAU!~~ls-roo_'fg'-s·[emailprotected]·tJj~tI-········

ep u tm p02e.tlJ "3uuoJe l111 enn. sp s?ndsep 01 ;)UX e ros ep9 fa p'~ lJe l 1 3J·o uu .1e A F~ pu sa mold 'O ru B! 'lI.U ! re pe plO '. ' :u 2-jnd ep O 1{ Usu n ueuq111U am TIU B iP Ie • t'H qurep. p St)upn1

u~ '(J;m d aH .b mbtfl:nl A o pp ar oa p tm Jq l1 t{ .S 13p13 .r. .. of sU1l : I . . 'N~IS3a ' s eT fl1~SUI l1ql1Z!wuro .m ewn]-zad oAn:>A 8ug:ep! l I .13US13P!U 10JSl1Ir .rnP13U 0Zl1Ss snb u oo s um-orn SO l tm qU .m lP l sO Jepedse SO l 'p -epnp B I u 3: 'oI9! t{ Ie 9 .Iq

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (27)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 27/55

he would remember his last ends and the last state to which he had

He wanted to reduce his body. ... . ... .. . .r" From then on and during. forts.~.n••.a.days, the people,/ who abstained from meat and often from eggs and. from milk, would put themselves on a diet of salted herrings and crapots (whale

dry, nourishing but unpleasant food, which only accompanies

\ fiaba with broad beans or dry peas.

Relieved by the sweetness of Thursday of Cuargsl11afestt3 -jadocon cortejos!. del domu:g~ deorn!lmen, pink cough~.d£.1~qetare (Rejoice], ·.cnstlanog arrived at. Se!Il~a .de"'f.ohl ...... The.Iitur gia of that day irn.: applied a process.,ol · ... OP:0 ....tAI.;2. .ll.,)'V. ""···'-A............b..._ ... .--- .. -'-,'_ . _ ..'___-'.,

They were where a donkey was made to appear in memory of the one on whom Christ made his entrance to Jerusalem. re(e~.

sefioreF.y-othergoodcrist ianostepia.t lel honor d? receive

~.!:!~~~§J_£.1inlqosible inI_luI)'lero"of.

SarlLuis"qlle was faithful·aes.ta_pnicticatatrata,ba, as Joinville informs us, to convert=there 10s.d.ignatarlOs of 8U

court, '. ... . ·· C illI ii Viemes Santo 0 viernesad9rado, the Saint. ap a cons-

truidapQrS~ ​​Luis to house an Insigne.. re~quia,

ltioro~§R~s, exposed his treasure to the veneration of

the faithful.... •.... . ··0 ./ ·Lower AlfinestJ.ggria easter: Easter~ say . . . . . . . . . o r n : ( . l ; 7 : } l 9n,also. llannida Carnal Passovers.The cn8tl,~oa. &bs'Z.~J- .

all of •.their sins came (the parish Church to. receive.communion, To. be able to avoid the temptations,()p.~~,;.Certain cities, like Uzes,· expelled ..temporarily...to . the..'young girls lost' for a fluctuating period of which:cediasasehu)ema!as~ The bells, silent for three 'days, chimed,.n,. a' Pfocesian declEn:il'i0s ~itated the arrival of the holy women. to the ..1,lJ;llha.Segfrecla n huev~s color~ad~dos and fasting was broken when <:lragesimal with complclascOplO-

and.careful.Meanwhile, the work in.the camps had recommended





zado. The peasant, hooded, had cut down his trees, dug his vineyard, worked himself. spring soil 'of..~~~/crops (about a quarter of their land), Yllabias~planted the main(3ra~s) wheats and.reseeded the.land.on which.frost or water had thrown perdef losgrf3Jj_oscon tri-.godeinviemo.' .

Pew. the .wars, .appeased .by larl1tlll:l. The turmoil awoke to last, between truces and negotiations until the next day. In case of peace, gold began tournaments, mock battles, which attracted the no-

b~a lociU;-sometimes princely courts and pawns. pro-fe: yes9ni~s that lived on their success as they do, in our time, certain athletes. To the tor.n~Q.f3_11egaAanj\lglaies, singers, acrobats. The .e~oJ:~s_d~ ..bestif.\s,~_loa_c.Q.';ni'7f,cia n tes-:-CIetelas: 'embroideries., .annusy jo:ras" money changers;'ruttll, pesdebos sexes and beggars._AcudianJosB.arientes

de-Jlfrom9s;cabalieroa, suslle.rnlal1'a;~,.sus arnigas. $e, housed .in the. hotels t los; lJ.l1rgueses arren:df?bllll ..ha - .bitl'l.ciones; for 'e 1 restaurant s~levantaPan.toldos.· in the p 1 i I ; . ; ' "' '' ' ,.

zag.° in the meadows of the suburbs#~la d.udad. If some

caJ.'):lpossessed.jaisoteados, with osin·:inpeip.niz~cian,. ~l ·cO-' .local mereio as a whole .also celebrated fruitful .meetings, The houses were adorned with flags.w shields, the ..burghers adorned .their facades with the stelasrna? beUas and lined covers, '-the streets were covered with mint, juneos, gladioli. LascaJles resol}aban. With the noise of the hacks and mortars, bugles and horns that called to the table. . . . '..

.The 19lesj,a:., recognizing that the games were 'preparatory' exercises 'l1l~lit&lIUcitos' in. yes, he .deplored that they had .cob.ve;M;;do} especially at the end of the thirteenth century, on the occasion of .tan.t,o..}uj.o.·mclusive· demertinflje and of

bad sets. The kings $}-, after having appreciated) yes .military futility and estimated that they offered .a derivative to

'too bellicose' customs revealed '.a serious danger in them: the nobility was passionate' with them and acquired excessively luxurious habits ••in a wordv that lost their military spirit there, became corrupted, ruined.i.Unanovsla .from the end' of the 13th century shows us PI a country gentleman who confined himself, during his life, to his mansion, where he led a modest existence, in order to be able to 1-'~


D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (28)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 28/55


'SU SlU J sU I U onm ] 'X xoIlJ!S lI9 li:i!·uO !.fuW A U!t{O 'H op I9O U IO ;) 'S f) UO PUU ;) e p s oju n ju ​​oo ' SOPt i ,LVd-sofJan{ U O ~ 'o uu J

-ord 9 1u £H ID u nd O l ~u e~ u n 9 II ol .r ns ep as m x oI lJp;119 U :3 :

'aI !(YI lnS- l!ouag-1U!US

,{ salJourn ap fU !~W -1U !US OU lO ;) salu l 'afuuplJa lad ap'S Op B'}.S UU O UI ap mlllJ S Ol ap 1 0p a~.I IU ,S aU Op ulu asa ldal sU I

u O la pa lo u ,{ so '} .u t? s sO l ep su pu aA al S YI .y ue ;)saw uo .rn Aan as

.. O !J lU Ia u o 9Z f~U UJlJ.Ip ,s A u fsa l~I u I a p 9rf\3s 'lUJIM un2u91

ul 9ardU Iti O palr fu Ia 'n x 0Ill!S I e U : 3: · u9 p :: >a J. In sa .1 l .! I spl 1U I B lp I a ua saJafnm SU 1U l1SsU I ap a~d rod saurnpad ap

arduroo U I son 'uw arno;) ap snueose A s a fl :1UOS l ads oAanu

uO l a rnpO :~ ll 1 f ,w JPo9dl .! so] 11 O S.In ;)aJ Ia S80 9A U A U 9pU U!lJ

-l .!U I! l .!I s,;m dsa a 'U Jl l.! I u a 'SOlJ!l?p s O l .r od a lu aU IB so pm dsopmuasordaz 'SO;)~lI ) .m ssurarp soronnrd sO l Ull lUlJrll

U Olaw 'P l.!P IA UN A l.!n osl:1 a: ap sO PH o 'so l a UOT;)Y. I'm old enough

'IX OllJ!t l\fa~~b tro Ia uorsnj Sl. !lSa!]Sl. !1

, . -. '..... ..• ... . .. (O lsof lu a p O Z 1l 9!WO JI l.!upl. ! . I1Ua B I U .I!2.~Rsa) 8In ofu v 9.rp aa: u us a p l.!{U qrO lso lJu ap

I 19. l :1qnlqalaO?I .~s U v l 9 U I 1 3 1 'oIdmafa .rod 'O lp ad U l:1S V

'S Uf IB A ' lm Ju al 'n Z~ aH l:1 un uqulsnq sal ou anb sapu~ l2 uu .ls afu uo sle d u os '~ ?ts a sv ma EY .· 6 rq tl~ rW S Ao lp ad ir ns '6(;

Ia:uls!1nt lHtrl3~tUl~s 't?; Ie :salqapp A sopuum aluaw-:lY ln oqlU d S 01 tn ls ap sl.!'} .seu su y U(j;) ' SqUU!Ul le l onrnj-

~_H~8J~,'.E~J~a~t_'l._,,·~.~_;_ : ._~,·mxoi2!s!o .ua, . . - e P l ?J1t£ J r lmI! .na.wC ) '" sa.~<}+. a;)}'1Q,,, 'Ull,Ilind3: H I epS~~F~! ' J~~

?p -scn?_lL~J~~!?l,~~~L~~_? and~ a~sap 'latl ;) and ao l:1 l{ assa{o,)s2QU ~or al9.Q~aps9p an. 0 anj ap sun2uaI SY I.rn~aS~._ IdalU lUd 'opuunJ {~')so ;)~ad ap stln ;)stld o laoNtlurn~ as m rise l anb) s '}1soJa,)uad '" l .!.uan l .! l a p I jo ') nl ]"soj sUl{oe~o;) snrrunj sU I .rpapuaq l.! ouch! SO dU IU~)sO l ap

.......__ f3~t..J',tJJ__R_anb_sello.!Se;)Old-.'-SY.A-HY.}J(}.l···HH1a12lI:'l1It·'SltIUOUI .

-aroo S l.! I u uq ur rO l lY S ap a s O ') U Y' ) s - e.:q ua rw · ' .. ':' ~o pl :1 1: J~ 2u a

~O P!lY in sO l ap suauaill! l{0 S l:11 traqsuodm as 'ugoT0 S: «a:wpapalfU ns tI uaqnzrrap A sl.!try !n lJ U O;) trurrqno -onb

IoqlV un uaqunrsjd sauaA 9f sO l 'OA UW 'op sozuennoa V

' l .!O ! , )UVUlO l l .! ln ')U la lHnr ,{lOUIU apsolsaroo s Ol .ro d u pu :J H! PO J a n] - I UU O P!P l.!l '} .f U.l OW


. C ' .lO'ljnpU.l1

j ap l1 loN J ' S1 3p tr r. uy ua GOUlHU SU I UOO 'UPUO.I 11{ua rorreq 'Il0mu2!S :1 li' 1/O JV ;) '"

'S lep tlp l.!fa rs A nw - l.!;)!W 'S An ::>S t1 S0 l0 UIB fm 1i!ll ti! u oo en .-uapmrrnqu Ie JetlJ1S !p l.! pupapos u ') IU u l l :1 u u qu A aU orooreA uzanbp: u l spnop rsuow peU l e llO ;) nun ap sarqnrm-SO ;) sU I l1QpJsap 0 Z!Itb lo ,)nu Ie zaA raJ. ·salua30U! open

Ie p uos ou anb S O ;) TI 9: mQ ' so ') ua !U l! Ua ') al ') ua :u ql ar q 1 11us

UUZOla . I 'OAOllY Ya ua U lJA UI as ·U l.!~rs:3ua as oo ')uaM s

S(), l<: lI fUqu::>sns .A suum p sur O ')UU l sU l')ua!w . SO PUP !A-uoa SO l ') O SO l l .! t lp u .I 2 U 1 } .l l1 l {o u snb SUln ' )uaAU sns sp so u

-an A O madl.! U lJ.t2 a ap SO l S!AO J d u l POW9W sp sandsap

UUIJaA loA onb saiopezso sO l uoraurad ouardura; AnU l

:a{qBp'S. I2u anrroj us UJuala.1lua. os 'odnrso onajd 'B spsp

-u rs U.I ') o nb a ~l O :: >' Su n a q! l:J sa p s ou rn x o I 1 J ! S l ap Y la A O uB u fl

: ' lOdUIU::>• r s 'S pf [l 1S B y u qu tja ps .:ap .o u stmptmm l .!ze lqo u l.!'1 ~,. . . 'salOU ap "solalqrnos" uo::>

U Uql.!U 010 ;) a s BO UU mA A sasan2m q 'strg:ru A seueA 9f

I:JVerNa'S3a ' ..'BZUl1P n r ' S qU !n2 OR lS ! tUo room '-ap Ie ouroo laA u pa.rndseI SU SQ Pll!d S UU f(B s Ullap u olad' '9 WeW P l.!P 3 l:1 Ta p S UI OlY O S l:1 1[ . soft?PH sp Q .Iqw or Ia

ofuq opnaresuoo U ll l{ .U \W l a.l g u ll st} nu a p.s au o~ ll 1l ,S ;om l2 IV'opllld Ul1 tra o 'OH9 ' )U8ma: :> I~ .uaO~() Iqa Ilq .l8pl l~I9 :1 l,Two 0

I" Ia2laA " u nap l.!q.Iarq l.!181qO S. Ise::>u en ua U JJ ap as O U lO J

, > I I '~a lo. l'D:J . tr a ' 13PUOl l . !1• •I eo11q• .U< : l .l . !J ' )S !SUOOOpwu8 ' )xe SVUI .A

s 9Id mrs s vw S en ua !tm ,:l.it) ') e.q ua s Ol sp oU fl 'aJqn aX fl3 laps al tJ :' Hl ld . s or tl 20 [V u u B 1 eL T 'B rn ap - gq '9 pa ld g 'f U! O O S a S 13 p n s.asewenbuJaynbrsn;) 'pnwaA nf l1J u pol, ·s()paQsl.!~ns sop

"0 1;u a. u lo pU l1 1l.iaS aJdal u up uldU lo o as A X A AIX' S O I2 !s S O T.e psa l< Y.J ,u ld sO l. anb SU l ') u a ru r ' l. !lO pu l ll i1 ; )u a nrnosaq ntrn

ap SO SlaA seqonm u an ql.!lU lJ;) aT A U la Au wp d l.!I alu aU UU I0

~.ru lUl..S. l .! .q. ..p ,a ... d.u .. ' or .: q r ap a S Ja p ue J ap l .! lq l: 1S OU r SY :: > anb~l1W <:lWp;tfP:3:mi· 'wnqur n1 B al oIJ s UI 'u up qu a s. S l.!f 0'1 Sl :1 1

·····~·_~B.a. : l~u~.Rf£a,t l .J:O 'fSfA~qtJt tas . ·anb{}f-&PM -anb·sa1ff1:1m;tq-s-vm:··

s u~ sa y a p UA !l 'S P !U ! l .! { -o u an g Ie U1': :1nr. ofi : lq ordmafa lod-

u.w~fUI r s zo d 9ui :01 o u o pu un o asnptrar an b O A n') I go :rrn ug A•Sl1pu1i!l3. I . I"Bnm sarqmrusoo a nu oo u qu l{ ;) nr orad ' fU.!OUIAIl1 !le lU U l u 9p u~ da ld 1 3J aA aS n un tl1 2r xa . l .!la fU l1 l~ xa n .u en 1J

~p UZtluaum 11{onb ua oauaurour Ia ua O PO l orqos ' sulsnf

S l31 .l!qrqold sp A I!P adu:q ap 9~U ll l .!Zarual uL u!qurnJ .. pn~uaAnfn?ap

so un so un 2fU alU lJ mp S 13 PfI3l1 UO ::>oouroi e p stlp nap .ro 1i'S d

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (29)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 29/55

like Pathelin's, moral tales, allegories and sotties were staged. *,~ . .But e1. religious theater kept the first place.

In the fourteenth century there was Extended throughout all of Christ iandad, compall charities had been created to represent, from year to year, the same ministry. The passion of Oberarn -

mergauY, the way in,. that. extended until ....our days in "a very authentic form this tradition ·me{ti~val.. He

repertoire9 included .stories of saints, p,¢!o,~oJ;>xetodo del Inisterios. extracted from the..history of. JWW9I:eP€ls,.pu~Sae'liLcaida (Juegode.i\dan) until the req~nf!Rn).r the resurrection. ..Recast -.incessantly,. !estOs'lultimos finished by. f0rIlar . lU1,irlinen in a cyclical .•.mystery whose performance .was.staggered over several whole days and required hundreds of actors and participants. Furthermore, carefully prepared, staged with luxury, it became a collective work in which I participated. the whole city and that attracted spectators from distant places.

j The actors, all male, were recruited in '., todasIl~s CTaSes~ocleaaa;Lllduido-loscuras. It closed itself. After the shops, businesses were interrupted, the trades moved, when the procession of actors passed in procession to the Plaza unayor, where a large theater had been built, sometimes a hundred meters long, with a series of monsionsv, following the principle of staging if -multaneous.: At one end, the paradise where God is enthroned with his angels. At the other.extreme.the filthy "Cboeas of Hell"\ from where flames and demons come out.The sculptures of our cathedrals; the-miniatures-of our-manuscripts The upholstery is often reproduced as is.

They were represented in the mysteries. Or, as in England, each that night was represented. ori-

'" Sottie: dramatic genre of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, of sat ir ical,social and political earacter. [Translator's note ,J

"'' ' 'Mansion: in the Middle Ages, a place where a scene was played. (Translator's note: 1 "

gene of the pageant* min rouy prized in the United States]. currently, in Dorat, when they return every seventeen years

The Exhibitions [of relics] still witness something similar: the inhabitants represent, in different points of the city, altarpieces of the lives of the saints whose relics are kept in the church, never, after the Middle Ages, the theater returned

, to take on that character that.it.had.in.thetimes of the Greeks, r of art for all, of art where a.people.entervfrom\ the small to the great, from the IsiI llpIe to the wise,\could.hang.U'l.arrive in. the same grandiose celebration, 'The


\Rella.cirn.into. would have separated the'.'elite" from the, people,hlientras.that ..the Middle Ages .had Iraised. to e~ena . the/graIld .problelUa.s of the ..hUIUan,destiny,embodies.two.in

\ ia known history, cWday comprised by cadamw,


': to constitute the foundation of civilization; by the way

~.0%~~:~!~:~:~r:::ef~0;:6:~~%j:s .•el.PUb1iCOIY ..su

I The. street trade prospered •.. taking advantage of the

beautiful days Small shops, .stalls, were directed to where .pilgrims gathered, derides were held

parties.,. ~e l'fg!.Q_Xll."amen.lJ4p_]a fair exceeded

- festival!..}~., festival.:religious.', Those, whatever their origins, .were, in the 13th century, the maximum .manifestation of international trade, They lasted POI'

whole weeks, they would be related to each other, and they would end up covering each other. the whole year between all of them. The main ones were held under .the.walls of Paris (the Lendit)** and in Cham"pagne .( 'liroyes*** ,.later in<.the 5th century, Lagny, .Bar, Pro-vins),in Douai, 'Ypres . BrujasiJFrancfor(;, Gmebra, Cologne"Leipzig,' Lubeck, Nijni-Novgorod; London, Stamford,

Beaucaire.iBut they prospered above all in the good.stationv as long as the city was not enough to house the newcomersv.everyone who did not '

'" Pageant:pf1.~bm ~;~~~sa which means drama, representation III outdoors. [Translator's note 'J ',

"'''' Lendit: important fair of the Middle Ages that was held in Saint-'Denis and in which the university was supplied with parchment. [Translator's note.] .

" " " " ' L o ~ troy weights, or Troyes peSRS are still used in Anglo-Saxon countries for gold, silver and IRS precious stones:


D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (30)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 30/55


'salu::>OI sapup!',nS9] ap pruummvun rod oprrunsns uul{ 8S

018d 'OpUpUdS8 tIel{ 8S SU1S8!] sapuu12 sUI 'OUU18A13:

'solnqFl sOl urad a~tIUllodUI'! ul{oa] mm13.18Ian13'~w tIUS la Ii. ·Ou.Ia!A~ Ia nrad souorsraord UQR1ll2

-esn as oun upuO 'sa~tIUplemo;)sOI ap 'SO!lUlardold SOl ap'saroues SOTep ' sOlernZa!p SOl ep Stlft IU12 SUI 'souqotn' SOlUplll{ .soarreoa soy u tlWe;)old as 'su~Ann sUlap . . . . salUV

8V8 "NOrS3a ,, 'opu;)ad upes sand '0[1uli.odu aqap ou uF>Hsnf

1 3 f '01S8 uaslauodo aramb oun13'{UIS ... sounuroo ..~OlsudsOlu' li sanssq SUI u afap as onb elqusueds!p~ S8 . . . . !svrn-epy '0[qt11S8 ns tra uauon onb sopmmra SOl oiranq ns uo

lUpO uapand ou" 'BY:Ul,HHap arqurmsoo 'BIupep "S810PUA

-nIm souonbad s

SOPOl UO;) 'uHqudpnlUd 'Slmsaq sns op 'Blam l1T0 uyuquJns

ep 'B1-Ia!qn::>.111Ullld uaqmroo onb SOf011Sl1.lSOl 13 oq:elep

ua~uel '10pu2as yep sandsop odurao Ie ua uuqu}j!dse :u:l.laq

l1repuptroplmqu uy ep sop!npxe rmqsrsa ou salqo~So'I

·suueUT[oosl1l..uaye!lU gyep U9P;)'Bl~Xa uy'(auillaAnv U?<:)lS!S-qnsalqlI'lJl~SO;)'Blse) Ou.Ia!A~ sp efUllof Ia uuqg ~eldwo~

Emb~gr(rq St3[apu9P:>alo;)a1 'Bl·' appeared theF'KlU a'BrU,n-q q as. enbsorep so::m/i.ul{soIn;)s\l~w'country~jS"eo ep U9!;)

-Jeyo;)eJ: 'flI 'sUrUITpueA Sgl 9<}ndsaa .ourauso yep /i. ot{urep

gtua!illl1FUe'anbuu.llU 'UplU;)Sa 'Oa!tu lI e -equmUO;) sO l . oh

•oppnpel alueUnt~1U1 nrsd sp 0 out .mzuum ep 02nf u~, '~.A.n'9P ojsour un 'ua nqaurooo SOl es'ouloq Ttl 0 TOSfU llqU;)eS


ulud uuquuo!s!A0ldT3 as. seventh SOl 'SOln1} ep· U9F>;)?I?::>el

'oefolJSul'(u21dse uI sp ofuqep .rod OUUlUHun 'ZOl{~t.UODUf,lO;) es •.enb) ...02UUl?lLJ!1:!0;) 'U22!?__~Ol~!1_ .m;Ll:l~bse·:.O~J..+~~erl-g;l~'0t.ftU:i}lt_~_.·Odut1!1Jle'U3" .....

'sll1Qulud SUIuqU.l1S12

-81 Ii. luqJeA ossoord opoi, U!2!11P onb 'ueun tl18m!ld·· •.t r eop~'flfU1StI!'oDnql)d 0PUlOU lep a~uulep souu ooall epl9/i.um

mrqnostnrr u9pulqoduI UPOl lUmSap as 'u!P0IpeW

lep sapupnp 'S'flTue.'u?!qural A' ,,{Us1aAIun osuesu?;)" ulluuJnmSUO;) .snb sauo!;) 'fluraPl1 ap oIpalU .rod 119poW ns .m q-'O.ld-egp 'flqli.sopolep arqurou ua 'flJPuodsel PUp!{U;)0rurep


eleuoq uu.r2 13: 'u9Wfru ns ep Olafqo Ie l'1luodxa opl:l'!1\ua I 'o2an'I -trouuas a crounrd .nlqon:>sa 'BPl:ll{aTas ' lofarti 0Iie:-uldmo; ) U.nld 'S9:>eA 'f l A . 'os,Ul;)S!P a opuul{;)n;)se uqufr

-02a1 as 'osopn;): aluauraputlJ01d 'l:lWeW pUP3: UI ep : O I ~

-end 1 3: ' 'fl!saI2! ll{Se;)aA U 'oluaAuo::> ap U!plUf u n · 0J .I 81 ua u-aa ta ' 'flZUld uy :{Unl!Qul{ U9!unal ap 1112nl {l1uuqul!dpe.l(as sOpOl J : S13puen SUI tffiq13.ua::>as aluaurnluw"nuur'

. .. (sap13pnp suyenbad sansenu ap opm

- r u m a' .'fll{ ou OS9120ld Ie· anb 9fuuo~iad) o::>rrql)d' olauol

-aJ:d {U seI{u;) SUI zod ' flqU!AUaas 0 s1.vegetable:> his uuq'!:Juol'uptrnf,lodUTf uu12 sp U9!S!UI uI ,0 'uyanbad U.Ie pupnu~

- o r 'f lI ~SOpOl elqos £.'02en'1 ·unn:>sw. '. .{aJ:lap seuapit;> Sl1

's,)Japod sns uJqrc:r '3: 'SO!lU10UOqlopplafe ue sernsugo, c

sop"!'unf 'sunflower;) 'o::rfPUJs 0 ap{U;){U'sJud yep s9la-uoq sap

-uu.r2 soruo::> 'flq-a!;)U8l8JUOOalueura1uwawur ·01S1A9.rdfrq

ep Se;)aA· tI 'pl1PITU::>0rnun 11uqu2an 'U9!s!W ep uap.zo ns

ep O!lUSa;)aU Ule opuan::> 01S~AOld'efuuos.Iad o~ru 13: ·{U!U

-Ornale;)OlUSrm Ie opua!n13'!s aluawu'\ lU10;) upul{ as' opoJ.'SO!1llU!P10 selopu.rlS!~UrpU sns U11UO::>euopurqod Slllap

sUfenb SUI .za20;)a.r 91uameldU1!s 0 '£.al yep 'fl;)FHIOdgy.rnl!;)

-srqard 1eDul{ 'p 'flpnap!J ep 0luatlIU.mf U'fJlU1Seld (u<;>!xauu

ap osso Ua)sOlwq,\,-S soxonu SOl enb la:>13l{'/i.a) Tap 'flfrtl uIep onrourpraur ep 0 l1.uen2 ap OSU;) ua 13leptrn~J uoronq

-!l1UOJ nun lU1U'fJA9r''flPllsnf - e r .nll1S!~mpg ullld U'fJq'flln;)

-1!:> 'sayuuorsu:Jo se.zop!s!nbsed 'sa{U:>sauas 0 somuq 'se1

-soca1d 'SOluuS SOl sopoJ. ep ulsaH 111ap so~ueu:rnllUd SOT13

131uen::>.m!pua.r Sdll1TIO S!?!ue S!?.rpisns 1a;)'!:Jl{nrsd u9pulsa

-guanq 'a I unqutpaAo.rdu wnqunn S810p1311S!~mpU sO'I

HVS·NgIS30 'sarqulnplad Sllnanl{

a tra 'flqufap S8;)eA 'fl Ii. papnp 'flI 13qU;)mmq PUP!So.r9ua

/i. oursarsruus ep Upl1lUuran~un .OP!.f!11bp'e {Um ua!q 'Ie

uu!nmSe1 SOmS!lU is lod anb sozamsn 'UUnueda1lU as anb

,,SUP'fl!l.nl:Jsap sauaA9f., •0110 rep_~Q~:l.qu~ Q!!!L!!l:!t?;:! .. : n : O _ .....··· 'selqnjnliaiiy-s'otms19Lord:seitiepua.ldlOs. SOl:Jej8 l1qu.!ado

ulql1{l1d ns ·suuudu.m;) S'flIep Opruu~ fU'OllUenJUa ns fl UTfBS

Ule+ua pupnp Ul Sa;)8A 13enb fU+ugpB1nde1 nun ap SopWa:>

-ard /i. 'seuo{l11 sns U uJpm:ud as enb pnmmm usopl1!d nun

ep sop!n2es 'uuql1f'fl!ASalUuynq:u:rn---saw~d sO'I·S8{UqU.t.rU

sor ap saropaparpr SOTua 'sopuld SOTua SUPwual sgpmm

ofuq opgdurn;)'fl 9+tIU1!QBq {l1 onm] .nl2nr ranuooua It!pod

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (31)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 31/55

Sometimes a continuation of very old pagan cults next to the fountains.

The Feast of the Dead and All Saints (la Martror) were the last great milestones of the year. In defining nature, the liturgy associated reflections on the precariousness of human life and the glory reserved for the immortal soul.

.' "~ .co!1E)__§ ~ t :~ y . g i I: l~ : P c ~ . . tQcll!$I:JJiJt~sl;flowed 8 _.£ 11 to Jo s ..administrators whA!' Veniana rendered accounts, the litigants who demanded a trial, the applicants.So great was the rush to get a favorable turn that the gatekeepers were bribed. Since the end of the thirteenth century. This had to be done. I~onate the convocations. . Yo

The 'schools reopened. In the field, they tilled and sowed, the wood was collected, the pigs fattened with the helota were sacrificed, the geese were fattened.

And behold, again, the world was waiting for Christmas.

Chapter III


1. The birth,

. The birth of a child was received with joy in the Middle Ages. Few large families were an exception to this respect. The royal families gave the example: Saint Louis who had had ten brothers and sisters, although BUrriadr'e was left a widow while still young, he had eleven children from his wife Margarita de Provenza. His son Felipe III only had six. Isabella of Bavaria brought twelve into the world, but it is not certain that this was by virtue. The prindpesse aveilian· h' the practice and Santo 'omas de Aquino deda:, 'It is not'perfect home where children do not abort. ' ,Many6's'event$ of In history of the Middle Ages sedan

ii1explicableH~s without this fecundity: the quick repopulation

of the .crisWihdad d!pBafter the wars, and exterminations of the 10$ centuries IX to XI,: the innumerable foundations of cities' of the centuries XII and . x m , the Crmadas, in a riot of a male population, the astonishing Norman adventures, groups of knights in search of situations... Society l;lUsed, then'; the means of fixing BU-excess or dediule output elsewhere. The multiplication of monasteries also "allowed" to collect, to use for tasks of general interest, "exceedents, humans. The population of the Middle Ages expanded, a fact that was all the more remarkable as the decline in catastrophes happened.


D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (32)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 32/55


TIS 9 p U~p 0110 f8 "o puzn nu q em ] 0 1s11 ;JIn y 9dU ej oitl1 l1 J .' 1 8

o pmm :) . 60 P!6 0U O J91 U U.1 8 SO 'jP ?U I S OA n;) 0 .mnroq Bpanb asonb so] u s9 ftl uO S1 9d mJ19 souupad 60 1 . SO Im ;)n dmmu

ap unqnpmo as;)hb· !sy sO ~!1sa1 SO l ep U pO U l9U I a rdUl1SBI UB qU !jU O ;) a s soqoaq S01S9 op opranoar Ia A SO tU Sn now qapos0 1U9!ul!::m uap SO .l'jS!2al uuquA an 9S or tmn send

sal'j ,0 so p opnuoue.aatuea o g:I u I e .ssuupaur A somrpad sO l

U UJun81 8S'uuqulnsaldu as S tirH UIU J sU I osa lOd 'ouunsp:J

eS the;)uqep se 'fuu U !lO Ul IS turn I e.m p .1 9d U O P !;) UUU 'i lP 81 I U

l1!uodXa ozad ' sO f 9t Se L_~QLEP !S 91 d a lp _ ~_ ~Lu1 1Lm .J a.. ?9 IR ,1 9d sa U 'fS a ;o tu a~ U1 !;)u u [i-S 8'fU 9! nlJ ts S UJ P san sO T ap

osmo Ta trs [!1laue2 oT rod m2 nI 1 3! U9 1U !u o~ ~1 §a A_.__. _'_.1...:--- ,------,-~,__.._.- d'ormzqQuq ua uqasuad as 'and:!u Ie upl1U O 'jUO l UUJ,

'Bmnjum 151u o u u.n :q tr nA e I a s a nb J B.1 20 1 uu telqo ld trn opoi u1 3

'P Btu nIO A U lE )q eq A zouroo ' lU5'U"?;)Sep«sor2!S so] ap O SlU :J1 9 ua qpU ;) !J1POU1 UBq as .ou !s l1;)HTIbs,u :!. : )Ua2~e.uuquel

7~14 SUPB1Ul ' fUO; )snzrrpou SU'J 'm ;>!seJoldu UIlu e su Uo/nb u

ep u 9r :> B ~)O IO JB I UO .l en ·1 !I I. UO J s e' ju u pu ewo :: >8 1 SUT ' 9' jm J l

-apn slJW .. ·oardtna. un uuJn2esuo;) su1s? onb u'jsuk sarqodS lH J !U SU I U OHS t1 u u p al Jo onb SUSO!JIW'Hop 0 21 U;) U sauoro- U; )( )I oJ 9 p sU f~ t. ): e2 and. ep 0!p9U1 rod 'sapupnp sapuu12 sU I

ua A s1m d u",.UuQBlnpeJ: as 0 HP!'m opu S"BZPpousu,!. 9gB f8 sOPIens 00 I u~pad USB ;) '6 ! dO ld ns ua oYJu (

tm 8paslU2.ru~lla .rod . lefnUI life onb A sour uod sOPIans

'0 9 l1qu2Bd,t)f·>as O rfF>!U IO p u nzrrpou pun u A IX OI2!s yapseun II anb S OUI qq l1 S 's opUUO pUU qB s "} qa q so] UO ; ) B !pa ;)

-P'.B. O.UIS!ur < Y I .'f!.8 V l:li

as sauaA 9f sarpaur sBun21V . SBa.lU l SU I ap U9!;)uZ1fUpad-sa uI omoo !SU 's ,, ! ;)od ,,} St l l saporuo alU asa.ld O !.m .8nl Ie A.

'B .Uu~H.!. U p!_ AB I uqu nO lm sep 8S 'u;)od? B UIS!U 1.U 1sa ..lO d ...(.[l::I'tEfNa'S:JO 'a lqwoq O Z!q a s o\]}lqa anp

B -l SB lJ us )p e~mpa B l sp U(} !J ;) a l! p u1 9 !U IDSU a1uaU I .wpa ls od A

'-Bfthn;tLBf-qoU~P~~ZflPou·Bu:n ··9"!rulrsu():)as·1?fs::r·u~ntrTapun B( l od U p rif !.l !p U19 ' a' }l 13d U . 110 rod 'enb ;S JPBqU Bun U

O luar~~~u ns apsop O PUUUO ;) Bg:U 'jeJg ap apuoo lap olap

-a.tet( ~ 'U .llSenW sou ' l1V.l01PO 'lUX O Iifrs Iep u yall.ou B Ufl·SOI .n ' Jp5ep osrrptrr <3 'so f!li sn s U lU 1u aW IfU ap papqtqssuod- . sar 'U t~p s81qn trenuas as a 'juau:qP ?J 'Z8A ns H SU PU1!Ul1'SU WB p'"s'ap uu 12 on 'lo pu aldse o '.j.1 8P B quZ UU ;){U p Bp a!;)

-os BI apo atJoJ B l 8p U P!A uy enb zeA upuJ '.le;)am d IV"JLr;; ",

'uw el1< n0 ld xe u :> of '; ) uI .ap .U lnW lam . u l 'sV UIapv 'l1 A!'ju~gp1 l1 1

sos anb am dill! ou onb ...T ' .' 0 18 rdmo: J 0 l ueAU ! tm saspl:-jo 1'1'f0P;)~UU111 orad 'sarIl{ snsn u qu ap ol u tf!" a.r 1 '1 Isnb' uocsojeo O');)e]lJ fa - SOUl8:>OUO;) 'af lUd 1'].110 10d •OPO ' ) 9 'J fU1oenb 'S lS l1 l{ 0 Y !U f U sord SO l .rod oprpnoss UpqUq'BS()!J11

' 'SU!al U1 'S01!. t2 sns mW{u; ) arsd sa p1 al s?q aq sns ap OU l1 '1 .rn 1uu urou rn U U !uo dsW as onb ap:oo T IS sp aursp mm '

9l1uo:Jua za A 'Sun sub BU PS U :) a p U ;J UU IH a p U ;J .I a;J u U 'f ua nsou: a s 'uyB l'}x a al{:)a! uun U O;) ogru lap a12tnls u y U lB .1 a

~rnpu asan b

.1 f1 ru ua d1 '1 u uq uu 2! sa .r a s a lu aU lT PUWanb 91U 9!S ald lll "f 'U ll JP 'S U10P J< ;lUU··U ll a !; ) . la a r. IV .s?qaq sns 1

Otpadqa traqsp ' sUPOl or 'sa lpBw on ap BPOABtU U1. SUA ln : JSU lg(

a lq os S 1 '1 p ul uom S 1 '1WU ;)s uy a nb a d sp atnroj. 'S I t I' S lu a 'j IU l et

- ~ " O I lad · '~ .o so pe Jd sa rU 'ja w.o p sa oe ll. U 'U la pu U1 op opnr-etn 11 'S1'1;)!luSlj?WSlJunJ SU'J 'UJlalsao sp su nn SU uu o u uqu ~-pq1'1J as m nqW Bj. \!o ;)an q Io qJV . ap O ;)U O.l 'f0WaU1 ua l3J8y:-mn sp OZO.!:}un a 'JuewulIpuasu1a ardW 1s sl}m used {3

' nA9Ul together atm. us about aifw rn uql1 'jso;Juas 'sand !sy

~Va·NOIS 'u puan J81 J U O;)" op :e::> au z;, l JqU .lq :} SO ;)l1a s" o rm U IfU o arad if . opnuew U

uq1 '1 lO rr . 'pupWomoJU! ns us • ;lqaq Ia •m fow: ap U pqllq anb

s aYUYBd s or · U~ 'l lUUO J a ~s a. a p o p un oH. 18 dw a ·" al ua tn p :: l. ln lUNal tm 2al a S lJ Ul UU UO J sun armp urad oatraro Ia 1 '1 qu laJ du aJ a s. '.elsaopns p~.u3: ·1' 1JO~'. l1yenbad nrm.stuod a f a s - ez aq so .t ll u3 :

'e mp uZ lU ::t su pu uq· U O ;) so pu lla ;) "s.a yu gu dsn s !i.so pu .rf1 sa

sozarq so] ' a' lU au .r nqo81 'f S a B JA loAua 0 1 as 7qaq f U 0 3an,! /' ul ap 1 '1W : a p uU 1pmn

o .rn 'J aU la p u lfl." UJ of nun ua uuguq onb rn O g:P I Tap tmdnooas 'a .rpuU l uI U OJ opB~U I.ra'j uugenb. SU UO llU Ul SBI 'ouuydl aU Ip .d u 3: ·l O'j .l aq OJ OJ!l un if . snpu2aldsap satraqas SUS01-SOJ uoo upwua'j 'uurn;) uu.I2 ns ue ssodar ' Bp u tf !" ad u a! q

'B1Uapnf. IUd U'J 'usan2m q BIT fU lU lnuanq ann ua ​​oY!U un

ap ~~Tl~JUI!~~!I_._e~_l:!!H1Ji

1 -···-··-·~minftrnS ep 'U alfl! A U T a p p UP IA !'jl 1N 1 3 1 UU1u9s8lde.r onbs eYU ll !f I. 0 s ef l. an e. i. lO f uq 'sasoputd SUlTIw!up:usmpnw. 'BP III.u I ua B ZUU!H lOOaualW"Ud OWO ;)

~ Ptl{U s u I A O U lS !U l1 1d o 1 9P 'ozrsnjsejep 0 PH uas 81u apuns

O p l1U lO f al UU J qu q sojqand S OL 'sal ol ~sV 1U ::> S UI u a of fU e~ w

-anserps Ia ojnq 'a! s9Iifr a T 8.R ulanous 11{ ua 'so.rnqI?q s!i?{

u oo O PU 'JU O;) I8 lO d 'U !U UW 0'ij u r ep sO 'Ju a!U l1 Ju u?p U ;)~J9.l1

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (33)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 33/55

His godparents at birth were the abbots of Saint-Ger-main-des-Pres, Saint-Victor and Sainte-Genevieve, and his aunt, the King's Hermann, and two widows from Paris were his godmothers. Christian thought towards what

At baptism, as in other circumstances, a poor person was placed in the Ingar of honor, and some important people had beggars as godparents. .

SeU eV R?a:al. baby - to : · · . 1 & . igle§iaparrbqilia:l·· a u t i q u e S1.lS


on t~roof~w seen from. St. Louis Chapel, for example, he became a Christian in the parish church of T'oissy and in memory Luis de Roissy sometimes signed, as he said that there he had become a son of God and had received the greatest of all their dignities. -

I POI' 10..general, .10s .godfathers and godmothers chose 0

The .names of the child (a custom that is still in force in our provinces] .. When it came to the son of a gentleman, sometimes a deliberation, "council", was presented among the several high-ranking characters present, at the invitation of the godparents: or else The luck was seventy: in the birth of a prince of Aragon, it was chosen among the patronages of the cloaks. It was written.i.ibecause each.rune of the twelve names on as many other candles that.were lit simultaneously, The one that went out last was dedicated to Santiago the Apostle, and consequently, that was the name given to the royal child.

The baby, naked, was put into the baptismal font, or there he almost did not remain. Dry •carefully '

10 wrapped it again in dry swaddling cloths. Between the 11th and 15th centuries, immersion progressively disappeared before the rite of infusion which consisted of pouring. the water on the child's forehead. It was reduced to removing the little bonnet, instead of undressing it. Then, the new little Christian was returned to

his anxious and happy mother, who sometimes hugged him for the first time. A song of deed complacently describes the ceremonies. s the haste of the parents~ upon the return of the procession: "And. cl-lando Butor (the father) ..10.'saw, .went to meet him, -Lea' said: POI' God, ladies, tell me


-The name of my dear son, if it is your will...

-The ladies do it like this, causing great jubilation -The child was brought to the room to his mother, -And when she saw him, she felt such great joy -That the heart

d,e BU belly was jumping ... ·-:To.the ladies I ask: ~,..tell me now __The"name of.\rmy dear-son that my heart so much;Epn.a _".. Lady, you have such a pleasant name-That

could not;.h~ber. none better or .. bigger .. •.. His. name is Bruno .. (, Is , a hair name j. for a boy? among those of the saints of the calendar, •.as the tradition that in this regard has been preserved in the Anglo-Saxon countries.

, Neighbors were called to share the joy of the family, celebrating and drinking.: A princely birth was. celebrated by all the-subjectst-Ten soon the happy birth of the mother occurred. bells; they were held prisoners, and (my recognition for it) they were required to pray

for the royal blood Te Deum was sung, masses were said, the people danced in the streets around bonfires. When the future John the Good swims, his baptism is celebrated at six in the morning: in the midst of a sumptuous procession: eight bishops and five abbots, two hundred servants carrying torches, a multitude of "adorned and decked out" ladies and gentlemen who do not. they detracted from nothing. When the ceremony was finished, the little prince was

knight, and-presented to the crowd on the steps. "And the people went celebrating the festival, without doing any work, rejoicing with the birth of their prince."

In the early years, that is to say, for two to three weeks, the young mother spent most of the time receiving visits from her friends. If the family was rich, all the treasures of the house were placed in the room on the -oriented 0 in 1 8 . adjoining room, to honor R the visitors, or to dazzle them. Ctistina de Pisan, at the beginning of the 15th century, left to see a young mother, the wife of a middle-class Parisian merchant. And the luxury of the gala room. adorned with tapestries, silks, pleles, silverware, Ie pasrno and scandalous, because it was not convenient



D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (34)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 34/55

;'8qU JP l le83 uorouonpa ll1seap sssq T Il ( s0 1a qu nU rr g,h uq u nn,sand) o !d pu ~j )d U 8 A 's Uw so 11 sa nu u ~I 'll: :> HVU I8 1S!S8V lU u 9P~ 'Bvnpe:.nun 81JTXaU9! J1Hl llOJ 111epup . laA.uun ' pnI1 J{U0 l8d

.U: :>8-gnrnns ap ' B lT f :: >O : :>y 'lR ~ O lf l ep m,)~)Up:tmua ' . I1l{U1

-s IX!lIfB am d SU UPO ;) SUi u a aS 18 18rn 0 PU 1SruJ 'Bl{' se t arduratsSEne 13anb souraqns SOpO l ' S l ly !U SUI ' 1101Ul l T I: :>~ ' 01Ua!u ro l1-sarpa ns uo A UP 8 :: >U ; )p S O lU f i,l d's ol la d • so rr uqU ;) s Ole p S 0 1! q

-Vlf so r tra honordurai m lqB PJU ! es 'soP uP 3so Ia llue sopnamardurots 's8 Iqou sauaA 9fsoL ~8rU Z!pU alduF'l.m zualU O ;) 8p

sa~J.1.roO!;)! jo [e opoi UUpOUO: : lo .W e 'lu d le I{ u'llG ne o pr re 2n f 's ou

~usetn ' l SOt e p S O f! lf s O T ' B::ltl1 l,P I a p s of Uq lD 1 s Ol u a a sm pz em13 ' l s t1uu!pmudu soujsadurso .souanbad 801 ' aYQ!lda;) .mdurr

UUl lO ] ua aqassd as 1:1l1O 1 31 11o un t ea ' U 9 !; )UU l. lO ]u Ta p '1 11 80 TU \7 !q UlU 1 • ol lcmf jo p pupa B y 01uaUI t l l o s 1.118o u u r :: nr u JU ! ' 11 1

JdVS·NElfS3Cl -omstnr 0 1 SOU8U I0 s\lm upuq 'pupa ns apolpuq;)nmlaIn bpmo s and 'U 9 !3U e~U l: np nw , tm q u1 s; :u d " 9T .f ,, .s a:r pu d snsoausurour F) .rod •rBn~ )uy U orad ' .r n1mUlU. Iap l : l:~ a j l ,mm. Iq ns epo~ I 1uso ld l eB1uG ' lm lA ! p edsO l l l1 p a lUA anb U9!?l1UT!UUBunUO ~ B U 8 IIuq n2 81 1u a ;:,S U 1 pS anlln a 'o g!U e a 'nllaruJ u-ganb

-ad '1 111 1u qu fn f a s 'u 91 sB q un arqos n qu aw :m lB O a s :.S ~H O hB U ISO T.ap s eu op lldn vo S U I u nq 13 1! ur r e su ?! qu .r n1 'a lu aU Ir :u n~ u N

. . . . so r efT13q13J~p BUlla} us s au !. l: rU} !J SO l U JS a I1Ua . IB l { :m I 13pu l{anb ' al dLL tp :; ~n u l ' 'Bm a1 S~S OU I S !U II a rod I m JAO l 1l a s u pu uJ U !rur us l lU q 6f ttl lU l u p'I lq o A and b sanbaqombrqo souonbad so pso] : s oJ ! lr ~ ;) e tu s a1 ": lT I 2n fuv rqu :m1 A' "soganbath soy U uup asardurstsjmb 01Ue !A>ap sotrqour souanbath soss UUqU3pqU]a s S HUI t1 Tda p h B le pu U l < tp so ~ p ed U oo :year,01 .{ t lJJ.Ja ] SOU l

-B l.m lI l I3 Jp ()!p aw la u a 'a nb su ffs~ o sU In vs~ U!lU 'sog !U S O lap

Bpue! l ?~ . 1 3 1 B1U? '_ tWPBq . ..SO l ?-WJ, {U8 0 '1 '" 1 31 < 31 p , 0 ? .1 a n; ) e p

'SUPl l i~?~bW}J~Hql l i u i: f . ~ l1p~,Y!1# ,\ :~PUuUJ}~1~pJ1w'~ps l l vagnml rnU l 11 S ~mU f :jU1( 'U ! .I J. ?: p, ?' ll ~L~P sU l, Ia n 8. 1"orano.ap OOd l 311.i3p.~(le smojad SU1 } 's e uQ{ l3 q ; ;" su 1 0 Ie d' i3 1 fP uO ; )S e 'S ?T anAU l

\'Sl1J,!mJ'J 'sB qu1 :soU lS !m SO l uara. U?mu ro 1 s o ll an f .~ ( )1,.. . : .S J; !I JQ 1 §J l! .< .; Is Q lu lp J.J JO : .!.?JlH.n.n_0.~ .

ap B U I.IO Jus a1!m SU l1 as 'B pua~ledx a U yus nsaqr eh os .ta d ~ m 1I m 1 3 1 'O P UIS BU 18 Pop uw aJa p uU l{ o u U 9!S !A

-a 18 1B j 0 O ! PB .l B y 'nsuard uy anb ua s 8w a Iq ur us ol u aA . 's O ll l! Se ::m q " 'p sa p 0 P B! qlliH JUU q ou ! SB ; ) SOrC{ l eAo ld SO L ; , IUmmuJ

1 1ll0 lli e ps um p f'9 U I s um s lU I S U I 'S 0 1I np U so la ? 8 1J ud lqd 'h BS- of! 1l ne l U9 pUU Il oJ BU IS !m I ' l l ' s auO! ; ); )Ul1S!P sumS!U1SU I ,OJ lUUl(H,US.!UI fa souour ° sllm 1'113' 'luo ttu ep S OT .. S 8; )U 0 1 U a a p S O tr !: S

; , . " J . "

-odu ra o so uru SO T 811ua um lsouam A 'Sap}1pnp s'frgenbadsansanu e p O ; )! 19 1U ;)O t PU l{ ;) ,r ;t U I ne p U IA ,B . !P pV \I ,p u pa u I sp

s~lt12111~L~ar;!pad un a p u p uu JU ! 1 ? 1. <) :Q 1 l8 s up u a. Ie J! P snood

hm l ,! AT r q, anb ooro ,OA ', n: If n f U u J P ue ,I du A . upelo oy!U f3'

~V8 · Ne'S3a'uototrexs ns

the 09 .I eU I Aropspnaoor

{U SU I .I B ll SOU l umd . 's up and o~ ji. 1oUS s un·sa q S 1l1ap a za qa o u I.r nA . te su o; ) a -p ,b UU J u a.L 'o pl ls uo ds fP UU J q~ uq sel G S snb seuotp!d Sal se lafnm sns U U l1 lerA .l!s anb apu 9P !p uOOU I UO J s au O p ul Sa .l d sns ap uqusuadsm sar as o I9ssoutssdumo so y 'B '.IO pu Isp la r le p u zu ugu o;)se p u r A U 9IS !A E lldu I e lqu.l!U lpu se A 'U P'B SIV U 8 'sV UIapv '(s0 1tm S S Ol s opoJ, h

u1 sn nug uunr nuS ) somqui SO T ap B t { ;) 8 J 131ep s e l u u oood jIF >-ap, sa 'arquranss ua 0 O AU UIua O P Fu d U l8 !q nq i'e fn tu n An ;)

l3!1r .JTSJap sarpnd SO l soiuexa iraq g1Sa orad ' m1 :l 'r l Il p l o g s 11lsOAanq . AS 'BUr r rs 1 :l 'ua o1nqPl un umqap saUfpmf: ap SO!J t11-a~doldsor SOPO f - U1a . IOUOJ 'BpnPNUS nrm hp t1P r {Ur P J:OJ UIzod sU PU ;)JU U Itm qu 1se a lu au rre uo sla d u up ou o;)as,'a nb sa lq~U IOqSO l 9 . Il ue s aUOp l1 p 3l S l1 Ioptmno h ' soyanbasOI )TU8ruoI2

-uoo S O l ' ap un Jif h O UI U ,la ou l 1zenbp tl I anb us - g O o d ? l1tn1.~Rsarqurrusoo rsa] .uqos oqonur a3! 'P 0 2su .I a lsa A - o IdU I~fazed 'U I Dl 't [.L u ~ · a.r pU l1 l u e AO f U I a p l OAU Jua u uq ll.I ad ma lU a s'p U p ~ .I B pr rO S ep A p l1 pp tl J E l pH 1 FJ ds a u n a p s up rn qu rr _ ,s 9{U ;) O IS eher sU I' .rpap sa- s! :uqum lS 0JS Ur osrqorq ' U dO l BTu u pa .g o's o{U ll al m J qu 1J od ll s o2 !u ro K S e 1U 9 !.r nd 'RlOqu, ofud6 'SBOU()1Ue' so I .r n nu a~ ' Il i l1 JBd ' S 01S ' el l. soAanu ep " oA! 1o r u ' of r o ol la : r;U r i' onbZ 8A U I .1 :1 . ' u. ra 0 1 '[emailprotected]! u rr Jl 1u u n' ~0 1 u and lt (j tu ." Ia 'l od s or a ui 'r v

' uIAe l d p 'BP ! {UUI l P}u sop'B !d u l se ~s l1ll11el

-trr ' BJPod ;as .oLt{UnJ ' f 1 1 11 { U !n bO lm d" uP IA u y .1'1 l E lf nr u U 8AO fB I Buqu l2a lU! as aruomarsa used op otpeur lO d 'o -g!U IU

.. . . .ul+ueS8ld·"u. . .oldw~"fB'-eI1f '111S?-9fHfl3n v.tua&t;1fK'BtBP ·SI ' t !~l1; .11 ' - ..

e P1 I9p JI:1 l1Y ·A U 9p u0 !E ln d U rO p tm lo m am u o:) [nptrad ep ..BS !m] "sCJmvr la lCJJ" supuuru IT souoroaro €Il lyBITe·U. IBd l 1qU!J-tmuord A 0 P1B {U l1{1!qpal l 1 U! l 1 lSumo Ie apuop {U!nbol .rndJ)(\ 'U ! S8 Ill r u I U uq ~ a lpuw ueJ\o f uT 'uqu~uuM I as 0 1U Old uU J,

'sog V U 8!O S O lep UllEH12 l1 T ep (l) .m sad U 'oqo- nu r u qU .I ad SO l d esuatstrad O p .I aU I O J I e onb souatn.o] rodSOU Ie p.I oo 81 l ' ln U ll p m l. li.'l o p s o~ nI U la !p aS u sa n1 :l 'l TI q n u n a np ,

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (35)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 35/55

to reading and writing, introduction to the bookish world of written thought, by which. Theoretically, all the rest of the knowledge can be acquired: In the Middle Ages, it was thought in a rather different way. in this regard, although instruction had spread sufficiently so that in the fourteenth century there were schools in most parts of the world.

de las ciudades./Pero sipara.los clerigcs, la lecturayJa.e~~ritura.:ranelementos de pnmera necesidad, ya quela oracion cotidianadel oficio divino constituia para e110s un deber de 'estado,para Ioscomercia.nteseran apenas·~tilesy paralossenor.e~,artesanos Y villanoseran una comodidad: La lectura perm~tla

follow the?fldO', understand a letter. or even ~c,t.annotate it, in addition to defining oneself in literature or in more~serious knowledge, but books, even in manuscript, were infinitely more scarce than in our days: a library of a dozen volumes was something considerable for A particular. Writing served to keep accounts, I wrote for ne-

/gocios and, less frequently, express -seriti1nientos, 0

sign a record Excellent in themselves, and appreciated, this knowledge 'came, in preparation for life, after other acquisitions of much more importance.

Therefore, education was not directed by totally elaborated ideas, or by a common baggage that was given at the beginning (except for religious training, which was considered fundamental), but, as we would say today, , for professional guidance. On the other hand, this was carried out very early, because, 'It is difficult for a good clergyman to be a good clergyman who does not start from childhood, and he never was ~

Gara well quieti does not learn to do it from a young age. to consider: the son of the peasantry, of the artisan, of the man of laws, of the landlord...Emte... at least the first-born, had his life traced entirely: he would second his father, later succeed him. Faralos minor, sometimes the most delicate question. The youngest son of the farmer could be given with his father to his older brother.~ Ija. earth er? big and rich enough to sustain Jp.~If not, he should move away as a grappler, from "mesonerq" well, like now,


settle in the city as a servant, or apprentice, or enlist in the troop of a lord, of a military chief: The younger sons of small towns, already partially initiated into commerce, often dedicated themselves to peddlers and were the agents of a revival of the intercamblosy of an active economic life. The second noblemen could dedicate themselves to the chivalric life and find employment here or around the country... in wars, or enter what today we call administrative careers, otherwise quite poorly delimited with respect to the military, at the service of ID on -ranomighty. In the thirteenth century, this was a classic resource

;( The daughters were assigned'n~rually~ ~rIl,{l~r~onio.

/~neven needed ad9t~ :[emailprotected]They.could.stay.inthefamilyhomeasunremuneratedhowlersanddeyptas.ButforeveryoneandallElxisti,toanalternatepath:life

religious;. for some, cqns.agra(;ion.' profup,qa, ·.for..others,means.to ensure employment and material and moral security.Some were consecrated by the mercy of their mother from.before they were born and they trap the convent being very children.The great Suger, at five or six years of age, 101l.~vQ.BU.father, a poor peasant, to Saint-Denis where he would later become,.abbot and at the same time..counselor .delrey, EI. Canon law provided that the little novice alone could make final vows in adolescence and until then retained the right to leave. The clerical education he received made it easy to become a notary public notary, businessman, school teacher E31jl:,..

In addition, they were concerned with taking into account the inclinations of the child...», a surer index, his temperament: the ten-year-old boy who was turbulent would be an excellent gentleman, but the one who did not want to "sing or laugh" was, let's say, predestined to the tonsure. Once the main orientation was imparted, education

tion at the beginning was concrete. and praet i ¢ & ,. 'l' had as its objective to adapt the individual as best as possible for his profession and its social condition. Generally, the child was trained in and for the doctor in which he would have to live. To make a complete picture of education.-eeriaprebiso=take one by one

each social class and each profession; Tftirtbien each degree of wealth. The details of it would be endless. We will limit ourselves to ~J


D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (36)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 36/55

s zu amoo ' so l: _r nZ3 fP sO l a p .In -x ed V . " o,} ua Hu .WA UU I" with p

!d m np 1Jsa ap A 'U 9p tl1 1n ba. ap S Ol1 S9"B UIu rqllll sV UIap v: )U0P lUO sns u uF '> { s af1 3u os1 ed se pm uil sO l a p U PO A 13:rnu 1 ,X 0 lil}s Ia u 3:) mar u uqu gasu a sal l uu o !s al 0 .I d o ll oi lu p ad.0 sarpnd sn s ep u 1,3H etJiK l13. .S Op 13 JO pO p sa Jose }o ld U O 'J /"


?, l:1T.{sol{sa!d sn s tl li'O f!li sn s U uauodoraurud - lOPU 'JWe1deO H>- s3N 0U S(y}" · ,uqmnpI . tUes l'l{ uoo sogu sorounrd) trnqusud '01S !A som aq 0 1 o uroo rsojqou sO lp~npn ';l l s lY ! ,.", .· lt lZU :>sO Ju fvd 1 tUWaWH 'c' 1 tl a u ropa .uo ;) O f [Uq'S ;)B .r n ;' }UOUI

's,9unuunq sns O UIO ;) 'U 13T pualduselqou S tl1H usurI 'S0 1m r au ro ' 50 1 31 0 q ' 13

m ! se l~ ~ S BTarad ' IH lU I S! t. u !S u . rod t ra q sp r oq A soilprrsap 0 1).rp un u a U Bq13n nq A l l l(·Pl1UB'J 'xtx 0 I il !s l ap sBU13u u "r q s ns

f0 0 JSV'", 13B lnweA S IelUO 'J" um uuad sar onb or sU laA ou Au oto uro sn Slaell:liu l3JP ueldu 'u lan osa ep lU 1Sa1 3U Isu n 0 .10 1j: )a ld u n U S l3 also .r .3 !' ;;u se n.~ m q A S HUU n aWu 'J S ;) ue A 9f s u'}

' l?pU.lCiUISep l1 :m pa n un ep 1 1po nb sT )q tl[ H apscnpa ueN uuosrod upoi

lquAerr snb u 9P uTOU Ie ul u :J !I dx a anb 0 1 'u na ua SB pl3p alduu r-uo ren j so p,n ST ,lU OlU sO l .ro d sup nn d seU 8A 9f sU I "(So; m

?UIO.1 SOO lUU [u 3 s O l 8P s O 'l U e~ lU u uHa l s O l U p ;l en ;) al sou.enbjx

8VR 'N91S30 ' /O '}uewnsorpam un l3fruro ns ap le;yeq 'puprsaoau ap osuo us A

' !Una ll3UTI lUUf!1113utu " 9 1 '\J o pu an un ra d ., S l3 A Dl 38 lJ el s e1 -TU "I U U!:Ju"I3 'j .IOdm rUUJ.?j uq13p anb ' s oo uo ju a l 3J Qe :J uo :J u 1. a sua m 0 s vr u O U lO ;)r e1 B pom { II U U9p\ 1' Ju p e 1 1 1e p ut U l3 li lo .I d I aunsua RId l-UJ, '(U 10 q-u o p l3 ya rsd e 2p Il q Ie O U IO :Ju le se ~HW 1e ep pnpatoos ul am d anh] 'Z31P03fu Ie l 3 qu : J! p l3 Jd ' as .IUy tJd

~ I ( )_ ; )~~~Ie ()drens? l ; :) , \l "~ () J1U<3ll l iTI l l sL" '}n ?PUB:J01uma18 l1ue as

, , quo :: >U l l l~ S l3F lO '} s rQBlel:~i"rii~~as.rii5:eisepi),p~:gttiYOr~t1Tap:tlp~'J eld U 1C lo drnan n s u e l~A !A n rad asmrndard u lq ep O IDO ;)A

3p .IO q A 1 l3'1 UB :JlN PJse '.1 ee1 u u yp uald-g 'u eA o! U fU Olli l31

uO J 'u 'J~pVld SO U8U l oood un u9ponl 'l8U ! nun uJuel 01ueA //OJ Ie uo upsonpa orad 'opunur fB upuunsap usao] l3'J

'lefnrn urou as n a p up !ll3'el u s 1 1le1U10n a sa a p U 81 1J op au ra au an q BUn 'l3U pweU I ep seoel\ l3

P UU Ll1 ?Jep oo od u n 0 8n I;)~I! l3!pu gu as p m;) u l u U :>!1 S,}U IO p;J '0) ''If' r 1<' "3: 'TT" , 't( 'n" i .a: -gr •r:'\r- ',''''P

- lOq £ .. 'laso:> ' .TU1l0'J •• '8\11OOal 'SUsruS 'sopnosad ' U'l UJ a p .I ,

-OUO:>A t ; lU8UI un rauapro 'soraarada sal uoo 8slapu9'fue nrtSO Am n:> sO l ap alUaplO J re m lsa 'U !pxe f I t ' ) . IUfl3q-ell ' Iulal,-'Ie 'so UJ A sO l ramo A 1 l1 1B Jl a p 's eU 0 1S !A O ld S l3 10 P l3 1S e uarua.rn .tU asuo;) ap at.rn Ia ouroo lSU upuuuolU T U 9lS!M Ud atl3!~pi:a £. ssqoesoo sU I ap oruamom la ua 'epunJ2ua es.I '

-a q anb l3Jual enb o{ ) U f fi tl .1U Iu I e p 0 ' } ua !UTpe1suqu Ia .ro dWI'""~uqo:> Ia 'o lleN Ia 'u .IapuU I uy BPIno asom 90 laqus ' US1uI ap uza!durrr uy aod .m la A • so pu po sO l .m p!n :> '.f1 3S !.tU ad l

'.:q2~ '.f!2ala 1 9q1lsep u qtl1u1l as 'AIX 0 1 ~! S l e p a su e~ sp ~u sx o ] l 3.l ls en u l 3.m d 's oo fU o ,n s O '} ue p: up ou oo s ot uoroanmauoou n Ju aA ' the p v. m :> the p. A r en l! J! ds a Q 9 1oUUUO j' l3 1 1SU1 l 1S IA 9 ld

, , 'rum lap. uatq Ie 10 [am U V l f l

-U !' toW .A ! UB U 9! 'J l3 A "[l 3S s l Of em UV l< 3A 's ul TI ;'} !l 0s a S U 1I Tgn I A (.I1qposa A leal) U 9pJnl'lSU ! U I zspuarda l3 sn fN slll.mA a n e qa p a s . . :O '} ua ro al dr no o O U IO ;)l 30 S al qn u zu -s ge su 8 U l

aqapuaurooar a s ' u9ZU10J Ie A n lP !d s a Ie .m u en 'r n.WU I A l 3~-l fB le ru o sa q U pm) S n un U P !A l 3yt 'l PO l l3 rsuojorodord A sarqo 1

.Ieo aJo y u !qap 's8'lu an 'JeJJ so uo ro aro rod' UpU :)mA~ " u pn

8JB un ue l3pl3J!dSU I 'p l3p9!d uI uql30 0IO O as u9pllonpa ul :elm q l3y ua anb l 31 01 la s 'sO '} ua um :)o p so .n o .1 O dA O p U1U l ' lCY l

.rod . I l3~znf IV 'u tI!u9U IaJ tlp UU lO u2! U [ u qup aldl3 as O N ..' (

- ao n po ] l 3pB pO OP ! S S - eA \ 1qS a rn n ;) s O l \ 1OUlOf ua 80l1O Aserpsru m ,uas sopnQl1re saur C sV .IpU e11 or 0'1 sV m .'sl3das s~a.l1u:'jI ,. :salop sns .rod l1p\1ilznf t:lpas una anb JefnU I ua/

ns l3 up?p spud ap .lafiVUirw 1 3: .OU lS !U l a t s a on b 'o po r 0 I;-~ IJP 0 ()P O l o p J e:)ll q .Ia qu s onb U1u el umun? J a p el {J t1 t1 .I utaJ !::J ap sa 'a (> .m lsl3 Q u A O U IS JU IJ S u a J }A 1AU U Jp ua l a nb O P U!u n 1 3.I al 3S UOn un' 'f .! :) od <; lu Sa ua '.A U S \1 0 ap sa ur a o pr oq a] R

-nj n s 'S .I Ud u u Ql 3U U Ol .a s ~ fju :;)n s u a su pu on pa sa ua A9 f sU 'J

. . f13 lru ' lep o! ; )!A Ias I e urad S l30mU:3ums"9J.I l3 p.I oq " Bl 3J pu

- -" I Ipd_u la nh) _ ID ,~ 1 !l l pJL~ I1Y?_S~~~L~~ l: l5 1 Iq~ l' ' u !OUen08 .I J .· {: .m 1 un o u A 1 1q p: os a U 'l ea l U U J Pt ie ld \1 "B fu oU i-U in in {r i1 -~ ;s

- e lS l3UOUI sal ua uupeJo 'ssouo suso .laurnu·X nm sum UU lJ e

'sl3 un J.l,} nq 0 '\1 S0 ~n el U P!A l3 1U S~ pl:lu !'l sa p 'su na a p o ra teo usto u n ·liS l3 :Jl3 t us traquonpe as sug1 u S UI 'relau a~ O llO d

1::1"8N~I$3.a .' ..·efllzWUaldl3 1 " - 1 A s Ul an 'J sa S \1 1110ns\iluu9FH l:Jnpe ap sod11 sounilre l3 otranm s O Z'B1S!Aun .IU l

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (37)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 37/55

the military training that was going to be the occupation.ds all BU

life: I learned to ride, to train birds, dogs and horses, to fight against a dummy (the sick), to handle weapons, even heavy work... harden the body, to show off in society, 'I learned to shorten the carries correctly and to play to tables or chess.

When I was fourteen years old, I was going to court

of a prince where his education was perfected, in a society-raras-elegant and more numerous;

His main trade was "short:r:i'in .the month,:~ in front of his master, his wife.t; his, Nj<~. He accompanied his lady hunting, to court, to war tournaments. He played chess, chatted, danced with the ladies and thus became in every sense a man of good society. dances and games, a good swordsman-and flexible enough to snuff out standing a candle placed on top of his head, knew how to read and sing in church and knew many free arts.

"Heinles to open a school anywhere. We are far from the illiterate nobleman that is very often conceived. We also note that this type of education, these tastes, have been perpetuated until our times in the English "society" that in many aspects.continues aiendomedieval.

/' . Finally, the young man was declared a knight; 10 that was not done without parties: Cadav8t masBuntuO:~"cost.oS8B, luckily that 'in the 81 XIV century, many nobles who.no.epodian

I assumed the expenses had to remain as squires all their lives. The reception in the cavalry at first consisted of the simple delivery of the weapons to the recipient who had shown himself worthy of it. Then, the..church~ruspensaa, the princes who had to sanctify and ani11 the king, used force, and dedicated himself to imbuing this in the souls through solemn ceremonies and symbolic expressiveness: the young man bathed, made.confession. 'white dress; he would spend a night praying, he would receive communion, then he would wear. 'un'ttaje ra j 0,

symbol of the blood that was .willing.~ .to shed, received I.



they would once again establish chivalry and impregnate it with snobbery. Together with 111, domestic education, with () without tutors,

there was the possibility of receiving a school education. Already Charlemon was instructing his future officials in the abbey schools in the palace school. In the 10th century, a Fulbert of Chartres, a. Gerbert-de Heims drew students to their Episcopal schools from far and wide. The 13th century gave rise to a resurgence that led to studies; at the beginning of the 13th century, the privileges of the University of Paris were guaranteed, in the 14th century there were a multitude of urban schools:

The.8.episcopal schools.were undoubtedly the oldest.

In Troyes r. for example, we confirm the existence of unes-.tablec.imierito of this type since the VU century •..UI ~ papal decree of 1826 and the Council of. Letran-(1215) forced the bishop to teach grammar and the liberal arts. .epIC!.church and often became clergy. The monastic churches were similar but depended on the day. The spread of the Benedictine order made it proliferate. The influx of schoolchildren caused the educational establishments to multiply, among which the non-Latin schools stood out where they were limited to teaching catechism, singing, reading, writing, a little arithmetic, and the. Latin schools where Latin was the only language used and the main object of study. There, the children cultivated their spirit by following the ancient authors whose texts were read, the highly advanced study of grammar accustomed them to analysis (a quality that has remained eminently French), and the exclusive use of Latin accustomed them to handling it. Thus, medieval Latin, a living, precise, and technical language, was the universal and common instrument of religious, literary, philosophical, legal, and scientific culture. In . all. Europe knew and spoke it and it has not been replaced in its role as an international language (tlal has been maintained in the Catholic Church) and as a learned Som language. r' .The students of the schools were external.



D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (38)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 38/55

: } u3 : 'O ; } !J new opporeur lap outurao It!opnmra; l iUJqUl l ' saqlJlV sOl ap sauopJnpl1.qSTl{OZiafll 's~laWlS!-IV take:l!Jnuap snrqo ap 'sap!pn3: ep ssuotoonp

Illl his I 'U K or I~ ls the epsap 'a ') .nld UllOJOd 'UgPtll\l9SQO 1'l1~S13p.l111 SOS9111o.ld

apm31~ t io.lepl tJ. 'Uj;l0lo.lOe1(')lU Tl!'BrUJOll3UU BI 'B!1}0looz Tl! 'U:l!u\11oq wI ..

. .

~ z ar :l ln ~UU BT ep O !P ll1 S8 Ia * (O P O l la p ou orad) r ul 8u a.1 J o trod o pUUp !n O S 8p .'Ii. Bn lJ nU13U ! JU8 l 81 1 uT 8p m ; > tu I Tt Il "! su uI . u Ii.

J rl U 1U 8AU ! ru < ?A enpmpele lU !0 zle nJsa Ie 'o ru 'n fu o;) n s,u 3:.uptpeur ns l13p 13i . .asrnsardxa 13SO fl13Z.10 J81U e!n2!S

-uoo .1od Ii. ' SO P 8PU8 ldwo j 's o pl 3 1p nose you! p from anbccqqnd Ie p

sop .uapQ. l ;UOlamnd J. . SO ! U 8l J so ul liJ IU s O T Ie a ll ua .r !- ~m s UO l 9! ABWaW P 1 3P 3 : 13 1o p S ;U q lUO q soj' 0P01

's op nm . rv 's eUO I su A lq s U I e p B o od i? 1 318 1U 1 3m p 1 13 10 q rn a o p 13 fa p

B ! qUq 98 anb f 8T lp e l cl 1U1 01u eUf f i1 1SU118 l 13Z!Pn l JU. ' :mnO l ll lS- ep 1 1 l1 3 ds e nwU ! UB.18 0 t ! ? ~mSV l0 ; )S 8 0 l U8 !WT IUOz - e. rep SOI l t1sso un 2rv . ( ' s ~se l uun ep urruooue X ord-ua Inn~)Srp B OSfip

-ut U1 3l PU e .I du oq ;'e ie P .e p S 8 1U l ll! pn ls e sojonb sOUI eA l 8 sqo )' lOlJ!A e p " p'1 3p eq ne p S O l! q~ ntn lI l1 ds e 1 1 3 13qUUOp lOdo l d'l l.q UOO ie i.. old [ . e op 13 se d .1 eq uq e p:s< Jr ldse p l!p pe p ape.rq

-U In lS 0 ;) U 1 S3 :" " 'o p:m n flh I-r u n's !s ua ns o} 4: T ID U S OU Ie pl0 ;) eJ' 010 ; )S3: S l i nc runep ' l 'l l n lUaA tmena tm e p'o u!n oV a pS lJU IO J,

trn ep sU~ JOS 9 I iJ sU l tl ?O p e d st ;) .1 .I U s om es u ed ' se { 13U ! 2p :o s e lu u

-osrad .S !S el~ S .I tl.I oq U T0 U ra dti9 !S U ald uI O O z ulf us ns u J! pr pdua umuod s elu alf nc nu y S O .l~ Sa Bm S O T ola d 'e so pu Vle ue lte p

'U ! p8W p 13 P $: UYe p s ~n ds ep o dU I .e r,1o q: m u'1 < ?! A p \e lq os 'a nb 81q

- um 1 S 0 ?~ .f S7 a p 9 pn ,~ '? 's , 8 .l?! {O 'W "S B 1p S ll SO . le U In U UO ; )0 P B!; )-unua , ?PUR ' . ! 1 f l J~dUlOOUPl i l l qu l s8 otnoo SOlUelUO;) . ' s eS l eA p

S eu O !U 1 cI ba IJ "s .0 fo nn p~ ~J e{ qB fs aR llJ d tiy !S B ;) O '91 saIP?qw!SO t l ll 13 d ~! n 'l I1 s ti O ;) BU l S ,? ' !, '; a u o! sn o s! p s 1 31 1 3O lU1 3 n; ) U3:

l:Hf!1 NE>rS!a .'...... ..'. ' .." .' 13IlllltS

- leA I li n. Uh! :J u el fn 8 1U I 9 pOU I S ! U I o d n 1 8PTUO ! PB .Iu < ?p tl ~o J sn llB u n i .. U ! .I OU I 8U lB f e pBp u ~pB J ~p " u .u n 1 3BquA en' SB e p!l aU81 Eu .B !p Ue le .rda s 0 (9 Sa no tiIu e lH ua po rn B . In lj8 ptJr ' "se uo W8 oA 'S f1 1P " e p 1 1 . l T I l r n ; ) l ll sa 'u w U9 P !s bd s.q uo :) u: .; I'" S U ls !1 13 1U emO ;)SITS" :mdsufm11tr:ri3tstr:fqo'~9pO~U"ogghOeal1f!'t-ep"Brl0UI

e p U < ?P S lf oe i B I tI e'tlq 'E ls uq 8 s" m lto lo 81 ep 13 p-e u5 1e 1d UI I 'p Bp-rpunjord Up iO ' f o le d 'f 1 :) !p p nf ' i .. {n : J! 1 ul U1 3. Il te lu aU lBA ! S n pX e

pm;) Ul8 t:')1 1.I nltr t,'B 1S 3: :u ~p ew p U P8 : arasanu arad sU PR '-T !Asu au n S elu e~ !ssu I 0 1: '.la dse l p 11 !q pO S 9 e rq rso d.o p!S u q.k'l1 3H tI l" !s so ue m O S V lU 0 P OWU I u n S U !P s o.n sa nu U 1 SB t{0 P IU 81- UUU I 'E l l{e ss 8q ul T! s ut el bs 8 S U I u 3 : · so pt in 3B jS e O e.A . n s an bo l'"- ua i .. s o pu u opU r el sO ' }X 8 fu · SU ! :J u e1 e J8 l 1 3Qul lS ! U !U f f iS SO . ll S eUU I

(' lOpnpl.l.l1Jap 1.l10NJ -sorouaui S(}Uaplg SUIOp!qpel ut!!qc'l

0Igs anb 802p~p;s()I1SB .t,roql.lUrlln;rf;·U1!\Jtt:nl·1!J~,lal;.Un'otallod._~J~y'!o~ •.;.. ;.•:

SOT 8p , ll poU I aW ' B [ I' {- g1O~ j 3U ! ·· 'B ' [' .· U I B q'l R lp ( .' P 1WqW01 1. .~.T ~?,~'.,. «

ep sajuajuas '· uJ lJ O l0 8 1. ue : S8 1I B .ap PU1{;TI~w.nlr rHa,>.: .oPq.9.aic,: ' :"ep 0 OF!pod:ePS11lqO ' s e r9WlsFV PP " 1,~ ou r. !¥ JO ' lJ aB " J~ d~H ; ..U; ) !WU lBJ l J :01X91 OU IO; )so : :>p ;'VPSOl u q uz n :n n O ! 1 1 31UaU l o: JI 3 :

. . . . s omS r lJ On Sue' I pepsa, ' UU I ; (O l .u RQW! v I) .d his I theQ tt ~{

sandssp 'um a l 0U1 S !U IF ~ 8l qOS SU ! .r n l1UOg .s !s a :r s ~l I n : lm q H O J J .- UO ; ) a s apuop ( se uO n S9 nJ S U p.e U lB Jl) s .a uo !s n;) Sm . '¥ 9H ') ;) 9,I '

1 3I U q U S Bq . e so !p nlS a.O i..n ::> ue 'e lq o.u I;3 P. 'e sllll .7 P d. ~SUJl' O 'f X '€ ll ueU IO ;) :e u op ;) 0 ra p s o dn s o pU1 3q .e l 0 JP . s 0 1 1s a n~ I sO'}

_ __ __ __ _ . ( l1 JtU O U o.I 1SuBJj!ST;tUIu . J l l aUlOg~· 'Ymi?W1F~l w : m a-J.lpvno J :. (u : J !1 :? ' l [BW ' l1JF l91a1 ' nJnvUlBl l t) uifftJffif : sepuaqns a ll U e la ! s s -e I - e! ,P t T 91 dU IO ; )a 1 .I B. a p, P - el ID . ;: :n J J, 8 P . RU IU .mO l d.1 3 : . • . o pa {0 .L 'u ll t1 ld i'l l! UQ l0 ;J ~S U ;) !s us up ue p su I '( iH f tU 0 p :0 .I 1S U

'SH J 1WUI 91 1 lU IU8P io p 'O ~ s ot F? e .I a p! s o qmu . ua .'e so um l a lu ar u-r unlt! Jru O{ og olU o'lsU 'n up !p e:w . U e la mp <::I1 UOW ,.. O:W8[BS ''u np 'e a ~ OUBU1 01o q3 9J ap t I8 's ua aT lG ) ~ J? !~QH91 + S- e'1 ;! U pr pa U 1'O; ) !U s as 'S 18pB t Il " !~Hm, l0 d 7

's ap ~e l S O P u uo !o un J i. , s a ,l~ l1da:) e id oUlC>; )U{en?s~ .ap s 9 1 1

- seuUIs01UU


l J !P ' 'vm ue l s es ~: H 2u ! S 0 21 t1 q~ ol 'nx OI2 ! sT e p o zu e! lli0 3I ee ps aa 's -e m bO l llld 8 l1 ua U JJ qU tu elJ u~ as .\u PI Tlls uI B t.." Uq ul1 uo ;m a e S,e nb utu ,:m o s ou a s ' U 1 10 n ntm trnq- U lu ;: .) nO a ,l Jp up np U I a p S O t] IU SO I SO PO t !S ~ ~. b S O PO lanb ' . rpep8 3 : 's e'[ lltU e UI ar e s 13 Ie no se a p p nm rn U I -e un ap a f,U ld 13 SU lf !1 T:! [sUIan3se ~el1 t:mns!"x8Qdmep OUI S !U I[{f 'S1A0, IJ .Q3 . odam::> Yes

us':u jZUT : !t ]8 s u auI X ! ' J -. T I 3d t Il " !en oIMa l tmb ' 91Ua r u r np~Ul un ua

'i..ei2 ns l1 . t l quP JOOe l 'IIIX O I lJ !s Ja p s ?U I l'e '8 :~ 1 UO SSUO .I U 0 8p "odsNo"arradm IO u1 ap elle!d un 'w ?pon lisu '! UI 1 eAo ur o ldep laC f8p la 'Q Wo;) lS U 'sorpnise ​​~oIep l:. p np !fB 10 lU U ! and po 8 dSU 1 fs ol lS a 1.1 U Is Q l a p u !s !A ~ e dI 1s Ii. U9! ?O e l e u q l! ~H (J '-UT! ano:or 'V'9P.:J!ps! .rnf ns apsanU IJI S Ol uo np.mdUT! eS6nb

~~--uzmrvasIfa;~~ffjp;:elqBS-u9C(saT~i~. ss ( m r r a i~ p - B p i io ln B - T F i • • .• .: . • . ...HV8'N9fS30 ' S 1 3PHZ! 1 0 ; )v~Su s eI . 1J u i Sn l an: ) S<1:~u ;r

ua opanjadrsd u uq a s s O IT i? uo y* ' 0 1e 'tl .o d.W 1 11 ,le ue n ... [,lo dUq13 l J. I 13 ; )U8s s ap1n:> SO l ep s e [B l od IOy . SO~JnSB~sO I ep l J ,I 0 t ]: ? To ; ) ,. .

-x e B l u 'l! qU I1 3l 0 U 1S ' oa rd ru e I a o I9 s q u U I,lr ur plJ ,,1 3UU dp sW 'U 1. (S B[n 2lJA 'U tU 11 ' Ia du d 'o jo ns Ie l! .rq for l1ll3d Uf13d) [B! l e lUUle p u ld mo ;) lll U l1 3d ' so lls e'S lU S O I.u .r nlJ ud urad U!A . I 8SuorsuadWI 's elu elJ WU! S O Tu .aqasuadsjp ~ s e nb ur ap ;. .r nI ,o :J sa u or su ad

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (39)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 39/55

through experimentation, to the knowledge of man, his use and his destiny;. concerns. that he return-

They came to treat, after an eclipse, our most modern philosophies,

/" Avlas-universidades were frequented by young people who;7 wanted to follow, a position PO T medic of;~, u?listudies, the children of wealthy families, noble or not, your parents sent them to schools. and who took advantage of it,

not so much 'to work as to enjoy there the freedoms of life is est i i i i U 1 £ H ; And fi .ria I m e n £ e - j ) o r a i i tu r e r s , bone ' :'my lazy people who indefinitely prolonged .illusory studies to enjoy the . punishing them, lacking sufficiently energetic means of coercion - it had the justice of the Church, too benevolent - it nevertheless defended these undesirable sheep against secular jurisdictions. This caused very serious difficulties between the university and the king, especially in Paris. At Oxford; bourgeois-and-students-lived in a state of intermittent war,

The students lived in rooms rented by private individuals, or in schools similar to those known with that man in Anglo-Saxon countries or in our residences in university cities. In fourteenth-century Paris there were about sixty, such as the famous Sorbonne, run by Robert de Sorbon, son of peasants and chaplain of St.

Luis. Likewise, in Oxford, John de Calliol, later Walter de Merton and Guillaume de Durham, Bishop of Rouen, made foundations - which are gloriously perpetuated in our


The courses were held in different premises, generally leased by the teachers, and of which the

In the 12th century, men like Bishop Robert Grosseteste, the monks Roger Bacon and Albertoel Grande linked observation, reasoning and experimentation, opened the path to modern science, established the theory of ancient mirrors, They explained the rainbow, studied magnets, etc. And in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, mathematicians such as John Maudith, Richard of Wallingford, Levi Ben Gerson, and Nicolas Oresme designed astronomical calendars, created measuring instruments whose clan-established theory, founded trigonometrics, discovered the use of graphs, formulated They had laws, especially kinetics, which they proved through algebra and geometry. .


more comfortable gave rise to abusive speculations. The teacher sat in a chair, before a desk, the students at his feet, on the rock. They generally point to the sections, from which comes the name of lectures (which is still given to the courses of Anglo-Saxon universities}.

The repeaters repeated them, from . the. which ..some were original ..masters. There were no spiritual tasks I>~to 'the students', but the practice of the discussion pr? yc~~tr~ ,a

thesis,erl'l: that develops,with it. II1ernorla And ~aagih?~dment~,Ta ,m~Ta-dedisculif" Dur~t~ hisstudies, the )6-vgIlE313.copi~ban)lll certain mim~r~ of course~ or·.of .. . ibros queleian, sheet by sheet, in Ill.library depositary, for-

give them ..~}The exams were carried out in Christmas and,.in Lent. conaistian in. J'q1sCllsions "with the examiners. about the issues of the program or about. ~ arguments extracted from a book, .not composed by'elimpetrantei pewremitted for study by him by 'the canceller.

The sanction of lostu, god consisted. in the. collation of

degrees, .whose l1names· we have preserved~~.: ·9~chiller~to.licenciatura, masterazgo I doctorate. These .gJ:ados .'cOEIfenan the right to wear university attire, which mill u8,an' the 'teachers and students.of certain.countries. The new doctor received, with his bir~t;l'l:do, a ring, a symbol of his ties to science. All this was given to him in the course of a religious and solemn ceremony, investiture. U~ga.'in his order to the cavalry.o to the vows of the monk. The day ended with abundant snacks offered by the recipient to their new c01eg8.8. ,/ The children who were destined for handicrafts entered

/;learning. We know his condition very well in Paris.

. from the days of San Luis! p:xes.en., 1268, the provost Etlenn.~Boileau, in charge of the J,ux~sdlcclOnde 108 trades proceeded to the drafting of his pr~cticl'l:s", Although some abstained, 121 submitted .its statutes with the approval of the magistrate

trade. We see then that most of the officers had an or-

corporate organization aimed at the stability and defense of the profession for the maintenance of quality (garnbaque .was given to clients), the fight against hoarding



D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (40)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 40/55

[. .rojonpn.n lap u10NJ . ;:)JqOJ18

r.~pg!11 {< 3 uuqllfuQl'iJl anb SOIU il1U;JulIltI2nunuqllultlfl as lSlI :S.l:J!1'J:J.J.°Y *

S O p.S O l ,m bo lu :e un u::m s u n B la urs el~ I B r B m d 'B :J1 lnod se::>8ABA '( B!U OW PlH d 8 0S B:) so 'p ap ua A 'u::>!w 9uo ;)a •m muroJ up-uairodun a .p O pB nn B ~e oruourtrreur ja 'l31p aw pupa U I u3:


'1 9 u o o.msud anb u lualo leU l!.ld of onb pmuou oduron 18 amndxaanb ap B alun zrpualdB Q I,J lOra tnorar 'u9Ispap ns 0 Puu;)!J!pa l

' -e)pod ou o llsam u Ia 's~osnqu SO l m l!A a urad 'Ola& ' l1qB1O'!110W!JJvw 1 : ! l ' I I I -fSJ anb bdwan la zod l1 .~al0::>un u ztpuardn ll 1 - e W a : : > a s 'z efa A

. . . . ap 0 up uo 1'J!P U1 a p 'afu lIp2 a.la d a p 'papsunojua nu n ap np- ua n :: >9 su o o. child o 'O PHO ]9 nqBuop t rnqu orissaur I a o p tm nQ

'SB1'Jaroosoxanu SOIB 81 ':mbuuq un ' . s og uz a! p 'S O l8 ll1 1S Fo S O lel~Ua ' sogu

o 08U10l' unrsouusjue soj urad UUSOUI n uun 'U 1 pU 1 J0 ;) tl I u oqoo ' ?O,I8Oldlq sOl a1l! . . . . l l the ' sogu orrsno BqB ln p e fl !Z f P ua ld 13mona '131 rn1 'J :edostoardara ardurets orad 'Op :BUO!SeOuo ;Jun '1 3 I a 's ol ag 'B d sOl a11U3 : " op 'l 321 01 0 oduran l a10d I:' UPt-lJ1S!U0 , 'A 8.l rB upB .qua B I .mrdnroo anb B !U al as saoaA B anbtmn -mmsuotsuad HI rod 'er! oa ds a u a O llS a1 3m 'fif xtiZ' ! :um8pU1 l3

'{ l3 .1 8 ua 2 0 1 .rod alqn 1318 O p!Jo fS osa12u! 1 3 : -opunfies I tl ouroo Oluapl lJ l lSa!Pl l order ns u 0 lU Ul sopsuusap 'OfUqB11apu uq tl;)u pa A o p! Jo P 1P s tlp lB n2 's?I 'a ltr n.l tl 1' J .ronrud ouroo ttq-e~ sogtt sp ozeumu ouero tm I.. ' so 'J n lB 'l Sa sO l . 1Od l lp tt f! J t :l 'P 1 3 !U

-n2U .lo pU atd ru 8 o wm ~n 8"~ alq mn 1S 0;) S tlllllf \3 ds al arum] I\. '. -n oa d U 9P 13 lfl3 ld 1 31 m l: 1 uqtl2rrqoas ou tu Ia 'a llUd ns 10d

aSla;)a{ql l1se 9nb UO ;) 13l< t~A ntA Z lldll;) U llllap!SUO ;) aras op ; '.Ioum tI room {l3as.m qap nntpod anb-trano A ardurers 0 2zu.nS 8m u Ie ulB doldB B ola ' (sO laptH md SO l olafnm ns op sodndos 8 0 1 m on orad.: o.nsasur Ta p sauotooarrooanua s and BQ .n nn ::» 0 P Ho lap opplafa up together O OYll un ap SBI trnquZ1 lO ln t1 as . ,,8. Iqmoqold op o fr q: OU I O ;) " I ur ua 11 3d

sondsop 0 1Jle ~p aU Iu 1 BW 10 r ua 'orarqo 1a 'a1ua w f8u ! , t J : , I. . uu2W UUUOj uo 0P.111l! t l lI. . 0 PH of raerm gesua 'u9pu1uarn

l;JV8 'N.OIS3Cl>i·~.c·em A uT ap nronj 0 o.nuap t lppanb ntm B2u81 - r r u 'U 9P ~J!q~~.a lm UoP JodO ld .ap 'ogru. {B .l!qpa l ap~q132' anbopB1U1W00) Ial q Ie ua 0 s od ur nJ .s O I u a 1 3T an zo liJ ns u 1'J ua 1 -reoua e s 0 11 Sa Hm l3 :'·sO Je .rq os op A sa tl0 l1 Bdu tJ .l9 s op s9 {t1 n:>

anbJ2Inno' !{pl 'oU'!sasB 0 u91P Bl 'opqo rep 0110 ap ouroruo ru SO l ap A 'oPUo lap sO lqm ap:U 's0 2nsa l O JwnJ UO ;) O PU ;)!}' .1Pope .r rHn.~U.lmmpu aqop -solagtld SO l trnpa.p- aW tlN" -!1 -la ;) orad 'IIJX 0 I2 !s Iau a 'rule ua 20 1 .rod onrosa ou '0113 11·SO .rql i1a !U ls l,1S arqos Bplafa U9!::HuodlO;) B I anb IOl1UO ;) IB -U O ;) u n a p O lua !lliu2 .iO lO re I. . ' l epUaldlJ II tlqr anb 01 R eS lBl

Opnau.Iosuqtl lse I. . 'a1.l ' l3d UJlO ua O'OPl lWloJtl 1qm .{ oT anb lan -snftl ap oiueuram] B qll~ sa ld oy !U Ia pmo ll T anrarnp B!Uom/-U l p ua . orarqo WONDERFUL ; ) lt lf uqB .I 1 l lJ PQd 'S a JUO second ep.f!:' j.:rnd V -areo BUl l II 1 ll 2n I u q ll p s 'a o ,; }AB a fu z IPU81 du T l1 osa12U! 1 3 : /

'S0 1n lu lsa S Ol n e S.I tI 'l sn fg a p 'S ll. gl bna1 SB l arqos 0 lUaUIBJ ! 'u9! :m81l l ns 'BpOl a{l112!iJo. ld arsrpnd 011:

-n f u n a p S ;;M tll1 tI U 9!;) U1 0dlO ;J III us Bmurpe aT as 'sauopu1 'J -soum ns anb arsd lU ra.A 'o~nu a p s 9la 'l rr (u a : ,( ls op B ;) la m SO rg

-nqo sns op 0 puleqn 'uaA of f B 'a f13 Z! pUal dB I a l ll U '! tU1 8 1 IV UlqO ap otraur 13 Trsuororodord 0!msa::>aUl1l9 send 'Sbp o outr.opaaiootoq , las B ! qa p • 0 1B1 1UO ; ) and of course! dmO l zrpuarda un 1 u ru1aua1'J o r ,1 Od o pp np tU 'B P !l1 sa . U U U ( ) J u a f ' opl l1UaUl1112al

13Optl ft l . I ' lUO;)nrarqnq anb o.nsoaur 13: 'a rq tl 'l sa u,! a lT 10 ;) sa lo pg B q S'l Se seorpuarda ap oranmu I a 'O S l l: J l eU l !l d Ie tI a O A [8 S 'A

ru ltllde ;)g uu }qa p sB 1'Ja 10 ;)sns IU 19 .!U "tlla ;) .la l"i,~I 13orad 'llIa1uam d ns epo SO J1S8uU Iap sonq SO fa1lua :O fuqBJ~ app

~~~~A nJSyr··()gJr i~~5°J~~1~' i~s~~~n~;aJr~l tSl~BZ~~~li t t l~~~p!~--() !P8Vt:\- .~-~t~~8g-<)-~~J~J!LRqJnnp ~J_Ql-~S_--~~~~~-~

rod o tJ !u 1 l3 :r BAn nl lJ II o.nsaur III l B 1PU ! l l~ q ap uotntras tl1 Sa -, or pa on s O U IO ::) 'so.nsasur sO l a 1 lu e orrqqmbs 18.rod sosorspod'~ 1 C {0 ; )y a p SO 10 f tl fi 8J sOTua e[uzlp u8 ldll lap oduror; Year °P All f. . . . . soun.3ra ap O!U!UlOP Ia 'ojuarsns tip u po d B !:JU llU ll2 ap npanb' S 8 : j . . . . . i u d 'S~110ua own a *,' S.l8!J(};) •I O j SOLap OSB; ) F ~ uo scsour - s~ q u I 'B PU 11 l1 :J U ! T.UOUOO ;)I rod U1-la!q13uImouooa III BJnms;:llla1U iinp - :alUl lpnAtI oaonn u n 1 B1 B1 ltlO ;) .ropcd U!S- -sns ' U 9p u 1- lo dx a l lI U . l l3 d U l lq u fB q ll ll bsB 1ST Ill ln dB ; )so! .I l3 s·

\ 'o ll Bl ad se 0 2 an ['B } p un e1~mp op!n2aS1ad anb lli ua la1s? -ardma sepl i1112 eparcpsumrqs upUll .mpuddald 'stapuop ITIB

'Oh. l 1S8UWns and -r .q and f ap ,. and p a~ nu 0 papooau rod .. ' og!U 11318 oqonur Uql l !qUl l l : :>sOPHo SOt ap lep(}.Il3;) I ea no - S OU ll lA l as qo- .[sopsejdma sns .1 3A 80tI 'Bsal lU so] and sqsp as ar lOtJn t' it l .I l 31 'J )

Of l lOlUl la o uopll ' luaUllll.al:;:u l'?T ' opB: ). l<)ru r ep UC,)T:)OJ1 11Si l° l'll 0

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (41)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 41/55

spouses conferred on each other. Lastly, for a certain literatura that was born ~11unemployment in a rich and indolent society, it was a social formality, which was not enough to bind the heart nor did it imply love. that our literature of the last fifty years represents our customs).

/ .....E;lll1atrimol1 io rnedievaleraellprimeI: ..ulac:to·ci~r: impQrtancelamiliirr, p u e s theOlidaridtia en'iiuuygr:andee:m

he. sep9··of thef81Uilia, both mascu8 1 lto thatvremained tied to the same piece of land, generation; .after generation .., c ion. The honor of one was that of the others, the grudges of one were shared by the others, and every private matter became, ipso facto, a family matter. In all the important moments of his life, the man was escorted by the entirety of his lineage: to appear before justice, "to engage in a private war, as long as it lasted." , all. his '10... attended .and, this. implied, by hook or by crook, to all his.

that when he introduced a new member into the family, the family had to accept it 16 .

"N~tern()saaermls that a new family did not mean by fW::I":wa new home. Very.frequently it happened,in the city as .in the country, among.nobles as among those who were not, that .the young p The couple stayed at their parents' house, generally those of the husband, or those of the wife when she did not have siblings. This was due to the lack of medicines.

the business gave.. Iplace ..to new competitors and the.economic organization of the family ex~&ia that this.

They gave in this way, grouping around the same "fire and cauldron", brothers and cousins. In this case, the "family community" and not the couple thus created was considered as the social cell. She was the one who forced herself to feed

position, military service, personal benefits

-their members!rps governed each other. To its dissolution and not to the deaths of this or that of its "representatives" was due, in the families, plebeian, which corresponds to our succession rights. Some of these "communities in


implicit" "have lived in good relationships for centuries

"and until. after the French Re~olution."

two families, landowners or lords, and na. good alliance, or for 10 menps peace. Children were bound before they were born or of young age.

en.la ITlisrna.Sllna: .'Apartede8tlimp()ffaneiafamiliarypoHtica-,.eI~matrimo- "

child also brought great financial consequences.

On the other hand, all that constituted a whole. In the position, the social function, the patrimonio cpnstituia an element, a medicine. The man, was integrated with his goods:,? Ara dis-

Putting these, had to be disposed of here; it was not "I)q~ materialism, but by. a concrete, concrete notion.!;.<! ,heiress of.J.ln fiefdom or of a property (peasant .exploitation.iels.good. order of things demanded that .••.a masculine-autofity .take charge of one or the other:.it was necessary;Ja a man.to keep a placejt1erte .-make or obey.for the garrison, ITl, antener

..peace in the lordship, as well as to direct the crops and command the servants, In addition, the father chose his daughter's husband as his successor. If the young woman was an orphan, it was admitted from the beginning that if the interests of the land were great and urgent, the heiress's rights had to be safeguarded.

dices. There was only one solution: get a down-to-earth P81 administrator to give. to the girl time to believe, but ca-

use it as soon as I was old enough, about thirteen or fourteen years old. Yeah. she did not accept the suitors who presented themselves, she had to renounce her rights to enter a convent. This was wisdom itself and no one blamed it. When the young woman had brothers, instead of taking her

husband to his family, she went to his, provided with a dowry that was a greed for the inheritance. Generally; he was made to swear, at least in the south of France, not to claim anything later, from the succession of her parents. "Then, the marriage had an economic importance."

mica. ·Adult cacla. it was,·a productQr;the.children,.ul1a •.wealth.When.the.union took place among themselves. l 1 ~ wt O s "(: Ie 'different lords, the spouse who impoverished his mistress, enriched the other in the same measure. Therefore, the authorization was required.


D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (42)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 42/55

pm o B I . . . ~ ) 'l U3 Iu eAUO ; ). i: )J BUna p uu fl JP 'f .l tI U Jl B . rn d l ~l an b ~ Pp upa qn B I ;-·U 13!O ap a r- uaptd a'j S,) l qUIOq: snJ , ,, : t?JU;0 . r nq ns

ep s alq rn 0 tI ;8 0 1 'a pl iI J.t 2: un a p u qu& u.q e S O pU n n; )A '( 8~ fU ~ P-nd soj] "sawu . rnoSo l J fU1U" so] 'a .qm m uI '~Wltdla : so pB sa . .:-a lI I! s O l so po l .rod u qu Z! l,U a l a s U !A O UR un a p u 9F );) aI9 u'I ..':

; '" .• . / upuuMlHU1nUU uIap op .ro t 01 opO l U 0 P U!uoU IH healthy sou as anbpup-!u2W u u.l.2 R I p np mqn lo s!p II!u lsa u u !q ap omonnrrsur 13

'opjoou-oo sap R Jquq R pnpuoo ns anb s or dp m ,.id Bo I u af uu aU Io qUJPU8.1~~; )U8.1~uad ns U ? J A " 'a f,lam uap o tpa{ ns no uian}anbunlJ 'oW8!u:rq1edal lB ,p lUpnpUO;) .0 1 as . a ldm8! s :(op 'S ;) ed

IU anb a 1Je ns a n "oJ,lO "Jo u,p a ol,U p~ ;)sa I? opmmo ' l ,U!OOSu9puqoldaluI A UnunwO;): l , (q 1 3 1 I r nqBYU. l }Ua svW~P :~iA 'S ,o l

-uauraroas SOl uau9.! .0J31F>rf·IUd 1 1 1 a p ' 'S ! sa r2 1 l Jl ap '£ lP I ,A } 3 Ja puuqBf ,l u d13 , S8 lB lp f I~ . .U! e l ll cH lI l 3; )!U9 -U:. u oauopun1W S l 1~;~o[ ! q

s n~ u . f ,q f ,p o X·..m~<! I I . a lSpt ns ap l H !UIP .r n n2 uTouroo 13JualUUUI7 8 ( f r ~ ~ . .T~BpeSIT . H I • •ua , :efB qap uI 0 l eJnU1 ns l3 13quuoPl l11ql3tn}Zl1?tloq n O~;)~ .Wq O~B ,A0 P PUU I I e 't/ Bl eAU ! UIl3 op~~O' l,U~nAuoo. o zu lJ a .raduror ua .rasuad ulP od OU orad .. ' l :1H

-a lO q H I U O ? and q~ JO su oJ .~S 'P 91 suq Ie U P;) 1 W 3n l o nb una 'lefn UI

~,s,~. l l1ruop.aP.~9U1Hll Sg?aA.~ ' l :1quluul t ;! as osodsa 1 3 : ' suueoso

s~~" .o uap . lo s~g; r s, , /?d :~ t1l 'mI I ! t,O, lOpHPJBA tm 0fuo'u:ql luruns .ap UUF>U1{.~~! .wlPo l t t~ 9 s13spzalad sarefnur gnb'su;)od ' j} .

~ U l~ '8 ,p 0 18 P s af }n b 0 1 ' u ul ~s e~ .l ll !) ou '~m :J sa p:n q o sa ou pl o1 ',I lsUInq,?] ° S 13 ~?O ~'U P !\ A .n {u pC n l J.r od s a 'u so s:: >a s o un opusnoenb epEep! 131~IEj o,!oeq -g!Gtnlu!selfl ul 'Se.lqUInlsoo s u r . 9p

~ ~1 ll? u.n jlu q R I e p 9 1u ~P fo o.·1 11 B ilU O ::>o pu up -e u 'u 'j} !9 qm .L ' .. <

B-~en;;:;Jp'L," " sUPUlO !AsaKa l s n s .l 3 :: >mU. lJm I lu uuo J u eAo1U(}Jdop~~UeA .Ul l ' alql: l lS8lep m n ordmore un . Il 3 'H un uoo m1l

-~y(}se t1b~?r ,~ : . IU1mupaUrn urad 'so !G olad 'U I.I~s 'ap O lgl?[apB~! I ,9~r? , t19~~,~901 .dB UTosnpm e 01U8!i l l ! ' Jpesuoo I e ' gpIl lel-q o ~g S01PH! 'o p .l 3pn28 :quB· . . . . u PunUIu ru9Pm ; truth ' jOd ' a lu~ t l. n iJA IS

-aons O P!S Bt{ Jerm u U U[L~,:sef.8lsopepup!d,?1 A 819u1 ll eurU lepenru 13 1 u oo u qn up me l anb l JP 0 1 S !t T n u n , o. p I U lo t. U ~t SOIq-s and S O l n lB '} Ue se ld ? P ~ qn fe port u dl3 d 1 9 'U UO lO O n s u qlJ A ~nse ren :: > S OIu s8 Jo ge ssoso lep od sop noo e lU eU IlJA lsa :m s' f.;P Bl-u nT oA n s H .q UO OlU S lP UU tJ en A o Senr 's no nn o'd s ou oz your foot op

~ I~ lU n s a pB p ~lU d es a n] '1 ll8 l,U S nl ,? f e pB ll! ~.l 'I aq us I onbunanptpaur B f,lep ua 9!A !A s or olsn2ny ednaj . so !dpuP d sns

, I

e lu em up nu psq p '.'u lu a1 UUU l l:1 !s al~ I l3 { • SO lJ !.l? p s or do rd sns.r

l ?d u pu uo pf '1 l1 ~a?~An '$ al.q um lso ~s HI a plJ lO ,~arup~lTniS eSe.le lI I! S All ap l3pualO !A u l rod apaproqsop s a :>8A ' y

' of, ler~Ul ns U1S.~qOp~ ' l~o . ;muu~as snb ozu l un .. l~~lUo.'~ l~ ~p yn s O ;)!P pn f.oA !fO U I ia p u1 l,U l lod' 'opnd uountf~eq= ~.o~l tra nop usl3 d U !9U1{019s' l, U 11 ? l3 1UO J 'e S ln q of Jil r l 3 l lJ !p n the .ozrn.b snb oipnm lod ' o lslU lnyednaj o led 'l3U UO jU1Sc) UC

9rep H l'opuloU IU ua A nw opl:1+sa l3JqB 1{ '~~ll3qm a~s 'anb l:1

and p. le fn m nun .rod 0PBI .1 l l q ITA s !n '1 . ? P 1 3l p! pS a p I 3 O P~ l Sr x {U sl3pB' .12 j'alq 111 alo 'ltl1 Bp uq a s u9 !un ~I en b u a o ru au ro u r I e u a jO 'l~ s9 <:-ord tI Arn;:u Bp :qn : :J s ap a s onb' ~op.!qp101dopul ,t ' J .trn ua o ; ) za lUe~,·nd opoquanrrpadun un mSa{U ' :u PQ t .U9n BJ ,Al ,l u uuuqu1wonUt='l u2 nAUo :J o z uI l ap u lU l dn l U1 s so d,m nJ 8pw?PR .wd as ul or um

o r l3 'op lo AW the Ju ow nde lia um urpu or "l'l~ sa I2 IB TP l.U oC ) 'S 13 ~-! Pt : l PW1.Ueu lmu n ql ll \a la a 'l uaU l1 pmp anb s

'l Un ll 3le ln B yopnrad 9;) l :1ssarnno SBI e p B : Jmmm . x pm ; n ;:-amrs 'Sl3mu.rnJ··snaep lU s ad ~ ;a Sl !U n U lU d osa ep UUQl3q4i3i1

-ordu as sopmonreue sBuaA9 f sol"f' sepspuoma Sl3rO BF~lua . li lJ cB l ep sanerodtrosard s1'II !U' sauopuzPOfnu SUI l3qulapp

. -uoo ON 's al ,U t 10 ru u~ s uu rr a s ns ep u p uA l U sU r 'e liq ap eR p ~p r-UHS ns B !a lw3PHI lS h . O! l l 1Se08U UJi~Onln t t ro ' }ua!u l !~uasuoJ If

pmo Ie urad ' elqn!os~pl .X10' luau.rnlogs. unaod u B1 llne Slefn w n,A arqmoq I e ' uI 1 eu ll 1d ' $l Jf ll 1Uo p nl oM ) la lU aLU~pnB ;s t3 'p o e'u quu .r n pol d B ! s i3 tZ lI UI ' S< : 1 fE l ! JOS su! ~mehoesuo ;) u u !n a 'f .0 I 9 !O!UOU1! l ' l ' e lLU(a ueehbsauopd8;)U O;) S l3'}Se,SU pO l.,\,?glU alj

l::IVS'NElIS3C ·sop.oyas;sotl . !padSal sns.sp sO 'HPq~!S O l a p 0 1 u0 il ll! ..1 1B LU ;a lq n I a u B n! uu ed enb sOPU1U1 lUp l e !Op .sarouas sor , ' uo lBoHdmnm as s ar 13 po ge sle lU ! S 8U O ru n S B 1S '0pUl:1H(j"t01U9!OJod·.g'g···· lep.·Bo;l ;ea)-son9nbuap·ol loJ·IaAo(

Kuqonqul apB '}U dupt3J .rod 'ogB saM lll 'Q 9t{JIO J 'U pB qO W pupuo zodsonauepj, • (O l11ap lOdg'Z) R J :f xa a io p a p l :1 lq nH p lJ :

.l od S O !;f eU e p9 • (o ll i{ ep .rod9 nas 0 ) ")lO P u f ep u lqn R 1all! - we >wwO give that po ye sl ap B the nl Bq us R :: >a is we ouu lHA F :l ' o lomer ,lod"uJPU UU UO N u:_ ;r 'oq ;)81ap un ap 02Bd Year 81UlJ! fear UJI

i -l o se . l' i! a s . OPO l l ,U l eUa lJ 0I.lOd A O P BS 8lC lq rm ,og esIe p U 9P B~

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (43)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 43/55

would you like to marry, , , and for which we hope to have from you lineage and lord that comes from you, as,successor." very sweetly -r-: .at your will and

pleasure "..-Yes, your desire will be lords.

right). A boy from a smaller family had more freedom to choose.

_ / ' , ..,V e l3 .J ll o_ SGQ IDO l lQ S _ d _E :s cx ib eJ ,U ] . _ _g.entilhQmbre.deLsigloXIV a marriage interview in which I had participated. (Which could even be a scene from provincial life.) and mother. And my father took me to see her. And when we were there, we were treated very well, and good food (good sign). I looked at the one of whom I had been told, and made her speak of a whole number of things to know about her being Thus we entered into the words of captives, of which I told her: 'lady, it would be better to be a prisoner of yours than of many others and (I) think that your prison would not be as hard as that of the

jingleses ..; He replied that recently he had seen the one who wanted me to be his prisoner. And then I asked her if she would give him a bad prison, and she answered me that there was no way and that she would love it as her own body. And I told her that this (here) would be very happy to have such a sweet and noble prison. What would she tell you? She had a lot of language and it seemed very much, according to her words, that she knew

very well and that he had a very lively and light eye. And there he heard many words, 'and always, when he came to talk,. she was very open (daring), because she begged me two or three times not to delay (take) me to come see her. ,. And he had me so attached (united) to her that in so few hours I was BU intimate with her,

although I had never seen him and knew well that they were talking about his and my marriage." And when we left, my father said to me:

it seems 10 that you have seen? Tell me your opinion about it." Then I told him and he replied: "My lord, she seems beautiful and good to me, but I would never be closer than I was, if it pleases you." It looked like her." And the married-

\nno no. was done. ...

As in our days, when young people and families

they agreed the betrothal was celebrated, secured by 1 3 1 exchange of rings. This is how a novel describes the scene: "A ring (the boyfriend) takes <.ie> his finger: -He puts it on his and says: •Friend - I take you for this gold ring (08

I take possession)- to miaIl.1Qrsie'Wpr~JeliW1.lente.' -Yen. His finger put a ring. ' 'Here, two wedding rings: each one received the wedding ring from the other, not only was it an exchange of gifts, but the conclusion of a contract

._._.cQn.Ye_l),idQ..dCOll. . .effects..de~de.fact,-Suhrayerno.s .the~vo(}hablo··employee, which is a technical term of legal language, and let us remember...that the transfer of possession or property was generally carried out, in the Age Media, through a symbolic ceremony and through the delivery of an object, often personal (ring, + glove, knife .. .}, the betrothal by ring was thus something.rnas.than.a.graceful-gesture It was very difficult to obtain the rupture and gave rise to sanctions: (Of. the current jurisprudence of the United States in matter of breach of promise. i "The Church, guardian of the oaths,

especially betrothals following a ritual that, nowadays, is revived in.some.sites. Young men, surrounded by their relatives and friends, would appear in the church where the priest would receive them in a stole and surplice. There, once assured of his name and identity, he asked the ritual questions: "Martin, do you promise to marry Berta with your oath, if the Holy Church consents to it?" Martin responded: "I swear." Then the cleric said in Latin: "And I espouse you in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Amen."

Ifa admonitions" that usually lasted forty

days, and in 1 3 1 of which the publication (such the meaning of the word admonition) of the projected union was made.

on several occasions, in order to provoke the "declaration" of canonical impediments such as kinship to a prohibited degree, previous undissolved betrothals, which could have prevented the Church from allowing 1 3 1 marriages to take place.

'" Breach of promise: English expression meaning breach of a COID-promise. [Translator's Note. J .it



D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (44)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 44/55

square day 1 and 01 ' 0 1 ' t3q t3SU; )e s oursaturao an opi l l : ln:-y/

: $OP~~ )OUO; ) e ll ue u.r re sl eA ! U n 'p 3p and J o rs an du nep 'lpep saiupnAl3 o p S O St3 ;)orrano so] ep oun. l1 .1elog:aslap.tJ1Ju ' i1130lUp d.I3[,~poluourP lBU l I~ 'su18ag S BIHe .OU lO:>9018 u2SO l us .md!~m.tnd ' 1 3SOPO l n t3quum n as;o~ ~d 'sU J! lq ;ld se l-uanj St3!na n p.l O J O t rr A1 8 ' U9p t31<10du1 u ' ~ )l qn ;:Jlp:~~ SUPIUlOJuu Jllu da .l 8 S .sasormms A S ll ~l U l narrow 'sulsa U su and 'S 01 ~u

-ourud sO T8p u quW11 5 ~o pu un J 9 1U 8 l. lI fS F >8 ds 8 A nU l A 'u fr q n s. ,. ./o o f!q ns U ' 3quSK) A8l o tU sH Il1 8 0 l~gGS uu~ an opuunO '

'o un e p,r u2 nr ua SU!Psop nqarnp 13poq 131A 'U92l !A

13113 sqoou 1118UIpd ns u uQ ll 12 u SUO J '1 3mS S . SU!q0 .L U op tnq-rU I} S O pl1 ~u :> U 7 }~ el S O l - ssuojarq vsodureo soj ua OP!P18duq,~~ ouerqnrrusoo tlIA _ _ 'som s soun2~ua '0 J .ad '~IJdnu 'o qJ8 Ue lp ap ua q lu13d ' OSU8PU! 1 8 pounds. 1 11 !PU8qur u Ju 1 8 o p u aA1 11 'f,'Oml l i lUUOlU ns uoo ~mj {8 uQ B2an A sosodsa sO l U l 3Q t3 1 S0 JU

a s '~ lP O U UIlla 'sauuqA sofp0 28l 'seuqs8J sO IU tJqu IJ!U ! as'us13;') U{ U 3: 'q8JuoJIap sU tu lO J snrannrd SUl t 3 uuHmod s a llO Janb ,'I od Bd a ps oz ~l l soqonbod ' a nu J B 1 e p S O lP la p'lu ap utUaP lIP lasu 'o ,.\epT :sosodsa SO l arqos nsoo la !n b~ n;> tlq B'l

-U tJr~S 'S gl~{lpm r~ S 01U8UlU I 2 cu sO l op .rasad U 'u 1uo log ua. s a u of ll ~o I fj uu . S8 S 1 ~d . soj ,?a sU 1P so .l1senu u1suq u~1edled as

anbpuP HH leraP 80 J}J~u t0 1P on2nU B (U !Juupunqu) ,,?1uald

' iJ 3 ua ld ." ,' :b { )U9 ! :J 1 pl Jf a re d U8AO f H I a lq os o uu 12 ap .s op ug ndUBq~ (p aSo~WI11 sO l ,( 'l ls . n pu ! a sn~>X 'a 1U a Sr ll d u qu 'l sa H ~ n : U l : H J U l spoj. ;so n} Jn uu £ .n lU S O lU '

.ru :> oA a,u qU JH du r:o t~ ~·S 01 l3 hlU Sn Sa p u qtu n1 ur arqos J .Udo

u uuq~"a 'pp91ue~a? Ia ueu tqB 11ua 't3fS eI2! .111 9p u llend uIuo l91J laK$bZ1!~sns lodsop!Jnpuooa.1 '~uU rv 'sa1uB 1smsou tUf~a1UBlnpuqt3nq a' B Je nl B un u qu UlO l U !liO U B I 's e:> aA Uapuop ua21~i\ U ia pl U rr U I B 0! 1~ :J un UB q t3 A a nl 1p !n 2a su a'0 1 1 -jpuoq O t l! AN UdO JUu ;r S !U1U r ua u uJ C { \= 1 qA ' u' Hpu a q u n so q auno ·~ de po :ZH p 9d un ;· O l') .n fl 1s :t l'! dl tn ap · u -e qU ! )UA 8 nb s: 01 !1 0 P-u a~ !s 'u up .r ud ;,:u a s sa :8 nA U < ?Js o] ' U S !U I '1 31p os.rno la u3:

'l:IVS"NOIS3C1 's o ll UU ln I ll al ! SU t 3 lUd 'o } Jn kIao on 'sarpsd sns nO J sopa2o ;.)a l U OJ n qm suq 'so frq SO p:U Ao oun opB lpua2ua U t31ququ ,\' sosodsa S Ol 'O !U O UI! l ').t3U 1apttla I1J 'opm m.J '18fn ru ns apU Z8qt3J uy k,6ppB U1 soz lapquroqso ] u uq no 'u ~;u aA oJ. d 4 3: 'offn.(Ia :o la A O U 1S !U 1u n U O J sO lla !q .-n o u ne U m 1rj.S ~S Uso so dse sO '} '(~ F> adsa US 1U I 0 ' PUP!U! l ,L<:B UI!sH uu S ul a p t3 An OA U S !,U I)U S1 Ul ' Ell 'u qu lqa la J a s A U P....

-!puck animals and apuop u!saI2! U It3 uuqu11ua saJuD tU a

, '0 !U 0U l!1sa llap yun l!J lap 'oppap JSurod 'a +,r nd UB qU tU l O J _ _ SU~J nS ~ sarqurrnsoo-; sad l 02 soft

-! P a~b sO UIa10 u A s0 11s r }J al tr nq BA aT Ia s OU a nb i~ O lU < :} pl Q; Ja lI'a s. rn dum o a pu ql 1q l3 0 U anb 0 PR la p, 0 pJa no a.r I~L1pOUl~UI ins ua 10fam lUf!J BlUd SOSO l sP :UUsad l0 2G . s 'E l p t il tUp3d s al iHW12 "Ul3qU!< 'p . tr no l e lU! S02nS91 so] ' l3 rOuau :>a1 l; u oo' ' sa :>uD tug

, 'U 9TS10 J ns UA !SnpX a B UUO Jus uuql1dnoQanbsel aumsell SO l Io J!nb r~ ua f u ap lo 'u a 'lp ap sa'n l3 1! lU 2lU l1 I 'l1 Pu,v oJ.iI ,

's life" : l 3Joap ' uzuaAO. ld ap l31! .rn2.rnY' ;Capo$odsa 's1ni~S a ; p ,

om ~ IH , .• ,0 !U OU IP 1l3UI Ia ua ..~J1U~SUO; ' ) J J9ZU100ns: anb. ?plugas ue UgTS . IOOIII o q o~ ,mp uA ' .n u eA uA l lo " la f nl U ns ap opap.,Ia .ua l 1q u oo lo o 0 p '~ lUU l .Ie snb omu u I ap .u 9 P ! PU J l' 13 1 h U9pm,~'c-usq B I Bq ~z rt ua l a ss aOUD tUH '8 10 p la Jt 3J H ap O P 9 11 12 o. Li,a 1l IT~oruq 0 'uam nuodsa U UllO }ue 'soiueuram] sns uuqB!qUIT l : :ua i '- 1 1 1 ' SOO!S~UI ap · s op rPao a ld · .A so2 !UIU sns z o d sopmradmcca' SUu! . Ip f lUI Asomrpnd sns zod '0 'sarpad sns zod soptonpuo-j'o~ e2T I ora ll. un nO J sousjqno o ' PUp!U' !21!A ap ol i2!s ouroo'S 8 1UU1 0 Jj s o ne q l' m sO l u q 'eA a n uaao] Wl 'p t3 pa po s 'e I sp sast3p

sU I sapoi ua h ' 91 u aUI fBpad s ,a S94 a .1 I .9~SO l t; llUd :~ r ~ ls ay s~l tra9 ' lUan091J ~la 'a ~d ,U 'lO lO d '~ Uo lO Juu n'a p O S IlI3 :,'u pe J:q aJ-10 ep 0 s alO lJ a p S O pUU 0 10 J £ . (O r O l I a" fU l? ad sa "tI at;lq ~p ald ~ '.

a s) s el uu lT I.t q 8 a1 0 lo O ap s a r~ ll s o rr a q S ~ tl l\ f) '! 1 SqO J s o pu I i\ u1 lJ'UBqu2ar r . soppautorrl seuaA 9f SO l 'uY P u:u12 Ia 'sand ~SV ./'"

~V8 NSIS30 , ' sa ,p n ~l J sOLSOpO ll !l qnou a culrod anb papnrnsaptrap UI u q :i un s tt ao U ! S aI ~ lc ~ ( .: pn 'H1W1 .l luy ap 9 'l uu le p . 'o o nqT ;l du a l 1q t3 lq a la 'J 9 S0 ! UOUr pw1. ll I a 's ~ u( )p-tfUIlJF>O.1d SBYOUIO;) J SV· '9 ar qu .. re s' 9t 31 t 31 un g, I, gS apuop . ro2nJ .;I U< n~ '< 3 .L J 'l OA t 3mUS ! l U l! I a p OZUe ! lUO~~ '\ 3uUU I a S , t? P tt jl SO p

-untra sOl . .Ul3p t3 ' qas . ·~!qurn1 my' o 7~p q sa 0 pm le ~ )u ~ Jo u !MP ' .0 1 1 nJ ,I ~ u lUd BquA1 as a la S ~W~ I2 ! u! do ld 111A1Samvoali'J.-! ",~nsurad nrno Ia zod Up ! qp a lB l e" la fuU1 tI eAO rU I H~ . 'OU I S n (l Uq i? p

. . . t1P!~.d"t1J~1ID..1Q~,1~'}u~~n2r ~q~llQ.l.rn~"?P.) . f ) . •UIV:§O!t IQW !. ll-sur SO l e p 0!11l3 Ie :bmS oursnnja u s J .U2 n {~ !U8 f u9H iU IU .L, ... '<)7uasa.ld us ,\ oinm] u a SB l qu lud s l 3r a l~u au9! s n lu o ; :l uU-r uh tf u a yq !s od U l8 l1 J o u anb t3 J.B du pu sa Ja u u 9!S !J ald u ru In m

-191 uI trarpnpom n ~lqep Illn lH Ia anb 0 PO U l ep 'ona ue~q-u ;) oA ! nb a, a s s ou n2 IV 'S O U IS !U I S O I,1 8t3 ;)U B ,I es ow eu nu nf s O ) ... sa ~su odsa so jo p u I B n ada J O ~U O U I} l'l-e .U 1a p U J u oU l 8 le o U 'J

' oq o el OU I S ! U1a o ft 3q J .UqN t lq S q p !W lUO l dS O l U 0 PN ~t {O l d B q ul S8 ' 'S e UO pl 31 S au ot .t rn sB y .. aq u: Bm a 'O ! UOU l



D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (45)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 45/55

part in the wedding, including mr. "Whoever marries in said Ieudo -no~ says a Norman document of the fifteenth century- whether outside the cJt~do! place or inside, ~if he returns to land with his wife, he owes his lord or salaries or just wants to see him eat (to the castle) e~and his wife will take two barrels of wine, a puff pastry and a leg of ox." In addition: "If someone marries in the manor, he owes a piece of meat, two loaves and two oaks, and it must be the same for the woman and 10 must be brought to the man.

quoted.lodge (manor,al) in the company of the musicians who spent time saying it;that they play:'JB6kr roscamesmos who had land, therefore 100 rich enough To cover the operating expenses, they were obliged to give these gifts, generally compensated by the prices -feelings of the lord.

In general, the marriage of widowers caused a mess. But almost everywhere, the newlyweds, whoever they were, had to appear in the course of the year at a popular festival where they were highlighted to everyone's delight. Included in the community of families they submitted to , to that happy hazing that the groups demand ~

frequently to new initiates. On the other hand, the man, who reached his full physical strength, showed himself capable of assuming the masculine role of defending the country.

In a corner of Normandy, "the husband must have been sick

1 0 which means that on the day assigned to him, he had to present

tru~sea horse, ready to ram a pest, which the lord should make him fix (nail into the ground), If he did not have

c~ball0. the lord had to get (one), for which said husband had to pay a quarter of oats, and he was given a birch lance cut on the (same) day, roughly as long as the wrist of the lady, and would have five chances

nI~ades Iright to five repetitions) and if he did not break or if he fell, he had to pay 18 sueldos of fine and a mine of birds.

na", not to mention the ridicule he incurred, the reflections that we cried, , ,

Elsewhere, in C?nde-sur-Risle, the vavasseurs* who killed their prunogemtos or married themselves, had to fight on the Risle river three rounds of urilance, with

,. Vavasseur or vavassal: he who occupied the lowest grade in the feudal nobility. [Translator's note.] .

a foot ern.erradv ell u..a t\)Sh locah..aua 1 : ; . , . 1 Luci,') l.d ~.dll••1Q~.

sick, and they had to be in a boat that Bédirigie-ra with four men down the aforementioned river.

He put on a hat of mother jungle that he sent to his procurer-dar. This 10 carried La Motte, her husbands, in front of the entire assembly. Each of the new wives of the year received this crown in turn from her, she danced, sang a song-and hugged-

zaba to the prosecutor. , , 0 had to pay 60 wages (which was

the ..tarifamasantiguaci.e, Jas-illultas ..Carolingian] •...CeI.Ca..de Hede, the Sunday following their wedding, the newlyweds, after high mass, had to appear at the cemetery ..Every one of the wives sang a song, while the husbands brought a jug of VIDO and a loaf, offered each a piece of cake and a drink of

drink, to M. de Goulaine, the newlyweds had to sing

three songs on the Monday of Pentecost, at the exit of the, "high mass,. at noon and in the place of, the assembly.. l')e. after this they embraced the lord or his representative. Encam-

well, the husbands had to bring each unpl~re~Jnuones

and three sticks. A space of 2 4 .ll~~s squares was delimited, and Mr. or BU representative ..lw~l?~, successively, the balls on the ground that the young people had to send outside the limits of the I play with a rapidoba


IV. sickness and death

The health level of the Middle Ages is quite difficult to know, due to the lack of precise information and statistics. However, we know that infant mortality

It was high, which implied a certain selection, and that the living conditions were quite harsh, and yet healthy. But from time to time, hardships, local or general; wars, took a fraction more or less of the population to a state of undernourishment that could reach famine, and then the epidemics wreaked havoc. The most justly famous is the great plague of 1348-W1349 which wreaked havoc throughout Europe, killing perhaps a 1

91 .


-8n2mq 0 S, ,1lQ{T88'80::JU s O l up 7.BJQ8 pBp~X13J G '1 '8ar 13l1O!:H38 SOl r .. 'uorsudtnoo r .. 018ds;Jl uoo sormuuou sns ap SOlU3lUl

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (46)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 46/55

-1]8S 0 8cUHTnJwp8d8a 80188;J snb S~U1 02[t? npllL{ 88 0.I8d

'88~BUOS.lad 80.qO S 'O\pnUI ap A 81sV 8p OJSPUBJ, ,1 uns

8p f);:nrrU[c lU18S up01Stl{ ml1lJ 8S ..", 0801d81 18P ounur BI op

-H88q B 1 { :A8.1[8 OlP8lj} t1 .: jonb OJPB J "!W , : o1 10 1 'B oun [8unp8p

A .~ru;) Bl8P rU¥8S B1 u8pnq A 'Ol!pl18q Aei It? WqU8pOl anb

sOf[8nbB 811U8 018flA81 UU.L'J urroqnq enb1Tlbu 8l{ J . . . ' OFBUI

nS988q A 'osOldel O1prp fB 13US011'11131oIP 8r~ITt? A 'BUllO} B110

tI8 .mssd 13wod ou send 'eHu;) 131ep Olp8UlU8 BFf8L{ onb BP]

!.. g~qm113n2H F) ue a td ns 9!18U I A I? gpBt{i9f2PW 88 'osorda]

TB 0f· i\A 9IAloA!as opu13n;) 'OS, ,) . iod J . . . , , · I ' 1 sp Uu.rBlmdu 8S 8,)1- t11).8SU13I'1se?Tanb urad "BrPlrnciuruJ "ns 13')U8w;:Yj.larlj: l13UOS

0'0lf 'mIqnq Hwod SBU8dn anb 'orrUJ BI 8p OPB! OJ')O l uuqtl1

-88 ?t 1b (0801d8[) liJS~)W un '0IT 'n ntrn .rod BqUSBd ojrpuaq A8.1

Ie snb o2qs81un Ul118n; )-·· Z8i\ BUD" : 8t}Ul 02SB.1 UG 'o m-;: }du [8 Jepl,,)d OU ,UUdOil lS!W !Sap orururop 81uapuns18 H!U

-811rnm A upul{ 0L I,,01luaJU8 1LU" BqmuBf[ or Ael 1 8 '(n

-;)8]H uo:) 'SO[101 U1Bd lOllOq 8p 018fqo un Ulc)

IBLU. OAnJ 0801d81 and 13'lUOUlTIBAOlI ca

88 onb 7.')/ \. BpBJ 'U88W By U8 oursnn

S1TI'Itn,s' U9!JUrnW8 1 3 1 nqUt\8J1 o n b

onb SO;J8BJ SOSO,I8UfJ1U opmws-e.q Hi{


urI' I~uia1BjJ 'm.U8;J

rod 880p~Z,lOJS8 'OTpqSHJ {80B!ulrnU

'8OT.:r1.I8.pJ88Or B 8ttI8JJ '80 UBS BCY1

ap 8lr!M.pn oposuo leu8 OlU08

-opunrn lep UPQS~LU tiT Bp01 'sesaJ8fU~ SOl Sopoltr131nI1uo~

8GrBre:) S ( r T 13~JB1.{.·88.IOSG'J.t81L 't SOl tIO 'SOU1S!LU SOn8. I8i\ UOU8S 'SBllB;JeId UU\P

- ; ; , e I 'S81 88 'Uqtqp18UOu 88[88 'UetB.r~urpB 801 88 'U9!sudmou tl

un)AOUI '181\ B Hql SOl 8S .881U8A1'311'8S8PHPTTuUOS18d U8tlUj1

-l;)/\.UOJ 88 'uqlJB1rp8m T IT A JOpPT8 ao d sopuIOSP::m '80un.EIV

·-'opnuas 'UHA-pupgqnUl lTI Hr0U;;nSpC8C>lqodns·u .rp8]UOJ

usrpod S(}U8UI 01 10d'.sol¢H, 8888ill 81u1nnp .lOIoP8P

un 13 80p'il'fg J8;)8~\JUGq < ? i P b UU!Ua1 anb 8CHU.I8JU8 80'1;

. . . . > . ' . . . . , ' . 'P!1PprrdUIIS

np8pi:ld HITh·ti8:·r.ll~ 1?±8P\~UlZl13JqFI2BlU Hun ' .. rHld,m0fa ADm

OP!s' 11F\B'l{O~ O P l r o q U Q S U . pp HPTi\ ul optrano osnpu! e .'13/\18S

-qo 8srtty "-. 0'ln[Osq).J,ti8 S?1UBSun18 cu. so::pnql,Sa[Ul}0 SOl

8p'-- 881U8J8Jlp88fuuos.lpd soqJnm 8p SOlU8w0U] somqlI) sOT

0PUI1BU H1.l sou,88 'lOUI81 UfSA PHP!lU1l11UU uo;)S)o!doJd,;

-ujns 8011n18p~suOu urad 80pH:mpa uuQ131s8 s81qUIOl{ Bcyr

'.pBP.]1I3:JiB1IlJ.,(ULU8p oTa[l'SUO;) un.orp mlJTp

r. . usd Bl 9ZnunlP" !:dR",. , ,0fP8tJ~ [l3101U 18i\!U 18 O·)U8lD.H.ljrillu!s

9/\.8H'l,e,nb 0;)rO.I8l{ n~!-J!d88Un B.]1dwB BUDOi U8 8S18PU81X8

U 9.2~rr U9!quru't 018d '881U13I82BU SOl ap ~J[ ouroo '91UI!ld8-1

U!s.8I~ of onb S088uX8 ua B!n:) 8S 'SOT8Sl!Zlm1i~ li8 OSDPIT! 8SOI-:rB888P U8 u<;l !qunq OITfS 'SOJ!SU' S810lOP SOt B J8mal ou U8

unqB~F)l8r88S 0198 ou S!BSOpBrd SBlUTH sB1 .SBlOA8P sa1u82

snqonrrr zod' 0PB!P!/\,U8 r. . OpB18U8/\. '8Ul8i\IV 81UOUJ [ ; ' I cnqos

0pBZpBu::Qjn88 8TlJ OJ8punlL~ trns '" ZUl;) B[ 8p ourureo., Bpew-u n 1JSOPB1d U"J!'PllJduI UO.rnlU8AUJ .S01U;JfillflJns sns ap u9P

-BlrP<)m B I A 01SP:}8P UUOS18d UIlOd tH?!30i\ap HUJ811 nun no]

-13.213dOld SOq:u::>SPU1llJ [WI '8'jU8LU1nrJ8ds8 'IITX 0[2[s 18 u~r.sotmmrau sus Bred pnfBs 1 3 1

r .. BpBJ2 B 1 J8;)81elTI srpod lI<;l!qurnlA SH11'1Jsns Hqu!dx8 'HAn8

" 8 t 9 / \ . 8 1 1 O1sp8 OUIO:.:>ZUlJ ns BqBMIL iPBpgum L[ ,{ B!;)U8pud

UOJB!200U 801 U8rnb '81u8:)ou1 B18eubunB sOfIP:fHs 138S181

-omos onb 0/\.n1 '8lS? H.roura.rod!. . 8.Iqmoq r3.rHi\p3SUIUd '(>1

-SP;) OUISp:U18 r. . 'opsosd 18P"opuy1?8" 18'opu1J11sa.l F' unmm-8UOU 81. .Ienm A pBpeuu8Ju:;r 'gqU1.l0JU03;;: BqH;)ndxa SOl 10UIB

18 sand Ulmds8 18Bmd 0TuPtn;I:JSG 8p Oi\qOtU Bf. .un,w0U 's1?ll1

-epB !SO!101!SUUJl 0198 UBl8 SO' lU8p.uJl .Jns sOl.'BUUO]BS8 U~{'811881.181 opunm {8P A Od18n;) ns 8p pUpnU;:H Dl ap : uuqtnsaor ouroo 'optmrn 0110 18pBPU818!X8 H I 8p f. . Bl.I.T[B 18P pupr{B1

-lOUII. f! :u l 8p 8om28s UB1 U8,qW~88sotr rn1spJ SOT8p BpoAum W I

's8ug 80urptt;l SD8 S818!] sus H HPU8D:J(HJUO;) lUpJO:J8.I .rod

BqudflJ081d 88 B!88[2IH'1 "Uf,o!2n;:u 8J llA!A Dunuqtlx!dsIT! 01

81U8tI.qtl18u8.2 8189 B"!P8W PUP3}18P ; : > 1 1 I8;J 13 1 tg.r '[UJOLU10[8i\

US8p 88UOW81dxe 8810f81U 8Blep Bun 88. anb 10H81lI! prqq

~uBuunBplmgB 'uqutpn[ arquroq 18 'SOADS SOTap H[ iUPli\ DS

'purus ns 1ruCJ.B8dIOZIanb S8{qB1!A8IT! sOl82HU SOl BJ1U08


-oJs8p~JHB!ABP01 'B; )!191.UY 8p J8Bl1 B Betl 8S 8nb 'snms D1

'8BtUU;)S9ltS8r1U ofuq svnd88pI?,p~nU81B 'BU1GJ1XGH!J\ .. [n1!i\

Bun 8<33UO')UOUB!U81'.~:UPBznJ;:}SUI 8p SOdLU8Q U8SBPB1.l0e;l<

-urr 'tI[On1}A H T r .. B1delBI 01ClcIiSB1188UU S:Jl\1Is~msB1 souour °8VUIU1l18 BIP8W pUp:>!: HI 8p 88PBP8ULI8JU8 sB1 'SOl!1~H1U1811

sor Biu~8n 'lp8p 813 'XX 012!S l8P SOZU8!tUO'J BBYPUI HTap HI

130 ' r i . I A x or:i'!S lap s8fBIT!lep BpqHld: HI 8p HI Uclfuuf8UI8S

,188 BJqep UP!/\. op BA!1tl1?8(tX8VT '881Ulimquq sns ap Opl;;n

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (47)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 47/55

, . I .

I o deIas.people hurnildes animadflsporun.devote predi-

cfidor, I take you to fimdarh?sI?ir,a)es-~Qspicibs dorde in the first l\!g~he took care of the per~griJ}9s passing through, to the extent that he commuted ~1whoever it was.p,p?,bres And they were far from their own, the erici}n, the ilicurable, those who lived in a room that was too narrow, one of these foundations,

belatedly dem~$"PUesse rem()nta.tan only ~century0Y,r; 'has come up to n~~sothers completely intact:··'e[;,,~IJlos.j} .

piWIQgeneral of J?eaune who has known to maintain,\e.1reghl-.'mentoyel'mohiliru:i(J:me;dieva:l:es;~Let us~rmfte''Verify'the'"practical sense, l~.goodness , the afe,st,Q'>~Uehabian placed 1.11service of the sick. ',,',,'

EIParls of the sig~~)'XlIleb~:~ba)t'Ol1numerosOs hospitals,

of which the 'most important' was the General Hospital, which had already existed since the 19th century and had been rebuilt in the 11th century. But join Qa and 1 se. raised 11.1Trinidad.rSaint-Ger,vais, Notre-Dame-des- Billettes t Saint-Eustache,the Ecueiller,

Saint-Marcel, "S~int-M art in-des-Champs", "Saint-J acques-

du-Haut-Pas, .,'Saip't-Mathurin, .•S~intE)-9at~erine" ....adeIXlascasasespecializaOllsen lallospitali2:aciqn.de ciertbserifer-

mos, such ,cprnoSftint-,Lazare, q~l€atberg~ba to the Ieproscs,the .Fifteen-Y~lgtsfifoundedbySt. Aarre,Pentidfis't'.i,In,the,territori?, of the presentdepartment of t.,A;ube,in Ia m~smEf~po~a, there were counted n omans of 62 h()spl~ales, " ;; , 1999 .

For 10 generations they bore the significant name d~\Mai-

sons-God u'H6t'fJI-God [Marriage, J).ios]; pU,esCdsto;hahiaid: "Whatever hagrus.(}onelriJ,aspefiQ' my gods, 10harewithme' '; 'sincethat errferrno s~ \8.likebaalJ.esuffering, was to the same Lord t' in 11.1ersona of esqs; pohres

pious legends were told: such a patient, a tatto had transfigured himself, showing his nurses .ecstasies. the face of the Savior. In addition, the.regulations of the General Hospital of Paris, are similar to many others and which, on the other hand, reproduce

issued the beredictine prescriptions concerning the guests, decreed: "Receive the sick as a mis-

my Christ (. , , ), treat each sick person with: the head of the household.'




AHise recihifi,:,~,to¢losathose who .1 0 required: was to lah()!3pital'Y.ajb~rgue for the pol?respE)regritlos,. hospi-

ci() ,for,Josal).<;ianos ,'maternity house'¢.IJf,\f~iJas women, and't~bi~n for l~me, home for students in need.He denied la)er1~:adtHllos that he arrived~8.ll with birds and hunting dogs~,;' ,.' " {j\ ..' .,'"""

EI petsonalciE)IIqq$smoking~olnponia.4e religious of 10two$eXOS"flacerd6tes,~'criaBq~ .•It was, J(llixt<)then accepted a

male patients and"1'.~~~nii:lOsPeru the conven-Tu:ales places; tambien1tostef~ctorios, as well as the seTvidos of the Qs'" ..patients were rigorously separated. erroneous men and sisters professed the three vows of poverty

za, chastity and obedience .. , ,> ,

The or~nmalnll.E) regulation, vote it at.5. of larpanana, put him to bed at. 9, and the'.ts: daily celebration of the, minor .office. The food -:had to be "sufficient," 'in> quantity and quality; times POF:~~ITIana.Let's add that when the herwano,s travel to)a~.",))s,Q·l~odian

to accept a.queen }~similar to the;sq~yento 'I>~f9when, by chance, they were guests of~ul101;)ispo, to eat whatever was served to them. In this forll1~'E31e'spkituq the nursing staff was based on Jadis<;ipl1na and shelter.

to herITI~RwY,heXWafi~s,'".conet ..i n c l~ that the collections were not used'in~Qhaving a numerous convent, but in the"

caring for many sick people:~:Ror!~aware, j\er~Jnuy\difficult to get admission co11fQ, rell~ioso'in' elf!ospHal. or 8 years, as acolytes, the girls between the ages of 12 and 20, as "white girls."

ok a square vacancy due to death of an incumbent. The regulation provided in this case as follows: "If a man or woman wants to renounce the world and serve the poor, they should first ask for the consent of the directors. Immediately after it has been read to them the regulation of the order, if

be willing, 6 appserve it, do it. promise, only then will he be presented to the chapter by the 16 directors, if the chapter pleases, will he be admitted to the service of the poor, "the hospital included in each section a room for the

fermos grave~s,Uq.a,for those less affected, and one for the'( . <"y" ,l ,

-trn ~H ~ smrnsn ap S OFll;)eS 'U FlU apedx e B y 'u9pu .uesqo l! l 91el l .81 otursjua oS I l1 J I e ' a 'l u 8UI J.U l nl l !N ' l! p enb anb l ! l l! d 'S{u ,ro I

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (48)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 48/55

' seIB.rnwU sauop 'so 18nh Ie us 0 ;)P !dW 8 A nru e 'W l unua ~ql!Z

-!I l lP<3cI~e is ' s8 l a fmu ' sa lO fS l! d 's o s o "! iJW: ) ,l ' odumo I e .u C ['. ' . op l;)a .rodusap leq l!q epu lsw'SOP ,

-mop sbu eU l 0 sv m 80 la pm lln~ A s aU131u l. ro 1 {o .s lwJ1 l l! d 'SO~

- oI 9 ;q s u l ! S t l' li ri SUOOSBI anb s om a qu s~ o! iJ ns el d a po lU a lU a .lJ

- Uh! u ri U u!q ap lu no T uo le fU B 11 xe a 'lU alU 8r qn n:? swm , u e2 po unzofeur Of f tr o'l u 'S q uu o~ e ld 's !'S d l ep u ro of P ! F~ t J r uopU13e.und l !~p' so u :r !l l~ SO f S 3 : · SOUe ;J lU . ro s £ .. sOS l eAUO ; )S 0 1 p nL ' so 1 8 ') .. To n S e p

' su l s~m1nbp : ! A Se' lUl lS.I l ! jep ' sutrnsel loo A s ~wn1 f g; )I ll .s ~ re ! A e i?

's op n U !n .u -e l !m t u'B J op sofrq so] e p _ D !mm , pl o osmoar Ie l! la(o la!U aiJU '! 0 ope1Inb ll3 l!pep 8 S ounsoua soood 80Bq .ojnoo)smnordrp I U s o rp n lS < ,r 'u 1 s ' ou u f1 1 lp OU IOO . es .r e S! And l< iU I '! '8 t !Bns 8 lq O S

-uow ap A lu eH u T,l2 eg 'o dn o pO l e ps aU lllu lx uq :> £ ..s ,m .I 2uu sUe

, SU1S !STOP! ; )~d~a"~oJeq. Iuq UO;) 'UT ; )ua l edmo:> ua ' ({ 'Sm :m i l l o p ! J oe ld lU l S 0U IO ? " -e .I 8 lU ' !l ~I .U l onb Up lUUOq souam u < }! s e} o ld ) s o u

- -e fm p 'S O ;) !P ? U I L ." 11 ql 1J JI P o. 1dl o !H : >! ,( ll O Pl ! U pua lS !SU l!1

,.mnU! l trO ; ) n opm arches SOWU1 : ! lU ' ! Io u s O ·I fo SO UA seIP-mp U U.I8 o dw l! ;)a lS eU 980 se120 1d sO l onb '0 10A 9P U llf 'pm

- lH f nl J U l l'l 'ouumq uu ' } n 'Hl ' Jd s9 1 9 ' 13!qm, trm l! la nW S !U I u 9P

-n zg ru lb or l? .Ia d 'B J2 Jlllp ua 91uet11 ' [' 8! ;) adse ' scipumn: :> so] epUJ!u : :>9lULUSl! lOfe l l i opu ' ) .. Iod l! tTUl{8S .sourepour seI l l1!dsol{ so]l! what? !q ~ l uzt.lepu.reo uoraduosop U1se sp alltld.IOAumu1

" ," .. . ' ',' . ' .' . ,·lop a .I!p rapO pl!ogp l9ou n GP s o 'J s !, {\ o~ d " I l! l! E s () lL f ,VU l !' q~ u o pu :u q u o i{an1su rp e le !sep S O U fHU .I l! .n lp l! !p od o li e nb oporrad u n a lu u,m p. S ,U Z.IdW

sns traqaradnoar souuajua 8 0 1 ' se iu a !: .J s9 I u; \UOO Z8AUUn· soAp: :>adse . I

saroioes sns ua UU lu i;) oU U p UO l B un n pl! t{ SlO!ld l ! DA zotrd

Ia 'pl !Pl .m1laslo£. . . . . t lw sind'ouP' ' epS l !1m.dsa l lUO; )SQ' lS!{\-ord 'soxas so qm n e p s ~n UU n~ 1A ep U IP ,ro nlJ nun UJU 91U llUIasOU lHID 81S8 u3 : '8 l { :: >ou 13 1 ep It) A ' el {;)oul! l ap L. The uuuguw ul

op 9 ap 'l! JP 1 8P le :so PIA .Ie s so pu e n JP !A ~ p a s l!p nU lo f'S '}' s l !UIBJsn l trsuqno S l! P8 ;) !d ulA S elo l1 eq O J S O HOU l

-.leq A 'sarojj UO ; )unqarooap os S l! IU S s n! 'S U 1s8Q Sl !Tn l l !d. om ! ID} ap Opl !1Sa a 8p o ; )p s p apn IU ; ) ojoquns. n1H!A

ap orund o po ,} e ps ep n pl1 U 12 ulll! l! po 1f ;;! H'I u+ ~d so q .fUJ : l ! 1OPour s ju r I ' i l 0 'Z 1 nb 'O P ! AOWUO : > " pnpnuap!; nSO' jUeUIOl , l l eSe pa

-uges onb o,m,pn J l! Yes he! 9 ! Q! d otra nr l! Tua m.P 'B 'qun uoo ' 101n::>e[8Ie A ouuojue I a puUTU ; ) ' l !I . he! lS - eq o n u qn ;) J l! 9A8n . .a s ' ,f ) in d !s y. ,,8Jqm oq un ou A orrnquo trn u1apnunm b.1ofeU Il! the sand;

' ouueJua . fa le o'S ]S pu S a p uopro l !I . of P orad '9l !dsns 'oasap0g :UJ1 x a .lnbl!ap opumrojm 'a ls 3: '[U 1 Jd so H le p. a J a f la p O H l!q-ao osouu at{ fa 'I810 W a p sl!1 nd S l! I a p 'B un uoo o q ;) e q 0 P IU ; )u naro l !q n 1u 8 1 oT onbnsoo U;) !U"9SYerib o f lp a l ue l l. l' fBm , J I ' uJ l anb 'onb 0 1 x e .rn pep .l! 9A an oT as l !pua lS !SU i nsonp eJ-e nun a1

-u urP aW 'm ue Wn ~ l1 Qp 81 l! 9iJau as 1 9 . A ' <; > 1S 0 0 l !T a s '9 ! qp a iaI a s 'so ne ,lO d m pa dso qa sle ou q Rm.f l 'opszaqsrp A pupour

-rojua even-opuspums OUTAe1 u a In 2 IS uOO lOd 'u lm qo ld ozmbBne space opUVIT !AU .n3WA ' 80 ! . . . . :r n J l! 1 ! ds oq SO l aR pspjrao IIIepm { qm :( O P JO llJql!l{ o lI !p nJ l! S 'l !llf US u .u eu . t ia onb aquiuoo as /'

'lsV '~ qn lfS nn l! I sl!p ua A9 1 s'S p-e '{ A 'se llll!dso q S O TsO P 01 e p

nf! l !~Sa II I 9WlOJUOO, l ! I~a l ul BJe.l !1 s3 : \ra ue 1q o e p a {< l!so dU l!o pn [Us ns arnd omusp oiJ[U S18I1J al lb souam u'uu.rnas?p onb0 1 souuejue SO l n l! the rP as anb uuqnuep lo s0 1n1ulsa so r r

's u~ 'c Jl 1w s nI S l! P O '}opeoraur J l! uuqr anb scraisodurau; t5!q- uq 's VU Ia pl lA 'l !p a 1f P l !l ru oJ ua u up af SI Iq -e o r anb souauaiU 1mn1 l l '} !d l )OH'13: ' 'Sp l ! l eWSa .rosenb EJua ' } u9!o ]: l' l nu B1

.sstraqas O O L l! 009 ssunsodaraq three lA I OA as 'o yu spuo :a lu au m PI dV l .m A o ua l anb nlerA

-ru as [U!l81 ' flW Ie 'S alU ep l!d a p oroumtr re p U1S !Aua 'a nb l !.r ndO U IO Ou pu en ::> alJ a lu 9P u:n s U I UO ;) s ql! !q m n;) a s ''S ;) U Ur qadorl :iI 's uu uqV ~s U 1 's og l! q trsqsuroi s 9w ep s ep :! lI .u o o s CY J 'l !J l! s ' S1uuq l! ! dUIT I s e~ :u a rA l 1 s. SO l anb S U Jw ar Ul 's oU ll,a Ju a S O l 8 P . oasnIe stt'L.Tt3we,m'i',s~r S-ep01 tll1!~tltL,Sl1Lrauuaqs li t , :p ljpa1dold T : 1 1

100 l !q l! la A 'a s'n m P n; )s a l :ip l! :; >ua snuosrad soVn ep zauroo ap-e 12 el ul U n S! ·x e anb ua 'S;)odv nun. u a '-e p'S A pd O m ,A sp ndoons 'UZU1nS" l !ml{; )u ; ) ns ' uHfpnosa ns l! Ju al o U nl! pu :) 'l! fP aW

pUP3:iJL ua..Ul !Pt i um. : I suo pUpmOUIQ~,wnp!4Wl I !u i l l t r . Jmm UO tpalep uuJuel su1uepnved SU I A SeAl ! . I2 sotnrejua SO l 'Y t u ' B ; )l !pl ! ;1 us S9l1 0 sop n ep traqarsoos a s sO p nZf [U l ! ds o q s 0 1

.' O pu lse uenq u e S O I.IU .18dnoe lUU.: f

-erpnd sotraratdozd sns '.m us Jl! anb R m d 'uuql!pU am the A traq-plough s01 ! ;,o lap l!~ Indsa" ep orqurou OA HB: Jmu i J! S I 8 l ! ! u a~anb 0 p!A Jason 'S uu xu!durrr A U U .T UII.U Ioj en b urad sOPHsaAsns l qnAen a sh rnqu$a12m , opusnasomreprs SOluuuql ! I I .WI

. , _ ...... 'p 'S p !U l8 1 .-n m nrad nun 's"uefm usu lap n I uo 'svm ap v 'seJu8! ;)S 8Il1A U OO

c ,

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (49)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 49/55

stories, were mixed with formulas of devotion or super-

ticion. In the city, male and female male and female nurses were frequently

Frequently lay people, such as the Dominican or Franciscan tertiaries, to whom 3U statute ordered the practice of works of mercy. The members of the cofradias took special care of their confreres. Some are funded for the purpose of providing their members with services

.CiQ~Jlfe~tJJ.Q§_Q§_eI1...?'~Q4eeI1J~r:!J:1.egIl:t:ly.death .In N or-mandia some subsist. In.the city as·oen-eCcrunpo·,

Neighbors and neighbors provided particular help, since proximity created almost kinship ties. .

Medieval medical science was based on a long tradition: that of Greek, Latin, and Arab physicians. De Saler-no, e! revival of special studies had come

r . . ' _ 0 " 1. ,«TTTT _ T"_ " M -J __ llie nT \

00." in e1 sigro.Aur, to rsororua, rvioncpei er and rans. THE stu-

Before, they were linked to a teacher whom they accompanied along with their clientele in order.to.acquire the practice and they followed courses, commented lessons of. Galen, Hip6crates, Isaac, Razes, Little of. anatomy and little dissections: from time to time

From time to time, the students managed to get the PO Neck of an executed man delivered to them.

six years old, and except for a waiver, it was also necessary to teach and

practiced for another two years to obtain the right to the master's degree, equivalent to our current doctorate. and finally, Latin, in addition to the materia proper medici'ts. He needed a long clinical experience, since the diagnosis was based above all on the appearance of the patient and the examination of his urine. In addition, it was required that he have judgment, good manners

and the spirit of his profession, thus defined: "to be kind to the sick, benevolent to his companions, wise

in their predictions. Be chaste, sober, compassionate and merciful, neither greedy nor a usurper of money, so that you receive a moderate salary, according to the work, the faculties of] the patient, the quality of his origin and his dignity". POI' l il t ir I l Q ... had to be religious: "God is the one who has created nature, who governs all bodies, and who, more powerful than nature, governs it in turn." , .}. Therefore, if the sur-


Jano in his operations, he has God in front of his eyes, she will illuminate in the moment of need: he will be able to operate without concern anywhere, but he must not glorify or exalt himself" I comment prior to the letter.. from 1a

famous phrase by Ambrosio Pare. Since this time, medicine "had come a long way,

and by the study of ancient authors and symptoms,

has achieved results, concepts that amaze and that

works of the following centuries have frequently confirmed-········fJ~~d~~~~:l~t~~~~~!~~i~~t~~!C~~~~ ::~~~!;~:::tf~~~:~~: .

that 'the formation of pus was not necessary and should be avoided, while the current practice caused it. But, his ideas and his method, attacked, disappeared with e ~, and only

they were rediscovered in contemporary times. Therapeutics take into account the influence of morality

on the physical: it was necessary to inspire the patient with confidence, comfort him, put his soul at peace, and the statutes prescribed to doctors, in case of acute illness, to ensure that their clients saw the priest. I don't know. worried

by giving a specific medicine (plants, precious stones, strange compounds that were kept in code for a long time, mineral salts were used for this effect: skin diseases were already treated with a mercury ointment, Or for carrying out an intervention (fixation abscess, bleeding, caleulus operation, etc.) yes, also for taking care of the general condition. the greater his age, the change of air, exercise and rest, the institution of diets, hot baths, the regularization of intestinal functions (sometimes abused

purgatives], calm, sleep. Together with this wise medicine, popular theories flourished that have not yet lost their effectiveness. Women and many idiots - declared Guy de Chauliac at the end of the fourteenth century - entrusted those afflicted with any disease to the saints alone, basing themselves on this saying: 'The Lord has given me, the Lord will take it from me whenever He wants,

bandit e1Man. of the Lord. Amen'." And it is known that in Brittany and even more in Normandy, the "evils of saints" II



'salU8YA!AalQOSsoj c .rnoU!pe urad opu::nqsap UBipua1 f..ue 'sosdepn ep se.romtU UO;)UB1U8nJ anb SU;lU~;)le1 souapro

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (50)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 50/55

,80l10 sOl ornoo <.uquwq tm onb SVUlUle OUepuu.6J Ie 'oluem

"oruasaua,·sorr~ uoo urad UBJa!Anl anb sndmo suySUP0110d::tr9p.zad uurped,.saI 'sa.IOPliU8S.f..' so2!um 'seluapud sns B Ol:p

"","-a1ns B oU10l,Ua'J!Unaluupu-q sasan2.mq 0 selOU8S 'B~JUBlJ

year SUli!81, 0 s8f. .81I, l .nrO:0pla(i ••osraouq- onb upuu aueF) ouanb the sa. u?fob? •A'Oft!plyV::>S8r8pu9pu.md81 uluqupcmt)

'SOi}S8;)UBSPS 8P-eI'puPpuo uurqP)

Gun oUloo'uq'e!o6sUfBno Ut u llUf[f :1 ns ep "o!paUIal" IaBlud

ssnotouro 'A susfWuJpad 0 0PIAJ8SJ un nqapunj 'our!1I1;l,l0cI

.(Sl.roa uo a.iqttm1soo' Ua9!'f.l~AUOOas:OUl!lI1)01S8) ;fB1!dsoq Tapssrqod sOl u 'opalsuuoUI un 'H!sa12rnun u OP-e2al UTlUpuq A

"sopuoad soj ap pnmlnm B181qn::>ausonrqst, anb <-)puqap-:lOon as Otrn!1SI10Ia 'ayqIsod~ "Bla u9pnmS c)l TIlopuunO

.SO.!'lOSOUlsuq opu2an ut{ IT IX ,012!S lap sauu uUpU;q'J8Juls8noua 'Brap 'B'll1lI!UluT :oz1q as an b 01- uoroamdar lNP':U£.ogtlp lap 01UOUIIa lUJUpap 'opnsnuo ularqnli §aI anb~:;p1:.:.mpsOl ap 'as.rnfanbj1ule!pnd,sOlalqoS, .saropaaxord .sns- SOpOlenbuF ua' u.lsanbl1a even ,rnzgual U Ula!proold as onb ouapro'flmo{l apfB! ..qsnpu! uulll'a:lJ:0.1qau!oguuq8f -opurnbpa pmluelq F}pm?!;:ntmsalUT.01apa.leq ns 13uq13uap.Io lop13JS'a?I3

'su~ugfiTsuos8a::>eA UIU9Ts8JuooU!so 01U8trn31S81 (liS

J!ilOU.IJ!SEJjuOP?POl1PSQ'JU! .. (! ..(npw:s8UO!Saldx8 sop on OS8l0cI'opu;)ad lapsuuauq on zarroqep ptl1UnYOASf '01Is9do.ld

aUlXfJP:::n3quzHUP:8JUlUj1lno.rep:\ugfsaJuo:JBI ap olu8Ul8Idwo;)la' Ule 'o').U8t.ln11salIa 'UUllO]' ,B~S8us; '.. sosopurd sopufJaI sojd:..tu!S 'B,U!:Ju8n:J8JJ uoo A s8lUlnop.md sauojorsodsrp B BqB'gmlI

as 'op''ett!pnlensuo;) oqo81epUQJsasred SO{,J!8 ~~PV8l8q

day:;) 0Pul2alU!AUUIuqU'.}.sa'q}IuUloJ mpa18p Ia U8 0pu1!dsu!

eTtIeul1:l'pa.tW 'o+,uaUlUls81 awa ;'lUS .m ua •.OTl,'USI l1!1"!dS3lap s :. ofHI I

'sorerqo sns 13fUUlopu2ud 13;qmv~nb OU01JHd ra 'OPUJBJS8HJQ.,uq anb 81UBplaUlo:J 13'S,;uqUloq Stn u.QJ.TIqUJS801 ours. som

uco zud ua .rnlsa BJPodoUQ.1acI 'fBla:u,a~'~9}SaJlIOJ Bun ap OIP-atn zo d sop13oadsns sopQjapHqu~m;~nd as AUp!" ns 8p UqBp

-lO;)13asotrnnSpo I ; : ) ,'U10q uwnrr:lns uquJ~aJn os oPltBt10

'U9!SJUlPUns B lapaoo19 op S ; 3 1UBoJUalUB1.sal ns

uulep!li S;:)':IUBlt8d~ sOIen~ U13~qp;)Sa.Hf1\rx f..nrx sO{.31SOl

surr :sarrm apsap osnpur a 'sorunsu sns SOp01U8plO ua Jauod

u!qep UU,OS.l~dux'pupaUllaJua larnbpm:J a~ 0Z1Ia!UlOOa spsep'u~cud10s .iaJU,brm;') ,,re+IA8 Ured '91.n1d' 'e1tO''lOa .sorndT ;tlJ

-ss s~suquJadt1s~j)~S IUlaueJ10flod ' ''PBP!reO,BSfBluunilOdSOp!AOm'opmsa ns ap optrnqtrour IB .rot¢OJU'! ua UBqupnp'sop

-u2efIB, SOl!S 'o'Cllat8 ounsep ns .rofu uaqr anbuAup!At1S ap

a~UBllod~ svm Ia 'osor2rra1 oppo a Rrnd OUlO;),13rre'u.mduqu.rndaJ:das ottuaJu81a 'al18TIru UTuqU:JlajU as opm:mC)

". ' ,;, '. , •, .' " ,'"opu::>rrdnp

~We as'snTI;ruqru SO~,OIdllI~raJod 'soIrBsa1.n1,soIsoP-O'lap SOrIlJIB~ sOIanb A (sauoFrrmp3Aapoppnp().rd urqu-q,as

1\lX orJ1!~lap SO'ZU8!UIO;)u) USO;)u;)od, Bfl1lAO.l8aw apmnns

UB.12uun anb 'SOtUatill1ID sOl 0POt 81qOS ·o.ro,O'13QBlsaopoianb 'BfU1U,8AgI ol;)nI II I BJqUl{ ou"e~blrR.ro.laprSUoJsalUa!p

sns onb laJuq uTqap osnpUI 'o1U8Fiiod 09 J8pl?fnqa.r Bun

.rnlde~m onb t1JqmlfBl8ua2 0LJodanb HJ8Aald arr0epuow osalad ·Ot11u.;:ja.r1s up-ul{ as ou ,sopl'llOUOq sorsp ugp13!Ul11

·.U1~mnl2uUl.IoJ,ua SOP!A.l8Ssns JfIB UBqu,)sald fU1!dsOH18 uoo sopulnJu!A SO;)rP9UI S O L A

" .saiqod 80113 lepuaJU uaaiuapeoxa Ie opo')eJsu2ai1baPJ~1UOJ 'upandanb oIsoog SOLUreJ,BS aqapoU1J!n1!~'f3""UOUA

life lBp oop Ia. arsd .anb OStIB~, un .lUp 81qod '. 'a,B •r n ~ ~p-nssd SlJUIsa sand Ofsa ep[emailprotected]~)oU,'a.lqocI 8 1 u a u t { l 1 E usa 81uapud Ia !S olad .. 'soAenq 0 osanb 'Bumell 'Otud,':os

~~fJ TlUJped aT as e.tqod r s anb sanusrnr 'su.tqrr OOTusqurqoo

8Io:JP: T V 'apadsa ua 00J8U!P us lU.:J-edtmrpodas AOUIl8]

~ua rep nuuJ.IoJ 'Sf 'S sefBuo!~.todold UUlesopulouoq slY[

. . . . . . . . .rolludulUd SOIUllItraraanb UA'olpaAoldU1)2lI!u trsqtnrodar ousepupaUIlaJuaSt1s;anbuenpweUl uI ua10f..u:uoq:mm oraurso trn uoo safBuosladsapuu.12 sOTsp pn'fSsm1QdtlAp.ue"aJ:d:auuot . ID laABQB' fasuQ : : >13 ,, ' .l.oum:q,.,Q').le,Jo

U!S oU"amAepuow A 'U9pnBJU018fnsuqulsa sa08k 1 3 SOO!P

-9Ul sns 13 op9dsal noosouuejua SOl8p owe!tUIOOuooall3

.,.surpatd sUI f..on the south 'su1qUfUd his U8 pt1'f. :qAns 01sand-el{ as anb.apOnenbB ua .ssopussa q 'SUP!19li SBTsuP01 uurna ,TOJ,ap sa foq

A l l trBI 'ana;)U' 'safuqalq A so.mjuoo troo, ,:sauoPW13.tl sns

B}uai u~~qu.n:rr O1!:Jlads8 S01UUSsOTap pBp1An::muI ap unrpuedap

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (51)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 51/55

Worried about procuring the greatest possible number of intercessions that would shorten the time of his purgatory, and also wishing to break solemnly with. a. In a world in which otherwise he could no longer live IT111cho Tierpo, the dying man frequently asked a religious Ol, of J 1 that he accept to receive the profession from him. Since then, she participated in their prayers and merits and wore the religious habit that she would wear when she died and with which she was buried 511. Body, for that reason, Blanca de Castilla. Dying, against all expectations, he recovered his health. His religious profession was made in extremis and made under the condition

of being buried with the habit of the order to which they had belonged. As the end drew near, they administered the last sacrificial

minds, corr'gram pomp, A lit-candle v. symbol of faith, was placed in the J 'r i; anus of the dying.

baptism. Thus, the life-of-the-Christian-began and ended with the same profession of faith. Then, when he felt that his last moments were arriving, often, out of humility and penance and imitating moriastic practices v-e) sick he would deposit,

tar, in a crude ash on the ground itself or on a

lechp .'.~~"aja y~: in medic-of-prayers.

"caridap""or neighbors' (but in 10 possible.no relatives) arrived to wash the body and dress it: If it was a great personage whose land should not be carried out immediately, they would ()l1¢~b"any. Some measures for body conservation:

taI~col1¢(), the ~application of mercury in the nose, the obturation of the natural orifices by means of soaked plugs

in~l.lstan(jaspesodorantesto,nconsidered.s as+anti-corrup-tor§t'~Xllrl~und6!1of bidsim10on,the.face, These proee-dini!~ll:tO?were altogether insufficient.Very rarely, when haRi~, qtle tr,sladar far away the body and with permission of the auto-ridf!

The abdomen filled with myrrh, aloe and other substances

ornamentals were sewn up again and the body was placed in a sealed pJomo coffin. Or the body was boiled. Thus, it happened that the ondestable Deti Guesciil1 died in Auvergne, and that the king wanted to honor him with a s~, puJtura in Saint-Benis, next to the reflic tombs. His bowels remained in One.llPuy where he had them built a tomb in the church of Saint-Laurent

'.. .: ; -. _: ' :, ~ .:. "-"

table picture. . . . . . . . . '"1uego s e , ( i x pu r i T a e l bodysobfeul11etti:ode 1u jo . H o w

for the great·characters, this.exposicklil' lasted a long time, a.week or more and that, as we have seen, the embalming methods were111uy concise and; ineffective. modeled on the diffito 'and eoloreadac The death masks of Joan of France and daughter of Louis XI have been preserved to this day.

For, 1a tupebre ceremony, .10s.·relatives or. .friends .11e-vabandrs covered the corpse, on hooks, like this, as

still practiced in many rural places. The king of England had the honor of being one of the bearers of the body of llnjo V811, son of §.q.l1 Luis. Deride existed.','c~id~de~"the confreres towards a: a recollection. Where it did not exist, bleak scenes could be appreciated.

begging in the streets, he lost his son, 'unmin~dr 6 years.

She-not telliasilbana, nor diner? to pay for a shroud; he wanted the child to have a decent entiE31t; then, with the little body in his arms, he began to beg uerts"enpul': rta, for several days, to gather the s.Uffianetl?s'~ria. Till1to insisted, finally finding a compatriot

who advised him to ask San Ivo for the resurrection of the child. This story says a lot about the misery of that time. elnino-would have

been, buried'eIrnisl1¢0 days of his apparent death. Such hasty burials appear to be frequent, although Mondeville tells us that they are generally expected.

10 2 103

SO tl uU I s ns u qu ~o l0 :J 0 I P3 su A I e) o O IT 9QU If sl e'p l; 1l B; ) e p U ! UOUI 8.lU e 1 ue .1 J S 8 '1U81OdU I 1UU1 ' sn u r{B sorqod ST:!r18BSOF)nSled;fl~

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (52)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 52/55

.-a;) nun u m1Jn l uqup one A 'loges lep 0 ouu .m qos lep 01U8!m q

-uaSuoole U !S . rnz!{t: leluJPod as ou U9!S!UISU1~BI '.q2 lHFUu:e um.8s.re2et uorarpnd.saauoqua opsap £ 'O!UOLU! lWd Ie uuo.rara

- u a s u~ :m9ue1~sopne l 's o 2. n J' J 'souoroun; ' 01UO J d ADUIO l 8c I

'lo ge s 1 e o ou ar aq os.je .rod u .mP I 1s eAU : ! 8 p OU ! S ' BFH le .1 e qa p

u 9!1 sa n'J U le O N 'u9pelo ldx e U I a p aJer U 8 eSl}p8A UO :J .1u120 1'cs pu eu e1 U I e p U pUUO C SAp O S U;)U 8 'H A P A .T B1 mm o pm nn o;) 18

.l !UffiS 'Szapod osroard.ara 'o pn ej f8 p U pUU 'JB A a p O S B:Ju 3: -uors

-a ons B I B JqF )8 .I u am b zadno S,?UI F~ ours OUU;)18;) S,?UI T'" 1318

ou 'IX r u X I 0 12 !s le p IB pn 8J opotrad 18 anm rnp 'S ,?U I8P Y. S UUUU I l8 l{ sn s U .1 'S 10 P A 8 0 UBUI .r 8q s us H

leoelqu1sa 0 I< J U oiun] u p eu 8 1s os : T: !mLUB Jn s T :!8 1U8: l, 1OWO ; )

area as f U 8 1m 3 .I J 0 1 UU1 'u qu :J IT dU l! B n e onb 8 0 2 11 -] ;)s or SOPO and pT:!J1seA tl!8S 'U PU CH l81 0 opneJ 'oA eq8Id 0 81qou 'U l18nB I m p

-e .HHI T: !nq ; onb ofF i 1 3: . ru WU IU J A p3 pO S u 9pB n'H s B un o ms 'B Z-anbu n un 8 1u au lr Up U8 S8 B .1 8o u B rE m sB l1 anb 01 'um uruJ eparpud un ap a1 .lanfu B 1sourararaptsuoo 0 198 W by -souerq sn s

e p u I I; . s uu o sl ed SY I( i} p ,U9P IPUOO uy '8 elu llr q sO L uo o 0 1P I!J U~l e 'l 'I 't E r eq Bq t ? J; :1 iB .A /U '~ ( )l n Pdp U9!S80nS er r arqumisoo B '1

.sauatq sus

and p u9 pn rO A e p T :!10 pt? 1u eu rn tll8 1 T :! Jq ut{ 8 S A ,,0 pu nU I 1 8 nrad

O¥l~nUl" B J qUq I < JO t 18 1 S' BUOUIT :!o se ll lu ! n s 8 p ojtrsurour T : : l ue'oem ::> o urm ~ 81s8 ua :T :!so !llne1 P UP funllIO O B un 8p 0 Jam ur.,U J pspnm uroo B un op o.rqurann U l?{)P llT :!n ;) uqm uasard 8SOU o sn o { C i t • otdord otuounrrad un B Jua181s7 opm m; ) SO U8U IIU

'o nrn jrp rap fU 10 dfu 81 u orsso ns ullu1 ue urn lll8 18 nb B Jq Uq 'S 8U

" 'O JPT : ! lOp B1S IAO l d u t I .r [ T: !F) 'odrano 18 oparrarua 'leA BU D, '13!peW pnp3:T :! l ep sondsap cqonur oxmtr au r pnpetd T:!Ianb

olad ' SOA~AsO l urad U PO tII9 ;) ll! a rq mm so o' s0 1U 11H P S Ol rodSO~([T:!pBze:. l . ' sJuuoP anb s81uell 'pB 1l8dseQ " .rn ro B S OIJ13ur;.una..l'Bd s91ue!ID.:tnpsolllBqT:!lladsap'nmuudUIB; ) ns-rsuos

opuepBq '81,S9 'ou .m pou lopuleA un rrequ2ad snb sapBpn~; )

sU hu Cit','S QJ1 0s0 n l:q SB q o pn2 eIl uu q "S 01l8 nU I sO l ap S On Ol,,!

sosa .ap 80 q:m w '0 1U 11JrP Ie .rod lUzHT:! e18p Ui lUl l .TB; )Ue8S onbS B !UOU I ala o 8 B l 0 s ou or oa ro s U I U 9 !; )u ntt nu o'J B B \q !l ;) SU ~ s ap ur u-ioJtI! SU SU OST :!Iap B un T :!P U8 '0 ll!urn1Jl8d 8p O nO l un ap 0 7, -' u9FUIO ; )IU O ' J .P ; ) S8ouoraprooer un 'U8P lO DS 8p S0 1Ue-A UO ;)

80110 SO l U UBQ13fA U8afuow un 8p osooap rap U9!su :)0 HO ;)' sB J pT :! q n s u '! . .I OAB Jn s u a S 8UO ! ;) T :! .r oT :! IOpUT : ! 'Z81Upa l lO ; )OS epnqT:! 1,Bl1eSA pupard UUl1 J nun traqnrrdsur ' ounsap otdo.rd ns

o susopmd 'sarqnrmsoo suqomn A B: ;) ! 2. 1~ ' 1nndmod ' (fij.r2uo~

SO l leDU I sO l 8 p B J P t 8P ST :! IUOU I 8 l8 ;)YES ! P 8 IO ; ) 0 1 ,I l1 'J~(B gB1 ,8 1HH e e ;) lJlI 8 S U ;A U pO 'i o rn oo ) S 8'1 U8 !p Ue ;)S 8p s ns 8 p O !U O U IP ' l '8 UI

l 8p e lU8~ n. ~! S l 1! P I T :!S 8 ;) 8A U '0 ! .r uS 1 8A !UU I e n o ' sa tT :! .I8 trrIJ so]T :!8 1U am 2ts S 8U l F O ' I 0 l :?UBU I eS1 : 1 1 ua S Op !A l8S A S T:!S fU Io o •m mm-13J 0 1{no 'suJP so .nsonu u1S Bq 0 P!U 81U BU l trsq as anb ' gUrU

-OWel8; ) 8FT u a s eI B: )o I S 8'j .UU ! .n JAu oo 's olle nU l SO l U < > t l n o Ie

8 1 u8 u ru sO p u !d UqBA1 8SUO ; )8 S ' pUp ! .r umu .r uJ U1 S 8 o p .msad V. s n . qmn1 SUIU1SUt{n z s ld

131opsap U UrPU81x a as se[!uq SO l u ?!qmB1 A ueyqurnsB nt 0OPB;) J8UI F' l s 81 .r ec I S B l1 0 u a 'm u u T: !q ul Jn fs og !u S O l 'U p U an ;) 8. q

UO;) · .r ul ln I e 18 8 U p 8l 8U l anb l O UO lI 1 8 s 8I m p. .l O ;) 81 8 nD m q aqS8 ; )eA suqouu r anb PT:!P l l ! ; ) 8AU1S8 oood tro1 J Ji2 m'S 0 n qu uo rs

- c) J dUI~SO l SOA!ASOLu anb 8 ;) 81 'S d 'U 9 p: >8 11 ns el B l traqaradsa

so ironur SO l epuop "osocic)J 8p oduraa, 8 1S 8 m 88 A'S lJU U ISB~s81l l1HI flp l !I T :! St u IT :! J 1Uempod 8 S O N ·l.U qB ;)U U Iu zu tr p H I 8 pU O L) U1 Ue S8 ld 8J B un UO 'J 'B !p 8W p BP 3: B 1 8 p I T:! lI !JI B B pOW 8 po~nd 8 S o uroo 'O P BlO ;)8P S 8;)8A B orrsso un .rod opuuudurooa

u qU 1S 8 jlJJ8 Ua lJ o r .rod ' on2!xe ardurais 'O P8WeUI8 ;) 13:'B qm rq ns 8lqOS U1 Jl 8pm ;) S 8 ' opB12

-1 3S UO ;)O P!H p8 l8P O l{ ;)8 l F) uo o 0 PU 1U O ;) n s .rod S Bp U;)m 1UUS

'un2u ap SB10 2 SB l anb nrsd so.rnrn s ns B .q UO :J U 'B lU l1 81uaSO l onb UU P8 J8 1d S 8'J U0 1U 8 'B !S 8I ll! U !d Olc1 l:lI u o U 18 !q p8 l S O T

as anb lr uq u..r 20 1 o u S O U'8 !1 SP ;) S O I! S" s eltm l{ O o p I T:! .! pe 1~ pU l B le S Olt1 W sns 8 p O l1t:~P U .IT I1 tn des B un u ou nu ~m ttrp tr .~ uanb u on m B r1 . ( S 1J 1l8n< i S lY [8 p S ?AB l1 I T :! S U IU S T: !I o p nP rr um t {BUlS~Ul 'u i 1 0d A '81 u8 UI8 we l8 J81 d) eA U UuI u a ' lO p alu ~ a iiI a2 ~I

'81OP 18:)T:!S18P satd s 61 ( )! 'H q rspsnb ap u!J Ie UO; ) . : _ um n1s9aU PU 81!U 8d op 8!;)8dse B un lOcI- m1 (B T 8p ST :! pB1 2SUT o rBq ?'oqoru un us 0 Bm du;) nun ua sepU Bl2 SO T:Y l1U O ;)ueraqorq ap

o l .n JAUeuuqu1B1l anb s{Jffi ;)UO;)kOP0tIJS-eP.nJS8dU'U!S8f2!B!d

-order I T: !ll 1u e 'e ~.1 8'J B\ l UB P 8 J8 1d se le !J S O l I8d 'B!pU q T:! B 1

a p 0 IB !nb ollB d u 1s81 '21 1 3{e p 0 PU rP 8 I'" e 1 ue u rn 'l B !p aU Il l! HUq

~U8pO l SOp :< nU8U I 8 ;) s O ' } 'o p ul lt nmO ; )X 8 o . a [ 81 8Q .' o tp n ]' J 8S .rod'U ! S8 1~ I B IB U 1 8~ :> 8U 8 1l ed o n 0 1 U nJ ~P Ia anb SOU3U1T:!S ' l !PU8qB 1.l81~U 8 uqU SO d81I 'O UIO ld op osruour 0 B 18pU Ul ap 0 11a.171un ue 'uarq 0 '(S 8S U8dlU 1 SO l ue 'Juq 0 1 B !i\B p0 1 O UIO ~) 8')U eU I

~U 1'J 81 1PB l- w! 1B l U 8 £ . pt;lB W U !S u qn ~nl{ tI! as odrono 1 3 :

." 'e fuuos18d 18P IBPoS up

· l .n J1 l 0dUI1HI Uq;) u qB 1 u8 um u OZB ld :t oA ,'S T :! rPo .n nn o 0 s el Y< '~ ~A~ ; - . , f ' _ , . - ; , : " , ' , : . ' , ; - - ' . ' " _ ;

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (53)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 53/55

together among those of his lord, he received a kiss from 81, etc.), and

to the payment of a fairly high right since in principle it was equal to one year of rent of the land granted and often doubled or tripled. The ceremony fell into disuse in the course of the Middle Ages, but the right was maintained, at first for the benefit of the lord, then, of the king, that is, of the state. We 1 0 still pay. From then on, the succession was regulated more 0

least as 1 0 is now, except that the land

The non-monial estate was generally not divided and generally corresponded to the eldest son, but sometimes also to the youngest: when a peasant farm was too small or poor to support a wealthy family, the children abandoned it as soon as they were old enough to seek employment elsewhere; therefore, the youngest, the benjamin, was the one who got to stay with his father and became the designated heir. When a lord left several fiefs -one non-noble,

many lands _:..'the eldest son chose his part or took considerable amounts. Each of the minors had right away yours. Each son got his share of the movable property,

money, clothes, sometimes the indivision was maintained. In the field they lived

numerous family communities. The lords of Midi-day owned in common small domains and the manor itself. In any case, when brothers or sisters wanted to leave the community, it was necessary to endow them. We know the infantados that San Luis, orphaned from his childhood, created for his brothers: they were not insignificant principalities. As for the daughters, when it was possible, it was preferred to give them money or rents rather than land, which they would have taken, through their marriage, to a foreign family. The patrimony of lands was preserved intact despite

of the debts When the deceased left them i--and the case was frequent since the poor were sometimes in debt to a U.$uro from the city or town, and the lords, due to lack of administration, economic crises and devaluations of income, wars that had ruined or what they had

to defray, sometimes they owed more than one rich lender-creditors appeared, but 8610 could be collected with

thefurniture. Social stability gained with it. The pres-

money smuggler was covered by such iritereses and

such guarantees that the set of his operations did not leave him any loss. On the other hand, the heirs felt

They were obliged to pay the debts, both out of interest in the honor of the family, and to relieve the soul of the deceased who surely suffered until justice was satisfied.

The legally possessed heir of the pater's property ... renewed his titles. The young lord, after the confirmation of his rights by the sovereign, summoned his vassals and received his homage and the declaration of what he po...

be of him In the thirteenth century, it was even a form of personal contact with mutual fidelity commitments: later, this ended up degenerating into verifications of verities that were carried out between men of law: the vassal's notary and the lord's attorney. The new sovereign received the crown in the course of a religious ceremony and made his joyful entrance into his capital; he consecrated the Duke of Brittany Be 1 0 in Rennes, the King of France, in Reims... the joyous people shouted,. (Noell." So life went on.

10 6 107

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (54)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 54/55


-nsep 13qtnsa 'pm a.U 8'j 13P u8~sIx a 1318p pm !] rv · I uuo~s~Ao.1d

10{UA un U JU 81 0 19s rep os uJnb .IU 18f 13f88 'O P0 1 arqos 0 .18<1

. suzuuf f l3 snuenq ep A 80 2.rn ;) sap uu 12 ap opaunduroae" saIqou

su .u en ep uotorsmbpa u1 Aso po 53e u so r .1Od oruarunoenbuua 1u

SUPU .I 1 1 ' s eUO ! :J 1 3l au e fJ SUUMfB uo A 'se .rnmwuJ '(uaqlos 8pO 'J .Ieqo H un 'eu ma-8.l 'joN ep lO PU 11su o:J A sJ.rn d e p odsrqo

' A n T I s 8 p o !:J pn sW un 'le2n s un U U!U aA 8epT Im nq se.rnfJo:qap ) 80 1U .1 18esO l so po 1 e p se Jer sns A sadroutrd sns 13qU; )138anb

u!seli1'r BI B S llP U1 2 'S 8ren p!A ~p u: :u Ue us samanoaq UUl\,)

sauotoourord S'I '? '1 'upr2F pepojoos nun ua 'S Up l? ll eJ S U1 Sl? ;)

ap ouas Ie ua u pm ;) Sl ?l l o u p 3A 8 ~p eU l 1 3P !A 13 1' 'l 1U 8W I1 3P O S. lU u:m o p B qU ;)O l

al onb ouonstran opunur un 1 3 e1u 81J lU pW U:S pU 11 eqn R un

13Uf[13R nqsp onb A o ru s:! p3 ;)p ap I a UO;) e lueWUSOZ. I 0J uqmoosu

as or anb 'RS0! f lne1 uotonrrauad R un .rod A SB; )~SH seuororp- UO ;) S U I 8 p U q ;) 81 1S 8 R p ue pu 8d ep nun .iod uzpepl?. rn:J a s

.S!sy op O:JSpUBl\_1{illS un 'oA l

UBS un ' s~n1 tmS un '(XI 0 I1 1~ S)P U U1 8!) u us u n .sarojonpas ard-mars s um fJU ' uq u le u eA sojopom SOAn ; )A o.ndsm onb sa. lqmoq

sep lllil1 1 so y 8p uunumq p 1'-p ~;) 1 '-1 B1 u I I i . . 'su1 lseu m S111 qO

is BpUlI113 ; )Ue 'ofnpord anb U9PUZTI !A!J uJ~J!uJjtmI uI 'O!lq-mnba ns 'P13P!{P.1!Ans .rod apuardros '{U np u u p1 A u l1 s8n u

ep SOfJSUl soun2{p. ep fB leue2 0 1 .rod s ou rn u:2 uU 11 so u onb

oT elf tl;)le;) sl }W . AIX A rnx sor2 !s soj ep fBpedse u a 'IU A8 !P

-e,\U;~p!A 13I~pSo'PedsusounJjp3e3uetUBprd1i!l 01sfAS0U18H


~ nothing to be replaced by an absolutely fair order:

D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - [PDF Document] (55)

5/17/2018 D´Haucourt - Life in the Middle Ages - slidepdf.com

http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/dhaucourt-la-vida-en-la-edad-media 55/55

that of holiness, where each one was made to establish his place for himself, through his virtues and merits, and where the last became the first. From below, the two hierarchies interfered and the prestige of the saint exceeded that of the powerful or the rich, which explains so many

total conversions. Well, the medieval man had a bad conscience when his conduct was not in accordance with his faith. If happiness depends on comfort, we could believe

gil€! our ..parents were less happy ..than we were: yes.. it depends on our attitude towards life, we can think that that time of metaphysical certainty knew, perhaps more than Ial111€strii. Ialegria, 0 par 1 0 less inner peace and deep balance.


CHAPTER 1. Material life1. Its conditions, 1f).-- II. The house, 23.--

III. The furniture, 28. --' IV. The dress, ~n. v.

Feeding. to 5.

CHAPTER U. The rhythm of time1. The day, 4.1. ~ U. f: l year, 51.

CHAPTER III. The rhythm of life.,1. The birth, 6 iL . ~" . I I. Education, 68.--

ill. The marriage, 81. -- IV. The disease and the

death, 91.







Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Roderick King

Last Updated: 13/04/2023

Views: 5247

Rating: 4 / 5 (51 voted)

Reviews: 90% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Roderick King

Birthday: 1997-10-09

Address: 3782 Madge Knoll, East Dudley, MA 63913

Phone: +2521695290067

Job: Customer Sales Coordinator

Hobby: Gunsmithing, Embroidery, Parkour, Kitesurfing, Rock climbing, Sand art, Beekeeping

Introduction: My name is Roderick King, I am a cute, splendid, excited, perfect, gentle, funny, vivacious person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.